Designing redd+ projects johnp

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  • 1.DESIGNING REDD+ PROJECTSLessons from the Past
    John Pielemeier
    Independent Consultant

2. Types of Programs to Learn From
Integrated Rural Development (late 60s-70s)
Integrated Conservation and Development (mid-1980s today)
Landscape projects (mid-1990s-today)
Payment for (non-environmental) Services
Global Initiatives
3. Integrated Rural Development
Extending development to low-income subsistence populations
Province or District-wide. Ag focus, but a wide range of productive and social services
$50-100M over 5-10 years
Often managed via Project Management Units
4. Lessons Learned-Lele
Tried to accomplish too much too fast
Too complex for recipients
Too complex for donors
Inadequate knowledge of socio-political and administrative environment
5. IRD Recommendations (1)
Complex projects need careful phasing
Consider a planning year
Start with:
- local capacity building
- careful data collection
- identification and resolution of policy constraints.
6. IRD Recommendations (2)
Begin with only the simplest interventions to remove the most critical constraints
Train field and administrative staff
Develop local and regional human, institutional and financial capability
Strengthen regional administration systems
7. Integrated Conservation and Development
Created to move beyond fines and fences & work with people in and around the PAs (buffer zones)
50+ by 1995; estimated 300 ICDPs today
BD conservation projects with rural development components.
Activities: Social Development, Alternative Livelihoods
8. ICDP Lessons Learned-Brandon and Wells
Tenuous linkage between development and conservation
Difficult to measure conservation impact
ICDPs too limited in size to resolve many external threats
PAs too small to effect national/sub-national conservation needs
9. ICDP Lessons Learned- Madagascar
Conservation NGOs unable to respond effectively to multiple community priorities
Limited Community management capacity
Hard to avoid elite capture/internal conflict
10. ICDP Recommendations
Longer project cycle needed to change behavior
Implement a few prioritized activities, ideally with local participation and leadership
Start small, learn and scale-up gradually as capacity improves
Approach conservation and development within the broader context of regional planning
Address wider policy/legal/market constraints
11. Landscapes What is it?
Large-scale regions with particular biological importance for conservation investment
The landscape approach is all about ensuring that land is optimally used for various purposesfrom protected areasto agriculture, including restoration
12. Central Africa Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE): Lessons Learned (1)
Need sufficient resources and time
Establish adequate overarching legal and policy framework
Use macrozone and microzone land use planning
Figure out stakeholder relationships
Establish the incentive system as close to the deforestation problem as possible
13. CARPE Lessons Learned (2)
Need participatory approaches and local capacity building
Integration into markets is critical for promoting improved livelihoods
Establish systems to share information for decision making. See for CARPE mapper. CARPE Data Explorer and CARPE Information Management
14. Madagascar Landscape Development Initiative: Lessons Learned
Lead with sustainable development, not BD conservation. Economic benefits are key
Get quick, visible results in order to build trust with communities
Must work at multiple scales: spatial, temporal and institutional
Ensure linkages and coordination between these scales
Cross-sectoral approaches appeal to clients and are cost-effective
15. Landscapes Lessons Learned
Local participation is a key ingredient, perhaps THE key ingredient, in long-term success
Local capacity is very weak and its strengthening requires early attention.
Good policies mean little if not implemented
Implementing NGOs can work in more than one sector with value added (e.g. conservation, basic health services, micro-credit)
16. Landscapes Recommendations
Work at multiple scales (regional, district, community). Address jurisdictional issues
Have a holistic vision and accompanying land-use plans
Focus on specific zones within the landscape e.g. PAs, Indigenous Lands, concessions
Keep management systems as simple as possible (especially donor requirements)
17. Payment for (non-environmental) Services or Conditional Cash Transfer
Initially in Brazil and Mexico, now more than 12 countries
These programs provide money to poor families, conditional on certain behavior
-school attendance
-visits to health centers on a regular basis
18. Payment for (non-environmental) Services: Lessons Learned (1)
Clear evidence of success from the first generationof programs
Increasedenrollment rates
Improved preventive health care
Increasedhousehold consumption.
Still new: many questions remain unansweredabout longer-term impact and sustainability
19. Payment for (non-environmental) Services: Lessons(2)
The most important questions of program design are:
defining the target population
selecting the appropriate conditions and size of the transfer
setting entry and exit rules
deciding on complementary interventions
20. Global Initiatives: HIV/AIDS: Lessons Learned (1)
Donor overload and donor competition
Competing donor requirements led to the three 1s: one strategy, one M&E system, one national coordination office
Scarce human resources stolen from other health programs
Donor/NGO staff also concentrated on one issue
Vertical program management (HIV only)
21. Global Initiatives: HIV/AIDS: Lessons Learned (2)
2nd phase focus in now on broader health systems strengthening
Wherever you have a major initiative, the auditors will be close behind. Be prepared.
22. Recurring Themes (1)
Adequate project timeframe and funding
How to work at multiple scales: spatial, institutional, temporal
Decide degree and means of coordination needed between scales
Policy and legal framework; policy implementation capacity
23. Recurring Themes (2)
Capacity at community, district, regional and national levels
Capacity and flexibility of funding agencies and NGOs. Need for partners.
How to find/develop leadership and local champions
How to gain trust and provide incentives
Use of cross-sectoral approaches
24. Thank you!Questions and Reactions Please
Questions and Reactions Please


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