1 Introduction to Urban Resilience. 2 Why 100RC?

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1 Introduction to Urban Resilience Slide 2 2 Why 100RC? Slide 3 3 372 APPLICATIONS The 2014 Challenge is now open, and more than 300 cities around the world applied to be a part of Wave 1 of this global movement 32 SELECTED IN 2013 Slide 4 4 NORTH AMERICA BOULDER (CO) BERKLEY (CA) EL PASO (TX) JACKSONVILLE (FL) LOS ANGELES (CA) MEXICO CITY (MEXICO) NEW ORLEANS (LA) NEW YORK CITY (NY) NORFOLK (VA) OAKLAND (CA) SAN FRANCISCO (CA) SOUTH AMERICA MEDELLÍN (COLOMBIA) PORTO ALEGRE (BRAZIL) QUITO (ECUADOR) RIO DE JANEIRO (BRAZIL) EUROPE BRISTOL (UK) GLASGOW (UK) ROME (ITALY) ROTTERDAM (NETHERLANDS) VEJLE (DK) AFRICA DAKAR (SN) DURBAN (SOUTH AFRICA) Wave 1 Members of 100RC Slide 5 5 MIDDLE EAST ASHKELON (ISRAEL) RAMALLAH (PALESTINE) BYBLOS (LEBANON) OCEANIA MELBOURNE (AUSTRALIA) CHRISTCHURCH (NEW ZEALAND) SOUTH ASIA SURAT (INDIA) EAST ASIA BANGKOK (THAILAND) MANDALAY (MM) DA NANG (VIETNAM) SEMARANG (ID) Wave 1 Members of 100RC Slide 6 6 Platform HAZARD RISKS ASSESSMENT TOOL WORLD BANK CREDIT- WORTHINESS ACADEMY CITY RESILIENCE INDEX DATA ANALYTIC TOOLS CROWD- SOURCING AND DATA MANAGEMENT LONG-TERM ENERGY RESILIENCE PLANNING FEASIBILITY STUDY SUPPORT DISASTER SCORECARD REGIONAL DESIGN STUDIOS METRICS FOR SHOCKS AND STRESSES 6 ENERGY, WASTE, WATER BEST PRACTICES Slide 7 7 Earthquake Wildfires Flooding Sandstorms Extreme cold Hazardous materials accident Severe storms and extreme rainfall Terrorism Disease outbreak Riot/civil unrest Infrastructure or building failure Heat wave ACUTE SHOCKS Water Scarcity Lack of affordable housing Poor air quality High unemployment Homelessness Changing demographics Lack of social cohesion Poverty/inequity Aging Infrastructure Shifting macroeconomic trends Crime & violence CHRONIC STRESSES A city’s ability to maintain essential functions is threatened by both acute shocks and chronic stresses. Slide 8 8 Urban Resilience is the capacity of individuals, communities, institutions, businesses and systems within a city to survive, adapt, and grow no matter what kinds of chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience. Slide 9 9 RobustFlexibleRedundantResourcefulIntegratedInclusiveReflective Resilient systems exhibit certain qualities that enable them to withstand, respond, and adapt more readily to shocks and stresses.... and actAbility to learn...conceiving systems & assets that can withstand shocks & stresses as well as using alternative strategies to facilitate rapid recovery...planned to take account of city-wide needs and promote coordinated actions Slide 10 10 City Resilience Framework: The 12 capacities in the City Resilience Framework collectively determine the city’s ability to withstand a wide range of shocks and stresses © Arup, 2014 Slide 11 11 City resilience has 4 key dimensions Slide 12 12 People “the health and wellbeing of everyone living and working in the city” Slide 13 13 Organisation “the social and financial systems that enable urban populations to live peacefully, and act collectively Slide 14 14 Place “the way in which man-made and natural infrastructure provides critical services and protects, and connects urban citizens.” Slide 15 15 Knowledge “effective leadership, empowered stakeholders, and integrated planning” Slide 16 16 Multiple factors contribute to resilience and there are multiple entry points for action Slide 17 Medellin, 1980s Slide 18 18 Case Study: Resilient Medellin Slide 19 19 Case Study: Resilient Medellin Slide 20 20 Case Study: Resilient Medellin Slide 21 21 Case Study: Resilient Medellin Slide 22 22 Murders per 100,000 Residents, 1986-2005 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 19861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005 Case Study: Resilient Medellin Slide 23 Medellin Today Slide 24 24 Strategy Process Overview Slide 25 25 How Will The Strategy Process Work Slide 26 26 How Will The Strategy Process Work Slide 27 27 Next Steps – Understand City Context Strategy Development Develop City Strategic Context Customise City Approach For Stage 2 Slide 28 28 Next Steps For Christchurch Key Actions Establish Governance Framework Establish Working Groups for Phase One Key Dates 18 December 2014 – Report to Strategy and Finance Committee 29 January 2015 – Report to Council