21st Century Skills & Digital Literacy: What Do Teachers & Learners Need to Know? 21 st Century Skills & Digital Literacy: What Do Teachers & Learners.
Slide 1 21st Century Skills & Digital Literacy: What Do Teachers & Learners Need to Know? 21 st Century Skills & Digital Literacy: What Do Teachers & Learners Need to Know? Marian Thacher, OTAN COABE/CCAE Conference, San Francisco April 19, 2011 Slide 2 What do adult learners need to know in order to survive and thrive in employment and further education? Slide 3 WHO ARE YOUR PARTNERS? 3 Slide 4 How is Tech Changing the Way We Live? 4 Slide 5 AMANPOUR: The State Department just had an Arabic Twitter account, a Farsi Twitter account. This week, what do you expect to do with that? CLINTON: mostly we want to be in the mix with this incredible, young, energetic population that is seeking the same rights to express themselves as young people in the United States seek. http://abcnews.go.com/ThisWeek/week-transcript-hillary-clinton/story?id=12959396&page=4 5 Slide 6 Whats Happening to Reading? What do we read? Where do we read? When do we read? How do we read? Is auding different than reading? http://www.prospect.org/csnc/blogs/tapped_archive?month=02&year=2011&base_name=draft_inevitable_ divisions_sur 6 Slide 7 Whats Happening to Reading? 7 Slide 8 Borrowing eBooks from Library 66% of libraries report offering free eBooks HarperCollins to allow only 26 borrows per eBook Can a borrower put it on two devices? Can a borrower lend it to someone else? How many copies does the library have to buy? 8 Slide 9 Digital Textbooks By 2017, digital textbook sales will match traditional Kindergarteners in Maine to receive iPad2s Amazon already sells more eBooks than paperbacks California Digital Textbook Initiative 9 Slide 10 Home Internet Access for ESL Students 2009-10 Range: 52% 2010-11 Range: 19% 10 Slide 11 Broadband Access DSL & Cable Broadbandmap.gov/technology 11 Slide 12 Mobile Wireless Access Broadbandmap.gov/technology 12 Slide 13 Broadband for Schools Maps.ed.gov/broadband 13 Slide 14 Mobile vs. Desktop 14 Slide 15 Whats Happening to Education? 15 Slide 16 What do adult learners need to know in order to survive and thrive in employment and further education? Slide 17 Three Sources National Education Technology Plan Partnership for 21 st Century Skills ISTE National Education Technology Standards for students 17 Slide 18 How Should We Define 21 st Century Skills? National Education Technology Plan Published Nov. 2010 Addresses many aspects of education Learning Teaching Assessment Infrastructure Productivity 18 Slide 19 National Education Technology Plan Learning Critical thinking, complex problem solving Information tools Web sites, online libraries, online books, original resources Collaboration tools - social networking, wikis, blogs Mobile learning not confined to the classroom, even the digital classroom 19 Slide 20 C-/E-/M-Learning C-Learning Face to face Shared physical context Easier to build relationships Well-balanced meal E-Learning Online Any time, any place, any pace Collabora- tion tools Assessment Delicious buffet M-Learning Small chunks Context- specific Location- specific Immediate application Power snack 20 Slide 21 National Education Technology Plan Teaching Technology-based professional development Leverage social networking to create communities of practice Develop a teaching force skilled in online instruction 21 Slide 22 National Education Technology Plan Assessment Technology-based to give timely feedback to shape instruction Make use of simulations, collaborative environments, games Revise policies to support these changes 22 Slide 23 National Education Technology Plan Productivity Competency, not seat time! Emerge prepared for college and careers 23 Slide 24 Partnership for 21 st Century Skills To all the usual curriculum, they add 24 Slide 25 Partnership for 21 st Century Skills To all the usual curriculum, they add Learning and Innovation Skills Creativity & Innovation Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Communication and Collaboration Info, Media & Technology Skills Information Literacy Media Literacy ICT Literacy 25 Slide 26 Partnership for 21 st Century Skills Information Literacy Access and Evaluate Information Access information efficiently (time) and effectively (sources) Evaluate information critically and competently Use and Manage Information Use information accurately and creatively Manage the flow of information from a wide variety of sources Apply a fundamental understanding of the ethical/legal issues re use of information 26 Slide 27 ISTE: NETS for Students 27 Slide 28 ISTE: NETS for Students Creativity and Innovation Communication and Collaboration Research and Information Fluency Critical Thinking, Problem Solving and Decision Making Digital Citizenship Technology Operations and Concepts 28 Slide 29 So Whats New? The Context! Creativity & Innovation Apply existing knowledge to new ideas Create original works Identify trends and forecast possibilities 29 Slide 30 So Whats New? The Context! How do you teach this stuff?? Sir Ken Robinson: Its all about passion 6 myths of creativity debunked Everyone is creative Collaboration, not competition Time to play A time when you were playing when time disappeared 30 Slide 31 Imagination is everything. It is the preview of life's coming attractions. --Albert Einstein Slide 32 Creativity in the Classroom Frame the collaborative pair or team task Make the learning outcomes clear Set the ground rules ALLOW TIME BE QUIET 32 Slide 33 33 Slide 34 Communication and Collaboration No geographical boundaries (You learn a lot about time zones!) DIY Education What is a MOOC? Tools for C & C Publish! Writing Photos Audio Video 34 Slide 35 Reading & Writing Write/read student stories published on blog or Web site Create a Twitter channel short communicationsTwitter About a topic from reading As an historical or current public figure Create a slide show and post on blog, Web site, Scribd, VoiceThread, Google Docs Create a class photo account, students post and write about favorite item from their closet 35 Slide 36 Blog Example - VESL 36 Slide 37 Blog Example - VESL 37 Slide 38 Blog Example - VESL 38 Slide 39 Speaking & Listening Class Skype call with an author, expert, or other guest Leave audio or video comments on VoiceThread slides Have an online meeting with another class or group Post a podcast at Podomatic or Gabcast, to which students reply with audio comments http://realestateresuscitation.blogspot.com/2010/08/indiana-state-fair-is-in-town.html 39 Slide 40 Speaking & Listening - Examples ESL class in San Francisco 40 Slide 41 ePortfolios Why? Selectively available anywhere Easily shared Can include media Demonstrates tech skill, and other skills Who? Students assemble work samples, creative projects, Web sites, photos, test scores Teachers collect evidence of professional development 41 Slide 42 ePortfolios Where? Google Docs Google Sites Wiki WordPress Mahara.org Features to look for Framework Experience, goals, current work Selective views one for group, teacher, prospective employers Easy to add photos, video, audio, links Easy to share 42 Slide 43 ePortfolios - Examples 43 Slide 44 ePortfolios - Examples 44 Slide 45 ePortfolios - Examples 45 Slide 46 Research & Information Fluency Search strategies Critical eval of Web sites Read the URL Examine the content Ask about author Look at the links Strategies for managing information, organizing bookmarks Delicious.com Diigo.com Prioritizing, time management, & bunny trails http://www.greenwichschools.org/page.cfm?p=6657 46 Slide 47 Teaching Information Fluency What are your strategies for locating, sifting and managing information? How do you model these strategies for your students, or staff? Do you provide direct instruction for these strategies? 47 Slide 48 Teaching Information Fluency Do you teach a little about search strategies every day? Have you provided critical thinking activities about Web sites? Are you modeling information management? Do you discuss information management directly? Do you monitor how your students manage information? Do you suggest or assign management tools? Do you model selecting the appropriate tool for the task? Do you ask how students need to manage information at work or at home? 48 Slide 49 Critical Thinking, Problem Solving Identify authentic problems for investigation Plan and manage activities to develop a solution Collect and analyze data Identify solutions Incorporate diverse perspectives Choose and test a solution http://www.techlearning.com/article/8670 49 Slide 50 Authentic Problem (Wileytoons 20 January 2000, http://www.wileytoons.com/cgi-bin/archive.cgi?2000+01+20)http://www.wileytoons.com/cgi-bin/archive.cgi?2000+01+20 50 Slide 51 Classroom Examples What are some examples of an authentic problem related to Keeping campus green Getting a job Going to college Managing money Writing an essay Convincing someone Changing a law http://www.34news.com/minor-makes-major-change-in-curfew-ordinance.html 51 Slide 52 Digital Citizenship Safe, legal and responsible use of information and tech Positive attitude towards technology Personal responsibility for lifelong learning Leadership for digital citizenship US Dept. of Labor, public domain 52 Slide 53 Safe, Legal, Responsible Copyright who owns what? What is OK to copy and use? If not, why not? Personal information online Email etiquette, discussion board etiquette, facebook etiquette, http://academic.cuesta.edu/bused/parallinks.htm 53 Slide 54 Online Privacy There isnt any! 75% of U.S. recruiters and HR professionals do online searches on candidates 70% have rejected candidates based on what they found Young woman fired for posting on FB Im so totally bored! at work 54 Slide 55 Security http://lifehacker.com/#!5714296/how-to-stay-secure-online Basic understanding of security is important! Passwords Attachments Phishing emails Malware/Spyware Identity Theft 55 Slide 56 Responsibility for Lifelong Learning What strategies do you use to learn a new skill or find new information? What is the future of schools? What is the role of teachers? The only thing you can count on is change http://www.flickr.com/photos/picturepurrfect685/5066451090/sizes/m/in/photostream/ 56 Slide 57 Technology Operations and Concepts Understand and use technology Select and use applications effectively Troubleshoot systems and applications Transfer skills to new technologies http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0078693160/student_view0/ergonomic_guidelines.html 57 Slide 58 Classroom Examples Do you need to teach keyboarding? Do you have computer classes for basic skills students? Is there support for students teaching each other? Is there support for teachers teaching each other? What if your students know more than you? http://www.flickr.com/photos/donshall/4153352036/sizes/m/in/photostream/ 58 Slide 59 THE ILLITERATE OF THE 21ST CENTURY WILL NOT BE THOSE WHO CANNOT READ AND WRITE, BUT THOSE WHO CANNOT LEARN, UNLEARN, AND RELEARN. -- Alvin Toffler 59 Slide 60 WebTwoPointOhinAdultEd. wikispaces.com/COABE- CCAE2011 60