Literacy Advocacy Strategy Project Paper, HCS 330, HCS Literacy and Advocacy

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  1. 1. Teen Pregnancies in Italy 2015 1 Teen Pregnancies in Italy HCS 330 HCS Literacy and Advocacy Paige Catizone
  2. 2. Teen Pregnancies in Italy 2015 2 Italy is not a country we hear as much as the United States. Italy is officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Italy covers an area of 301,338 km and has a largely temperate climate; due to its shape, it is often referred to in Italy as lo Stivale. Italy, slightly larger than Arizona, is a long peninsula shaped like a boot, surrounded on the west by the Tyrrhenian Sea and on the east by the Adriatic. It is bounded by France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia to the north. The Apennine Mountains form the peninsula's backbone; the Alps form its northern boundary. History of Italy is very fascinating and different compared to other countries. The migrations of Indo-European peoples into Italy probably began about 2000 B.C. and continued until 1000 B.C. From about the 9th century B.C. until it was overthrown by the Romans in the 3rd century B.C., the Etruscan civilization was dominant. By 264 B.C., all Italy south of Cisalpine Gaul was under the leadership of Rome. For the next seven centuries, until the barbarian invasions destroyed the Western Roman Empire in the 4th and 5th centuries A.D., the history of Italy is largely the history of Rome. From 800 on, the Holy Roman Emperors, Roman Catholic popes, Normans, and Saracens all vied for control over various segments of the Italian peninsula. Numerous city-states, such as Venice and Genoa, whose political and commercial rivalries were intense, and many small principalities flourished in the late middle Ages. Although Italy remained politically fragmented for centuries, it became the cultural center of the Western world from the 13th to the 16th century.
  3. 3. Teen Pregnancies in Italy 2015 3 Teens pregnancies in Italy are starting to decrease within time, the International Federation of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology surveyed physicians from 11 European countries to ascertain the countries' adolescent pregnancy and abortion rates. Pregnancy rates tended to remain stable or decrease through the 1980s, with some notable exceptions. Germany, Federal Republic exhibited the highest adolescent pregnancy rates; the rate increased from 16% to 21% among 16- to 18-year-olds from 1985 to 1987, and then decreased to 13% by 1989. The United Kingdom had the second highest rate of adolescent pregnancy, although in the 16- to 18- year-old group, the rate decreased from 9.1% in 1985 to 8.6% by 1989. The Netherlands and Denmark had the lowest adolescent pregnancy rates, with a cumulative total of 0.9% in both countries for adolescents under age 18 years in 1985 and 1987; data for 1989 were not available at the time of the survey. Abortion rates among adolescents-- expressed as a percentage of the total number of abortions performed in each country--increased in most countries during the 1980s. By 1989, Hungary and Finland had the highest abortion rates, 11% and 9.5%, respectively. Belgium had the lowest rate; only 1% of abortions performed were in women aged 18 years and younger. Most of the countries included in this survey require parental consent for termination of pregnancy. Although the medical complications of pregnancy and birth in adolescents can be minimized with good management and follow-up, the social and psychological implications continue to take a toll. Sex-education programs are one means of reducing the rate of adolescent pregnancy. For adolescents who do become pregnant, however, psychological and social support must be provided in addition to medical care.
  4. 4. Teen Pregnancies in Italy 2015 4 References: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8574254 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy http://www.infoplease.com/country/italy.html