- 1. SUBJECT CHOICE And gender
2. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education19811221 3. National Curriculum Introduction of National Curriculum 1988 Reduced freedom to choose or drop subjects with mostbeing compulsory until 16 Where choice is possible, such as GCSE options thereare clear gendered differences. 4. Stables and Wikeley 1996 o Where there is choice in the National curriculum girls andboys make different choices o Technology is compulsory but: o Girls more likely to choose Food Technology o Boys more like to choose Graphics and Resistant materials 5. A levels Gendered choices become more obvious in post-compulsory education. Boys are more likely to opt for maths and physics Girls are more likely to opt for Sociology and English This continues into subject choices at university 6. Vocational Courses A vocational course is one that is directed at a particularoccupation and its skills Gendered differences are even more pronounced invocational education Only 1 in 100 construction apprentices is a girl 7. Primary Socialisation Gender role socialisation Ann Oakley (1973)- gender is the learned culturaldifferences between males and females. Primary socialisation shapes gender identity 8. Primary Socialisation Fiona Norman (1988) Girls and boys are dresseddifferently, given different toys, encouraged to take part in different activities. Boys are rewarded for being active Girls are rewarded for being passive 9. Schools Schools are also important in gender socialisation Eileen Byrne (1979) teachers encourage boys to be tough and to show initiative. Girls are expected to be quiet and helpful and not rough or noisy 10. Schools Boys and girls develop different tastes in reading Murphy and Elwood (1998)- these tastes inform subjectchoices Boys prefer hobby books and information texts = Science Girls prefer books about people = English based subjects 11. Gender Domains Childrens beliefs about gender domains are shaped bytheir early experiences and expectations of adults(Browne and Ross, 1991) They see some tasks as part of male or femaleterritory and so are relevant to themselves or not 12. Gender Domains Mr Smith and his son are driving in a car, they get into a terrible accident. Mr Smith dies and his son is rushed to the hospital. The surgeon arrives and says "I can't operate on him because he is my SON!" How is this possible? 13. On your whiteboard Draw A mechanic A nurse Or a scientist 14. Gender Domains Children are more confident in tasks they see aspart of their own domain When set a mathematical task Girls are more confident if it is presented as a problem about food and nutrition Boys are more confident if it presented as a problemabout cars 15. Mathematical problems Girls problem Boys problem A cake is 400 calories A new car costswhat percentage of your daily allowance is this ? (Daily allowance 2,000 calories)2,000, what percentage of the cost is the metallic paint (metallic paint costs 400) 16. Gender Domains Patricia Murphy (1991) Boys and girls interpret tasks differently 17. Design a Boat 18. Patricia Murphy (1991) Girls and boys pay attention to different details Even when tackling the same task Boys focus more on how things work Girls focus more on people 19. Women know your limits!