Global Review Unit 1: Ancient World Civilizations
Pre TestPlease take 6-7 minutes to complete the Pre-test. We will correct them and discuss any questions you have.Answers:11443213434442
Wheel ChartsTake 10 minutes to fill in information about the Paleolithic Era and Neolithic Revolution on your Wheel Charts. Put one piece of information in each box, and a picture in the middle boxPaleolithic Age
River ValleysDuring the Neolithic Revolution, people settled in River Valleys because they provided Fertile Soil for growing crops and fresh drinking water.
Nile RiverAncient Egypt: Geographic Location: PolytheisticGod- pharaohHieroglyphicsAdvanced science, math and architecture
North East AfricaBetween Red Sea and Mediterranean SeaTigris and Euphrates Fertile Crescent- Mesopotamia Lack of natural barriers= invasionZiggurats to worship gods Sumerians Cuneiform writingBabylonians Hammurabis Code
** Present Day Middle East**IndusShort lived and quick changing empires. Not much is known.
One city: Harappa was well planned, with grain silos, house with plumbing and centered around a temple
In 1750 Aryans invaded and conquered the area
Huang He- Yellow RiverRiver Valley surrounded by Mountains- isolated early China
First controlled by the Shang Dynasty rose to power to control the Yellow Rivers flooding
Shang gave Chinese written language
Classical CivilizationsDeveloped the 8 characteristics of Civilizations and contributed to Art, Science, Architecture and law
ChinaMandate of Heaven: God decides who will rule
Created Dynastic Cycle: Ruling Families.
Zhou- Feudalism and created Silk
Qin- Centralized Government and built the Great WallHan- Golden Age of Chinese led to advancements (wheelbarrow, fishing reel, paper, acupuncture)
GreeceMountains created barriers leading to isolated city states or Polis
Sparta: military based society, even women train. No trade allowed
Athens: Direct Democracy by the men only
Famous GreeksSocrates- questions
Plato- Strong Government controls peoples lives
Aristotle- one strong good and good ruler
IndiaMaurya Dynasty- united India under Bureaucracy (govt split into departments)
Asoka united India under Buddhism but it faded with his death
Gupta Empire- Peace and stability led to achievements in math and science
Republic- Senate elected by upper classPlebeians= farmers
Pax Romana- lasted 200 years after Caesar's death- led to accomplishments:
Twelve Tables LawAqueductsRoad system
According to the document, how did rulers lose power?
According to the document how did rulers show they had gained power?All citizens in ancient athens had the right to attend the assembly, where they could meet in the open to discuss and cast votes. This situation is an example of a
1) direct democracy2) Totalitarianism3) parliamentary democracy4) absolutism A major contribution of the Roman Empire to western society was the development of
1) gunpowder2) the principles of feudalism3) monotheism4) an effective legal system