Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia

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    02-Jan-2016

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JAPAN, KOREA, AND SOUTHEAST ASIA Cultural Diffusion from China Japan, An Island Nation Is an Archipelago: A chain of Thousands of islands; off the coast of Asia 4 large islands:…

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JAPAN, KOREA, AND SOUTHEAST ASIA Cultural Diffusion from China Japan, An Island Nation Is an Archipelago: A chain of Thousands of islands; off the coast of Asia 4 large islands: Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku The Ring of Fire: makes it Mountainous And prone to Natural Disasters: Earthquakes, typhoons, tidal waves Isolation The seas around Japan have kept it from its enemies Japan could control contact Mongols tried to invade Japan 1281 with a fleet carrying 140,000 A typhoon wrecked the fleet Kamikaze âDivine Windâ Early Japanese Migrants from Asia first settled in Japan Formed clan system The most powerful are on Honshu Shinto Gods or nature spirits âkamiâ Spirits lived in natural objects Shinto: Way of the Kami Prayers and rituals to praise the kami Cultural Diffusion Few early Japanese historical records Chinese writing adopted by the Japanese Buddhism came in 552 CE Art, science, government, and fashion 702 CE code of laws based on the Tang Dynasty Laws Buddhism (Mahayana) Resistance to Buddhism at first Then accepted Buddhist temples built Many from the Imperial court became Buddhist Buddhism spread amongst the people Shinto and Buddhism both became an important part of Japanese Life Feudal Japan 800 CE; the political system of Japan changed 2 factors: Central government- The emperor and important families; Local landowners with their own warriors I am Your father?! Feudal Government Fujiwara: first clan in control of the government Minamoto: created the office of Shogun Emperor kept the throne but the shogun was in control of the military, finances, and law Local level: wealthy landowners held power Samurai: warriors hired by the landlords The Samurai Protected the landlords Much like medieval knights or cowboys A samurai was fiercely loyal to the landowners and clan Power: Sword Skills Followed Bushido â The Way of the Warrior Bushido Stressed bravery, loyalty, and honor Accept physical hardship without complaint Did not fear death Seppuku â ceremonial suicide if they did not please their masters or if they were defeated in battle â avoid dishonor Daimyo Local leaders became known as Daimyo âgreat nameâ The most powerful people during the Ashikaga Shogunate No central government for 100 years Constant battle The poor could gain status in war Zen Buddhism Religious awakenings; new sects From China in the 1100s CE Appealed to ordinary people Salvation through enlightenment Life of the Body was not important Long hours of meditation Helped warriors in battle Zen Art Monks worked in landscape art Represent the beauty of nature Tea ceremony â produce spiritual calm Simple room by the garden, quietly drink Tea and admire the beauty of nature Noh plays Chinese contributions to Korea Rice farming came from China Metalworking 300 BCE migrants came to Korea from China 108 BCE Han Dynasty made Korea a colony for 400 years Fall of the Han; Koguryo independence Korea Taken by China Struggle for independence Yi Dynasty from 1300s to 1910 Chinese contributions Chinese characters Chinese government; kings Confucian civil service system Built the capital Kaesong much like Xiâan Chinese Buddhism; built temples 700s; Zen Buddhism became dominant Moveable wood type; bettered it â metal type sharper images Chinese contributions to Southeast Asia These areas were controlled by China throughout history Adopted Mahayana Buddhism â guiding philosophy for Vietnam Daoism and Confucianism also influenced Vietnam Writing system Political Organization Theravada Buddhism in Cambodia or the Khmer Kingdom Journal What were some of the major contributions of China to Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia? How has China influenced their neighbors with these things? What are some things that you think we have taken from China?