Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia. Cultural Diffusion from China. Japan, An Island Nation. Is an Archipelago: A chain of Thousands of islands; off the coast of Asia 4 large islands: Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku The Ring of Fire: makes it Mountainous - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
JAPAN, KOREA, AND SOUTHEAST ASIACultural Diffusion from ChinaJapan, An Island NationIs an Archipelago: A chain of Thousands of islands; off the coast of Asia4 large islands: Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, ShikokuThe Ring of Fire: makes itMountainousAnd prone to Natural Disasters: Earthquakes, typhoons, tidal wavesIsolationThe seas around Japan have kept it from its enemiesJapan could control contactMongols tried to invade Japan 1281 with a fleet carrying 140,000A typhoon wrecked the fleetKamikaze Divine WindEarly JapaneseMigrants from Asia first settled in JapanFormed clan systemThe most powerful are on HonshuShintoGods or nature spirits kamiSpirits lived in natural objectsShinto: Way of the KamiPrayers and rituals to praise the kamiCultural DiffusionFew early Japanese historical recordsChinese writing adopted by the JapaneseBuddhism came in 552 CEArt, science, government, and fashion702 CE code of laws based on the Tang Dynasty LawsBuddhism (Mahayana)Resistance to Buddhism at firstThen accepted Buddhist temples builtMany from the Imperial court became BuddhistBuddhism spread amongst the peopleShinto and Buddhism both became an important part of Japanese LifeFeudal Japan800 CE; the political system of Japan changed2 factors: Central government- The emperor and important families; Local landowners with their own warriorsI am Your father?!Feudal GovernmentFujiwara: first clan in control of the governmentMinamoto: created the office of ShogunEmperor kept the throne but the shogun was in control of the military, finances, and lawLocal level: wealthy landowners held powerSamurai: warriors hired by the landlordsThe SamuraiProtected the landlordsMuch like medieval knights or cowboysA samurai was fiercely loyal to the landowners and clanPower: Sword SkillsFollowed Bushido The Way of the WarriorBushidoStressed bravery, loyalty, and honorAccept physical hardship without complaintDid not fear deathSeppuku ceremonial suicide if they did not please their masters or if they were defeated in battle avoid dishonorDaimyoLocal leaders became known as Daimyo great nameThe most powerful people during the Ashikaga ShogunateNo central government for 100 yearsConstant battleThe poor could gain status in warZen BuddhismReligious awakenings; new sectsFrom China in the 1100s CEAppealed to ordinary peopleSalvation through enlightenmentLife of the Body was not importantLong hours of meditationHelped warriors in battleZen ArtMonks worked in landscape artRepresent the beauty of natureTea ceremony produce spiritual calmSimple room by the garden, quietly drink Tea and admire the beauty of natureNoh playsChinese contributions to KoreaRice farming came from ChinaMetalworking 300 BCE migrants came to Korea from China108 BCE Han Dynasty made Korea a colony for 400 yearsFall of the Han; Koguryo independenceKoreaTaken by ChinaStruggle for independenceYi Dynasty from 1300s to 1910Chinese contributionsChinese charactersChinese government; kingsConfucian civil service systemBuilt the capital Kaesong much like XianChinese Buddhism; built temples700s; Zen Buddhism became dominantMoveable wood type; bettered it metal type sharper imagesChinese contributions to Southeast AsiaThese areas were controlled by China throughout historyAdopted Mahayana Buddhism guiding philosophy for VietnamDaoism and Confucianism also influenced VietnamWriting systemPolitical Organization Theravada Buddhism in Cambodia or the Khmer KingdomJournal What were some of the major contributions of China to Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia? How has China influenced their neighbors with these things? What are some things that you think we have taken from China?