Engaging Activities to Improve Reading Comprehension

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TFLTA 2008 Annual Conference Franklin, TN. Engaging Activities to Improve Reading Comprehension. Alejandra Lejwa Roc o Rodrguez del Ro Hutchison School Memphis, TN This presentation is available at: https://lejwa.wikispaces.com/. Suggestions. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Engaging Activities to Improve Reading Comprehension Alejandra LejwaRoco Rodrguez del RoHutchison SchoolMemphis, TNThis presentation is available at: https://lejwa.wikispaces.com/TFLTA 2008 Annual ConferenceFranklin, TN.SuggestionsStart working on reading skills at beginning levels.Approach reading as a communicative activity.Provide activities for different learning styles.Be creative and meaningful!The Place for ReadingIn programs focused on oral proficiency, there is little space for working on reading skillsStudents at intermediate or advanced levels of oral proficiency will need reading skills to continue their study of the foreign languageIn those instances in which reading is taught there is a tendency to frame reading activities in passive or individual contextsChallenges for the StudentsTime to work on readingInsufficient vocabulary or poor dictionary skillsTendency to translate the whole textDifficulty reading beyond the textDifficulty retainingDifficulty connectingwith other workLack of knowledge of world historyUnderstanding the Act of ReadingBolero de RavelUnderstanding the Act of ReadingPre-reading preparation guidesReadingMaking it enjoyablequickproductiveAvoidingfrustration loss of confidence in language skillsPleasure ReadingFinding a reading partnerSmall group readingWhole class readingCommunity readingCreating a reading space Corner or center of the classroom Going outside Beach chairs, pillows, and bean bags Lie down on the grass or floor Change sitting arrangements Bringing foodOther- Reading out loud- Acting out scenes- Becoming a characterPre-reading and Post-reading ActivitiesSelecting GoalsUnderstand vocabularyStimulate background knowledgeIncrease cultural and historical knowledgePromote understandingMake connectionsReflect on concepts, ideas, images, etc.Retain and use newly acquired vocabularyVideosCultural content and historyExamples:Los SanferminesLa TomatinaCuba AlhambraVideosConnections to movies for deeper understanding - Comparing charactersLa viuda de Montiel short story by Gabriel Garcia Marquez and The Official Story (movie by Luis Puenzo and Ada Bortnik)- Comparing themesEl laberinto del Fauno (movie by Guillermo del Toro) and poem El beso de los dragones by Wilfredo Machado.ComicsAnticipation / reflection to promote understandingQuino and Un seor muy viejo con unas alas enormes by Gabriel Garca MrquezComicsAnticipation / reflection to promote understandingQuino and Cartas de amor traicionado by Isabel AllendePicturesConnection with charactersPictures of Quijote by different artists at different timesPicturesConnection with placesPictures of different environmentsHoracio Quiroga and pictures of rain forestIsabel Allende and pictures of the dessertVideosConnections to commercials Focus on meaningExample:El arbol de oro,short story by Ana Maria Matute, and Aerolneas Argentinas commercial PaintingsComparing conceptsUnderstanding charactersUnderstanding historical background Understanding literary movementsExamples:Comparing the art of Botero with Picasso, Goya, El Greco, Orozco, Rivera, etc.Las meninas de Velazquez and the BaroqueEl nacimiento de Venus by Botticelli and the Renaissance PoetryPicturesHistoric and cultural backgroundMir los muros de la patria maPicturesHistoric and cultural background- Romances Art - ScrapbookingSummarizing storiesRetaining characters descriptionsExamples:Creating a scrapbook about all stories read throughout the semester / year. Designing a poster for each story.Art Drawing / CraftsEmotional connections with charactersUnderstanding characters and their situationsGeneral understanding Examples:Making the stick doll (La rama seca by A. M. Matute)Drawing Pipa and the pretty doll (La rama seca by A. M. Matute)Drawing a modern Chac Mool after reading the short story Chac Mool by Carlos Fuentes.Making paper flowers and papel picado for Day of the DeadSongs Anticipation / Reflection to promote understandingEl hijo del capitn trueno by Miguel Bose and El difcil arte de ser macho by Pedro Juan GutirrezSongsMaking connections with other contexts Retaining vocabularyExample:Carta de amor by Juan Luis Guerra and Cartas de amor traicionado by Isabel Allende.Songs Historic and cultural background information Literary Movements Surrealism Eungenio Salvador Dal by Mecano Story Los mejores calzados by Luisa Valenzuela and song Solo le pido a Dios by Leon GiecoCreative WritingComparative learningApplied knowledge of cultural and historical informationEmotional connection with textVocabulary retention and useExamples:Letter to author, character, or artist.Comparing stories by same author. La rama seca El arbol de oro (Ana Mara Matute)Comparing stories with same or opposite topic / characters / ambience. El avin de la Bella Durmiente El dcimoLas medias rojas Dos palabras La tomatina Oda al tomateCreating poems and songs.Other TextsComparative learning and discussionApplied knowledge of cultural and historical informationExamples:Newspaper articles (Botero)Other stories by same author La rama seca El arbol de oro (Ana Mara Matute)Other stories with same or opposite topic / characters / ambience El avin de la Bella Durmiente El dcimoEl rbol de oro La rama seca La luz es como el aguaLas medias rojas Dos palabrasLa tomatina Oda al tomate (poem by Pablo Neruda_ReadingGuided ReadingBreaking text into sectionsActivating background knowledge to understand vocabularyAnswer comprehension questions on the goCommunity readingDrawing characters and placesDraw according to descriptionsCreating sceneMake a collage or act out a partPicturing the environmentLook at art or pictures to identify described environmentQuestions and CollaborationThis presentation is available at:https://lejwa.wikispaces.com/PresentersAlejandra Lejwa, MAUpper School Spanish InstructorWorld Language Department ChairHutchison Schoolalejwa@hutchisonschool.orgRocio Rodriguez del Rio. Ph.D.Upper School Spanish InstructorHutchison Schoolrrodriguezdelrio@hutchisonschool.org

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