A+ 15-16 A- 14 B 13 C 11-12 D 10 F 0-9. Chapter 15.

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  • A+ 15-16A- 14B 13C 11-12D 10F 0-9

  • Chapter 15

  • Week Fifteen (November 29- December 3)Day 1- Chapter 15 quizDay 2- Prepare Discussion questions Week Sixteen (December 6-10)Day 1- Chapter 16 quizDay 2- Read HR 31-36- (GRAPES-Rise of Absolute Monarchs, Scientific Revolution, Enlightenment)Week Seventeen (January 3-7)Day 1- Chapter 17 quizDay 2- Read HR 118-128 (GRAPES-Spain in North America, Spain in South America, Brazil, French N America, English N America)

  • Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450PolynesianMadagascarArabDhow Chinese MingZheng He Vikings

  • European ExpansionIberian kingdomsWanted to access trade with Asia Used to warfare PortuguesePrince HenryNew technologies African Coast Private Commercial interests Bartolomeu Dias Vasco da GamaSpanishChristopher ColumbusTreaty of TordesillasFerdinand Magellan

  • Reaction to Europe Western AfricaLiked trading with Europe BeninKongoEastern AfricaSome fighting with Swahili states Christian EthiopiaPortuguese violently dominated most of the Indian ocean Mughals ignored them Ottomans tried to fight The AmericasArawakconquistadorsHernan CortesFrancisco Pizarro

  • 1.What environmental, political, social, economic, or technological factors led Spain and Portugal becoming such powerful world leaders?

    2.Compare the voyages of non-European people before 1500 to those of the Portuguese and Spanish from 1400 to 1550. In what ways were the voyages and their effects different? Why?

  • 3.Are there environmental or geographical factors that might explain the various reactions of different African and Asian people to the Portuguese explorers?

    4.Why were the Spanish able to establish a territorial empire in the New World?

    5.Was technological superiority a major factor in the conquest of the Americas?

  • Chap 16

  • Protestant ReformationGuttenberg Martin Lutherindulgencessalvation could be by faithbased on the BibleJohn CalvinPredestination Council of TrentJesuits Catholic Reformation. Wars of religion

  • SupernaturalWitch-hunts

    Superstition

  • The Scientific RevolutionGreeks and the RomansCopernicus GalileosuppressedIsaac NewtonsFrancis Bacon Rene Descartes

  • Early EnlightenmentGovernment, religion, economics, and education Reason, nature, happiness, progress, and liberty. Thomas Hobbs social contract John Locke natural rights .Voltaire Montesquieu separation of powers Rousseau secular Individuality

  • Changing Soc-Political Patterns IState Development absolutist rulersBourgeoisiealliances with commercial elitesCharlesSpainEnglandHenry VIIIEngland Civil War Oliver CromwellGlorious RevolutionWilliam and MaryBill of Rights

  • Changing Soc-Political Patterns IIFrance Estates GeneralLouis XIV ColbertVersailles Standing armies- navies English Royal Navy defeated Spains Catholic ArmadaFrance, Britain, Austria, and RussiaNetherlands

  • Economic Changes Bourgeoisiemanufacturing, finance, tradejoint-stock companies and stock exchangesAfrican slaves contributed greatly to Europe's economyNew World cropsSpainalliances with commercial elitesNetherlandsAmsterdam

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