Helmintos - Laboratorio Microbiología Blog ?· Loa loa 13.00 West and ... oLoa loa (African eye worm)…

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Parasitic Disease Number of Infections (millions) Morbidity (%) Mortality (number) (%) Ascariasis 1,472 23 60,000 0.004 Hookworm infections 1,298 12 65,000 0.005 Lymphatic filariasis 120 37 Onchocerciasis 18 4.2 45,000 0.25 Schistosomiasis 200 10 20,000 0.01 Trichuriasis 1,049 21 10,000 0.001 Helminthspecies Numbers(millions) DistributionAncylostomaduodenaleandNecatoramericanus 1,298.00 Worldwide;developingcountriesAscarislumbricoides 1,472.00 Worldwide;developingcountriesBrugiamalayiandBrugiatimori 13.00 E.Indonesiaislands;Philippines;S.E.Asia;SouthernChina;India.Clonorchissinensis 7.01 China;Korea;Taiwan;VietnamDiphyllobothriumlatum 9.00 Worldwidewherecertainrawfishiseaten.Dracnunculusmedinensis 0.08 Sub-SaharaAfrica;YemenEchinococcusgranulosusandEchinococcusmultilocularis 2.70 WorldwideEchinostomaspp. 0.15 Philippines;ThailandFasciolahepaticaandFasciolagigantica 2.40 China;Egypt;Europe;Iran;SouthAmericaFasciolopsisbuski 0.21 Bangladesh;Cambodia;China;India;Indonesia;Laos;Thailand;Vietnam.Heterophyesheterophyes(andrelatedspecies) 0.24 Egypt;Iran;KoreaHymenolepisnana 75.00 Americas;Australia;developingcountriesLoaloa 13.00 WestandcentralSub-SaharanAfricaMetagonimusyokogawai(andrelatedspecies) 0.66 Korea;S.E.Asia.Onchocercavolvulus 17.66 CentralandSouthAmerica;Sub-SaharanAfrica;YemenOpisthorchisviverriniandOpisthorchisfelineus 10.33 Kazakhastan;Laos;Thailand;UkraineParagonimuswestermani(andrelatedspecies) 20.68 China;Laos;Korea;Ecuador;PeruSchistosomahaematobium 113.88 Africa;E.MediterraneanregionSchistosomaintercalatum 1.73 Sub-SaharanAfricaSchistosomajaponicum 1.55 China;WesternPacificregionSchistosomamansoni 83.31 Africa;Caribbean;E.MediterraneanregionSchistosomamekongi 0.91 Cambodia;LaosStrongyloidesstercoralis 70.00 Worldwide(warmercountries)Taeniasaginata 77.00 Worldwide(relatedtobeefconsumption)Taeniasolium 10.00 Worldwide(relatedtoraisingpigsforpork)Trichuristrichiura 1,049.00 Worldwide;developingcountriesWuchereriabancrofti 107.00 Asia;CentralandSouthAmerica;Sub-SaharanAfrica;WestPacificcountriesPhylum Nematoda (the roundworms) Class Aphasmida (=Enoplea) oOrder Dioctophymatida oFamily Dioctophymatidae oDioctophyme renale oFamily Eustrongylidae oEustrongylides tubifex oOrder Trichurida oFamily Capillaridae oCapillaria hepatica oCapillaria philippinensis oFamily Trichinellidae oTrichinella spiralis (trichinosis, trichinellosis) oFamily Trichuridae Trichuris spp. (whipworms) Class Rhabditae oOrder Rhabditidae oStrongyloides stercoralis oOrder Strongylida oFamily Ancylostomidae oAncylostoma spp. (hookworms) oNecator americanus (hookworms) o(see, also, cutaneuous larval migrans, CLM) oPlacoconus (= Arthrocephalus) sp. oFamily Angiostrongylidae oAngiostrongylus cantonensis FamilyTrichostongyloidaeCooperiaspp.oHaemonchus spp. oNematodirus spp. oObeliscoides cuniculi oOstertagia spp. oTrichostongylus spp. oOrder Ascaridida oAscaris spp. (human and pig roundworms) oToxocara canis (canine roundworms) o(see, also, visceral larval migrans, VLM) oBaylisascaris procyonis oAnisakis spp. oOrder Oxyurida oEnterobius vermicularis (pinworms) oCosmocerella sp. oOrder Spirurida oSuborder Spirurina oFamily Onchocercidae oBrugia malayi (brugian filariasis, elephantiasis) oDirofilaria immitis (canine heartworm) oLoa loa (African eye worm) oOnchocerca volvulus (onchocerciasis, riverblindness) oWuchereria bancrofti (bancroftian filariasis, elephantiasis) oFamily Rhabdochonidae oSpinitectus sp. oSuborder Camallanina oFamily Camallanidae oCamallanus oxycephalus oFamily Dracunculidae oDracunculus medinensis (guinea worm, fiery serpent) oPhilometra cylindracea PhylumPlathyhelminthes(theflatworms)Class Turbellaria oOrder Neorhabdocoela oTemnocephala sp. Class Monogenea (the monogenetic trematodes) oSubclass Monopisthocotylea oGyrodactylus sp. oTetraonchus sp. oSubclass Polyopisthocotylea oMicrocotyle sp. oOctomacrum sp. oPolystoma sp. oPolystomoides sp. oRajonchocotyle sp. Class Trematoda oSubclass Aspidogastrea oAspidogaster sp. oCotylaspis sp. oSubclass Digenea (the digenetic trematodes) oOrder Paramphistomiformes oFamily Microscaphidiidae oDictyangium sp. oFamily Notocotylidae oNotocotylus notocotylus oFamily Paramphistomidae oMegalodiscus temperatus oWatsonius sp. oZygocotyle lunata oOrder Hemiuriformes oFamily Azygiidae oProterometra sp. oOrder Echinostomatiformes oFamily Echinostomatidae oEchinostoma spp. oFamily Fasciolidea oFasciola hepatica (the sheep liver fluke) oFascioloides magna oFasciolopsis buski oFamily Rhopaliasidae oRhopalias sp. oOrder Strigeiformes oFamily Brachylaemidae oLeucochloridium sp. o(see Urogonimus sp., also) oPostharmostomum helicis Urogonimus (= Leucochoridium ?) dryobatae oFamily Bucephalidae oRhipidocotyle sp. oFamily Diplostomatidae oDiplostomulum sp. oUvulifer ambloplitis ("black spot" in fish) oFamily Strigeidae oCotylurus sp. oFamily Schistosomatidae oSchistosoma spp. (the schistosomes or blood flukes) oOrder Opisthorchiformes oFamily Cryptogonimidae oAcetodextra sp. oAllochanthochasmus sp. oFamily Opisthorchiidae oClonorchis sinensis (the oriental or Chinese liver fluke) oMetorchis conjunctus oFamily Heterophyidae oApophallus sp. oHeterophyes heterophyes oMetagonimus yokogawai oOrder Lepocreadiiformes oFamily Lepocreadiidae oApocreadium sp. oOrder Plagiorchiformes oSuborder Plagiorchiata oFamily Allocreadiidae oAllocreadium sp. oCrepidostomum sp. oFamily Auridistomidae oAuridistomum sp. oFamily Cephalogonimidae oCephalogonimus sp. oFamily Dicrocoeliidae oConspicuum sp. oDicrocoelium dendriticum (the lancet fluke) oEurytrema pancreaticum oLutztrema sp. oPlatynostomum sp. oZonorchis sp. oFamily Haematoloechidae oHaematoloechus medioplexus (frog lung fluke) oFamily Lecithodendriidae oLoxogenes sp. oParabascus sp. oFamily Lissorchiidae oLissorchis fairporti oTriganodistomum sp. oFamily Macroderoididae oAlloglossidium corti oFamily Microphallidae oMicrophallus sp. oFamily Plagiorchiidae oStyphlodora sp. oFamily Pleorchiidae oPleorchis sp. oFamily Prosthogonimidae oProsthogonimus macrorchis oFamily Telorchiidae oTelorchis sp. oSuborder Troglotremata oFamily Troglotrematidae oParagonimus westermani (human lung fluke) Class Cestoidea oSubclass Cestodaria oGyrocotyle sp. oSubclass Eucestoda (the tapeworms) oOrder Caryophyllidea oGlaridacris catastomus oOrder Cyclophyllidea oChoanotaenia sp. oDipylidium caninum (cucumber tapeworm) oEchinococcus granulosus oEchinococcus multilocularis o(see, also, hydatid disease) oHymenolepis spp. oHymenolepis diminuta oHymenolepis (Vampirolepis) nana (dwarf tapeworm) oMesocestoides sp. oMoniezia expansa oMulticeps serialis (see T. serialis) oTaenia spp. (pork and beef tapeworms of humans) o(see, also, cysticercosis) oTaenia pisiformis (canine tapeworm) oTaenia serialis oOrder Proteocephalata oCorallobothrium sp. oOphiotaenia sp. oProteocephalus sp. oOrder Pseudophyllidea oBothriocephalus sp. oDiplogonoporus grandis oDiphyllobothrium latum (broad fish tapeworm) o(see, also, sparganosis) oHaplobothrium sp. oLigula intestinalis oTriaenophorus crassus oOrder Tetraphyllidea Order Trypanorhyncha