3 Late Cret Sept08

  • Published on
    30-Oct-2014

  • View
    41

  • Download
    0

Transcript

Late Cretaceous (65-100 Ma time-slice)CHRONOS

ICSStandard ChronostratigraphyPeriod65

Updated by James G. Ogg (Purdue University) and Gabi Ogg to: GEOLOGIC TIME SCALE 2004 (Gradstein, F.M., Ogg, J.G., Smith, A.G., et al., 2004) and The CONCISE GEOLOGIC TIME SCALE (Ogg, J.G., Ogg, G., and Gradstein, F.M., 2008)Based, in part, on: CENOZOIC-MESOZOIC BIOCHRONOSTRATIGRAPHY: JAN HARDENBOL, JACQUES THIERRY, MARTIN B. FARLEY, THIERRY JACQUIN, PIERRE-CHARLES DE GRACIANSKY, AND PETER R. VAIL,1998. Mesozoic and Cenozoic Sequence Chronostratigraphic Framework of European Basins in: De Graciansky, P.- C., Hardenbol, J., Jacquin, Th., Vail, P. R., and Farley, M. B., eds.; Mesozoic and Cenozoic Sequence Stratigraphy of European Basins, SEPM Special Publication 60.

Sponsored, in part, by:

Age

Epoch

Stage65.5

Substage

Geomagnetic PolarityC29

AmmonitesBoreal Tethyan Western Interior, North AmericaGlobalDa 1

Sequences65.2

T-R Cycles

Major T-R Cycles

ZonesP1 Pa P0

Zonal MarkersParvularugoglobigerina eugubina Parvularugoglobigerina eugubina Racemiguembelina fructicosa; LADs of other Cret. Forams

Other ForaminifersParasubbotina pseudobulloides Globotruncana, Globigerinelloides, Rugoglobigerina, etc (Cret. forams) Abathomphalus mayaroensis, Gansserina gansseri

Boreal Zonal Markers

Other Boreal Foraminifers

Tethys

ZonesSB1

Zonal MarkersLaffittiena bibensis Laffittiena mengaudi Hellenocyclina beotica, Siderolites calcitrapoides, Orbitolites gensacica

Other Larger Benthic ForaminifersNP1Rhapsydionina liburnica (Adriatic) Lepidorbitoides socialis, O.(gr.) apiculata, Omphalocyclus macroporus

ZonesCP1 a

Zonal MarkersBiantholithus sparsus Cretaceous Nanno taxa

Other NannofossilsCruciplacolithus primus Hornibrookina teuriensis

ZonesD1 a

Zonal MarkersCarpatella cornuta

North Atlantic

Other DinocystsDanea californica

TethysZones

InoceramidsRussian Platform Zones Central Europe / Russian Platform Western Europe Aquitaine Western Europe

Zonal Markers

Other Tethyan Dinocysts

ZonesRP1

Zonal MarkersAmphisphaera aotea

NW Europe

Balto-Scandia

Periadriatic

Boreal OstracodesM. gr. heiroglyphica

Tethyan OstracodesM. gr. canaliculata, P. juncea L. astrei, M. gr. heiroglyphica

ZonesPeckichara llobregatensis Peckichara sertulata

Zonal MarkersPeckichara llobregatensis

NALMA North American MammalsPuercanPurgatorius, Periptychus Catopsalis, Protungulatum

Paleogene

Paleocene Danian

Danian65.5

Un-Named Interval

terminus

Stensioeina pommerana, Bolivinoides draco draco, Bolivinoides decoratus giganteus

Neoflabelinella reticulata, Brizalina incrassata, Bolivinoides peterssoni

Palynodinium grallator Micula prinsii

Tr. nahorianensis

CC26Nephrolithus frequens (low-lat)

No Zone Belemnella casimirovensis Tenuipteris argenteaHipuritella lapeirousei Bournonia adriatica

Peckichara sertulata

Cribrosphaerella daniae

C30

[Few usable ammonites]

Maastrichtian

Pachydiscus gollevillensis

fresvillensis Jeletzkytes nebrascensis

Ma5

67.7

CC25Abathomphalus mayaroensis Rugoglobigerina pennyi Bolivinoides draco miliaris Orbitolites media, O. (gr.) tissoti, Fallotia jacquoti, L. bisambergensis Rhapsydionina liburnica (Adriatic) L. minor Micula murus Cribrocorona gallica Triblastula utinensis

M. hieroglyphica P. leymeriei Hippurites cornucopiae M. macrophtalma, P. (D.) puncturata

Ma4 Hoploscaphites nicolleti Hopl. birkelundi C31 Ma3 Baculites clinolobatus Pachy. neubergicus / Acanthoscaphites tridens? Pachydiscus neubergicus to Epiplectus Ma2 Bac. grandis Bac. baculus

68.3

Belemnitella argenta / junior Belemnitella junior / tegulatus

Microchara cristata

Belemnitella junior Spyridoceramus tegulatusTenuipteris argentea Tr. morgani. Spyridoceramus tegulatus, Tr. nahorianensis End. b. baltica, Ca. pteroides, Tr. tenuiplicatus Hipuritella castrol S. pseudoeximia, C. joergenseni Septorella ultima, P. sertulata

Lancian

69.2 69.7

Racemiguembelina fructicosaContusotruncana contusa Racemiguembelina fructicosa Globotruncanella ventricosa Bolivinoides draco draco

Hellencyclina beotica, Orbitolites gensacica

NC22 NC21Abrardia. mosae, P. dordoniensis, L. campaniensis, Siderolites (gr.) vidali

Lithraphidites quadratus

Reinhardtites levis

70

E. Maastr.70.6

Laffitteina mengaudi

Laffitteina socialis, Omphalocyclus macroporus

Hystrichodinium pulchrum Tranolithus orionatus Triblastula utinensis Odontochitina operculata

Gillina hymenophora

Amphipyndax tylotus

Bolivinoides decoratus giganteus Globotruncana lapparenti, Globotruncana linneiana Neoflabellinella reticulata, Osangularia navarroana Bolivinoides laevigatus Bolivinoides paleocenicus Bolivinoides peterssoni Neoflabellina rugosa, Reussella szajnochae Bolivinoides decoratus decoratus Gavelinella monterelensis Globorotalites hiltermanni, Globorotalites? michelianus Siderolites (gr.) calcitrapoides, L. bisambergensis O. (gr.) apiculata, L. minor

CC24

Uniplanarius trifidum Raetiaedinium truncigerum, Aldorfia deflandrei, Odontochitina costata, Trichodinium castanea

Ma1 Nostoceras hyatti Nostoceras hyatti Bac. eliasi Bac. jenseni Bac. reesidei C32

70.6

Belemnella fastigata Belemnella cimbrica Belemnella sumensis Belemnella obtusa Belemnella pseudobtusa Belemnella lanceolata

Tr. nahorianensis, Spyridoceramus tegulatus, Tr. morgani

Belemnella licharewi Belemnella lanceolota Belemnitella langeli najdiniCa. regularis Tr. nahorianensis, Ca. pteroides Pl. alaeformis,"I". borilensis, Pl. artigesi H. radiosus V. ultimus, V. braciensis, Hippurites heritschi, H. colliciatus, Sabinia aniensi, Pironaea polystyla, P. milovanovici, L. ornata, S. eximia, C. anorchidea C. lacertosa L. astrei I. marssoni, M. propinqua, K. petrocoriensis

Septorella ultima 70Cimexomys minor, Parectypodus, Glasbius, Alphadon jasoni, and Gypsonictops illuminatus begin in Lancian Septorella ultima Peckichara cancellata

Gansserina gansseri

Adriatic: Raadshoovenia salentina, R. scarsellai, S. surrentina, Accordiella conica, K. tergestina, S. mediterranea

Tranolithus phacelosus Palaeoperidinium cretaceum Palaeohystrichophora infusorioides

Pseudoguembelina palpabra

Gansserina gansseri

Planoglobulina acervulinoides

Belemnitella"langeli" Belemnitella langeli langei CC23 NC20Aspidolithus parcus constrictus Ceratiopsis diebelii Spongodinium delitiense Amphipyndax tylotus

Bac. cuneatus Cam9 Didymoceras donezianum Didymoceras cheyennense Bac. compressus72.8

Peckichara cancellata

Globotruncana aegyptiacaGlobotruncana aegyptiaca Pseudoguembelina excolata

Lt. Camp.C-Sequence

Peckichara cancellata

Didymoceras cheyennense

Globotruncanella havanensisPseudotextularia elegans

Aspidolithus parcus

Belemnitella"minor"Areoligera senonensis

Belemnitella langei minor

Exiteloceras jenneyi Globotruncanita calcarata Didy. stevensoni Cam8 Didy. nebrascense75.7Globotruncanita calcarata

Globotruncanita calcarata Globotruncanella havanensis Reussella szajnochae

Maastrichtian

Lt. Maastr.

Abathomphalus mayaroensis

Abathomphalus Intermedia

Palynodinium grallator

Belemnitella baltica / danica Belemnitella danica / argenta

Peckichara sp. 1C. major Peckichara sp. 1

NC23

Praeradiolites haeninghausi

70.6

75

Fallotia jacquoti Arnaudiella grossouvrei Eiffellithus eximius Reinhardtites anthophorus Amblyochara media

CC22 Globotruncana ventricosaBolivinoides incrassata Orbitolites media, Arnaudiella grossouvrei Globotruncana ventricosa (consistent) L. campaniensis Uniplanarius trifidum

Belemnitella mucronataPraeradiolites alatus, P. saemanni, P. haeninghausi

"Edmontonian"

Campanian

Baculites scotti Cam7 Bac. gregoryensis Bostrychoceras polyplocum Bostrychoceras polyplocum Cam6 Bac. perplexus (late) Bac. gilberti Bac. perplexus (early) Bac. gilberti to Bac. obtusus zones Bac. sp. (smooth) Bac. asperiformis80.0 80.4Globotruncana ventricosa (rare)

Peckichara pectinata

77.0

CC21Uniplanarius sissinghii

Belemnitella mucronata Belemnitella mucronata

77.6Archaeoglobigerina bosquensis

Bolivinoides draco miliaris Gavelinella (Pseudogavelinella) clementiana, Globorotalites? michelianus

Globorotalites hiltermanni, Pseudouvigerina cristata Neoflabellina numismalis

NC19 CC20 Amphipyndax pseudoconulus Belemnellocamax balsvikensisAbrardia mosae

M. Camp.

C33

Ceratolithoides aculeus

Peckichara pectinata

CC19 Globotruncanita elevata

80 Neancyloceras phaleratum Trachyscaphites spiniger Delawarella delawarensis Scaphites hippocrepis III Hoplitoplacenticeras marroti / vari

Bac. maclearni Bac. obtusus Bac. sp. (weak flank ribs) Bac. sp. (smooth) Scaphites hippocrepis III Scaph. hippocrepis II

Cam5 Cam4 Cam3

Misceomarginatus pleniporus Bukryaster hayii T.? spinosa

Campanian

Bolivinoides laevigatus

Bolivinoides granulatus Stensioeina polonica

Gavelinella monterelensis, Neoflabellina numismalis

Stensioeina exsculpta gracilis Gavelinella cristata Subalveolina dordonica Raadshoovenia salentina (Adriatic) Scandonea samnitica (Adriatic) Reussella kelleri, Orthokarstenia whitei Marthasterites furcatus Lithastrinus grillii Senoniasphaera protrusa

80.9

NC18

Gonioteuthis quadratagracilis / Belemnitella mucronata Gonioteuthis quadratagracilis Gonioteuthis quadrataquadrata

Cam2

81.6Pseudoguembelina costulata Bolivinoides granulatus/ pustulatus? Bolivinoides strigillatus Bolivinoides decoratus decoratus Osangularia cordieriana N. suturalis suturalis

Cretaceous

E. Camp. Late83.5Placenticeras bidorsatum Placenticeras bidorsatum

CC18

Ceratolithoides verbeekii

Gonioteuthis quadratagracilis / Belemnitella mucronata / Belemnellocamax mamillatus

Gonioteuthis quadratagracilis / Belemnitella mucronata Belemnitella alpha/ Belemnitella praecursor / Gonioteuthis quadrata quadrata

Tr. tenuiplicatus Ca. regularis, End. Pteroides Sph. aff. lingua, Se. inflexus, Sph. aff. angustus, Sph. patootensiformis, Sph. nasutus, E. flexibaltica, Pl. adversus, Pl. rhomboides, Se. selenae E. flexibaltica, Pl. alaeformis

End. flexibaltica, Ca. goldfussianus, Pl. adversus, Co. muelleri Se. regularis, Se. inaequabilis

C. anorchidea, P. phylloptera

Meniscoessus collomensis and Didelphondon begin in Edmontonian

K. petrocoriensis Sph. aff. ingua, Sph. angustus, Sph. patootensiformis L. senonensis

Peckichara baylensis

Judithian

Meniscoessus major, M. intermedius, Mesodma primaeva, Cimolomys clarki, Turgidodon, and Gypsonictops begin in Judithian

Scaph. hippocrepis I Cam183.1Globotruncanita elevata Ventilabrella eggeri Marginotruncana coronata Whiteinella baltica Dicarinella asymetrica Dicarinella concavata, Sigalia deflaensis Sigalia decoratissima decoratissima Neoflabellina rugosa Gavelinella (Pseudogavelinella) clementiana, Stensioeina pommerana/ excolata

Aspidolithus parcus constrictus

Scaph. leei III

Palaeoperidinium cretaceum Bolivinoides culverensis Subalveolina dordonica, O.(gr.) tissoti, Siderolites (gr.) vidali S. santoniensis Aspidolithus parcus parcus P. dordoniensis Amphipyndax pseudoconulus Canningia senonica, Dinopterygium cladoides Calculites obscurus

Gonioteuthis quadrataquadrata / Belemnitella praecursor

Gonioteuthis quadrataquadrata / Belemnitella alpha

Gonioteuthis quadrataquadrata / Belemnitella praecursor Gonioteuthis granulata / Belemnitella praecursor

Lt. Sant. M. Sant. E. Sant. Lt. Coniac.Paratexanites serratomarginatus Placen. polyopsis

Desmoscaphites bassleri Placenticeras paraplanum Placent. polyopsis Texanites gallicus Texanites gallicus / texanus Eupachydiscus isculensis Desmoscaphites bassleri to Clioscaphites vermiformis (4 zones) Desmo. erdmanni Clioscaphites choteauensis Clio. vermiformis Sa3

Lacazina group, Pseudostaffella sphaeroidea, S. santoniensis Dictopsella kiliani (Adriatic)

Cordiceramus muelleri / Sphenoceramus patootensiformisCordiceramus muelleri, Cordiceramus haenleini, Sphenoceramus pinniformis, Spheno. cardissoides, Spheno. patootensiformis, Sph. angustus, Sph. aff. lingua

End. b. baltica, End. flexibaltica, Pl. adversus, Pl. rhomboides, Se. selenae, Se. inflexus

Ca. goldfussianus, Pl. artigesi, Co. muelleri Co. cordiformis, End. b. baltica

Hippurites heberti, Hipuritella sulcatoides, H. variabilis, Vaccinites archiaci

Vaccinites boehmi, V. anici, V. extremus, V. sulcatus

P. lonsdaleianus C. zygopleura

M. propinqua K. major, C. flexuosa

84.0

CC17 NC17 CC16

Santonian

Dicarinella asymetrica84.6Dicarinella asymetrica Sigalia decoratissima carpathica

P. calkeri Sph. ccardissoides subreticulus, S. pachtireticulus, S.c. cardissoides,

Stensioeina exsculpta gracilis Bolivinoides strigillatus Stensioeina granulata perfecta Gavelinella stelligera, Gavelinella cristata, Reussella szajnochae praecursor Stensioeina granulata granulata Stensioeina polonica N. suturalis suturalis, Neoflabellina gibbera Lacazina gr. Scandonea samnitica (Adriatic) Neoflabellina gibbera

Sa2

Sigalia decoratissima carpathica Sigalitruncana sigali Whiteinella archaeocretacea

Keramosphaerina tergestina (Adriatic)

Canningia senonica Lucianorhabdus cayeuxii

Theocampe urnaCannosphaeropsis utinensis Lithastrinus septenarius Ellipsodinium rugulosum

Gonioteuthis westfalicagranulata Gonioteuthis westfalica westfalica

Gonioteuthis westfalicagranulata / Belemnitella propinqua Gonioteuthis westfalica westfalica / Belemnitella propinqua / Goniocamax lungreni

Sphenoceramus pinniformis Belemnitella propinqua / Goniocamax lundgreni uilicus Cordiceraumus undulatoplicatus / Sphenoceramus cardissoides

S.c. subreticulus

Cordiceramus cordiformis. S.c. cardissoides, P. cyc. ahnesensis Cordiceraumus undulatoplicatus, S. p. reticulus

C. haenleini, C. cordiformis, C. cordiinitialis, C. brancoformis

85

Pl. adversus, Pl. ezoensis, Co. cordiformis, Se. inaequabilis, Se. regularis, End. b. baltica,"I". borilensis

C. lacertosa C. cordiinitialis, C. brancoiformis, C. bueltenensis

K. major

Gavelinella vombensis

Clio. saxitonianus

Sa1

85.6

CC15Reinhardtites anthophorus Lithastrinus grillii

Senoniasphaera protusa Theocampe urna

85.8Paratexanites serratomarginatusWhiteinella paradubia

NC16 CC14

Florentinia tenera

Cordiceraumus undulatoplicatus, Sphenoceramus c. cardissoides, S. pachti pachti, S. p. reticulus, C. cordiformis, P. c. cycloides, P. c. ahnesensis M. s. crenistriatus, M. s. subquadratus, S. subcardissoides, V. koeneni, M. s. crenelatus, V. involutus, S. fasciculatus

S. pachti pachti, P. cycloides cycloides, P. cycloides wegneri, S. pachti reticulus, P. cycloides ahnesensis, S. cardissoides subreticlus, S. cardissoides cardissoides, C. undulatoplicatus S. subcardissoides, Ma. s. subquadratus, Ma. subquadratus crenelatus, S. fasciculatus, P. mantelli undatus, P. mantelli mantelli, V. involutus, V. koeneni

Microchara olmesensisHippurites sublaevis, Hipuritella toucasi, Vaccinites beaussetensis, V. dentatus, V. galloprovincialis, V. giganteus major Vaccinites atheniensis, V. gosaviensis, Gorjanovicia costata, V. oppeli

Mesodma, Eodelphis, and Paranyctoides begin in Aquilan

Santonian

Gonioteuthis granulata

Gonioteuthis granulata

S. angustus, Sph. martinii, S. pinniformis, S. cardissoides, S. aff. lingua, S. patootensiformis, C. muelleri

Hippurites bioculatus, Hipuritella carezi

Amblyochara media

Peckichara beylensis Amblyochara media

Aquilan

83.5

C. cordiinitialis, C. bueltensis, C. brancoiformis

M. gr. hieroglyphica Microchara olmesensis

85.8

Scaphites depressus Co187.0Stensioeina exsculpta exsculpta Loxostomum (Bolvinitella) eleyi S. surrentina (Adriatic)

Coniacian

Florentinia? torulosa Micula decussata

Gonioteuthis westfalica praewestfalica Goniocamax lungreni Goniocamax lungreni

Magadiceramus subquadratus

Gauthiericeras margae

Gauthiericeras margae

Scaph. ventricosus Dicarinella concavataArchaeoglobigerina bosquensis Stensioeina granulata granulata Gavelinella vombensis, Gavelinella thalmanni, Reussella kelleri, Orthokarstenia whitei Pseudostaffella sphaeroidea

E. Coniac.Peroniceras tridorsatum Peroniceras tridorsatum Forresteria alluaudi - Scaph. preventricosus Forr. peruana Prionocyclus germari Forresteria petrocoriensis

Magadiceramus s. subquadratus, S. fasciculatus, M.s. crenelatus, M.s. crenistriatus, S. subcardissoides

Sph. fasciculatus, Ma. subquadratus crenelatus, Ma. subquadratus subquadratus, Sph. subcardissoides C. kleini, V. percostatus, C. frechi, P. m. mantelli, P. m. subrheanus, V. incurvatissimus, P. m. beyenburgi Vo. incurvatissimus, Vo. percostatus, Vo. involutus, Pl. mantell beyenburgi, Vo. koeneni, Pl. mantell subrheanus, Cr. kleini, Pl. mantell mantelli, Pl. mantell undatus C. ernsti, C. schloenbachi, I. w. hannovrensis, I. w. waltersdorfensis, I. rotundatus, C. inconstans lueckendorfensis Cr. kleini, Vo. percostatus, Pl. mantelli beyenburgi, Pl. mantelli subrheanus, Vo. incurvatissimus

G. calkeri

Volviceramus koeneni CC13Adriatic: Accordiella conica, R. scarsellai

NC15Lithastrinus septenarius

88.6Pseudotextularia nuttalli

Florentinia tenera, T.? spinosa

Volviceramus koeneni, P. m. mantelli, V. percostatus, V. involutus, P. m. beyenburgi, V. incurvatissimus, C. frechi, P. m. subrheanus, C. kleini

Whiteinella aprica

S. rot.

Inoceramus schloenbachi

C. ernsti, C. schloenbachi, I. w. hannovrensis, C. i. lueckendorfensis, I. rotundatus

C. ernsti, C. schloenbachi, I. lusatiae, I. rotundatus, C. i. lueckendorfensis, I. w. waltersdorfensis, I. w. hannovrensis Inoceramus c. costellatus, M. incertus, I. d. labiatoidiformis, I.[H.] hercules, I. c. pietzschi, I. d. dresdensis, I. s. striatoconcentricus, I. striat. aff. carpathicus

I. lusatiae

Vaccinites giganteus, Hipuritella incisus, V. moulinsi D. cornupastois

M. cuvillieri Hippuritella incisus, V. giganteus Durania cornupastoris C. longaeva, C. zygopleura, I. gr. marssoni I. marssoni, L. senonensis M. fusiformis

Dicarinella hagni Reussella cf. kelleri, Gavelinella cf. vombensis Marthasterites furcatus Raetiaedinium truncigerum

Lt. Turon.90

Subprionocyclus neptuni

Prionocyclus germari to Prion. macombi (6 zones)

Scaphites nigricollensis Scaph. whitfieldi Scaph. ferronensis Scaph. warreni Prionocyclus macombi

Tu4

89.5

I. striat. aff. carpathicus, I. d. dresdensis, I.c. costellatus, I.[H.] hercules, I. i. falcatus

C. flexuosa, M. a. cuvilieri L. grekoffi, S. ectypus, M. soriensis

Inoceramus costellatus CC12 Tu390.9Dicarinella concavata

I. w. waltersdorfensis, I. c. costellatus, I.[H.] hercules, I. striat. aff. carpathicus, I. d. dresdensis, M. incertus, I. d. labiatoidiformis, I. lusatiae I. brevealatus, I.i. stuemckei, I. i. lamarcki, M. hercynicus, I. saxonicus, M. labiatus, I. cuvieri, I. apicalis, I. s. striatocostatus, M. subhercynicus, I. i. inaequivalvis I. l. stuemckei, I. i. inaequivalvis, I. cuvieri, I. apicalis, I. s. striatocostatus, I. lamarcki lamarcki, I. saxonicus, I. brevealatus, I. c. pietzschi, I. p. bohemicus, Mytiloides hercynicus, My. subhercynicus Mytiloides mytiloides, My. goppeinensis

Coniacian

89.3

I.[H.] hercules, I. c. costellatus, I. d. dresdensis, I. striatoconcentricus aff. carpathicus I. lamarcki lamarcki, Mytiloides hercynicus, I. cuvieri, I. apicalis, My. subhercynicus, I. i. inaequivalvis, M. goppelnensis, I. lamarcki stuemckei, M. mytiloides, My. labiatus

Vaccinites petrocoriensis, V. praegiganteus

Romaniceras deverianum

Prion. hyatti Prion. percarinatus Collignoniceras woollgari Mammites nodosoides Vascoceras birchbyi Pseudaspidoceras flexuosum Watinoceras devonense Nigericeras scotti Neocardioceras juddii Burroceras clydense Sciponoceras gracile (Euomphaloceras septemseriatum) S. gracile (Vascoceras diartianum) Dunveganoceras conditum Dunv. albertense Dunv. problematicum Calycoceras canitaurinum Dunv. pondi Plesiacanthoceras wyomingsense Acanthoceras amphibolum Acanth. bellense Acanth. muldoonense Acanth granerosense Conlinoceras tarrantense Con. gilberti

NC14 Marginotruncana schneegansiHelvetoglobotruncana helvetica Marginotruncana coronata

Florentinia buspina Eiffellithus eximius, Lucianorhabdus maleformis

"Cretaceous Normal Super-Chron ("Cretaceous Quiet Zone")"

Turonian M. Turon.

Collignoniceras woollgari

Roman. ornatissimum Roman. kallesi Kamerunoceras turoniense

Tu2 90.2

A. lirioides, D. multicostata

Actinocamax plenus triangulus

Inoceramus cuvieri/ lamarcki Mytiloides hercynicus

Atopochara trivolvis multivoltis

Globorotalites? michelinianus Lingulogavinella globosa

Stensioeina granulata humilis Dictopsella kiliani (Adriatic) G. hangensis Florentinia? torulosa

CC11

Kamptnerius magnificus

Senoniasphaera rotundata

Heterosphaeridium difficile Subtilisphaera pontis-mariae

I. lusatiae, I. inaequivalvis falcatus, I. lamarcki stuemckei, I. cuvieri, I. apicalis, I. inaequivalvis inaequivalvis, I. lamarcki lamarcki Mytiloides submytiloides Mytiloides submytiloides, My. subhercynicus

Turonian

V. rousseli, V. praepetrocoriensis, V. inferus, V. grossouvrei

Hippurites requieni

Mammites nodosoides Watinoceras devonense / coloradoense Nigericeras scotti Neocardioceras juddii Burroceras clydense Metoicoceras geslinianum Calycoceras guerangeri Acanthoceras jukesbrownei

E. Turon.93.5

C34

Tu1

92.6

Helvetoglobotruncana helveticaStensioeina pokornyi Helvetoglobotruncana helvetica Gavelinella cenomanica Gavelinella baltica

Mytiloides labiatus/ hercynicusEpelidosphaeridia spinosa

R. condemiensis

Quadrum gartneri

Florentinia clavigera Litosphaeridium siphoniphorum I. p. pictus

NC1 2 -13 b CC10C. fraasi (Adriatic) O. (O.) concava, O.(C.) paeneconica, O. conica Adriatic: Sellialveolina viallii, Ov. maccagnoae

Durania arnaudi

Mytiloides labiatus F. fer.A. superbum, Crucella cachensis, A. longipina Adnatosphaeridium tutulosa, Carpodinium obliquicostatum Adnatosphaeridium tutulosa Cylindralithus biarcus Florentinia ferox Epelidosphaeridia spinosa Dapsilidinium laminaspinosum, Leberidocysta defloccata, Apteodinium granulatum I. p. bohemicus Rhagodiscus asper, Axopodorhabdus albianus, Corollithion kennedyi Lithraphidites acutus

Whiteinella archaeocretacea Ce594.2Rotalipora cushmani Whiteinella archaeocretacea, Heterohelix globulosa (reussi) Whiteinella aprica Rotalipora reicheli, R. appenninica, R. globotruncanoides Rotalipora cushmani Lingulogavelinella globosa Dicarinella imbricata Flourensiora mariae, H. (Arenobulimina) advena advena

Mytiloides goppelnensis, My. hercynicus, My. mytiloides, My. labiatus

L. grekoffi, T. gr. geinitzi I. p. pictus, I.? pedalinoides, I.? tenuimbonatus I. prefragilis, I.? ginterensis Vaccinites fontalbensis Caprinula boissyi, Sauvagesia sharpei, Radiolites lusitanicus Caaprinula boissyi, Sauvagesia sharpei, Ichthyosarcolithes rotundus V. ballonensis, P. taxyae, A. oertlii, D. strangulata

Adriatic: Pegidia dubia, C. fraasi Gavelinella intermedia Plectina mariae, Plaeopsilina cenomana Ovalveolina ovum, Chrysalidina gradata, Pseudopatellinella (gr.) cretacea, P. iberica, S. drorimensis

93.5

Cribroperidinium intricatum Litosphaeridium siphoniphorum T. oblongata Disphaeria munda

Lt. Cenom.95

NC11

Un-ZonedT. pulchra, T. veneta, C. pulchrum, X. spicularius

Actinocamax plenus

Actinocamax plenus

I. p. bohemicus

N. gr. vanveeni

Turrilites acutus Turr. costatus Same as Boreal (NW Europe)

Nigericeras scotti to Conlinoceras gilberti (15 zones)

Rotalipora cushmani95.4

Microstaurus chiastius

Inocermaus pictus lineage Actinocamax plenus

I. p. pictus, I.p. bannewitzensis, I. neocaledonicus, I. p. concentricoundulatus, I. atlanticus, Inoceramus crippsi hoppenstedtensis

I. tenuimbonatus, I. pictus bannewitzensis, I.? pedalinoides

I. f. flavus, Inoceramus c. crippsi, I. schoendorfi, I. atlanticus, I.? e. etheridgei, I. r. reachensis, I. anglicus conjugalis I. tenuis, I. vigatus scalprum, I. vigatus vigatus, Inoceramus crippsi hoppenstedtensis I. a. arvanus

H, donzei, C. derooi

R. condemiensis

Pegidia dubia (Adriatic)

Flourensiora mariae Lingulogavelinella formosa/ jarzevae

Plaeopsilina cenomana

Flourensina intermedia H. (Eoguthelina) anglica Ovalveoloina ovum, Chrysalidina gradata, Pseudopatellinella (gr.) cretacea, S. drorimensis

aA. diaphorogona, A. irregularis, A. horridus Lithraphidites acutus Microrhabdulus decoratus

I. atlanticus

I. ginterensis, I. prefragilis, I. p. pictus

M. Cenom. Cenomanian

Acanth. rhotomagense Cunningtoniceras inerme

Ce4

Rotalipora reicheli96.0

Inoceramus c. cripsi

Rotalipora reicheli

D. inferangulata N. vaneeni, M. harrisiana

Ce3

Sellialveolina viallii (Adriatic) B. biplana, I. hungarica, O. corbarica, O. cuvillieri, N. convexa Adriatic: P. parvus,"V." dercourti

b

I. schoendorfi, I. atlanticus

Caprina adversa

Atopochara trivolvis multivoltis

Cribroperidinium intricatum

A. dendroacanthos, C. triangulare, D. gracilis

[blank] Mantelliceras dixoni

Actinocamax primus

Actinocamax primus Actinocamax primus / Neohibolites ultimus

Sphaerulites foliaceus Ichthysarcolithes triangularis

Sphaerucaprina forojuliensis, Orthoptychus striatus, N. gigantea, Schiosa carinatoformis, I. bicarinatus

E. Cenom.Mantelliceras saxbii Mantel. mantelli Neostlingoceras carcitanense

Neogastroplites maclearni Neogastroplites maclearni to Neogast. haasi (5 zones) Neogast. americanus Neogast. muelleri Neogast. cornutus Neogast. haasi Neostingloceras carcitanense s.z. (Europe) Al 11 Mortoniceras perinflatum Stoliczkaia dispar99.7

Ce2

98.0

Rotalipora globotruncanoides b NC10

C. pulchrum D. obesa Corollithion kennedyi

Inoceramus crippsiI. tenuis O. donzei

L. siph.

Pseudodictyomitra nakasekoi

Ce1

98.7

I. vigatus virgatus, I. vigatus scalprum, Inoceramus crippsi hoppenstedtensis

Inoceramus crippsi hoppenstedtensis, I.? e. etheridgei, I. f. flavus, I. a. arvanus, I. vigatus scalprum, I. vigatus vigatus

CC9Ovoidinium verrucosum verrucosum Canningia torulosa, Palaeohystrichophora infusorioides"

A. perforatum, Canningia torulosa, Disphaeria munda

Neohibolites ultimusDorypyle? anisa, Obesacapsula somphedia Disphaeria munda, Canningia torulosa Odontochitina costata, Palaeohystrichophora infusorioides Ovoidinium verrucosum verrucosum, Endoceratium dettmanniae Epelidosphaeridia spinosa Palaeohystrichophora cf. infusorioides Carpodinium obliquicostatum Gonyaulacysta helicoidea O. scabrosum P. putahensis, D. formosa

Neohibolites ultimusInoceramus c. crippsi Inoceramus c. crippsi, I. tenuis, I. r. reachensis, I. anglicus conjugalis

99.6100

Rotalipora globotruncanoides

H. (Arenobulimina) advena advena Arenobulimina (Sabulina) sabulosa

H. (Eoguthelina) anglica T.semensis / eouvigeriniformis, G. (Pseudoplanoglobulina) austinana Dorothia filiformis, Arenobulimina chapmani Gavelinella cenomanica

P. iberica, O. corbarica

Adriatic: P. parvus

Caprina schiosensis, Sphaerucaprina forojuliensis, Neocaprina nanosi, Sauvagesi sharpei, Ichthyosarcolithes poljaki

A. oertlii, M. soriensis, R. aquitanica C. aptensis, R. bartensteini, D. (P.) bosquetiana, C. rectangularis

Atopochara trivolvis restricta

Rotalipora appenninica Mort. rostratum Al 10100.9Planomalina buxtorfi Rotalipora appenninica

Planomalina buxtorti Rotalipora ticinensis, Ticinella primula Biticinella breggiensis Arenobulimina (Sabulina) sabulosa, Lingulogavelinella formaosa/ jarzevae Rotaliapora subticinensis Citharinella pinnaeformis Pleurostomella bulbosa, A. bochumensis Flourensina intermedia, H. advena praeadvena O.(C.) paeneconica, O.(O.) concava, N. convexa Orbitolina (Mesorbitolina) texana Adriatic: I. hungarica, O. maccagnoae,"V." dercourti

aOvoidinium verrucosum verrucosum Hayesites albiensis Litosphaeridium siphoniphorum

Cenomanian

I. e. etheridgei, I. r. reachensis, I. schoendorfi

P. taxyae, D. strangulata, V. ballonensis

99.6100

Early

Albian

Lt. AlbianMortoniceras inflatum

Callihoplites auritus

Rotalipora ticinensis

a C. int.

Dapsilidinium pumilum, Prolixosphaeridium conulum, Oligosphaeridium prolixispinosum, Kleithriasphaeridium readei, Achomosphaera sagena, Cyclonephelium hughesii, Leberidocysta defloccata, Rhiptocorys veligerum, Odontochitina costata, Endoceratium dettmanniae, Microdinium ornatum, Florentinia deanei

Protoellipsodinium spinocristatum, P. spinosum, Chlamydophorella nyei, Acanthaulax? tenuiceras, Subtilisphaera terrula, Litosphaeridium arundum, Gonyaulacysta helicoidea Carpodinium granulatum

Neohibolites praeultimusC. chapmani

Atopochara trivolvis brevicellis

Albian

Age65 75 80 85 90 95

Sequences

Planktonic Foraminifers

Smaller Benthic Foraminifers

Larger Benthic Foraminifers

Calcareous Nannofossils

Dinoflagellate Cysts

Radiolarians

Belemnites

Rudists

Ostracodes

Charophytes

Mammals

Stage