5.Expressing the Future in English

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expressing the Future in English

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  • SUBJ. + AFF form of AUX. will +

    base form of the verb

    SUBJ. + NEG. form of AUX. will +

    base form of the verb

    AUX. will + SUBJ. + base form of

    the verb

    SUBJ. + AFF. form of AUX. will +

    BE + present pple. (verb + ing)

    Expressing the future in English

    1. FUTURE SIMPLE

    1.1. Form

    1.1.1. Affirmative

    1.1.2. Negative

    1.1.3. Interrogative

    1.2. Uses

    To talk about future happenings and situations (predicting the future) e.g. I think the weather will be nice this afternoon.

    When we decide to do something at the time of speaking e.g. Oh no, I forgot. I will phone her now.

    1.3. Helpful Hints

    Expressions generally appearing in combination with the future simple: probably, I expect, (Im) sure, (I) think, (I) wonder, (I) dont think...

    Shall or the negative shall not (shant) can be used instead of will with the pronouns I and we. However, shall is more frequently used in questions.

    2. FUTURE CONTINUOUS

    2.1. Form

    2.1.1. Affirmative

    (1) I will study English.

    (2) He will probably get married.

    (3) I wont study English.

    (4) He will not get married.

    (5) Will you study English?

    (6) Will she buy a house by the river?

    (7) I will be watching TV.

    (8) They will be having lunch.

  • SUBJ. + NEG. form of AUX. will + BE

    + present pple. (verb + ing)

    AUX. will + SUBJ. + BE + present pple.

    (verb + ing)

    SUBJ. + AFF. form of AUX. will +

    HAVE + past pple.

    SUBJ. + NEG. form of AUX. will +

    HAVE + past pple.

    AUX. will + SUBJ. + HAVE + past

    pple.

    2.1.2. Negative

    2.1.3. Interrogative

    2.2. Uses

    To describe an action or situation that you will be in the middle of at a given point in the future, e.g. This time next week Ill be on holiday. Ill be lying on the beach.

    3. FUTURE PERFECT

    3.1. Form

    3.1.1. Affirmative

    3.1.2. Negative

    3.1.3. Interrogative

    3.2. Uses

    To talk about an action which will already be complete before a time in the future, e.g. Were late. The film will have started by the time we get to the cinema.

    3.3. Helpful Hints

    Expressions generally appearing in combination with the future simple: by the time,...

    (9) They wont be studying.

    (10) He wont be doing the laundry.

    (11) Will you be driving?

    (12) Will your father be cooking at

    this time tomorrow evening?

    (13) I will have finished my project.

    (14) He will have arrived home.

    (15) They wont have left the office.

    (16) He wont have cleaned the house.

    (17) Will the film have finished?

    (18) Will she have saved enough money?

  • SUBJ. + corresponding AFF. form of

    AUX. be + GOING TO + base form of

    the verb

    SUBJ. + corresponding NEG. form of the

    AUX. be + GOING TO + base form of

    the verb

    Corresponding form of AUX. be +

    SUBJ. + GOING TO + base form of the

    verb

    4. BE GOING TO

    4.1. Form

    4.1.1. Affirmative

    4.1.2. Negative

    4.1.3. Interrogative

    4.2. Uses

    To talk about something we have already decided to do. We intend to do it, however, we might not have arranged the specific details yet, e.g. I hear Sarah has won some money.

    What is she going to do with it?

    To say that something is going to happen in the future, when we have evidence that such thing is going to happen e.g. Look at those black clouds! Its going to rain.

    5. PRESENT CONTINUOS

    5.1. Uses

    We use the Present Continuous with a future meaning when we have already decided and arranged to do something in a near future, e.g. What are you doing on Saturday evening?

    Im going to the theatre.

    5. PRESENT SIMPLE

    5.1. Uses

    We use the Present Simple to talk about timetables, programmes, etc. E.g. The train leaves at 11.30, so I need to be at the station by 11.15.

    (19) Im going to study Medicine.

    (20) He is going to paint his house.

    (21) Im not going to go to the cinema.

    (22) He isnt going to meet his friends.

    (23) Are you going to travel by train? (24) Is she going to book a table at the

    new restaurant?