Language learning on the go by Ccile Tschirhart, Chris OReilly and Claire Bradley
Presented by Chris OReilly
RLO-CETL, London Metropolitan University
Why m-learning in HE?Popularity with digital nativesOne and a half billion mobile phones (more than 3 times the number of PCs)Mobile phone penetration among young people 75% -100%Learning tool in AsiaConsensus among e-learning theorists and practitioners: The future is wireless. http://www.youtube.com/
M-learning applicationsMobile phone quizzes (e.g. spelling and maths tests)Collaborative learning activities involving camera phones and multi-media messaging, using mediaBoardUse of iPods to access audiobooks and lecturesPersonalised guided tours using hand-held Augmented Reality guidesMILOS (mobile Interactive Learning Objects) using graphics, animation, text, video clips, and audio
Practical BenefitsAnywhere/anytime/personalised learning
Portability and space saving
Connectivity (instant access)
Context-sensitivity (e.g. museums)
Cost (less than PC)
Pedagogical advantagesConsistent with socio-constructivist pedagogyProblem solving and exploratory learning; Contextualised learning; Independent and collaborative learning; Scaffolding
Enhanced learner motivation
What phones? What software?Other aspects to consider: Introduction / Splash screen Instructions / Information Layout / Aesthetics Content / Activity / Pedagogy Help / Feedback / Results
Functionality / Navigation / UsabilityDesigning for the phone
Our designs for the phoneVideoVocabularyGap-fillWord searchGrammar
Designs and Developments for the future
Designs and Developments for the futureThe Pomegranate Phone - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K05mi7G3jIk
EvaluationAimsThe concept of mobile learning generallyThe mobile e-packs and their value for mobile language learningThe pedagogic approach, the type of activities produced, and design and usabilityWould students use them, and if so, howMethodsEvaluation session with 8 students - each given a Nokia N95 phone with activities pre-installed and headphonesThey worked through the activitiesCompleted a questionnaireTook part in a focus group
The students6 females, 2 malesAged between 18 and 35 (3 over 25)All owned a mobile phoneAll rated their mobile phone experience as experienced (62.5%) or very experienced (37.5%)All except one had used the e-packs
Mobile learning and mobile e-packsStudents gave a very positive response towards mobile learningAll would like the University to provide them with resources like thisAll would be prepared to use their own mobile phone within their University courseHow useful would it be to access learning materials via your mobile?
Extremely important12345Not at all important62.5%37.5%0%0%0%
Mobile learning and mobile e-packsHow would you rate their usefulness in terms of learning a language?
What did you think of the prototype mobile e-packs?It is a very good idea and people/students will be interested. However there are improvements that could be made on the whole. Yet students will be attracted to this idea because it gives us the opportunity to practice on-the-go and not at home by the computer.I found the majority of them really useful. You can listen and at the same time read the examples that are being made.It is very useful. Convenient.
Extremely useful12345Not at all useful25%37.5%25%12.5%0%
Mobile learning and mobile e-packsMore elaboration was given in the focus groupOne said theyre handy, theyre useful and thought they could save you time as you could use them on the bus to practice your French when there is nothing else to doAnother felt it was better to do them on the mobile rather than at home, because you can spend less time studying but still practise the same amount of grammar and vocabularyWhat they liked about the activities were that they were convenient and easier to access almost everybody has got a mobile phone these days
The mobile learning experienceMore convenientCan learn wherever you are - learning on the goMore accessibleMobile is always with you and available, dont need access to PC or InternetSaves time study in dead timeTravelling (particularly on the underground), waiting for peopleFreedom from the computerChilling on the sofa with your phone, lying in bedI would do it more because its right there. Its I mean, I dont know about you guys but I cant live without my phone. Its my phone and its my second heart.
ConclusionsA very encouraging start: Mobile learners do not need convincing unlike online learnersNeed for pedagogical research into language mobile learning identifying advantages and constraintsConstant need to keep up-to-date with technology and its potentialNeed for staff to be aware of students learning environment
ConclusionsZune phone - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nRKIDdIaFyE
ConclusionsMicrosoft Ophone - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WazA77xcf0A
*********Going to present some of the data here, relating to mobile learning generally and mobile language learning**In questionnaire, students gave a very positive response towards mobile learning*How would you rate their usefulness in terms of learning a language?received a more mixed responseBut majority had a positive view 62.5%
The responses to the question what did you think of the prototype mobile e-packs help to explain these ratingsStudents found the activities either good, useful or interesting.
Several thought there was room for improvement which could account for some of the negative ratings given in the questionnaire.**Students offered a range of ways in which they thought that the learning experience of learning a language using mobile e-packs would be different, all of which were positive***