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Compound Inequalities

Compound InequalitiesBy The Freshman Math TeachersDaily QuoteIf fifty million people say a foolish thing, it is still a foolish thing. Anatole France (1844 - 1924)Daily Comic

Warm UpSimplify. 1.98-35-5+51

2.55582

3.8-3+55

4.707484

5.27346

6.5+142Problem Of The DayFor the first three home games played at Megalopolis Megadome, the attendance was 59,513 for the first game, 69,632 for the second, and 58,054 for the third. To the nearest thousand, estimate the total attendance for the first three home games? Explain how you got your answer.

GoalsGoalTo solve and graph inequalities containing the word and.To solve and graph inequalities containing the word or.RubricLevel 1 Know the goals.Level 2 Fully understand the goals.Level 3 Use the goals to solve simple problems.Level 4 Use the goals to solve more advanced problems.Level 5 Adapts and applies the goals to different and more complex problems.

VocabularyCompound InequalityDefinitionThe inequalities you have seen so far are simple inequalities. When two simple inequalities are combined into one statement by the words AND or OR, the result is called a compound inequality.Compound Inequality the result of combining two inequalities. The words and and or are used to describe how the two parts are related. In this diagram, set A represents some integer solutions of x < 10, and set B represents some integer solutions of x > 0. The overlapping region represents numbers that belong in set A and set B. Those numbers are solutions of both x < 10 and x > 0 (can be written 0 < x < 10).

Venn Diagram and Compound InequalitiesYou can graph the solutions of a compound inequality involving AND by using the idea of an overlapping region. The overlapping region is called the intersection and shows the numbers that are solutions of both inequalities.

Number Line and Compound InequalitiesIn this diagram, set A represents some integer solutions of x < 0, and set B represents some integer solutions of x > 10. The combined shaded regions represent numbers that are solutions of either x < 0 or x >10 (or both).

Venn Diagram and Compound InequalitiesYou can graph the solutions of a compound inequality involving OR by using the idea of combining regions. The combined regions are called the union and show the numbers that are solutions of either inequality.

>Number Line and Compound Inequalities

Compound InequalitiesWrite a compound inequality for each statement.A. A number x is both less than 4 and greater than or equal to 2.5. 2.5 x < 4 B. A number t is either greater than 1 or less than or equal to 7.t > 1 or t 7Example:Write a compound inequality for each statement.A. A number t is both greater than 9 and less than or equal to 18.5 9 < t 18.5B. A number y is either greater than 5 or less than or equal to 1.y > 5 or y 1Your Turn:The and compound inequality y < 2 and y < 4 can be written as 2 < y < 4.The or compound inequality y < 1 or y > 9 must be written with the word or.Writing MathThe shaded portion of the graph is not between two values, so the compound inequality involves OR.On the left, the graph shows an arrow pointing left, so use either < or . The solid circle at 8 means 8 is a solution so use . x 8On the right, the graph shows an arrow pointing right, so use either > or . The empty circle at 0 means that 0 is not a solution, so use >. x > 0

Write the compound inequality shown by the graph.Example: Writing Compound Inequalities

The compound inequality is x 8 OR x > 0.The shaded portion of the graph is between the values 2 and 5, so the compound inequality involves AND.The shaded values are on the right of 2, so use > or . The empty circle at 2 means 2 is not a solution, so use >.m > 2The shaded values are to the left of 5, so use < or . The empty circle at 5 means that 5 is not a solution so use 2 AND m < 5 (or 2 < m < 5).

The shaded portion of the graph is between the values 9 and 2, so the compound inequality involves AND.The shaded values are on the right of 9, so use > or . The empty circle at 9 means 9 is not a solution, so use >.x > 9 The shaded values are to the left of 2, so use < or . The empty circle at 2 means that 2 is not a solution so use or . The solid circle at 2 means that 2 is a solution, so use . x 2

Write the compound inequality shown by the graph.Your Turn:

The compound inequality is x 3 OR x 2.The pH level of a popular shampoo is between 6.0 and 6.5 inclusive. Write a compound inequality to show the pH levels of this shampoo. Graph the solutions.Let p be the pH level of the shampoo.6.0is less than or equal topH levelis less than or equal to 6.56.0 p 6.56.0 p 6.56.16.26.36.06.46.5Example: ApplicationThe free chlorine in a pool should be between 1.0 and 3.0 parts per million inclusive. Write a compound inequality to show the levels that are within this range. Graph the solutions. Let c be the chlorine level of the pool.1.0is less than or equal tochlorineis less than or equal to 3.01.0 c 3.01.0 c 3.0 0 23 4 1 56Your Turn:Solve the compound inequality and graph the solutions.5 < x + 1 < 2 1086420246810Since 1 is added to x, subtract 1 from each part of the inequality.Graph -6 < x < 1.5 < x + 1 AND x + 1 < 2 1 1116 < xx < 1ANDThe solution set is {x:6 < x AND x < 1}.Example: Solving and Compound Inequalities-6 < x < 11Solve the compound inequality and graph the solutions.8 < 3x 1 118 < 3x 1 11+1 +1 +19 < 3x 12

3 < x 4Since 1 is subtracted from 3x, add 1 to each part of the inequality. Since x is multiplied by 3, divide each part of the inequality by 3 to undo the multiplication. The solution set is {x:3 < x 4}.Example: Solving and Compound Inequalities54321012345Solve the compound inequality and graph the solutions.9 < x 10 < 5+10 +10 +109 < x 10 < 51 < x < 5Since 10 is subtracted from x, add 10 to each part of the inequality.54321012345The solution set is {x:1 < x < 5}.Graph 1 < x < 5.Your Turn:1 < x < 5Solve the compound inequality and graph the solutions.4 3n + 5 < 114 3n + 5 < 115 5 59 3n < 6

3 n < 254321012345Since 5 is added to 3n, subtract 5 from each part of the inequality.Since n is multiplied by 3, divide each part of the inequality by 3 to undo the multiplication.Graph -3 x < 2.The solution set is {n:3 n < 2}.Your Turn:Solve the compound inequality and graph the solutions.8 + t 7 OR 8 + t < 28 + t 7 OR 8 + t < 28 8 8 8 t 1 OR t < 6Solve each simple inequality. Graph t < -6 or t -1.1086420246810The solution set is {t: t 1 OR t < 6}.Example: Solving or Compound Inequalitiest < -6 or t -1Solve the compound inequality and graph the solutions.4x 20 OR 3x > 21 4x 20 OR 3x > 21

x 5 OR x > 7 Solve each simple inequality.Graph x 5 or x > 7.02468108642The solution set is {x:x 5 OR x > 7 }.Example: Solving or Compound InequalitiesSolve the compound inequality and graph the solutions.2 +r < 12 OR r + 5 > 192 +r < 12 OR r + 5 > 192 2 5 5r < 10 OR r > 14420246810121416Solve each simple inequality.The solution set is {r:r < 10 OR r > 14}.Graph the union by combining the regions.Your Turn:r < 10 or r > 14Solve the compound inequality and graph the solutions.7x 21 OR 2x < 27x 21 OR 2x < 2

x 3 OR x < 1Solve each simple inequality.Graph x < -1 or x 3.54321012345The solution set is {x:x 3 OR x < 1}.Your Turn:x < -1 or x 3Joke TimeWhat is Beethoven doing in his grave?De-composing

What do you call an arrogant household bug?A cocky roach.

What's orange and sounds like a parrot?A carrot!