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Comparative Study of Different Religions in India

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COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DIFFERENT RELIGIONS IN INDIADILIP KHANDEKAR SONALI KHAROSE APURVA PAVASKAR AKSHATA CHAVAN MOHAMMEDDANISHMohammedDanish Ismail Shaikh M 4155 Topic On: Islam / MuslimINTRODUCTIONRELIGIONS IN INDIAThe Land of spirituality & Philosophy The most dominant religion in India Din E Elahi Followers of Non-Indian ReligionsINTRODUCTION TO ISLAMBRANCHES OF ISLAMShia MuslimSunni MuslimSufi MuslimWahabi Muslim5 PILLARS OF ISLAMTestimony HajjAlms Prayer Fasting GivingPROPHET MOHAMMED PBUHFounder of Religion of Islam Beginning of Islamic Calendars Prophet Mohammed Life & TraditionISLAMIC HOLY BOOKSTORAHPSALMSCONTD...GOSPELQURANFESTIVALSEid-Ul-Fitr (Ramzan Eid)Eid-Ul-Adha (Bakra Eid)Eid-E-MiladAkshata Chavan M 4150 Topic On: HinduismINTRODUCTION TO HINDUISMHINDUISM Religion Of India Its true Hinduism is the most followed religion of India. No Founder Associated There is no credited founder and there is no specific belief system to HinduismCONTD... Symbol That Represent Hinduism The Om is the symbol that is most often used to represent the Hindu faith. Holy Book. The two most important of the ancient writings are the Vedas and the Upanishads.CONTD... Beliefs Hindu people follow its teachings by adhering to prominent beliefs. Roots of Hinduism (Vedas) Vedas are large body of text originating in ancient India. The text constitutes the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and oldest scriptures of Hinduism. Rituals Focus on devotion to God (perceived as Brahman, Shiva, Vishnu etc) or several gods. Varna Dharma Varna refers to the categorization of the Hindu Society by four castes.Dilip Kumar Khandekar M 4144 Topic On: SikhismINTRODUCTION TO SIKHISMINTRODUCTIONSikhism, the youngest of the world religions, is barely five hundred years old. Its founder, Guru Nanak, was born in 1469. Guru Nanak spread a simple message of "Ek Ong Kar": we are all one, created by the One Creator of all Creation. Sikhs are easily recognized by turban. Sikhism is a way of life, or self-discipline coupled with a belief in the unity of God, equality of man, faith in the Guru's word and love for all. Most Sikhs speak Punjabi However, some speak Hindi, Urdu or English.WHAT IS SIKH???Sikh means Student or Disciple Sikhism is worlds 5th largest religion, after Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism 26 million Sikhs worldwide 20 million in India 1 million in North AmericaBIRTH OF SIKHISMGuru Nanak Dev Ji 1st Guru Born in 1469 during a time when: Rich exploited the poor Women had no role in society Land divided by religion Guru Nanak founded Sikhism based on equality and justice for all and taught us that all human beings regardless of skin color, wealth, caste, and gender are created equal.Truth is high; still higher is truthful living - Guru Nanak Dev JiARTICLES OF FAITH5 Ks mandatory articles of faithKesh Uncut hair: Sikhs do not cut hair or beards to remain in the image that God gave us. Kachera - Under-shorts (boxers) to represent modesty and fidelity (virtuous character) Kanga - Comb, made of wood - to keep uncut hair neat and clean. Kara Bracelet, made of steel worn on right hand a reminder of noble actions, a symbol of eternity. Kirpan - Ceremonial small blunt knife Symbolizing freedom, liberty and justice.GURADWARA- PLACE OF WORSHIPGURADWARA- PLACE OF WORSHIPThe Sikh religious service follows the traditions started by the 1st Guru to promote equality and alleviate suffering. It has 3 components:1. Sangat :- Community prayer through readings from the Guru Granth Sahib andsinging of hymns (Kirtan).2. Pangat :-A sense of equality with everyone seated on the ground - at the samelevel.3. Langar :- Community vegetarian meal for all.THE GOLDEN TEMPLEThe Golden Temple is the most sacred of places for the Sikhs. To enter one has to descend stairs teaches humility. There are doors on all fours sides, which signifies that people from all over the world are invited irrespective of caste, color, religion, and race. 24/7 Langar.Sonali Kharose M 4152 Topic On: ChristiansINTRODUCTION TO CHRISTIANSWHAT IS CHRISTIANITY?A diverse, 2000 year old religion followed by almost one third of the worlds population!Based on the life, teachings, death and resurrection of a first century Jew known as Jesus, believed to be the Christ (messiah, savior) by his followers (thus called Christians)WHO WAS JESUS? THE HISTORICAL JESUS Born, bred, lived, and died a Jew in first century Roman occupied Palestine Around age 30, took on a mission of preaching, teaching, and healing as an itinerant teacher Had a following of 12 primary disciples and countless multitudes attracted by his miracles and words of wisdom A political threat to Roman and Jewish authorities, is put to death through torturous crucifixion (a Roman punishment)SCRIPTURAL SOURCES HOW DO CHRISTIANS PRACTICE THEIR FAITH? IN CHURCH Sacraments: 1. Baptism 2. Communion (Eucharist, Mass, the Lords Supper) 3. Confirmation 4. Confession of sins, penance, atonement 5. Marriage (Holy Matrimony) 6. Ordination (Holy Orders) 7. Healing (anointing, Holy Unction, Last rites)WHAT ARE SOME CHRISTIAN HOLY DAYS?Two major seasons in the Christian calendar: Christmas celebrating the birth of Jesus Easter commemorating the resurrection of Christ Christmas: Advent (four weeks leading up to Christmas day) Christmas Day (December 25th) Epiphany (the twelfth day of Christmas)CONTD... Easter: (early spring, date varies) Pentecost: the 50th day (seven weeks) after Easter (commemorates the coming of the Holy Spirit upon the apostles)Purva Pawaskar M 4147 Topic On: Comparison of Different ReligionHinduismOrigins & History Indigenous religion of India as developed to present day. 900 millionIslamMuhammad, 622 AD, Saudi ArabiaSikhismGuru Nanak, c. 1500 AD, Punjab, India.ChristianityFounded by Jesus Christ in c. 30 AD, Israel. 2 billionAdherents Worldwide (approx.) God(s) and Universe1.3 billion (Sunni: 940 million)23 millionOne Supreme Reality One God (Allah in (Brahman) manifested in Arabic) many gods and goddessesOne God (Ik Onkar, Nam)One God who is a Trinity of Father, Son, and Holy SpiritHinduismHuman Situation and Life's Purpose Humans are in bondage to ignorance and illusion, but are able to escape. Purpose is to gain release from rebirth, or at least a better rebirth. Reincarnation until gain enlightenment.IslamHumans must submit (islam) to the will of God to gain Paradise after death.SikhismOvercome the self, align life with will of God, and become a "saint soldier," fighting for good.ChristianityAll have sinned and are thereby separated from God. Salvation is through faith in Christ and, for some, sacraments and good works.AfterlifeParadise or Hell.Reincarnation until resolve karma and merge with God.Eternal heaven or hell (or temporary purgatory).HinduismTexts The Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, etc. Yoga, meditation, worship (puja), devotion to a god or goddess, pilgrimage to holy cities, live according to one's dharma (purpose/ role).IslamQur'an (Scripture); Hadith (tradition)SikhismAdi Granth (Sri Guru Granth Sahib)ChristianityThe Bible (Old and New Testaments) Prayer, Bible study, baptism, Eucharist (Communion), church on Sundays, numerous holidays.PracticesFive Pillars: Faith, Prayer, Alms, Pilgrimage, Fasting. Mosque services on Fridays. Ablutions before prayer. No alcohol or pork. Holidays related to the pilgrimage and fast of Ramadan.Prayer and meditation on God's name, services at temple (Guradwara), turban and five Ks. Balance work, worship, and charity. No monasticism or asceticism.HinduismProphet Krishna,RamIslamMuhammad,IshmaelSikhismGuru Nanak and 9 subsequentChristianityMoses,Abraham,John the BapistMarriagesIts built in heavenMan may marry upto 4 Love or arrange womenIn heaven marriages doesnt exist ,except for marriage between God and soulPlace of worshipTempleMosqueGurdwaraChurchHinduismVirtues in which religion is based upon Love and truthIslamPeaceSikhismCourageChristianityLoveViews on other religionAll religions are equal. Humanity is the basisOnly Islam is rightAll religion are equal. However not all religions lead to the merging of ones soul with godChristianity alone contains the fullness if truth


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