Name:________________________________________ Date:_____________________ Period:_______ AP BIOLOGY FALL 2014 FINAL EXAM REVIEW This assignment is meant to help you review for your final exam. The exam will cover our 13 chapters and our labs (youve done A LOT of work...bravo!) from this semester: Ecology: Chapters 50-55 Physiology: Chapters 38-40, 43, 45, 47, and 48 This review assignment is a guide to follow as you study, but is not necessarily everything that will be on the exam. You will be asked to define vocabulary, describe theories, explain concepts, and draw processes. The exam will consist of consist of questions similar to our quizzes, labs, and chapter reviews throughout the semester and will count as 20% of your final grade. Questions will include free response questions and well as some multiple choice. This review is worth 60 points and is due Thursday, December 18. Please let me know if you have any questions. Define/Explain/Illustrate/Give examples of the following terms/topics: Ecology Review the genetics and environmental components of behavior. (See #6 on Ch. 51 review) Connect behavior with natural selection. (#s 8 & 11 on Ch. 51) Give an example of altruistic behavior. Why does this seem to oppose evolution and how does it not? Cricket behavior experiment (what we did, how to improve, taxis, kinesis, chi squared). Species diversity and how its measured. Exponential vs. Logistic growth and how to read the graphs. How are populations regulated? (think #11 on Ch. 52) Human population growth (exponential, demographic transition). Symbiosis table from Ch. 53. Predator-prey cycles. Major Community Ecology studies (Connell, Lubchenco, Sousa). 2 hypotheses on why food chains are short and how removal of one species can affect other parts of food webs. Succession and what it looks like. Flow of energy and recycling of matter through ecosystems. All of the ecological pyramids. The 4 biogeochemical cycles on pg 1196-1197. Human threats to ecosystems. Physiology Plant structure and how it relates to function in reproduction Plant hormones Transpiration Lab! All the things we covered in the lab, stomata (their effect on transpiration, location, open/closed, etc) ways to increase/decrease transpiration, graphs of rates of transpiration. Animal form and how it fits function Cellular organization (cell->tissue-> etc) Endotherms/ectotherms and mechanisms of Energy budgets (SMR/BMR) Mechanisms of maintaining homeostasis (think feedback loops, #9 Ch. 40, #4 in Ch. 45) Thermoregulation Know the difference between innate and acquired immunity and how the responses differ. Be able to walk through immune response to a pathogen...think about difference scenarios. What do humoral responses look like when an individual has already been exposed to an antigen? Increased? Decreased? (Think #7 on Ch. 43 review) Blood typing, Rh factor, breast milk antibodies, etc. How do these work in our immune systems between mother and baby? Specifically, how might the latter be affected by pathogens? What would the specific immune response look like? #5 Ch. 45 is important. Metamorphosis and stages of development covered in Ch. 47 review along with fate of cells (think about what we did with the starfish activity along with reading on stem cells). Know, in detail, what happen with acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction. Also, what happens if an inhibitor/antibody comes into play? Reflexes and how they are different from the normal signal, stimulus, response pathways (think #3 in Ch. 48 review) How neurons work and how their form fits function. Layers, areas, parts of the vertebrate brain.