1 2005 NACF Meeting AGC – CCA - CMIC September, 2005.
2005 NACF MeetingAGC CCA - CMICSeptember, 2005.Associations OverviewAssociations OverviewMexican Chamber of the Construction IndustryIt is a public interest, autonomous institution with its own legal personality and resources, which was created to represent the construction industrys general interests and to comply with the Business Chambers and Confederations Law.They are in charge of offering the services to affiliates.It has nation-wide jurisdiction.It has 43 delegations, which confer its National characteristic.DelegationsInstitutions whose legal personality and resources are conformed as one.They represent the Chamber within a territorial distric, in which it exerts its action in state and municipal matters.43 Delegations nation-wide8 thousand affiliatesAssociations Overview NormativityBusiness Chambers and Confederations LawBylawsEthics CodeAssociations OverviewAssociations OverviewGoverning Bodies General Assembly Board of Directors Executive Commission Chairman of the Board of Directors Delegational Executive Committees General DirectionAssociations OverviewPresidentIng. Netzahualcyotl Salvatierra LpezSecretaryIng. Toms Enrique Flores RangelTreasurerIng. Oscar Fosado MonsalvoHydrocarbons Sector Ing. Luis Puig LaraElectricity Sector Ing. Eric Moreno MejaHousing and Urban Development Sector Ing. Jorge Diez de Bonilla RicoCommunications and Transportation SectorIng. Fernando Prez HolderTourism Sector Ing. Roberto Calvet RoqueroIndustry and Commerce Sector Lic. Jorge Espina ReyesHealth, Security and Justice Sector Ing. Hctor Garza AnciraWater and Environment Sector Ing. Antonio Casillas GutirrezEducation and Culture Sector Arq. Eli Elfego Prez MatosInstitutionsArq. Daniel R. Gmez NietoFinancingIng. Humberto Armenta GonzlezNormativityLic. Manuel Garca GarcaEconomic BackgroundEconomic ScenarioMexican Economy Strengths:2.8% growth in the 1st. semester and 3% expected at years closure, based on:Population (million people) GDP (billion dollars) Total43514,196United States29612,376Canada331,070Mexico1067501 Information as of the 2nd quarter.Source: INEGI and Oxford Economic Forecasting.U.S., Canada and Mexicos Population and GDP, 20051Manageable foreign debt: it reduced from 12.2% of GDP in 2000 to 8.9% in June this year (66.1 thousand million dollars).Healthy public finances: 0.5% GDP surplus as of June, the goal at years closure is a 0.1% deficit.Economic ScenarioThe highest international reserves in history: 60 billion dollars in June.The Countrys risk has remained at low levels, below 200 points.Oil price higher than expected: 51 dls./barrel in August vs 27 dls. projected. Part of the surplus is allocated to infrastructure works in the provinces.The flow of family remittances continues: 9 billion dollars as of June, 2005, 18% more than in 2004.Exchange rate estimation: 10.83 pesos per dollar in August, at the end of 2004 it was 11.15.Investments in hydrocarbons (11.5 billion dollars), electricity (4.6 billion dollars) and highways (2.5 billion dollars) are also outstanding.The construction industry:Has shown a progressive growth, from a 2.1% growth in 2002 to 5.3% in 2004. An increase of 4% is expected by the end of 2005.Economic ScenarioGreater public investment in the provinces due to the extraordinary oil revenues.3% growth as of the first quarter, 2005.It is one of the main drivers of the Mexican economy.Housing is the leading sector: 640 thousand housing credits and subsidies will be granted this year, with a 13.1 million dollar investment, 3.9% more than in 2004.Public-private alliances are multiplying the infrastructure investment:Highway concessions:-In operation, the Matehuala bypass road (142 km and a 35 million dollar investment); -Under construction, the Mexicali bypass road (41 km and 60 million dollars) and the Tepic-Villa Union Highway (224 km and 221 million dollars); -To be initiated, the Amozoc-Perote (122.5 km and 174 million dollars) and the Morelia-Salamanca (83 km and 81 million dollars) Highways; -Under bidding process, the Mexico City North bypass road (219 km and 522 million dollars) and the San Luis Rio Colorado International Bridge.Economic Scenario22 projects next to be opened for bidding for the concession of more than 700 km, with a total investment of 2.5 billion dollars.Projects for Service Rendering:Roads: forthcoming initiation of the Irapuato-La Piedad section (74 km and 83 million dollars). Additionally, there are 7 projects next to be opened for bidding for the operation of 438 km, with a total investment of 1.4 billion dollars.Economic ScenarioThe bidding process for the San Luis Potosi Polytechnic University is currently under preparation. The High Specialty Hospital of the Bajio Region [Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad del Bajio], with 184 beds, is currently in bidding process.Political BackgroundPolitical BackgroundThe presidential candidates of each political party will be defined this year, in order to begin the political campaigns process.On July 6th, 2006, the presidential elections and the elections for Federal Deputies and Senators will take place.The elected President will take office on December 1st, 2006.Political ScenarioChange in the political forces:The PRI has maintained its political presence, ruling 17 of the 32 federal entities of the Country, and it is also the political party that leads the greatest number of municipalities .ConceptFederalEntitiesMunicipalitiesPopulation per Federal EntityTotal100.0100.0100.0PRI53.126.857.1PAN21.920.919.7PRD18.811.821.8Coalitions184.108.40.206Other10.031.50.0Source: Web Directory of the Mexican Government and the National Institute for Federalism and Municipal Development (INAFED).1 Includes municipalities ruled by the PVEM, PT, Municipal Councils, Independent candidates in the federal entities and by usages and customs.Political filiation of the Federal Entities and Municipalities of Mexico, 2005 (percentages)Political ScenarioEven though PRI holds the majority in the legislative power, it does not reach the minimum required for the approval of the proposed laws (2/3), and therefore, it has to seek agreements with other parties .ConceptDeputies%Senators%Total494100.0128100.0PRI21844.15845.3PAN14930.24736.7PRD9719.61612.5PVEM173.453.9Other1132.621.6Votes required (66.6%)32985Source: Chamber of Deputies of the Congress and Senate of the Republic.1 Includes legislators from Convergencia and PT parties and legislators who have no specific policital filiation.Political filiation of the federal legislators in Mexico, 2005Political Scenario2006 Elections:The political parties are in the process of selecting their candidates; there is no glimpse yet of a candidate with a high popular support.The PRIs adversary will be the search for credibility from the population, as well as the conciliation of the internal conflicts. The PANs adversary will be the voters themselves, who did not perceive the party as the real change. PRDs adversaries will be abstention from voting, the expenditure in promotion and image and the emergence of new leftist options.For the first time, the 4.3 million Mexicans in the United States will be able to vote, which may be important for the presidential elections, since they represent 6.3% of the electoral census in Mexico (68.4 million).Accomplishments and Priorities Priorities To maximize the securing capacity of constructors affiliated to CMIC, according to their sales, administration and work production capacity.Accomplishments and Priorities Productive chains (work advancement estimation factoring). To develop and promote mechanisms to link economic resources to infrastructure needs, through the work of the National Financing Commission. Financing for Public Work Contracts (public work advance payments and public work preestimation factoring). Coordinate, guide, promote and foment strategies and actions between the public and private sector, for the integrated development of the infrastructure required in the Country.Round Tables Normativity Financing Budget Public-Private Alliances Competitiveness Global Markets Environmental Infrastructure Energy Infrastructure Communications and Transportation Regional DevelopmentNational Infrastructure CouncilNational Infrastructure CouncilMesoregional Infrastructure CouncilThe regional nature of some projects (more than one federal entity) makes the coordination between the local governments and the participation of the federal government necessary.National Infrastructure CouncilMesoregional Infrastructure CouncilState Infrastructure CouncilWith the purpose of coordinating, guiding, promoting and fostering strategies and actions between the public and private sectors for the integrated development of the infrastructure required in the state and municipalities. To establish guidelines regulating the allocation of biddings in a more equitable manner. PRICEQUALITYFINANCINGOPPORTUNITYNATIONAL CONTENTAGREEMENT BETWEEN CMIC AND THE PUBLIC FUNCTION DEPARTMENT FOR SAID PURPOSE To assure the mechanisms and procedures allowing the completion of the infrastructure projects promoted by the federal government in terms of transparency, equity and legal certainty, so they are completed timely and in the due form. To collaborate in the transparency and fight against corruption practices within contracting processes. AGREEMENT BETWEEN CMIC, THE PUBLIC FUNCTION DEPARTMENT AND THE FEDERAL ROADS AND BRIDGES AGENCYTHERE ARE INTEGRAL PROGRAMS CONSIDERING TRAINING COURSES, DIPLOMA COURSES, VALIDATION AND CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES BY SPECIALTY, CURRENTLY IN HOUSING AND TOURISMPARTICIPATION IN THE BIDDING BASES OF IMPORTANT PROJECTS PREPARED BY PEMEX To promote training, validation and certification among companies in this sector. Labor / Labour TopicsMigration and Labor PolicyMexicans in the United States:The estimated number of Mexican-origin people living in the United States is 26.6 million.The number of people born in Mexico who live in the United States equals 9.9 million.54% entered between 1990 and 2002. Only 22% have the U.S. citizenship.69% are in working ages, i.e., 6.8 million people. Construction and the primary sector draw 17% and 4.4% of the working population, respectively.Migration and Labor PolicyTemporary migration:Around 437 thousand mexicans in average cross the border each year as temporary immigrants who later go back to their communities of origin. Of these, 79% work without authorization. The temporary immigrants flow decreased from 464 thousand during 1993-1997 to 437 thousand in 2001-2003.Between 2001-2003, the average stay of temporary immigrants in the U.S. increased to 12.2 months, in contrast with 5.5 months during 1993-1997.Migration and Labor PolicyThe migration policy of the Mexican Government with the U.S.:The Mexican Government seeks:To allow the safe, suitable, legal and orderly displacement and residence of Mexicans.A negotiation with the United States, considering migration as a shared responsibility.The September 11, 2001 attacks have limited the advancement of the migration agreement.Migration and Labor PolicyThe U.S. migration agenda considers the following:The migratory regularization of around 3.5 million indocumented immigrants.A temporary workers program allowing the authorized access of Mexicans to productive regions and sectors of the U.S.The strengthening of border security aimed to prevent the death of immigrants and illegal people trade.Job SafetyFederal Labor LawTRAININGEnergyDepartmentFederal GovernmentLabor and SocialSecurityDepartmentThe Construction Industry Training InstituteBACKGROUNDPetroleos Mexicanos is one of the companies of greatest interest due to the continuous improvement of the productive processes of its organization and the respect for the communities and the ecological setting where it operates; in addition, one of its priorities is the Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection in its facilities and for the personnel working in them.OBJECTIVE OF THE PEMEX-CMIC-ICIC AGREEMENTTo assist constructor companies in fulfilling Pemex requirements regarding Safety and Environmental Protection, thus contributing to the prevention of accidents in its facilities and to the maintenance of safe works. 7To assure that the construction activities performed by Contracting Companies are executed according to PEMEXs safety and environmental protection standards, and that their performance in this area equals that of world class companies in the construction sector.Operation StrategyPEMEX EXPLORATIONAND PRODUCTIONPEMEX GAS AND BASIC PETROCHEMISTRYPEMEX REFININGPEMEX PETROCHEMISTRY PEMEX-ICICTraining StrategyDevelopment and implementation of training programs in Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection for medium level and operating personnel in companies that develop construction and maintenance projects in Petroleos Mexicanos subsidiaries.PEMEX-CMIC-ICICAgreement ActionsTechnical and didactic training for instructors.Sensitization lectures.Seminars on Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection.Training is carried out in PEMEX-ICIC class rooms located within the parastatal company facilities.Design of didactic materials for TrainingDesign of the PEMEX - ICIC Training CertificatePEMEX-CMIC-ICICAgreement ActionsRESULTS FROM 1998 TO JUNE 2005PEMEX CMIC-ICIC AGREEMENTEmployees from 644 companies have received the training coursesHoja1CursosParticipantesHoras HombrecapacitadoCapacitacin Total 1978-1999181,9201,734,86048,216,742Promedio Anualdesde 19788,26978,8572,191,670Hoja2No. of EventsNo. of PeopleMan-Hours TrainedSeminars51, 48017,760Courses1, 64726, 292264,833Plticas30015,20030,844Hoja319911999%99/91Comisiones Mixtas de CapacitacinICIC-STPS6,0171,35722%InstructoresRegistrados S.T.P.S.9371,888201%Environmental AspectsRULING LAWS AND REGULATIONS FOR TOURISM DEVELOPMENTSRULING LAWS AND REGULATIONSFOR TOURISM DEVELOPMENTSIn terms of environmental regulations, basic terms are defined in the Constitution of Mexico in its 4th article: Every person has the right for an appropiate environment in order to find prosperity. Articlr 27 underlines that The property of land and water inside the national territory belongs to the nation, having by that the right to regulate the use of the natural resources, assure its conservation, preserve and restore the ecological equilibrium, in order to achieve an equilibrate development of the country. There is also the General Law of Ecological Equilibrium and the Protection of the Environment (LGEEPA) as well as the Official Mexican Rulings (NOMS). Their goal si to preserve and restore the ecological equilibrium.In order to obtain authorization to develop a tourism resort, an evaluation of the environmental impact needs to be done, as it is defined in article 28 of the General Law of Ecological Equilibrium and Environment Protection : The Environmental Impact Evaluation is the procedure through wich the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) establishes the conditions for construction and activities that might cause unstable ecosystems or avoid the limits and conditions establish in the appropiate laws to protect the environment and preserve the ecosystems, in order to reduce to the minimum the negative effects on the environment.... Project should be developed according to local urban plans and the federal ecological ruling, declarations of indangered species and other laws that might apply. The official laws that have more impact on Tourism developments are: NOM-022-SEMARNAT-2003, Establishes the specifications to preserve and watch the ustaintability of the coast zones with mangrove. NOM-059-SEMARNAT-2001, Protects the native mexican species of silvester flora and fauna at risk. PROY-NOM-140-SEMARNAT-2005, Establishes the general environmental requirements to develop golf courses and resorts that include them. Tourism is an activity that can increase the value of local ecosystems, and integrates the people to the town, city or municipality development, wich is more important during the transition from rural municipalities to urban developments. Its an economic activity that might sustain the environmental conditions and whos responsability belongs to the nation. Environmental legislation in a major component in any tourism develpment in Mexico, essencial to prevent future damages, and to prepare how to deal with problems.CONSTRUCTION INPUTSAVAILABILITY AND PRICESThe construction industry generates directly more than 4 million remunerated occupations, which represents 12% of the total national occupied personnel amounting to more than 33 million, besides of generating more than 1.5 million direct employments in sectors related to this industry, which represent 5% of the national total. Iron and steel, Cement, Transportation, oil and oil derivatives, financial services, structural metallic products, professional services, wood and cork products, glass and glass products, machinery and electric devices, plastic products, basic chemistry, restaurants and hotels are among the main sectors in which indirect employments are generated. Creation of Employments in ConstructionImport and Export of Construction MaterialsImportsAccording to the Foreign Trade Bank (BANCOMEXT), from January to November, 2004, the construction materials and ironwork imports amounted to 4.6 billion dollars (including the manufacturing [maquila] of products made with raw materials from the country of origin, for example, tools and machinery). Regarding the origin of imports, more than 72% come from the United States, 3.8% from Germany, 3.4% from China, 3.2% from Spain and 3.0% from Japan.The 3 main concepts imported were hand tools, various valves and their parts, as well as screws, nuts and iron or steel bolts. ExportsAccording to BANCOMEXT, from January to November, 2004, the construction materials and ironwork exports amounted to 5.9 billion dollars (including maquila), a figure 24.5% higher than that in 2003.The three main concepts exported were wrench valves and common metal, iron or manufactured steel parts in various forms, as well as marble and cut stones.The destination of exports was as follows: more than 90% to the United States, around 2% to Canada and around 1% to Guatemala and 0.5% to Germany.CommercialBalanceThis yields a positive balance for Mexico in construction materials, of 1.3 billion dollars during 2004.Sources: Producer price indexes with services from the Bank of Mexico Bereau of Labor Statistics U.S. Statistics CanadaComparative Increase in Construction MaterialsCumulative Increase of Prices to Reinforcement Steel ProducersCumulative Increase of Prices to Cement ProducersSources: Producer price indexes with services from the Bank of Mexico Bereau of Labor Statistics U.S. Statistics CanadaSources: Producer price indexes with services from the Bank of Mexico Bereau of Labor Statistics U.S. Statistics CanadaCumulative Increase of Prices to Cement ProducersCumulative Increase of Prices to Iron and Steel Tube ProducersSources: Producer price indexes with services from the Bank of Mexico Bereau of Labor Statistics U.S. Statistics CanadaSources: Producer price indexes with services from the Bank of Mexico Bereau of Labor Statistics U.S. Statistics CanadaCumulative Increase of Prices to Aluminium Plate ProducersParametric costs of different types of buildingsCosts are per square feet and at direct cost, and therefore, they do not include indirect costs, utility, project costs or the value of land.The type of materials, such as construction materials, are different in each country, and costs may vary depending on the particular features of each project.Sources: 1.- Instituto Mexicano del Precio Unitario [Mexican Institute for Unit Prices, with approximate costs in Mexico City in US dollars. 2.- RS Means with average costs in the city of Toronto, in Canadian dollars 3.- RS Means with average costs in Texas, in US dollarsMexico 1Canada 2United States 3Type of building$/ft2Type of building$/ft2Type of building$/ft2Socilal interest, multifamiliar building, total area: 21,434 ft2 20.83Apartments, Low Rise of 20,000 ft2 gross67.66Apartments, Low Rise of 20,000 ft250.45Mid-level, multifamiliar building, total area: de 52,724 ft2 32.32Apartments, Mid Rise of 50,000 ft2 gross85.55Apartments, Mid Rise of 50,000 ft2 gross63.67Mid-level office building, total area: de 38,000 ft2 25.50Offices, Mid Rise of 100,000 ft2 gross96.65Offices, Mid Rise of 100,000 ft2 gross72.56Primary School, total area: 24,370 ft2 25.63Schools, Elementary of 30,000 ft2 gross65.38Schools, Elementary of 30,000 ft2 gross77.89Parametric costs structure in MexicoSource: Instituto Mexicano del Precio Unitario [Mexican Institute for Unit Prices]Social interest, multifamiliar building, total area: 21,434 ft2 Mid-level, multifamiliar building, total area: 52,724 ft2 Mid-level office building, total area: 38,000 ft2 Primary school, total area: 24,370 ft2 Area or element%Area or element%Area or element%Area or element%Foundation for 4 levels12.3Foundation for 11 levels7.4Foundation for 12 levels8.8Reinforced foundation for 3 levels11.8Concrete structure for 4 levels40.5Concrete structure for 11 levels35.1Concrete structure for 12 levels43.8Concrete structure for 3 levels26.7Front6.5Front6.3Front3.2Front and external roof12.7Deck roof3.4Deck roof0.8Back facade2.0Deck roof3.4Inner construction19.7Inner construction21.6Deck roof0.9Inner construction for class rooms23.6Water and plumbing, gas6.8Inner construction for parking0.8Construccin Interior1.4Inner construction for auditorium5.1Full bathroom2.6Water and plumbing, gas3.8Inner construction for receiving room3.0Water and plumbing, gas5.5Wiring8.2Full bathroom2.2Water and plumbing5.6General bathroom1.34 m integral kitchen5.2Shared bathroom1.4Private bathroom0.9Wiring5.8Wiring11.1Wiring9.0Wiring for parking0.48 passenger elevator18.78 passenger elevator10.6Parametric costs specifications in MexicoSource: Instituto Mexicano del Precio Unitario [Mexican Institute for Unit Prices]Social interest, multifamiliar building, total area: 21,434 ft2 Mid-level, multifamiliar building, total area: 52,724 ft2 Mid-level office building, total area 38,000 ft2 Primary school, total area: 24,370 ft2 Foundation based on dies, footing, auxiliary beams and 15 cm reinforced concrete slabs.Foundation made of isolated footings, continuous footings, auxiliary beams and perimetrical walls made of reinforced concrete and 15 cm reinforced concrete slabs. Foundation made of continuous footings, auxiliary beams and perimetrical walls made of reinforced concrete and 15 cm reinforced concrete slabs.Foundation made of continuous footings, dies, auxiliary beams and perimetrical walls made of reinforced concrete and 15 cm reinforced concrete slabs.Reinforced concrete column and beams structure, 10 cm slabs.Structure made of columns and reinforced concrete reticular slabs.Structure made of columns and reinforced concrete reticular slabs.Structure made of columns and reinforced concrete reticular slabs.Tubular iron screens with 3 mm glassAnodized aluminium screens with 4 mm glass Integral-type main facade of anodized aluminium, with clear 6 mm glassIntegral-type main facade of anodized aluminium, with clear 6 mm glassTile floor and inner and inner plaster smooth up with vinyl paintClay tile floors and medium quality carpeting, inner plaster smooth up in walls and soffits, vinyl paint covering and medium quality tapestriesFinishings in office areas not includedTerrazo floors, apparent glazing brick wallsLow quality finishingsCarpentry work with pine woodIntercommunication systemIntegral kitchenResearch and InnovationThe Mexican Construction Industry has made important contributions in areas such as: The research by the UNAM Engineering Institute, regarding the solution of maritime, pluvial and seismic problems, through mathematical and physics models. Maritime Engineering. In the construction of ports, where the advancement in physical models for the construction of rock fills and breakwaters stands out.Hydraulic Engineering. In the construction of dams, such as El Cajon dam, which is currently under construction in Nayarit.Seismic Engineering. The mathematical models that allow to revise the structures and design them according to the different earthquake intensities.Application of construction processes, as in the construction of Puente Chiapas bridge, where marine platforms engineering procedures were adapted for the first time to the construction of bridges.E l C a j o n Dam(Example of innovations)Work InformationThe construction of El Cajon dam represents one of the greatest achievements of the Mexican engineering.It is located in the state of Nayarit, at a distance of 47 kilometers from the city of Tepic. It will have a core wall with a height of 186 meters, making it the most important in the Country. The core wall is rock filled with concrete face, and is one of the highest core walls of its type world-wide. 10.9 million m3 of rock will be used.Work duration: 54 months, it will be completed in 2007Cost: $810 Million USDGeneration capacity: 750MWE l C a j o n D a m(Example of innovations)The contributions of El Cajon dam to dam engineering and hydraulic works are the following relevant aspects:Access was provided through the 43 kilometer road in 9 months. Diversion tunnels with built up rugosity were built, which duplicate reliability in only 9 months.The enginehouse was excavated in 9 months. The world practice in the design of this type of dams was innovated, with the inclusion of transition zones.Materials are being placed in the core wall with an average of 500,000 m3, and it is estimated that 800,000 m3 will be achieved monthly.C h i a p a s B r i d g e(Example of innovations)Work InformationLocated in the reservoir of the Netzahualcoyotl dam, in the state of Chiapas.This work is part of the Mexico-Tuxtla Gutierrez highway.Work duration: 60 months.Cost: $ 1,684 Million pesos.The bridge is solved by means of a metallic structure, both in its substructure and superstructure, and its length is 1,208 m, with a roadway width of 10 m.The substructure consists of an abutment of reinforced concrete and seven Jacket-type bearings, which are built with tubes with an external diameter of 2.78 m. C h i a p a s B r i d g e(Example of innovations)In this work, innovative procedures were used, such as:The superstructure pushing, which allowed to free 168 m spans five times, which meant a new world record for pushed bridges.Use of procedures that had never been used before in Mexico and the world, which are a combination of off shore engineering for marine platforms adapted to the construction of bridges.8919