Cambodia REDD+ ? Cambodia REDD+ Strategy (Final Draft) COP 22 ... BURs, and other ... review on current

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  • Cambodia REDD+ Strategy(Final Draft)

    COP 2207-18 November 2016Marrakech, Morocco

    Presented by: Dr. Khorn Saret

    Forestry Administration

  • CAMBODIA REDD+ NATIONAL PROGRAMME

    Content

    Introduction

    National REDD+ Strategy (NRS)

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME

    COP 22 REDD+ Cambodia

    1. Introduction

    1.1. REDD+ at the International Level

    Cancun Agreement of the UNFCCC provision that the REDD+ implementation, as deemed appropriate by each Party and in accordance with their respecting capacities and national circumstance to:

    a. Reduce Deforestationb. Reduce Forest Degradationc. the role of sustainable management of

    forestsd. Conservatione. Enhancement of forest carbon stocks in

    The Paris Agreement provision that REDD+ is a climate change mitigation mechanism

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    1. Introduction

    1.1. REDD+ at the International Level

    The UNFCCC also established the process, rules

    and modalities for developing countries to access

    results-based payments (RBP) for their REDD+

    PAMs, especially Warsaw Framework for REDD+

    The Warsaw Framework states that before

    receiving RBP, developing countries need to have

    in place the four elements

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME1. Introduction

    COP 22 REDD+ Cambodia

    National REDD+ Strategy or Action

    Plan(NRS)A

    Safeguards Information

    System (SIS)

    Forest Reference

    Level (FRL)

    National Forestry Monitoring

    System (NFMS)

    Warsaw Framework for REDD+ (UNFCCC 2013)1.1. REDD+ at the International Level

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME1. Introduction

    1.2 REDD+ in Cambodia

    REDD+ Readiness Phase (2008-2016)

    RGC announced the support REDD+ at the 2007 UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP) in Indonesia

    Piloted two demonstration REDD+ Project since 2008 (Mundulkiri, and Oddar Meanchey Province)

    National REDD+ Roadmap finalized and started implementation in 2010

    These include the understanding that REDD+ has to be mainstreamed within existing and planned national government policies, frameworks, and plans related to sustainable development, resilient agriculture, conservation, and low carbon development pathways.

    COP 22 REDD+ Cambodia

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME2. National REDD+ Strategy 2017-2026

    COP 22 REDD+ Cambodia

    Vision

    Mission

    The NRS contributes to national and global climate change mitigation through improving resources and forest land management and sustainable biodiversity conservation.

    Improve the functioning and capacity of national and sub-national institutions, and strengthen the implementation of policies, laws and regulations to enhance the resources and forest land management and sustainable biodiversity conservation.

    Goal

    Reduce deforestation and forest degradation while promoting sustainable management, conservation and enhancement of forest carbon stocks, and contribute to poverty alleviation.

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME3. Strategic Framework

    COP 22 REDD+ Cambodia

    Scope and Scale

    The initial scope of NRS will prioritize deforestation, while building capacity to address forest degradation in a subsequent iteration.

    Cambodia will implement REDD+ at the national scale followed RBF of the UNFCCC.

    Milestone and Results

    The first phase (2017-2021): Prepare and implement the REDD+ action plan, NFMS and mobilize non-results-based investments, implement the prioritized REDD+ PAMs.The second phase (2021-2026): Operationalize a results-based mechanism

    Cambodia aims to halve its deforestation rate by 2026 compared to the deforestation rate during the period 2010-2014

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME4. Strategic Analysis

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    Overview of Forest Land Management in Cambodia

    The Permanence Forest Estate is under the

    jurisdictional management of MAFF (the Forestry

    Administration) including the management over the

    flooded and mangrove forest ( Fishery Administration)

    The Ministry of Environment (the General Department

    of Administration for Nature Conservation and

    Protection) is responsible for managing Protected

    Area including the core area of Tonle Sap Great lack.

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME4. Strategic Analysis

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    Cambodia Forest Cover Change 1965-2014

    Rubber and Oil Palm plantations are not included (FA Data)

    73.04%

    59.82%58.60%

    61.15%59.09%

    57.07%

    49.48%

    40%

    45%

    50%

    55%

    60%

    65%

    70%

    75%

    80%

    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

    Percentage

    Year1965 1992/93 1996/97 2002 2005/06 2010

    2014

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME4. Strategic Analysis

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    Historical GHG mission from deforestation in Cambodia 2006-2014

    Historical Average of net annual CO2; FRL

    -79,014,127 t CO2/year

    Sources: Draft the Initial Cambodia Forest Reference Level, 2016

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME4. Strategic Analysis

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    Drivers of Deforestation and Forest Degradation

    In 2014 the total area granted for agribusiness development was 1.78 million hectares

    Through directive BB001, the RGC decided to allocate state forest land and issue titling to household to be covered an area of 1.2 million hectares

    During 2009-2013 the RGC allocated 125,000 hectares as social land concessions

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME4. Strategic Analysis

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    Drivers of Deforestation and Forest Degradation

    Significant areas have been awarded as concessions to survey mining

    Forest land has also been diverted for infrastructure development such as new roads across forested area, building school healthcare ect.

    Significant forest area were encroached for individual property

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME4. Strategic Analysis

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    Types Drivers to be addressed between 2017 and 2021

    Dir

    ect

    1. Conversion of forest lands to:

    a. Agriculture and agro-industrials development such as ELCs

    b. Settlements and farm lands such as SLCs and directive 001BB

    c. Infrastructure development such as roads, dam constructions

    d. Incompliance mining exploration

    2. Forest Lands Encroachment

    a. Land speculation, land grabbing, trading

    3. Forest degradation

    a. Harvesting unstainable used of forest products, and non-

    timber forest products

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME4. Strategic Analysis

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    Decisions to address these drivers were made by considering:

    The feasibility of addressing the identified drivers

    The emissions reduction potentials

    The technical ability to monitor, report and verify results of strategies designed to address selected drivers

    The potential to involve participation from local communities, especially indigenous peoples and women.

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME4. Strategic Analysis

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    Strategic objectives and strategies

    To achieve the vision, mission, and goals, the

    NRS defined 03 strategic objectives and 20

    strategy to address drivers of deforestation

    and forest degradation

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    Improve effectiveness of monitoring, land use

    management, and forest land use

    Promote stakeholder participation and enhance capacities, knowledge and

    awareness to implement the national strategy

    Encourage implementation of sustainable forest

    management activities

    Vision

    Mission

    Goal

    Strategic Objective

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    5. Phase in NRS Implementation

    5.1. First Phase in NRS implementation

    First Phase 2017-2020 (Transection and NRS implementation): Detail REDD+ action and budget plan, develop NRS M&E , Revise NRS institutional coordination, and operation of the NFMS, FREL, SIS and starting NRS implementation.

    Second Phase 2021-2025 ( Operation of the Result-based finance): o Fully function of the NFMS, FREL, and SIS at

    the national levelo Regular communicate with UNFCCC-( i.e NC,

    BURs, and other requirement)o Scale up more drivers to be addressed.

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    5. Phase in NRS Implementation

    5.2. Warsaw Framework for REDD+

    Safeguards Information System (SIS)

    National Forestry Monitoring System (NFMS)

    Satellite Land Monitoring System

    National Forest Inventory

    National Green House Gas Inventory

    Forest Reference Emission Level (FREL/ FRL)

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    CAMBODIA REDD+ PROGRAMME

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    5. Phase in NRS Implementation

    Current National REDD+ Roadmap Institutional Coordination Mechanism

    Cambodia REDD+ Taskforce: represented from 10

    ministries

    Four Technical Teams: (1) MRV, (2) Safeguards, (3)

    Demonstration, and (4) Benefits Sharing.

    REDD+ and Gender Group

    REDD+ Consultation Group

    During the NRS implementation ( 2017-2020), Cambodia

    will used existing REDD+ coordination mechanism, the

    review on current mandate will be done for Cambodia

    REDD+ Taskforce to reflect the effectiveness of NRS

    implementation.

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    5. Phase in NRS Implementation

    Management structure and NRS implementation

    The REDD+ Taskforce will provide up on REDD+

    progress to RGC through National Council for

    Sustainable Development

    5.3 Institutional Arrangement and Coordination

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    6. Financial Resources

    REDD+ Funding Sources

    During Phase 1 of NRS implementation, the RGC will prioritize access to upfront non-results based finances from bilateral, multilateral development partners, and private sector with combination of the national budgets.

    The RGC will also consider market based finance opportunities . A review will be undertaken in 2020 to determine and provide a specific timeline for results based payments for Phase II 2021-2025.

    Approach: Fund-based Approach in the first phase

    Principles:

    Development of a National REDD+ Funding Agency

    Set up a National REDD+ funding management agency Roles and mandate of the National REDD+ funding

    management agency Set up National REDD+ funding management agency

    accountability mechanism

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    6. Financial Resources

    Principals

    o Use existing national system and procedure

    o Strengthen accountability equity and transparency

    o Learning process

    o Tackle gender issue

    Approach

    o Theory of Change

    Institutional Arrangement for Implementation

    o RTS coordinate to develop framework for

    monitoring and evaluation NRS implementation

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    Thank You