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Presencia de Iran en Venezuela y sus implicaciones

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  • 1. Iran’s Threatin the Western Hemisphere
  • 2. General Context• Relationship • Projects• Platform In just the last 5 years,The $30 billion inventory Iran uses Venezuela to Iran and Venezuela of joint projects and project its influence and have created a vastcommercial transactions activities in the Americas, economic, political, and and the broad range ofto evade international operationalcooperation (diplomatic,sanctions, and to harvest relationship, whichmilitary, commercial, uranium and other strategic both countries use tofinancial, industrial,minerals in the region – all advance theirenergy, petrochemical, andwith the aim of aiding its asymmetric strategiesmany others) makes Iran’s illegal nuclear program and in the USA’s own relationship with challenging the USA and neighborhood.Venezuela one of its most international security.important partnerships inthe world.
  • 3. Areas of Cooperation Area 1: 2004 Financial Infrastructure Area 2: 2006 Industrial Infrastructure Area 3: 2005 Technical Cooperation Area 4: 2007 Nuclear Technology and Uranium Mine Area 5: 2007 Military Cooperation Area 6: 2005 Terrorism and Drug Trafficking
  • 4. Iran’s Significant Presencein Venezuela 1. Financial Infrastructure 2. Tractor Factory 3. Cement Plant 4. Gold Mine 5. Energy Sector 6. Chemical Plant 7. Car Assembly Plant 8. Bicycle Factory 9. Tuna Processing Plant 10. Dairy Products Plant 11. Corn Flour Plant 12. Housing Development 13. Weapon Factory 11/14/20114
  • 5. Venezuela SupportsIran’s Evasion of SanctionsIranianEvasion ofGovernmentInternationalIranian Companies Restrictions on Iran’s (IranAccess to Financial RevolutionarySystemGuard Corps)IranianInternational Subsidiaries’Financial System Companies in Venezuela VenezuelanVenezuelaGovernment Financial System(PDVSA) 11/14/20115
  • 6. Incorporation ofa Venezuelan Commercial BankNotes:RahimFaramarzi, CEOBanco ToseyehSaderat Iran C.A.
  • 7. Industrial SectorTractor • VENEIRAN (Bolivar State)FactoryCement Plant• Edhasse Sanat (Monagas State) Urbanización Los Tucanes NO. 22, Maturín, Estado Monagas Bicycle Factory• FANABI (Cojedes State)Gold Mine • Impasco (Bolivar State) 11/14/2011 7
  • 8. Iran’s ‘Tractor’ Factory:Venelran Military-Style Compound with Iranian Security Building 1Building 3Building 2 High-SecurityFacility11/14/20118
  • 9. Iran’s ‘Tractor’ Factory:Intended Recipient of Bomb-Making Materials and Lab 11/14/20119
  • 10. Iran’s ‘Tractor’ Factory‘Barrels of nitrate and sulfite chemicals’11/14/2011 10
  • 11. Transportation IndustryRegular Flights Regular FlightsRoute: Caracas – Damascus – Teheran Route: Caracas – Damascus – TeheranAircraft: Boeing 747 SP Aircraft: Airbus 340-211Tail Number: EP-IADTail Number: YV 1004
  • 12. Transportation IndustryNet loss for 3 years operationsUSD $ 30,140,776.42 11/14/2011 12
  • 13. CONVIASA: Cargo Facility 11/14/201113
  • 14. EnergyRafael D. Ramirez C.President, PDVSA 11/14/201114
  • 15. Cousins Ilich Ramirez Sanchez AKA: Carlos ‘the Jackal’, Ramirez’ cousinRafael D. Ramirez C.President, PDVSA
  • 16. MilitaryIran and Venezuela’s Ministers of Defense (Mostafa MohammedNajjar and Ramon Carrizalez), signing an agreement of militarycooperation on April 30, 2009 in Caracas 11/14/2011 16
  • 17. MilitaryTraining of theVenezuelan Armed Unnamed Aerial Forces in Overhauling for theInfrastructure andVehicles asymmetric war Explosive plant in Venezuela’s combat machinery to buildM2and techniques toCarabobo Stateplane F-5 by Iranian bombs, Bolivar 42 Planes sabotage the Air ForceState. MaracayenergyAragua Stateinfrastructure. Army, Navy andTractor Factory CAVIM CAVIM Air ForceAIOMilitiasVeneiran11/14/201117
  • 18. Iranian Cooperation in‘Nuclear Technology’ 11/14/201119
  • 19. Iranian Cooperation in‘Nuclear Technology’Notes:• Cooperation “in the field ofnuclear technology….”• Accord signed Nov. 14, 200711/14/2011 20
  • 20. Venezuela’s‘Nuclear Power Program’ 11/14/2011 21
  • 21. Iranian Cooperation in‘Nuclear Technology’Notes:• Internal Document• Discloses Nuclear CEAprogram years before• The Atomic Energy Committee (CEA) is our “NuclearChavez admitted toEnergy Programme implementing Organization (NEPIO)1have onesince 2007.• The CEA is conformed by – Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT) – Ministry of Energy and Petroleum (MENPET) – Ministry of Basic Industries and Mining (MIBAM) – Electric Companies (CORPOELEC) – Universities (UCV, USB) 1NEPIO is the designation used in the IAEA by the guide “Milestones in the Development of a National Infrastructure for Nuclear Power” Workshop on Steps for Conducting Nuclear Power Plant Technology Assessments, Vienna, Austria, 17-20 November 200811/14/2011 22
  • 22. Funding Venezuela’sNuclear ProgramNotes:• Roughly $50 Million for“Science andTechnology” Program11/14/201123
  • 23. Funding Venezuela’sNuclear ProgramNotes:• “Peaceful use ofNuclear Energy”• Chavez personalapproval11/14/201124
  • 24. Venezuela’s Nuclear ProgramNotes:• Russian deal signed daysafter Chavez says he isonly “studying” nuclearenergy…• Same firm that builtBushehr Nuclear Reactor11/14/201125
  • 25. Uranium in Venezuela’sRoraima BasinNotes:• Among the largestdeposits of uranium inthe world• Canadians are mining“uranium” in Guyana…11/14/2011 26
  • 26. Iran’s “Gold” Mine(Impasco – Minerven) 11/14/201127
  • 27. Iran Strikes ‘Gold’ in UraniumBasinNotes:• Canadians are mining“uranium” in Guyana…Iranians mining “gold” inVenezuela• Export of uranium to Iranwould be an apparentviolation of UN sanctions“Gold”• Eyewitnesses say ore Mineprocessed at Iranian“cement plant” and loadedon barges on OrinocoRiver11/14/2011 28
  • 28. Uranium Reserves in VenezuelaNotes:• Iran discoveredUranium in Venezuelain 2007 Prospección de Uranio en laRepublica Bolivariana de Venezuela Deciembre 201011/14/2011 29
  • 29. Uranium Reserves in VenezuelaNotes:• Thousands ofsamples takenthroughout thecountry11/14/201130
  • 30. Uranium Reserves in VenezuelaTitle:Ubicación de muestras geoquímicas tomadas por elLocation of geochemical Proyecto Irán – Venezuela Etapa Isamples taken Iran – Venezuela Project: Phase 1 (Uranium exploration)11/14/2011 31
  • 31. Uranium Reserves in VenezuelaResults IranianStudy:Location of geochemicalsamples taken Regional GeoquimicalExplorations in Timotes, Merida State (Uranium exploration)11/14/201132
  • 32. Uranium Reserves in VenezuelaTitle:Distribution Map ofUraniumRegional GeoquimicalExplorations inTimotes, Merida State September 2007Geological Survey of IranInstituto Nacionalde Geologia yMineriaVenezuela11/14/201133
  • 33. Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela 11/14/2011 34
  • 34. Terrorism: Hezbollah in VenezuelaGhazi Atef Salameh Nassereddine Abu Ali 11/14/201135
  • 35. Terrorism: Hezbollah in VenezuelaBirth CertificateSpanish TranslationGhazi Atef Salameh Nassereddine Abu Ali 11/14/201136
  • 36. June 18, 2008hp-1036Terrorism: Hezbollah in VenezuelaTreasury Targets Hizballah in VenezuelaWashington - The U.S. Department of the Treasury today designated twoVenezuela-based supporters of Hizballah, Ghazi Nasr al Din and Fawzi Kanan,along with two travel agencies owned and controlled by Kanan."It is extremely troubling to see the Government of Venezuela employing andproviding safe harbor to Hizballah facilitators and fundraisers. We will continue toexpose the global nature of Hizballahs terrorist support network, and we call onresponsible governments worldwide to disrupt and dismantle this activity," saidAdam J. Szubin, Director of the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC).June 18, 2008Todays action was taken pursuant to Executive Order 13224, which targets hp-1036terrorists, those owned or controlled by or acting for or on behalf of terrorists, andthose providing financial, technological,Hizballah insupport to terrorists or acts of Treasury Targets or material Venezuelaterrorism. Assets the designees hold under U.S. jurisdiction are frozen and U.S. Washington - The U.S. Department of the Treasury in property or interestspersons are prohibited from engaging in transactionstoday designated two in Venezuela-based supporters of Hizballah, Ghazi Nasr al Din and Fawzi Kanan,property blocked under the order.along with two travel agencies owned and controlled by Kanan.Identifying Information to see the Government of Venezuela employing and "It is extremely troublingproviding safe harbor to Hizballah facilitators and fundraisers. We will continue toGHAZI NASR AL DINexpose the global nature of Hizballahs terrorist support network, and we call onresponsible governments worldwide to disrupt and dismantle this activity," saidGhazi Nasr al DinDirector of the Office of Hizballah supporter who(OFAC). Adam J. Szubin, is a Venezuela-based Foreign Assets Control has utilized hisposition as a Venezuelan diplomat and the president of a Caracas-based ShiaIslamic Center to provide financial support to Hizballah. Nasr al Din served until Todays action was taken pursuant to Executive Order 13224, which targetsrecently as Charge d Affaires at the Venezuelan for or on behalf of terrorists, and terrorists, those owned or controlled by or acting Embassy in Damascus, Syria,and was subsequently appointed the Director of Political Aspects at theor acts of those providing financial, technological, or material support to terroristsVenezuelan Embassydesignees hold under U.S. jurisdiction are frozen and U.S. terrorism. Assets the in Lebanon.persons are prohibited from engaging in transactions in property or interests inNasr al Din has counseled Hizballah donors on fundraising efforts and hasproperty blocked under the order.provided donors with specific information on bank accounts where the donorsIdentifying Informationdeposits would go directly to Hizballah.Ghazi Nasr al Din DIN met with senior Hizballah officials in Lebanon to discuss GHAZI NASR AL hasoperational issues,is a well as facilitated the travel of Hizballah members to and Ghazi Nasr al Din as Venezuela-based Hizballah supporter who has utilized hisfrom Venezuela. In late January 2006, Nasr al Din facilitated the travel of Shia position as a Venezuelan diplomat and the president of a Caracas-based twoHizballah representatives financial support Parliament toNasr al Din served until Islamic Center to provide to the Lebanese to Hizballah. Caracas to solicitdonations for Hizballah and toat the Venezuelan Embassy Hizballah-sponsored recently as Charge d Affaires announce the opening of a in Damascus, Syria,community center and office in Venezuela. The previous Aspects at theDin and was subsequently appointed the Director of Political year, Nasr alarranged theEmbassy Hizballah members to attend a training course in Iran. Venezuelan travel of in Lebanon.AKAs: Haj Ghazi NasseredineNasr al Din has counseled Hizballah donors on fundraising efforts and hasprovided donors with specific information on bank accounts where the donorsGhazi Nassereddinedeposits would go directly to Hizballah. 11/14/201137Ghazi Nasr al Din has met with senior Hizballah officials in Lebanon to discuss
  • 37. Terrorist Training: City of Qom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
  • 38. Terrorist Training: City of QomNotes:• Recruiter:• Rouhollah Kiyaei Nejad• Cover of Iran Air• Network of “IslamicCenters” for proselytismsand recruitment11/14/201139
  • 39. Terrorist Network: StructureMohsen RabbaniUniversidad Islámica de Irán Gobiernos de Irán y VenezuelaCiudad de Qom, IRANSheij Suhail AssadEncargado de dirigir los centros enAmérica LatinaMunir Valencia Sheij Rouhollah Kiyaei Nejad Shaij Mahmud AidJoao Adriano Olivera da SilvaSheij Seied Abdala Medina Centro Cultural Islámico la Ciudad del Centro IslámicoCentro Chileno Islámico de Cultura deCentro Islámico de Belo Jardim Mesquita Al-ImamProfetaImán Khomeini – Simón Bolívar Puerto MonttBrasilArgentina Colombia Venezuela Chile 11/14/2011 40
  • 40. Terrorist Network: Structure 11/14/201141
  • 41. Terrorism: Hezbollah in VenezuelaArmyTareck General Edmundo Abdul DanteWalid Zaidan Aref RachaniKabchi Rafael Imad SaabRaymundo Ghani Makled SaabEl Aissami JimenezSuleiman Rivas GarciaMaddahKabchi(Venezuelan(CAVIMWankedQuijadaKingpin List Caroni Group Ambasador(Minister ofPresident(Director ofin Syria) (Lebanon)Saime) Interior) and PDVSA(Bolivar State)Director) 11/14/201142
  • 42. Terrorism: Hezbollah in VenezuelaZoed Karam VenezuelanAmbassador inLebanon 11/14/2011 43
  • 43. Venezuela Terrorism: Hezbollah 11/14/201144
  • 44. Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela 11/14/2011 45
  • 45. Caracas Terrorist SummitHezbollah – Hamas – Islamic JihadNotes:• Internal Memorandumfrom Venezuelanembassy in Damascusreveals plans for terrormeeting• Venezuelan and Iranianenvoys met in May 2010• Venezuelan “diplomat”sanctioned by USTreasury in 2008 foraiding Hezbollah attended11/14/201146
  • 46. Caracas Terrorist SummitHezbollah – Hamas – Islamic JihadNotes:• Original plan called forChavez to meetAhmadinejad andNasrallah in Lebanon• Instead, terror leaderswere hosted in Caracas inAugust 201011/14/201147
  • 47. Caracas Terrorist SummitHezbollah – Hamas – Islamic JihadKhaled MeshaalHamas 11/14/2011 48
  • 48. Arms TraffickingNotes:• Francop Cargo Ship• Captured by the Israeli Navy• 500 Tons of Weapons:November 200911/14/2011 49
  • 49. Arms TraffickingNotes:• Francop Cargo Ship• Captured by the IsraeliNavy• 500 Tons of Weapons –November 200911/14/201150
  • 50. Iran’s Connections in the Region Main operating base in Venezuela the region PanamaFinancial Sector Financial Sector and BrazilUranium EcuadorMinerals TradeMaintenance facility for Honduras Iranian ‘tractors’BoliviaCement plant Financing of Joint Projects Argentina in Venezuela 11/14/201151
  • 51. Iran’s Connections: EcuadorNotes:Bi-national agreement •with Ecuador concerninggeological mining11/14/201152
  • 52. Iran’s Connections: EcuadorNotes:Ecuador Ministry of •Mining and PetroleumIran Ministry of •Industry11/14/201153
  • 53. Iran’s Connections: EcuadorNotes:$28,973,680 payment •Dr. José Serrano Salgalo, •Under Secretary ofMines, EcuadorSr. M.T. Korei, Vice- •Minister and Director ofGeological and MineralExploration of the IslamicRepublic of Iran11/14/201154
  • 54. Iran’s Connections: ArgentinaNotes:Venezuela, Argentina and •Iran11/14/201155
  • 55. Iran’s Connections: ArgentinaNotes:Venezuela, Argentina and •Iran11/14/201156
  • 56. Iran’s Connections: ArgentinaNotes:Venezuela, Argentina and •IranFrom China Fund •250 Million Dollars •11/14/201157
  • 57. USA / Venuezuela Security IssuesThreats:Iran’s radicalizing •influence in the AmericasNuclear technology •Uranium mining, source •of nuclear armamentproductionMissile launch capability •and closeness to USAHezbollah in Venezuela •Drug trafficking •USA southern border •insecurity
  • 58. Iran, the AmericasClear Threat:“The strong Iran •is ready forenemy-crushingand toughresponse in caseof any illogicaland violentbehavior by theUS.”Iranian Defense •Minister, Brig. Gen.Ahmad Vahidi, whilevisiting Bolivia,June 1, 2011
  • 59. Threat that Cannot be Exaggerated…..or Ignored‘Street War’:“Iranian forces will fight with the enemies with maximum might and •power all throughout the European and U.S. soil, if Iran comes under Iranian parliamentarian, November 9, 2011attack.”‘IAEA says foreign expertise has brought Iran to threshold ofnuclear capability’“Intelligence provided to U.N. nuclear officials shows that Iran’s •government has mastered the critical steps needed to build a nuclearweapon, receiving assistance from foreign scientists to overcome keytechnical hurdles….”The Washington Post, November 8, 2011
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