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TM 9-1240-403-12&P

OPERATORS AND ORGANIZATIONAL MAINTENANCE MANUAL(INCLUDING REPAIR PARTS LIST)

BINOCULAR M22(1240-01-207-5787)Distribution authorized to U.S. Government agencies and their contractors (this publication is required for administration and operational purposes). This determination was made on 30 September 1987. Other requests for this document shall be referred to Commander, U.S. Army Armament, Munitions and Chemical Command, ATTN: AMSMC-MAS, Rock Island, IL 61299-6000. DESTRUCTION NOTICE - Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of the document. HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY 8 July 1 9 8 8

TM 9-1240-403-12&P

WARNING

WHEN USING THE BINOCULAR, NEVER POINT IT DIRECTLY AT THE SUN. THE HEAT GENERATED BY THE FOCUSED RAYS OF THE SUN MAY CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE TO YOUR EYES AND TO THE OPTICAL ELEMENTS OF THE BINOCULAR.

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TM 9-1240-403-12&PWARNING

The M22 Binocular is provided with laser protection filters as indicated by the label located on the objective lens filter frame. This label must not be removed. The laser protective coating is contained on the inside surface of the outermost lens. If this lens is lost or damaged the binocular is considered non-operational and must be turned in. Use of a binocular with a faulty coated lens may result in irreparable eye damage if laser light is viewed through the binocular. b

ARMY TM 9-1240-403-12&P CHANGE NO.2 HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON, DC 4 SEPTEMBER 1998 Operators and Organizational Maintenance Manual (including Repair Ports List) for Binocular, M22 (1240-01-207-5787) TM 9-1240-403-12&P, 8 July 1988, is changed as follows. 1 Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below. Remove pages (19 blank)/20 21/(22 blank) Insert Pages 19 and 20 21/(22 blank)

Distribution authorized to U S Government agencies and their contractors (this publication is required for administration and operational purposes) This determination was made on 30 September 1987. Other requests for this document shall be referred to Director, Armament and Chemical Acquisition and Logistics Activity. ATTN AMSTA-AC-NML, Rock Island, IL 61299-7630

ARMY TM 9-1240-403-12&P

2 New or changed material is indicated by a verticle bar in the margin of the page. Illustration changes are indicated by a miniature pointing hand. Retain this sheet in front of manual for reference purposes.

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By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army05649

DENNIS J. RElMER General, United States Army Chief of Staff

DISTRIBUTION: To be distributed in accordance with the Initial Distribution Number (IDN) 41087, requirements for TM 9-1240-403-12&P.

TM 9-1240-403-12&P CHANGE No. 1 HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Washington, DC 25 May 1993 OPERATORS AND ORGANIZATIONAL MAINTENANCE MANUAL (INCLUDING REPAIR PARTS LIST) BINOCULAR M22 (1240-01-207-5787) TM 1. 2. 3. 9-1240-403-12&P, 8 July 1988, is changed as follows: Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below. New or changed material is indicated by a vertical bar in the margin of the page. New or changed illustrations are indicated by a pointing hand highlighting the change. Remove Pages Insert Pages (19 blank)/20 (19 blank)/20 21/(22 blank) 21/(22 blank)

File this sheet in the back of the manual for reference purposes.

By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

GORDON R. SULLIVAN General, United States Army Chief of Staff Official: MILTON H. HAMILTON Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army04080

DISTRIBUTION: To be distributed in accordance with DA Form 12-41-E, Block 0387, requirements for TM 9-1240403-12&P.

TM 9-1240-403-12&P HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON, D.C., 8 July 1988 OPERATORS AND ORGANIZATIONAL MAINTENANCE MANUAL(INCLUDING REPAIR PARTS LIST)

BINOCULAR, M22 (1240-01-207-5787)Distribution authorized to U.S. Government agencies and their contractors. (This publication is required for administration and operational purposes.) This determination was made on 30 September 1987. Other requests for this document shall be referred to Commander, U.S. Army Armament, Munitions and Chemical Command, ATTN: AMSMC-MAS, Rock Island, IL 61299-6000. DESTRUCTION NOTICE - Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents of reconstruction of the document. i

TM 9-1240-403-12&P Page: TABLE OF CONTENTS Cleaning Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Description and Special Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Expendable/Durable Supplies and Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Extreme Cold/Extreme Heat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 General Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Handling Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 How to Remove/Install Neck Strap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...6 Laser Protection Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Maintenance Allocation Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..16 Normal Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Operating Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Other Extreme Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Repair Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Use of Reticle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 REPORTING ERRORS AND RECOMMENDING IMPROVEMENTS You can help improve this manual. If you find any mistakes or if you know of a way to improve the procedures, please let us know. Mail your letter, or DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms), direct to: Commander, U.S. Army Armament Munitions and Chemical Command, ATTN: AMSMC-MAS. Rock Island, IL 61299-6000. A reply will be furnished to you. ii

TM 9-1240-403-12&P DESCRIPTION & SPECIAL FEATURES:NOTE The M22 Binocular is equipped with fold down eye cups (1) for use by personnel who wear eve alasses to shorten the distance between eyes and eyepiece.

instrument intended for use in general field observation and fire direction One of the telescopes of the binocular includes a horizontal and verticle reticle graduated in 10-mil increments. The objective covers (2) provide protection for the binocular. The binocular iS equipped with a neck strap (3) for easy portability. There is a laser safety coating code label (4) located on one of the objective lens filter frames. Check under therubberarmor piece (5) for this label. The label must not be removed. The binocular consists of two telescopes hinged at the center by an index pin and sleeve arrangement. 1

TM 9-1240-403-12&P DESCRIPTION & SPECIAL FEATURES (contd)1. Eyecups, Fold Down 5. Interpupillary Scale 2. 3. 4. L.H. Housing R.H. Housing Objective Covers 6. 7. Knurled Adapter Diopter Scale Ring

8. Eye Lens Cover

Each telescope is comprised of eyecups (1), a housing assembly (2 or 3) and objective covers (4). These assemblies are optically prealigned at the factory and must not be disassembled. 2

The friction necessary to maintain the proper interpupillary distance (distance between the eyes) is created by eleven rubber 0-rings installed in the grooves of the index pin. Once this distance is set for your eye spacing, the reading on the interpupillary scale (5) can be noted for future reference. By rotating the knurled adapter ring (6) of the eyepieces, you can focus each telescope to accommodate your particular optical characteristics. The reading on each diopter scale (7) should then be noted for future reference. The eye lens cover (8) should be placed over the eyepieces when the binocular is not in use.

TM 9-1240-403-12&P

GENERAL

CHARACTERISTICS

Optical Characteristics Objective Lens Diameter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50mm Magnification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7X Field of View. . . . . . . . . . .130 meters at 1,000 meters Depth of Field. . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 meters to infinity Line Item No.: B67766 Physical Characteristics Width (Open Position) . . . . . . . . . . . .22 cm/8.7 in. Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18.5 cm/7.3 in. Weight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.6 kg/3.5 lb 3

TM 9-1240-403-12&P

LASER PROTECTION FILTERSWARNING Use of a binocular with a faulty coated lens may result in irreparable eye damage if laser light is viewed through the binocular. The M22 Binocular is provided with laser protection filters as indicated by the label (1) located on the objective lens filter frame. The laser protective coating is contained on the inside surface of the outermost lens. If this lens is lost or damaged the binocular is considered nonoperational and must be turned in. Under the 4

special conditions when direct sunlight enters the binocular, a portion of this light will be reflected back, producing a sun glint which may be detectable at positions in the general target field.

TM 9-1240-403-12&P HANDLING PRECAUTIONSDO'S Handle the binocular with care. Dropping or jarring the binocular can damage or misalign the optics. Use the neckstrap to protect against accidental dropping of the binocular. Keep the binocular as clean and dry as possible and always store in clean, dry place when not actually in use. Follow the instructions outlined in this TM to obtain the best possible usage and service from the binocular. Do not use a dry cloth to clean the glass surfaces of the binocular. Specific cleaning instructions are given on page 13. Do not attempt to open or close the binocular beyond its stop limits as this may damage internal and external parts. Do not unnecessarily expose the binocular to severe weather elements, Special precautions are noted on pages 11 and 12. Do not force the knurled adapter rings beyond marked diopter scale readings as this may damage internal parts. 5

DONTS

TM 9-1240-403-12&P HOW TO REMOVE/lNSTALL NECK STRAPRemove lock buttons (1) from neck strap (2) Slide strap out of binocular holding loops (3). Slide strap out of eye lens cover holding loops (4). Install one end of neck strap through eye lens cover holding loop (4). Slide end of neck strap (2) through holding loop (3) on bottom of binocular and insert lock button (1) through both holes in neck strap. Repeat procedure for other end of neck strap.

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TM 9-1240-403-12&P OPERATING ADJUSTMENTS

W A R N I N G When using the binocular, never point it directly at the sun. The heat generated by the focused rays of the sun may cause serious damage to your eyes and to the optical elements of the binocular.

Interpupillary Adjustment To obtain the proper interpupillary setting for your particular eye spacing, view a distant object through the binocular. Then, rotate the telescopes about the center of hinge until both circular fields of view have merged mto one circle. Note the reading on the interpupillary scale (1) for future reference.

Diopter Adjustment Each eyepiece of the binocular has a diopter scale graduated from plus 4 to minus 4 in half-diopter increments and can be adjusted to suit your eyesight characteristics. Rotate the knurled adapter rings (2) to obtain the sharpest focus and note the scale readings for future reference. 7

TM 9-1240-403-12&P NORMAL OPERATION

(1) Place neck strap about your neck. (2) Remove eye lens cover by first rotating binocular telescopes inward and then Iifting off eye lens cover. (3) Unsnap objective covers from front of binocular and let them hang down from binocular. (4) Close the telescopes of the binocular until the interpupillary index scale is at the proper setting for use (see page 7). (5) Rotate the eyepiece adapter rings to obtain the proper diopter settings on the diopter scale (see page 7). (6) When sighting through the binocular, hold it in a comfortable and stable position. (7) Refer to pages 11 and 12 for precautions to be observed when unusual weather or atmosphere conditions prevail.

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TM 9-1240-403-12&P USE OF RETICLEOne of the telescopes of the binocular includes a horizontal and vertical scale reticle graduated in 10-mil increment unit markings (1 unit - 10 mils, 2 units - 20 mils, etc.).

Fire corrections can be made by viewing the impact area and determining angular corrections by use of the left or right horizontal reticle scale. 9

TM 9-1240-403-12&P

USE OF RETICLE (contd)In determining range, if an object fills one 10 mil unit marking on the horizontal reticle scale and is known to be 10 meters wide, the object is 1000 meters away. If the same size object fills two unit markings (20 mils), it would be 500 meters away. When this formula is used, the distance will be given in the same units of measurement (feet, meters, etc.) as is used in estimating the known size of the object. The same formula can be used to determine range with the vertical reticle scale when the height of an object is known. The use of the vertical scale is preferred (especially on level terrain), since objects are often viewed obliquely along the horizontal axis.

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TM 9-1240-403-12&P

EXTREME COLD(1) Avoid breathing directly on the optical elements of the binocular. The breath may condense and freeze. (2) Do not expose the binocular to sudden and extreme temperature changes, such as carrying it directly from a well-heated area into sub-zero temperatures. Extreme temperature changes may cause the optical elements to crack.

EXTREME HEAT(1) Do not allow the binocular to lie unprotected from the direct rays of the sun. The intensified heat may damage the binocular mechanisms. (2) Place the binocular objective and eye lens covers on the binocular before entering an air conditioned area. This will permit the binocular to cool down gradually and prevent condensation from forming. 11

TM 9-1240-403-12&P

OTHER EXTREME CONDITIONSSand and Dust (1) Always keep the binocular objective and eye lens covers on when not actually in use. Sand and dust will etch glass surfaces and can penetrate through the smallest openings, thereby causing damage to adjusting mechanisms. (2) Upon completion of operations, remove all particles of sand and dust from optical elements as instructed on page 13 before installing protective objective and eye lens covers. High Humidity or Salty Conditions (1) Avoid exposing the binocular to direct salt spray. Salt water is extremely corrosive and can cause irreparable damage to the binocular. (2) Always dry the binocular thoroughly after use and immediately clean lens as instructed on page 13 and install objective and eye lens covers. 12

TM 9-1240-403-12&P

CLEANING INSTRUCTIONSBinocular Exterior Clean the exterior of the M22 binocular (but not the lenses) with a lint-free cloth. (Item 4, p. 17). Remove grease spots, fingerprints and other soil with soap and water and a well wrung-out cloth (Item 4, p. 17); then dry with a clean, lint-free cloth. (Item 4, p. 17). Remove dirt and lint from objective and eye lens cover interior surfaces with a blower. (Item 1, p. 16). Optical Surfaces Blow as much dust and dirt as possible from the exposed lens surfaces. Then, using a soft brush (Item 2, p. 16), brush across the surface with light, quick strokes, flicking the brush after each stroke to dislodge the dust it has picked up. When all visible particles of dust and dirt have been removed, moisten a piece of lens tissue (Item 5, p. 17) with lens cleaner (Item 3, p. 17) and gently wipe over the surfaces. 13

TM 9-1240-403-12&P

WARRANTYThe M22 Binocular is warranted by Pioneer & Co. for 5 years. The warranty period starts on the date, found in block 23, DA Form 2408-9, in the logbook. Report all defects in material or workmanship on an SF368 (Product Quality Deficiency Report). Mail it to us at Commander, U. S. Army Armament, Munitions and Chemical Command, ATTN: AMSMC-QAD, Rock Island, IL 61299-6000. Well send you a reply which will provide further instructions.

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TM 9-1240-403-12&P

REFERENCESFORMS DA Form 2028 SF368 PUBLICATIONS CTA 50-970 DA PAM 738-750 TM 9-254 Expendable Items (Except: Medical Class V, Repair Parts and Heraldic Items) The Army Maintenance Management System (TAMMS) General Maintenance Procedures for Fire Control Material. Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms. Product Quality Deficiency Report

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TM 9-1240-403-12&P

MAINTENANCE ALLOCATION C H A R TC . . . . . . . Operator or Crew O . . . . . . . Organizational MaintenanceGroup Component Maintenance Function Category C O

00 01 02 03 04 16

M22 Binocular Eye Cups Eyelens Cover Strap, Carrying Objective Cover

Inspect Service Replace Inspect Replace Inspect Replace Inspect Replace Inspect Replace

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

TM 9-1240-403-12&P EXPENDABLE/DURABLE SUPPLIES AND MATERIALSTHE LIST OF EXPENDABLE/DURABLE SUPPLIES AND MATERIALS IS WHAT YOU WILL NEED TO OPERATE AND MAINTAIN YOUR BINOCULARS. ANYTHING ELSE YOU MIGHT NEED IS AUTHORIZED TO YOU BY CTA 50-970.

O.......ORGANIZATIONAL MAINTENANCE ITEM NO. 1 2 MAINTLEVEL 0 0 NSN 5120-00-254-4612 8020-00-240-6361 DESCRIPTION BLOWER, WATCHMAKER'S (19200) 8284021 BRUSH, ARTIST'S (81348) H-B-118 U/M EA EA

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TM9-1240-403-12&P EXPENDABLE/DURABLE SUPPLIES AND MATERIALS (CONT'D) O.......OPERATOR OR CREW ITEM NO. 3 4 5 MAINT. LEVEL 0 0 0 NSN 6850-00-392-9751 8305-00-267-3015 6640-00-663-0832 DESCRIPTION CLEANING,COMPOUND,OPTICAL LENS (81349) MIL-C-43454 CLOTH,CHEESECLOTH (81348) CCC-440 PAPER, LENS, TYPE I (81348) NNN-P-40 U/M OZ YD BK

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TM 9-1240-403-12&PADDITIONAL AUTHORIZED ITEMS LIST

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TM 9-1240-403-12&P

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Change 2

REPAIR PARTS (contd)Item NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 SMR Code PAOOO PAOZZ PAOZZ PAOZZ PAOZZ PAOZZ PAOZZ PFOZZ PFOZZ XAOZZ XDOZZ IN-22G* NSN Part NO 12599242 12599195 12599193 12599344 12599194 Vendor Part No. 27522 P6814 P6832 P6902 P6855 054406 00 009

TM 9-1240-403-12&PDescription CITY

1240-01-207-5787 1240-01-252-8075 1240-01-252-8073 1240-01-252-8072 1240-01-252-8074 5365-01-348-7037 6650-01-456-4527

Binocular, M22 Eye cup Eyelens Cover Strap Carrying Objective Cover Bushing, Blank M22-G2 ARD KIT

1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1

CP-G* BG-LG*

M22-G2 Cap & Leash Large Bag. Green ARD lnstruction Sheet

*U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:1999-746-025/80192

Change 2

21/(22 blank)

By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

CARL E. VUONO General United States Army Chief of Staff Official: R. L. DILWORTH Brigadier General, United States Army The Adjutant General DISTRIBUTION:

To be distributed in accordance with DA Form 12-41, Operator and Unit Maintenance requirements for Binocular, M19.U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1995 - 393-476/30358

PIN: 064272-002

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