- Dialysis What is it and why do we need it?. What do you already know?
Dialysis What is it and why do we need it?. What do you already know?
Slide 1 Dialysis What is it and why do we need it? Slide 2 What do you already know? Slide 3 What do you want more information about? What is dialysis? A little history of dialysis What do the kidneys do? Who needs dialysis? End Slide 4 A little history.... The first dialysis machine was made by Willem Johan Kolff. The first machines, made during World War II, used everyday materials such as sausage skins, orange juice cans, and washing machines. Slide 5 Kolff Kolff was in danger as he was developing the dialysis machine. The first dialysis machines were not as effective as was hoped. None of Kolffs first fifteen patients lived, but their lives were extended by several days which gave him hope. In 1945, he successfully treated a patient. Kolff donated his five dialysis machines to hospitals around the world after the war. Slide 6 Dialysis today Dialysis machines continued to improve. Dr. Belding Scribner developed a method that allowed dialysis machines to also help people that have chronic end stage renal disease. His device, the Scribner Shunt was the first step to todays methods. Today patients may go to a dialysis center or perform dialysis at home. BACK Slide 7 What is dialysis? In medicine, a treatment that does some of the things done by healthy kidneys. Slide 8 What does dialysis do? When your kidneys fail, dialysis keeps your body in balance by: o removing waste, salt and extra water o keeping a safe level of chemicals, such as potassium and sodium, in your blood o helping to control blood pressure BACK Slide 9 The Kidneys Most people have two kidneys They are located on either side of the spine, just below the rib cage. Each one is about the size of your fist. They are shaped like kidney beans. They are connected to your bladder. Slide 10 Your kidneys: Make urine Remove wastes and extra fluid from your blood Control your bodys chemical balance Help to control blood pressure Help keep your bones healthy Help you make red blood cells BACK Slide 11 Who needs dialysis? People who have chronic kidney disease (CKD) People who have end-stage renal disease (ESRD) o Their overall kidney function is so poor that it threatens health and survival. People waiting for a kidney transplant. Slide 12 Statistics One in ten American adults have some level of CKD. Approximately 25% of people 65 and over have CKD. Approximately 0.5 % of people 20 64 have CKD. Slide 13 Statistics The incident rate of ESRD has leveled off since 2001. Slide 14 Statistics ESRD are more than 3 times higher for African Americans than for Caucasions. BACK Slide 15 What questions do you have?