Engaging with the key energy challenges for real people and communities

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Cold homes and climate change. Engaging with the key energy challenges for real people and communities. Institute of Sustainability, Health and the Environment University of the West of England 21 April 2009 Simon Roberts Chief Executive Centre for Sustainable Energy. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Engaging with the key energy challenges for real people and communities Cold homes and climate change Institute of Sustainability, Health and the EnvironmentUniversity of the West of England 21 April 2009 Simon Roberts Chief Executive Centre for Sustainable Energy Human history is a race between education and catastropheHG Wells Never underestimate the power of the human mind to invent new ways to use energyProf Tadj Oreszczyn Director of UCL Energy InstituteSource :Tina Fawcett PhD UCLDo we knowwhat constitutes a safe and healthy internal temperature? the impact of cold homes on social exclusion and educational achievement?how best to reduce the misery of cold homes?Distribution of CO2 emissions & incomeEHCS & EfS Income Deciles2005 EHCS - Full Annual Income2002 to 2005 EfS - Weekly Disposable Income2002 to 2005 EfS - Annual Disposable IncomeSouth WestSouth WestSouth WestAnnual full household income ()Corrected Disposable IncomeCorrected Disposable IncomeFull Income DecCountMedianMinimumMaximumMeanDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedianDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedian1186,3296,5382,0828,1706,3331940.012710814,9060.06,6155,6262145,0189,2198,2169,9759,160216012819216128,3296,6709,9888,3503196,80611,02910,00912,24011,1293222193252221311,52310,02713,08411,4974190,50913,30912,25514,62613,4064286252320285414,85113,10116,66114,8335203,28116,04714,66317,43316,0195361323397362518,78016,81620,61918,8256260,54819,21817,45520,89219,1976437397478436622,73820,66224,84722,6877271,66923,08720,92125,55823,0097521478574517727,08624,88229,83326,8738284,53128,18325,58131,89028,4628628575697625832,67729,91736,25132,4859236,45436,77231,90642,17236,7319784698905774940,74536,28247,07940,25110207,38349,65942,217247,74460,107101,2399115,3081,1261064,41947,363276,01058,548EnglandUKUKAnnual full household income ()Corrected Disposable IncomeCorrected Disposable IncomeFull Income DecCountMedianMinimumMaximumMeanDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedianDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedian11,898,9076,4861,4678,1926,409191-1,76312810614,723-91,6986,6475,51421,617,1639,1538,1989,9919,114216112819216128,3666,6529,9978,39531,808,51511,1509,99212,24111,1523221192252221311,49310,00213,09511,47041,761,44413,38712,24214,63613,4084285252321284414,83313,10016,67014,75551,996,98615,97314,63817,45115,9965359321397358518,65516,67020,64418,63462,143,99619,18517,45420,91719,1416436397478436622,69020,66024,86522,64672,261,58523,10020,91725,57823,1287525478574524727,28824,86929,83327,24082,459,03528,50025,58031,89728,6258631574698630832,83429,83436,27332,74792,564,31336,63731,89842,21636,6619790698907784941,09136,27647,13840,762102,622,27552,57342,217991,62062,223101,35190723,8981,1341070,24047,1401,242,68258,963South EastSouth EastCorrected Disposable IncomeCorrected Disposable IncomeDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedianDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedian186-1,76312810914,495-91,6986,6405,690216012819216028,3106,6699,9978,3203221193252222311,47910,02413,08311,5684288252320287414,97413,11016,64214,9495357321396356518,58616,68220,61618,5196438397478436622,76120,66124,86022,6867529479573529727,48924,88829,81027,5048630574697625832,76529,85936,26732,4889795698906792941,35936,27647,11541,184101,42090720,2041,1881073,83047,1891,050,61261,753Chart1584.86601859893650.88256370564235.7485823045815.71729447224279.46359599325095.18089046541389.07893108984411.78530161645800.86423270621622.40043513964651.77422485066274.17465999022007.6106529745497.59241959527505.20307256922668.38077485335417.03437378578085.4151486392741.01669391065874.06284027668615.07953418723071.40714355326212.44201324739283.84915680054141.91933464547494.953020629711636.87235527515030.76235081179860.778790812914891.5411416246Road TransportHouseholdDomestic TotalDeciles (1 lowest to 10 highest)Kg CO2Chart20.65138589233.61533104374.2667169360.54909160763.69381232374.24290393140.90846207614.22135724315.12981931921.6583438664.79738642336.45573028921.85457609094.89207327256.74664936332.58731677975.58505905628.17237583592.98449381175.87693496428.86142877593.50894464356.839505756610.34845040013.58920979386.733806242210.3230160364.79179430598.812727547413.6045218533Road TransportHouseholdDomestic TotalDeciles (1 lowest to 10 highest)t CO2England4.18655532193.67637542380.51017989814.82850901184.14626778050.68224123135.84953287174.79257640021.05695647156.5392686045.09035795351.44891065057.530644235.53202018911.99862404098.31746986355.9503817482.36708811558.97656112946.19788531452.77867581499.95371274146.67845891833.27525382311.18184351847.328287643.853555878413.65820999488.89567226584.762537729Domestic TotalHouseholdRoad TransportDisposable Income Deciles (1 lowest to 10 highest)tonnes of CO2 per adult (decile average)EfS Emissions Profiles2002 to 2005 EfS - Emissions profilesSouth West onlyDisposable Income Deciled EmissionsBuilt FormTenureMain heating fuelNumber of roomsWeekly disposable income () (Binned)Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)detachedsemi-detachedterracedflatOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)LA/HA rentalPrivate rentalMortageOwned outrightOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)No central heatingElectricGasOilSolid fuelOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)3456789 or moreRoad Transport5858161,3891,6222,0082,6682,7413,0714,1425,031Road Transport3,0572,4122,2691,2171,885Road Transport9262,1463,3661,9841,643Road Transport1,5871,4472,4873,6422,0453,360Road Transport1,1921,5612,0372,4243,1423,6463,871Household3,6514,2794,4124,6525,4985,4175,8746,2127,4959,861Household8,1695,3964,6032,7825,643Household3,4004,0306,3696,4424,071Household3,6843,2545,28914,3183,9146,633Household2,0893,5895,2155,3296,6089,32911,066Domestic Total4,2365,0955,8016,2747,5058,0858,6159,28411,63714,892Domestic Total11,2267,8086,8713,9997,528Domestic Total4,3266,1769,7358,4275,714Domestic Total5,2724,7017,77717,9605,9599,993Domestic3,2825,1507,2527,7539,75012,97414,937South East onlyDisposable Income Deciled EmissionsBuilt FormTenureMain heating fuelNumber of roomsWeekly disposable income () (Binned)Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)detachedsemi-detachedterracedflatOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)LA/HA rentalPrivate rentalMortageOwned outrightOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)No central heatingElectricGasOilSolid fuelOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)3456789 or moreRoad Transport6515499081,6581,8552,5872,9843,5093,5894,792Road Transport3,0682,6352,5791,2532,156Road Transport1,2012,3043,4581,9751,456Road Transport1,7361,4922,5803,9342,5792,921Road Transport1,2211,7952,4182,4803,1293,4184,040Household3,6153,6944,2214,7974,8925,5855,8776,8406,7348,813Household8,3105,7194,8263,0496,592Household3,1464,3026,4156,4455,914Household4,4023,1325,53117,4904,1466,224Household2,5573,7574,9955,8297,1227,92411,880Domestic Total4,2674,2435,1306,4566,7478,1728,86110,34810,32313,605Domestic Total11,3778,3547,4044,3028,748Domestic Total4,3476,6069,8738,4207,371Domestic Total6,1384,6238,11121,4246,7249,145Domestic3,7785,5527,4128,31010,25111,34115,920UK onlyDisposable Income Deciled EmissionsBuilt FormTenureMain heating fuelNumber of roomsWeekly disposable income () (Binned)Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)detachedsemi-detachedterracedflatOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)LA/HA rentalPrivate rentalMortageOwned outrightOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)No central heatingElectricGasOilSolid fuelOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)3456789 or moreRoad Transport5106821,0571,4491,9992,3672,7793,2753,8544,763Road Transport3,3042,4652,0051,0272,163Road Transport8901,8213,3001,9681,693Road Transport1,6181,3862,3113,5262,2432,835Road Transport8001,4802,0172,4553,0033,6334,286Household3,6764,1464,7935,0905,5325,9506,1986,6787,3288,896Household8,5505,8565,0733,2957,449Household3,6604,4666,6776,5375,284Household4,5423,1975,45615,2405,9507,219Household2,6444,0035,2486,0007,3618,81411,418Domestic Total4,1874,8295,8506,5397,5318,3178,9779,95411,18213,658Domestic Total11,8548,3217,0784,3229,612Domestic Total4,5506,2879,9778,5056,977Domestic Total6,1604,5837,76718,7668,19310,054Domestic3,4445,4837,2658,45510,36412,44715,704South East onlyDisposable Income Deciled EmissionsMain heating fuelWeekly disposable income () (Binned)Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)No central heatingElectricGasOilSolid fuelOtherRoad Transport0.650.550.911.661.852.592.983.513.594.79Road Transport1.741.492.583.932.582.92Household3.623.694.224.804.895.595.886.846.738.81Household4.403.135.5317.494.156.22Domestic Total4.274.245.136.466.758.178.8610.3510.3213.60Domestic Total6.144.628.1121.426.729.14UK onlyDisposable Income Deciled EmissionsWeekly disposable income () (Binned)Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910Road Transport0.510.681.061.452.002.372.783.283.854.76Household3.684.154.795.095.535.956.206.687.338.90Domestic Total4.194.835.856.547.538.328.989.9511.1813.66Income Deciles cross tabsOpportunities by income decile for the South East from the 2005 EHCSType of wall and insulation * Annual full household income () (Binned) CrosstabulationAnnual full household income () (Binned)Type of wall and insulation12345678910TotalType of wall and insulation7 to 10Totalcavity with insulation61,21969,83372,30284,90297,645108,280122,241117,743129,580198,4681,062,213cavity with insulation568,032638,20826%35%31%36%34%31%31%31%28%30%31%30.0%29.2%cavity uninsulated101,41586,754113,773104,692112,502169,671188,473197,790221,333316,7311,613,134cavity uninsulated924,327960,04844%44%49%45%40%49%48%52%48%48%47%48.8%44.0%Solid69,46241,35945,31445,42473,63866,05578,52367,747105,859149,569742,950Solid401,698584,27230%21%20%19%26%19%20%18%23%22%22%21.2%26.8%Total232,096197,946231,389235,018283,785344,006389,237383,280456,772664,7683,418,297Total1,894,0572,182,528100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%Loft insulation thickness * Annual full household income () (Binned) Crosstabulation`Annual full household income () (Binned)Loft insulation thickness12345678910TotalType of wall and insulation7 to 10Totalnone6,74611,4627,6376,91110,67010,70210,3959,60417,26917,896109,292none55,16474,7114%7%4%3%4%3%3%3%4%3%4%3.1%3.8%less than 100mm62,45038,30875,60558,10672,18497,117111,635115,783148,413188,582968,183less than 100mm564,413508,021619,57734%24%38%28%29%31%31%32%35%29%31%31.2%25.7%100 up to 150mm83,61071,58481,23393,126101,308137,606179,227157,990170,495282,3731,358,552100 up to 150mm790,085784,61346%45%41%45%41%44%49%44%40%43%44%43.7%40%150mm or more29,55139,34835,28450,67465,13167,76662,99275,56788,206171,223685,742150mm or more397,988611,26716%24%18%24%26%22%17%21%21%26%22%22.0%30.9%Total182,357160,702199,759208,817249,293313,191364,249358,944424,383660,0743,121,769Total1,807,6501,978,612100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100.0%100%Tenure * Annual full household income () (Binned) CrosstabulationAnnual full household income () (Binned)Tenure12345678910Totalowner occupied152,55795,738143,402139,398184,447241,230309,592311,624393,930616,0632,587,98166%48%62%59%65%70%80%81%86%93%76%private rented28,28521,67229,07731,58745,71944,78649,20544,40542,37544,414381,52512%11%13%13%16%13%13%12%9%7%11%local authority24,97438,38224,62328,35523,12122,8528,71311,3266,3841,502190,23211%19%11%12%8%7%2%3%1%0%6%RSL26,28042,15434,28735,67830,49835,13821,72715,92514,0832,789258,55911%21%15%15%11%10%6%4%3%0%8%Total232,096197,946231,389235,018283,785344,006389,237383,280456,772664,7683,418,297100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%Heating deciles cross tabsOpportunities by heating fuel and income decile for the South East from the 2005 EHCSLoft opportunity by heating fuel and income decileLoft insulation thicknessAnnual full income () (Binned)Main fuel typenoneless than 100mm100 up to 150mm150mm or moreTotal1gas fired system6,74651,11767,09422,025146,9825%35%46%15%100%oil fired system0.01,9411,8242,3786,1430%32%30%39%100%solid fuel fired system0.00.00.01,3161,3160%0%0%100%100%electrical system0.08,86212,9123,83225,6060%35%50%15%100%2gas fired system10,10534,20559,61829,150133,0788%26%45%22%100%oil fired system0.00.00.01,0741,0740%0%0%100%100%solid fuel fired system0.07862,2320.03,0180%26%74%0%100%electrical system1,3573,3176,2839,12420,0817%17%31%45%100%3gas fired system2,62566,17370,64732,945172,3902%38%41%19%100%oil fired system1,3700.02,0060.03,37641%0%59%0%100%solid fuel fired system0.01,8472,5910.04,4380%42%58%0%100%electrical system3,6426,9942,6681,22814,53225%48%18%8%100%4gas fired system5,26852,20281,73245,387184,5893%28%44%25%100%oil fired system0.00.06550.06550%0%100%0%100%solid fuel fired system0.04,4644341,3586,2560%71%7%22%100%electrical system1,6431,4408,4563,92915,46811%9%55%25%100%5gas fired system5,92162,32587,25957,500213,0053%29%41%27%100%oil fired system7872,9401,9005,05310,6807%28%18%47%100%solid fuel fired system0.08772,0530.02,9300%30%70%0%100%electrical system3,9626,04210,0962,57822,67817%27%45%11%100%6gas fired system7,89291,195106,98253,319259,3883%35%41%21%100%oil fired system0.01,8815,4552,1649,5000%20%57%23%100%solid fuel fired system8940.02,5601,3614,81519%0%53%28%100%electrical system1,9164,04122,2049,94338,1045%11%58%26%100%7gas fired system8,043102,142171,40459,537341,1262%30%50%17%100%oil fired system0.05,8331,4051,3538,5910%68%16%16%100%solid fuel fired system0.00.00.00.00.00%0%0%0%0%electrical system2,3523,6606,4182,10214,53216%25%44%14%100%8gas fired system8,533104,064144,00666,816323,4193%32%45%21%100%oil fired system0.03,9236,6942,98413,6010%29%49%22%100%solid fuel fired system0.00.00.03163160%0%0%100%100%electrical system1,0717,7965,6485,45119,9665%39%28%27%100%9gas fired system12,510128,194156,64876,480373,8323%34%42%20%100%oil fired system3,39512,5415,3276,89528,15812%45%19%24%100%solid fuel fired system0.01,4410.04911,9320%75%0%25%100%electrical system1,3646,2377,8834,34019,8247%31%40%22%100%10gas fired system15,780165,945259,839152,822594,3863%28%44%26%100%oil fired system2,11618,27519,00615,28554,6824%33%35%28%100%solid fuel fired system0.02,5770.01,2973,8740%5%0%2%7%electrical system0.01,7853,5281,8197,1320%25%49%26%100%Cavity opportunity by heating fuel and income decileType of wall and insulationAnnual full income () (Binned)Main fuel typecavity with insulationcavity uninsulatedotherTotal1gas fired system46,53272,76252,697171,99127%42%31%100%oil fired system2,3783,7659357,07834%53%13%100%solid fuel fired system0.00.01,3161,3160%0%100%100%electrical system12,30919,91012,75044,96927%44%28%100%2gas fired system49,96349,963100%0%0%100%oil fired system0.00.01,0741,0740%0%100%100%solid fuel fired system0.02,5931,3713,9640%65%35%100%electrical system14,56712,8405,00832,41545%40%15%100%3gas fired system62,53999,13033,403195,07232%51%17%100%oil fired system0.00.03,3763,3760%0%100%100%solid fuel fired system0.01,8472,5914,4380%42%58%100%electrical system5,59611,1035,27521,97425%51%24%100%4gas fired system66,57488,21041,503196,28734%45%21%100%oil fired system0.00.06556550%0%100%100%solid fuel fired system4345,1786446,2567%83%10%100%electrical system16,4467,0982,62226,16663%27%10%100%5gas fired system82,52697,86454,597234,98735%42%23%100%oil fired system2,7033,4814,49610,68025%33%42%100%solid fuel fired system0.08772,0532,9300%30%70%100%electrical system12,41610,28012,49235,18835%29%36%100%6gas fired system88,067146,81948,592283,47831%52%17%100%oil fired system0.05,2824,2189,5000%56%44%100%solid fuel fired system1,2690.03,5464,81526%0%74%100%electrical system18,53917,5708,72044,82941%39%19%100%7gas fired system111,935174,16865,217351,32032%50%19%100%oil fired system2,7581,7594,0748,59132%20%47%100%solid fuel fired system0.00.00.00.00%0%0%0%electrical system7,54812,5468,46028,55426%44%30%100%8gas fired system103,621176,87057,810338,30131%52%17%100%oil fired system2,4896,7064,40613,60118%49%32%100%solid fuel fired system3160.00.0316100%0%0%100%electrical system10,61511,9855,53128,13138%43%20%100%9gas fired system112,859196,09482,332391,28529%50%21%100%oil fired system7,6278,11212,41928,15827%29%44%100%solid fuel fired system4911,4410.01,93225%75%0%100%electrical system8,60315,6868,73933,02826%47%26%100%10gas fired system188,764289,959119,350598,07332%48%20%100%oil fired system6,96622,70125,01554,68213%42%46%100%solid fuel fired system0.00.03,8743,8740%0%100%100%electrical system2,7384,0711,3308,13934%50%16%100%Raw data heatingTable 1Loft insulation thicknessnoneless than 100mm100 up to 150mm150mm or moreCountCountCountCountAnnual full household income () (Binned)1Main fuel typegas fired system6746511176709422025oil fired system0194118242378solid fuel fired system0001316electrical system088621291238322Main fuel typegas fired system10105342055961829150oil fired system0001074solid fuel fired system078622320electrical system13573317628391243Main fuel typegas fired system2625661737064732945oil fired system1370020060solid fuel fired system0184725910electrical system36426994266812284Main fuel typegas fired system5268522028173245387oil fired system006550solid fuel fired system044644341358electrical system16431440845639295Main fuel typegas fired system5921623258725957500oil fired system787294019005053solid fuel fired system087720530electrical system396260421009625786Main fuel typegas fired system78929119510698253319oil fired system0188154552164solid fuel fired system894025601361electrical system191640412220499437Main fuel typegas fired system804310214217140459537oil fired system0583314051353solid fuel fired system0000electrical system23523660641821028Main fuel typegas fired system853310406414400666816oil fired system0392366942984solid fuel fired system000316electrical system10717796564854519Main fuel typegas fired system1251012819415664876480oil fired system33951254153276895solid fuel fired system014410491electrical system136462377883434010Main fuel typegas fired system15780165945259839152822oil fired system2116182751900615285solid fuel fired system0257701297electrical system0178535281819Custom TablesType of wall and insulationcavity with insulationcavity uninsulatedotherCountCountCountAnnual full household income () (Binned)1Main fuel typegas fired system465327276252697oil fired system23783765935solid fuel fired system001316electrical system1230919910127502Main fuel typegas fired system499636851832319oil fired system001074solid fuel fired system025931371electrical system145671284050083Main fuel typegas fired system625399913033403oil fired system003376solid fuel fired system018472591electrical system55961110352754Main fuel typegas fired system665748821041503oil fired system00655solid fuel fired system4345178644electrical system16446709826225Main fuel typegas fired system825269786454597oil fired system270334814496solid fuel fired system08772053electrical system1241610280124926Main fuel typegas fired system8806714681948592oil fired system052824218solid fuel fired system126903546electrical system185391757087207Main fuel typegas fired system11193517416865217oil fired system275817594074solid fuel fired system000electrical system75481254684608Main fuel typegas fired system10362117687057810oil fired system248967064406solid fuel fired system31600electrical system106151198555319Main fuel typegas fired system11285919609482332oil fired system7627811212419solid fuel fired system49114410electrical system860315686873910Main fuel typegas fired system188764289959119350oil fired system69662270125015solid fuel fired system003874electrical system273840711330Summary Deciles 7 to 10Opportunities by heating fuel and income decile for the South East from the 2005 EHCSLoft opportunity by heating fuel and income decileLoft insulation thicknessAnnual full income () (Binned)Main fuel typenoneless than 100mm100 up to 150mm150mm or moreTotalDeciles 7 to 10gas fired system44,866500,345731,897355,6551,632,7633%31%45%22%100%oil fired system5,51140,57232,43226,517105,0325%39%31%25%100%solid fuel fired system0.04,0180.02,1046,1220%66%0%34%100%electrical system4,78719,47823,47713,71261,4548%32%38%22%100%Total55,164564,413787,806397,9881,805,3713%31%44%22%100%619,577Cavity opportunity by heating fuel and income decileType of wall and insulationAnnual full income () (Binned)Main fuel typecavity with insulationcavity uninsulatedotherTotalDeciles 7 to 10gas fired system517,179837,091324,7091,678,97931%50%19%100%oil fired system19,84039,27845,914105,03219%37%44%100%solid fuel fired system8071,4413,8746,12213%24%63%100%electrical system29,50444,28824,06097,85230%45%25%100%Total567,330922,098398,5571,887,98530%49%21%100%EPC cross tabsOpportunities by EPC bands for the South East from the 2005 EHCSType of wall and insulation * epc05 CrosstabulationEPC BandsType of wall and insulationTotalcavity with insulation145,937534,271341,56638,1382,3011,062,21355%52%26%6%2%31%cavity uninsulated108,049406,901699,453351,19447,5371,613,13441%39%52%55%34%47%other11,70189,043297,579252,75391,874742,9504%9%22%39%65%22%Total265,6871,030,2151,338,598642,085141,7123,418,297100%100%100%100%100%100%Loft insulation thickness * epc05 CrosstabulationEPC BandsLoft insulation thicknessTotalnone0.03,06839,20845,87521,141109,2920%0%3%7%16%4%less than 100mm6,837200,605476,347240,94643,448968,1834%22%37%39%33%31%100 up to 150mm88,781438,505556,130228,29846,8381,358,55250%48%44%37%35%44%150mm or more83,220277,715200,773102,55121,483685,74247%30%16%17%16%22%Total178,838919,8931,272,458617,670132,9103,121,769100%100%100%100%100%100%Tenure * epc05 CrosstabulationEPC BandsTenureTotalowner occupied103,589720,6401,112,327538,730112,6952,587,98139%70%83%84%80%76%private rented48,456105,111124,45178,04725,460381,52518%10%9%12%18%11%local authority30,48593,46054,3939,8412,053190,23211%9%4%2%1%6%RSL83,157111,00447,42715,4671,504258,55931%11%4%2%1%8%Total265,6871,030,2151,338,598642,085141,7123,418,297100%100%100%100%100%100%Tenure cross tabsOpportunities by Tenure for the South East from the 2005 EHCSType of wall and insulation * Tenure CrosstabulationType of wall and insulationowner occupiedprivate rentedlocal authorityRSLTotalcavity with insulationcavity uninsulatedSolidTotalLoft insulation thickness * Tenure CrosstabulationLoft insulation thicknessowner occupiedprivate rentedlocal authorityRSLTotalnoneless than 100mm100 up to 150mm150mm or moreTotalHeating fuel cross tabsOpportunities by heating fuel for the South East from the 2005 EHCSType of wall and insulation * Tenure CrosstabulationType of wall and insulationgas fired systemoil fired systemsolid fuel fired systemelectrical systemTotalcavity with insulationcavity uninsulatedotherTotalLoft insulation thickness * Tenure CrosstabulationLoft insulation thicknessgas fired systemoil fired systemsolid fuel fired systemelectrical systemTotalnoneless than 100mm100 up to 150mm150mm or moreTotalDo we knowwhich interventions make most difference to the ability of households to curb their carbon emissions?how to create low carbon sustainable living within existing communities in the existing built infrastructure?how best to develop within communities a sense of responsibility for achieving its own contribution to a lower carbon future?Key challenges for ISHETo be a beacon of sustainability in your own rightTo develop genuine cross-discipline research and thinkingTo engage with real practitioners to help create a robust evidence base of what actually worksTo make your research policy relevant and engaging for policy-makersTo stimulate real change in thinking in the next 5 yearsHow wonderful it is that nobody need wait a single moment before beginning to improve the world Anne Frank, Aged 15Rachael Nee. Carbon Based Forms. Flight. Smoke, graphite, pastel on board. Bristol 2006****Case not accepted so not driving spending priorities or programmes*Case not accepted so not driving spending priorities or programmes*Case not accepted so not driving spending priorities or programmes*

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