Engaging with communities on climate change adaptation

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  • Part of the BRE Trust

    Engaging with communities on climate change adaptationMindy Hadi, BRE1st November 2016

  • Communities Living Sustainably (CLS)

    Launched 2013 by Big Lottery

    12m to 12 Community Groups around the country

    To build resilience to the environmental, economic and social impacts of a

    changing climate.

    To help vulnerable people to adapt to climate change.

    To encourage behaviour change among individuals and communities

    Co-ordinated by Groundwork UK Learning Partnership

  • CLS Process

  • Initial research 2014

    Climate change resilience study highlighted a gap in activities in the area of climate change adaptation amongst CLS groups

    Some examples of good practice, mainly focusing on flooding

    Greater integration needed between community-led and statutory-led activities

    Need for accessible information and resources inc. examples of practical activities for communities

  • Objectives: to explore the challenges faced by community groups in building climate resilience, identify support and resources and share lessons based on the activities of CLS communities

    4 work streams:

    Stakeholder interviews and questionnaire to the 12 CLS groups Carrying out test bed workshops on climate change adaptation with

    two groups A workshop in Feb 2016 with key stakeholders for input and

    feedback Developing an Information Directory of guidance, case studies,

    resources and tools for community groups

    Summary key findings report of findings and lessons learned

    2015/16 research programme

  • Survey of CLS Group Activities

    On-line questionnaire developed and sent to all 12 CLS groups, project leads and other partners

    Questionnaire covered: About you and your community Climate Change Adaptation in your community Awareness and use of information on Climate Change

    Adaptation Gaining Community Buy-in Vulnerabilities CLS Community Resilience Test beds volunteers

  • Key Findings

    0

    2

    4

    6

    8

    10

    12

    Very Poor Poor Fair Good Very Good

    Self-rated knowledge about climate change adaptation

    Main concerns relating to climate change

  • Community interest

    Barriers to community buy-inGreatest barrier to getting community buy-in on climate change is the challenge of developing long term response and maintaining interest

  • Vulnerable groups in your local area

    People whose livelihoods are at risk (eg farmers, fishermen),

    People who are on a low-income, low skilled

    People in poor health

    People in poor housing

    Particular groups that face social exclusion Older people Single mothers People with English as a second language Recently arrived communities. Those living in isolated, rural areas

    if for reasons of age, health, disability or severe financial insecurity, they are unable to safeguard their personal welfare or the personal welfare of other members of the household. Irwell Valley

  • Information directory for third sector and community organisations to help them to overcome barriers to resilience which can include lack of: Local, understandable information on Climate Change Resources for engagement and implementation support Knowledge of the most effective methods for them

    Information overload!!

    Written for non-experts ie simple, non- technical language, no jargon

    Signposting of existing websites etc

    Colour coded for easy navigation

    Aims of the information directory

  • Information Directory

    Community groups need examples & tools

    2016 Information Directory:

    Definitions

    Relevant policy background

    Role of community groups

    Tools and Resources

    Identifying vulnerabilities and risks

    Identifying resources

    Who can help

    Case Studies

  • Case studies

    Flooding and extreme weather are the two most common climate change risks faced by the CLS projects.

    Current lack of visible community-led adaptation activity in UK.

    Exemplar communities who are responding to the challenges of climate change by adopting adaptation measures eg preventing avoidable impacts through comprehensive preparation.

    CLS funding enabled projects to engage with their community

    Linked to challenges accessing vulnerable groups, fuel poverty, poor housing

  • Case study projects

    Five projects selected to act as good practice case studies in the directory

    All areas with high flood risk and experience of flooding: Sustain Eden, Cumbria Sustainable Sheppey, Kent CLS in Dorset One Planet Middlesbrough Irwell Valley Sustainable Communities, Salford

  • Measures and activities

    Measures include: Developing area-specific action plans for extreme

    weather events. Raising awareness through a wide variety of

    means- workshops, schools, media etc Establishing means to support vulnerable groups

    (e.g. people over 75, families with young children, people with disabilities, small businesses, carers) in the event of an emergency such as an extreme weather event

    Collaborating on related projects across other community groups and statutory organisations to build resilience

  • Test beds

    Two CLS projects Manor House PACT Closer Neighbourhoods Sustainable Sunderland

    day workshop session with groups/partners Share information about Climate Change adaptation: what

    does it mean at community level In depth discussion about climate change adaptation issues in

    their community Try out some of the tools and guidance together eg Climate

    Just tool Obtain feedback on directory, tools and session

  • Key Findings Report

    To inform policy makers on supporting communities

    Project Leader questionnaire responses

    Information Directory

    Test Bed Workshops

    Feedback from partners

    Stakeholder Workshop

  • Question and risk levels

    List of Categories

    Visual of progress within each category

  • Community Assessment Tool (CAT)

    0

    20

    40

    60

    80

    100

    Climate Change &Resilience

    Community

    Ecology &Biodiversity

    Governance

    Local Economy

    Resources

    Transport & Mobility

    Wellbeing

    Apr-12

    Apr-14

    May-16

  • Resilience theme lessons learned

    Community groups are well placed to drive climate adaptation activities, particularly where these focus on vulnerable groups

    Communities can be creative and innovative messengers

    Local knowledge can adapt approaches in ways that are effective but difficult for national organisations

    There are many opportunities for communities to deliver low-tech and low-cost interventions

    Statutory bodies could be more creative in engaging community groups in their resilience planning activities

  • Lessons from wider project

    Trusted community organisations can support wide-ranging behaviour change, including among groups not normally reached by environmental campaigns

    Discussions about climate change and behaviour have to be rooted in real-life experiences relevant to the local context

    You have to start where people are- existing activities

    Holistic- making the links makes sense of interdependencies

    Sustaining volunteer involvement is a challenge even with money available

    It all takes longer than you think!!!!

  • Thank you!

    http://www.centre4resilience.org/communities-living-sustainably/.