Expressing Future TimeMgr. Ema Jaroov
For Expressing the future we can use:Future simpleGoing toPresent continuousFuture perfectFuture continuous
Future simpleWe use will + infinitive for things we decide to do as we are speaking.
Bye John! I`ll call you later.
Will you help me with my homework?
We use going to + infinitive for things we have already decided to do before speaking.
I am going to make John's birthday cake.
Who are you going to invite to the party?
Present continuousWe use present continuous for things we have already agreed to do, usually with somebody else (arrangements).
I am meeting some friends after school.3.00 PM meeting friends
We`ve booked the flight. We are flying to Florida in July.
I don`t know how to use this camera.It`s easy. I.......you. (show)
Why are you filling that bucket with water?I ................................... the car. (wash)
Oh, I`ve just realized. I haven`t got any money.Haven`t you? Well, don`t worry. I you some. (lend)
`ll showAm going to wash `ll lend
Future continuousFuture continuous is used to describe a situation in the future at a particular time.
Tonight at 6.00 PM, I will be eating dinner.
I am going to start earlier (5.50 PM) and I will be in the process of eating dinner at 6.00 PM.
This time tomorrow I will be flying to Hawai.
The plane will took off at 8.00 AM and I will be in the process of flying at _____ AM
Future perfectWe use future perfect to talk about action that will be completed in the future.
I will have graduated from university by 2021.
2018? 2019? 2020?
The builder says he will have finished the roof by Saturday. Saturday:
I have already finished!
Vicky goes to school every day. She leaves home at 7.15 AM.
At 7.00 AM
She`ll be leaving the houseShe`ll be at homeShe`ll have left the houseHe`ll be having breakfast.
Vicky leaves home at 7.15 AM and arrives at school at 7.35 AM.
At 7.20 AM
She`ll be leaving the houseShe`ll have left the houseShe`ll have arrived at schoolShe`ll be arriving at school
Vicky arrives at school at 7.35 AM. Her English lesson starts at 7.45 AM.
At 8.00 AM
She`ll be speaking EnglishShe`ll start speaking EnglishShe`ll have started speaking EnglishShe`ll be arriving at school
Bibliographyhttp://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbtenseintro.html (23.5.2012)Solutions Intermediate Students bookRaymond Murphy: English Grammar in Use
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