Chapter 19: Section 2: Directed Reading Pages 475-478 19-2 Name_____ Period_____ Chapter 19: Section…

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Handout 19-2 Name________________________________________ Period___________ Chapter 19: Section 2: Directed Reading Pages 475-478 Section: Features of the Ocean Floor (page 475) ______ 1. The shallow sea floor between the shoreline and the deep-ocean bottom is called the a. continental margin. b. deep-ocean basin. c. continental crust. d. oceanic crust. CONTINENTAL MARGINS (page 475) ______ 2. The part of the continent covered by water is called the a. shoreline. b. continental margin. c. continental shelf. d. deep-ocean basin. ______ 3. The continental shelf is part of the a. continental margin. b. deep-ocean basin. c. ocean surface. d. oceanic crust. 4. V-shaped valleys in the continental shelf and continental slope are called ___________. 5. What is one place submarine canyons are often found? 6. How can turbidity currents help form submarine canyons? DEEP-OCEAN BASINS (page 476) 7. Where is the deepest place in Earths crust located? 8. How do trenches form in the deep-ocean basins? 9. The flattest regions on Earth are __________________________________________. 10. Layers of fine _____________________________________ cover the abyssal plains. 11. How does the age of the oceanic crust affect the thickness of sediments on the abyssal plains? 12. The most prominent features of ocean basins are _____________________________. 13. What is one place where a mid-ocean ridge rises above sea level? 14. Where do seamounts form? In the space provided, write the letter of the definition that best matches the term or phrase. _____ 15. guyot a. an area of increased volcanic activity where seamounts form _____ 16. hot spot b. submerged seamount with a flat top _____ 17. seamount c. a seamount that rises above the ocean _____ 18. atoll d. an oceanic island that is in the process of being eroded into a guyot _____ 19. oceanic island e. submerged volcanic mountain taller than 1 km Chapter 19: Section 3: Directed Reading Pages 479-482 Section: Ocean-Floor Sediments (479) 20. Name three ways sediments get into the ocean. SOURCES OF DEEP OCEAN-BASIN SEDIMENTS (479) 21. What are two ways to take sediment samples in deep ocean basins? 22. How does volcanic dust become sediment in the deep-ocean basins? Chapter 19 Section 2: Features of the Ocean Floor 1. Continental __________________________ are made up of the continental rise, continental slope, and continental shelf. 2. The _____________________ place in Earths crust is a __________________________. 3. ____________________________ plate boundaries cause deep ocean _______________. 4. The _____________________ regions on Earth are _________________________ plains. 5. A ______________________ is made up of minerals. 6. The __________-______________________ ridges in Iceland are unusual because they rise ________________________ sea level. 7. _______________________________ are most likely to form in _________ __________. In addition to these notes study the diagram on the top of pages 476-477 so that you can identify the different features found on the seafloor including the following: continental shelf, continental slope, continental rise, trench, mid-ocean ridge, abyssal plain, and seamount.