© M. Eisenberg 2009 Information Literacy Essential Skills for the Information Age Dr. Mike Eisenberg University of Washington.
Slide 1 M. Eisenberg 2009 Information Literacy Essential Skills for the Information Age Dr. Mike Eisenberg University of Washington Slide 2 M. Eisenberg 2009 Everything You Want to Know About Information Literacy Slide 3 M. Eisenberg 2009 Everything You Want to Know About Information Literacy in 30 Minutes! Slide 4 M. Eisenberg 2009 Why This is Important Slide 5 M. Eisenberg 2009 Agenda 1.Setting the Scene: The Challenges of Information Age 2.Essential Skills for the Information Age: Information Literacy 3.Implementation: Context, Context, Context! Slide 6 M. Eisenberg 2009 Agenda 1.Setting the Scene: The Challenges of Information Age 2.Essential Skills for the Information Age: Information Literacy 3.Implementation: Context, Context, Context! Slide 7 M. Eisenberg 2009 Problems Everyone information access, overload, quality Students gaining essential information knowledge & skills Schools providing meaningful learning opportunities Society providing opportunity for our children to succeed at the highest possible levels. Slide 8 M. Eisenberg 2009 More new information has been produced in the last 30 years than in the previous 5,000. Information Problem #1: Overload Reuters Magazine (1997, March/April) Slide 9 M. Eisenberg 2009 The amount of new information stored on paper, film, magnetic, and optical media doubled in three years.. Information Problem #1: Overload How Much Information, 2003, http://www2.sims.berkeley.edu/research/projects/how-much-info- 2003/execsum.htm#summary Slide 10 M. Eisenberg 2009 The Solution? Speed things up? Pack in more and more content? Add more technology? Slide 11 M. Eisenberg 2009 Speeding Up The Solution? Slide 12 M. Eisenberg 2009 Information Problem #2: Quality Slide 13 M. Eisenberg 2009 More than 2/3 of teens said within the last year that they use the Internet as their major resource when doing a big project for school..." Lester, Will "High School Students Love Net for Research." Syracuse Post Standard, 8/21/01 (from AP ) Quality Slide 14 M. Eisenberg 2009 In a study of 500 sites used by Colorado high school students to do research, only 27% of the sites were judged to be reliable for academic research! Colhoun, Alexander. "But - - I Found It on the Internet!" Christian Science Monitor. 25 April 2000: 16. Ebersol, Samuel, Uses and Gratifications of the Web among Students, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 6(1): September 2000, www.ascusc.org/jcmc/vol6/issue1/ebersole.html www.ascusc.org/jcmc/vol6/issue1/ebersole.html Quality Slide 15 M. Eisenberg 2009 The Solution? Discourage Web Use? Pre-select resources? Filtering? Slide 16 M. Eisenberg 2009 Filtering The Solution? bandeg0187r Illustration Works Royalty Free Photograph Slide 17 M. Eisenberg 2009 Alternative Solution To have students use information and technology effectively and efficiently for success in school, work, and their personal lives. To focus on process as well as content. For students to be lifelong learners and independent thinkers. Slide 18 M. Eisenberg 2009 INFORMATION LITERACY Slide 19 M. Eisenberg 2009 Agenda 1.Setting the Scene: The Challenges of Information Age 2.Essential Skills for the Information Age: Information Literacy 3.Implementation: Context, Context, Context! Slide 20 M. Eisenberg 2009 Survey of Valued Skills www.washington.edu/oea/ Problem Solving Information Use Speaking Independent Work Technology Group Work Writing Reading Slide 21 M. Eisenberg 2009 To be information literate, a person must be able to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information. American Library Association, 1989 Information Literacy Slide 22 M. Eisenberg 2009 Association of College and Research Libraries Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education 2001 www.ala.org/acrl/ilintro.html Slide 23 M. Eisenberg 2009 1.The information literate student determines the nature and extent of the information needed. 2.The information literate student accesses needed information effectively and efficiently. ACRL: Information Literacy Standards http://www.ala.org/acrl/ilintro.html Slide 24 M. Eisenberg 2009 3.The information literate student evaluates information and its sources critically and incorporates selected information into his or her knowledge base and value system. 4.The information literate student, individually or as a member of a group, uses information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose. http://www.ala.org/acrl/ilintro.html ACRL: Information Literacy Standards Slide 25 M. Eisenberg 2009 5.The information literate student understands many of the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information and accesses and uses information ethically and legally. http://www.ala.org/acrl/ilintro.html ACRL: Information Literacy Standards Slide 26 M. Eisenberg 2009 Process Talking about Slide 27 M. Eisenberg 2009 For the Youngest The Super3 Beginning Plan Middle Do End Review Slide 28 M. Eisenberg 2009 1. Task Definition 2. Info Seeking Strategies 3. Location & Access 4. Use of Information 5. Synthesis 6. Evaluation For Older Students The Big6 Skills Slide 29 M. Eisenberg 2009 Slide 30 Slide 31 Agenda 1.Setting the Scene: The Challenges of Information Age 2.Essential Skills for the Information Age: Information & Technology Literacy 3.Implementation: Context, Context, Context! Slide 32 M. Eisenberg 2009 #1 - the process information problem solving (the Big6) #2 - technology in context technology in the process #3 - curriculum real needs in real situations assignments: papers, reports, projects units and lessons Context Slide 33 M. Eisenberg 2009 Context: The Process Information problem-solving is not always linear, step-by-step. TD ISS L&A UI S S E E Slide 34 M. Eisenberg 2009 Non-Linear TD L&A UI ISS S S E E Slide 35 M. Eisenberg 2009 Not Linear TD L&A UI S S E E ISS E E L&A UI ISS S S S S S S Slide 36 M. Eisenberg 2009 Not Linear Slide 37 M. Eisenberg 2009 Context #2: Technology in Context Slide 38 M. Eisenberg 2009 Technology - Out of Context Multimedia production (PowerPoint) ftp Programming Instant Messaging HTML Telnet Algorithms Video production E-Mail Word processing Group discussion Use of operating systems Statistical analysis presentation Database management systems CAD/CAM Copy/paste Web page design Graphics Chat Web browsing Electronic indexes Web searching Online catalogs Electronic spreadsheets Upload/download Spell/grammar check Brainstorming software PDAs Inspiration Hyperstudio Slide 39 M. Eisenberg 2009 E-Mail Word processing Group discussion Online catalogs Electronic indexes Web browsing Web searching Electronic spreadsheets Upload/download HTML Spell/grammar check Brainstorming software PDAs Video production Algorithms Multimedia production (PowerPoint, Hyperstudio) ftp Chat Graphics Database management Inspiration Use of operating systems Web page design Copy/paste Statistical analysis presentation CAD/CAM Telnet Programming Instant Messaging Better, But Still Out of Context Slide 40 M. Eisenberg 2009 Technology in Context TASK DEFINITION Students use e-mail, listservs, newsgroups, chat, videoconferencing, and other online communication methods to clarify assignments and brainstorm problems. May also use software to generate timelines, organizational charts, etc. to plan and organize complex problems INFO SEEKING STRATEGIES Students identify and assess computerized resources as they develop information seeking strategies toward their problem. LOCATION & ACCESS Students use online catalogs, searchable periodical indexes, electronic encyclopedias, Web search engines, and other online searching tools to locate useful information. USE OF INFORMATION Students connect to and access online or locally stored electronic information sources, view, download, and decompress files, and use copy-and-paste features to extract relevant information. SYNTHESIS Students organize and communicate their results using word processing, database management, spreadsheet and graphics software, and distribute their projects via e-mail, Web publishing, or other media. EVALUATION Students evaluate the impact of the technology they used, including its effectiveness and efficiency Slide 41 Exercise Word processing Search engines, electronic indexes, online library catalogs Spell/grammar check Brainstorming software Blogs Presentation software (PowerPoint) Email Slide 42 Technology in Context Task DefinitionBrainstorming software; Email Info Seeking Strategies Search engines, electronic indexes, online library catalogs; Blogs Location & Access Search engines, electronic indexes, online library catalogs Use of InformationPresentation Software; Blogs SynthesisPresentation Software EvaluationSpell/grammar check; Email Slide 43 M. Eisenberg 2009 Content Area Curriculum Content Area Curriculum Info & Tech Literacy Info & Tech Literacy Context #3: Curriculum Slide 44 M. Eisenberg 2009 Course Curriculum Course Curriculum Info & Tech Literacy Info & Tech Literacy Integrated Program Context #3: Curriculum Slide 45 M. Eisenberg 2009 In Closing Slide 46 M. Eisenberg 2009 Problems Everyone information access, overload, quality Students gaining essential information knowledge & skills Schools providing meaningful learning opportunities Society providing opportunity for our youth to succeed at the highest possible levels. Slide 47 M. Eisenberg 2009 Solution Information literacy. Recognized as essential. Infused through education and society at all levels. Slide 48 M. Eisenberg 2009 Thanks for listening! Slide 49 M. Eisenberg 2009 Questions or comments? Slide 50 M. Eisenberg 2009 Resources AASL Information Literacy Standards (1998) www.ala.org/aasl/ip_nine.html AASL Learning Standards proposed (2007) www.ala.org/ala/aasl/aaslproftools/learningstandards/AASL_Learning_Standards_2007.pdf ACRL Information Literacy Standards www.ala.org/acrl/ilintro.html The Big6 www.big6.com Fluency in Information Technology http://www.nap.edu/books/030906399X/html ISTE/NETS-S www.iste.org/inhouse/nets/cnets/students/pdf/NETS_for_Students_2007.pdf Janet Murray matrix http://janetsinfo.com/big6info.htm