Looking Into The Funny

  • Published on

  • View

  • Download


Looking Into The Funny. Figurative language uses FIGURES OF SPEECH to emphasize meaning. Similes comparison of unlike things using like or as Metaphors comparison of unlike things without using like or as Personification giving non-human object human qualities and characteristics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Slide 1

Looking Into The Funny1Figurative language uses FIGURES OF SPEECH to emphasize meaningSimilescomparison of unlike things using like or asMetaphorscomparison of unlike things without using like or asPersonificationgiving non-human object human qualities and characteristicsHyperbolean exaggerationOur unit will focus on using cartoons to convey a message. Each day a new concept will be presented using cartoons as a springboard. From the developed platform, the student will engage knowledge learned and write a persuasive paper.


Clever sayings that express general truths

3A person who produces or collects aphorisms is an APHORIST.Mark Twain and Benjamin Franklin were famous American aphorists.


Not all cartoons are funny. Some present the reader with quite serious matters.

According to Daryl Cagle of the Pro Cartoonists Index, readers respond more to obituary cartoons than to anything else than political cartoonists draw.



What is the caption?Not all cartoons are meant to be funny.Is this an iconic depiction?What background knowledge lead you to the caption you suggested?

6Aphorisms use RHYME, REPETITION, AND ALLITERATIONEarly to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.

Rhymerise and wise; healthy and wealthyRepetitionearlyAlliterationmakes man; wealthy wise7Alliterationis the repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of words8


An expression that has been overused to the point of losing its emphasis.9Cliches are generally used in a negative context.10ClichIn this day and age, good teachers are few and far between. My deepest, darkest secret is my desire to be one of those teachers - one that is worth her weight in gold, who works her fingers to the bone, hand in hand with students to prepare them to meet the trials and tribulations of life.

is an overused, trite expressions or idea. Many cliches are idioms, but not all idioms are necessarily cliches. To say something is a cliche is a negative comment, whereas idioms usually are not. Sometimes cliches are used to be ironic or humourous.11

With an attitude like that, my first day of teaching was doomed to disappointment. I was walking on air as I arrived at my first class, until I realized I'd forgotten my key. A wave of optimism washed over me when I saw the classroom door open. I sauntered up to the door, when BANG, like a bolt from the blue, one of my new students - later proven to be rotten to the core - darted out and slammed the door right in my face.

What are some cliches in the paragraph?Curiosity killed the cat.Fit as a fiddle.12"I don't know. It may be pretty hard to putHumpty Dumpty back together again.I dont think we are in Kansas anymore.We need to eat our peas.NOW, you will create some clichs.13 Last defendant in Derrion Albert beating death gets 32 years Tribune reporter

CHICAGO - Cell phone footage showing a group of teens viciously kicking and striking a 16-year-old honors student with splintered railroad ties has ramped up pressure on Chicago officials to address chronic violence that has led to dozens of deaths of city teens each year. The graphic video of the afternoon melee emerged on local news stations over the weekend, showing the fatal beating of Derrion Albert, a sophomore honor roll student at Christian Fenger Academy High School. His death was the latest addition to a rising toll: More than 30 students were killed last school year, and the city could exceed that number this year.Prosecutors charged four teenagers Monday with fatally beating Albert, who was walking to a bus stop when he got caught up in the mob street fighting, authorities said.The violence stemmed from a shooting early Thursday morning involving two groups of students from different neighborhoods, said Tandra Simonton, a spokeswoman for the Cook County prosecutor's office. When school ended, members of the groups began fighting near the Agape Community Center.During the attack, captured in part on a bystander's cell phone video, Albert is struck on the head by one of several young men wielding wooden planks. After he falls to the ground and appears to try to get up, he is struck again and then kicked. Simonton said Albert was a bystander and not part of either group.Prosecutors charged Silvonus Shannon, 19, Eugene Riley, 18, Eric Carson, 16, and Eugene Bailey, 18, with first-degree murder, Simonton said.Shannon, Riley and Carson were ordered held without bond Monday. The Cook County Public Defender's Office, which represented the three teenagers in court, had no immediate comment. Bailey was due in bond court Tuesday, Simonton said.Chicago police said they were looking for at least three more suspects, but would not discuss a possible motive for the attack.Simonton said Albert was knocked unconscious when Carson struck him in the head with a board and a second person punched him in the face. Albert regained consciousness and was trying to get up when he was attacked a second time by five people, struck in the head with a board by Riley and stomped in the head by Shannon, Simonton said.Desiyan Bacon, Bailey's aunt, said her nephew didn't have anything to do with the beating and was a friend of the victim."They need to stop the crime, but when they do it, they need to get the right person," Bacon said.Fenger students said Albert's death intensified tensions at the school, with arguments about him breaking out in hallways all day Monday. Several blocks away, a memorial erected on the spot where he was beaten was burned down. Police also increased patrols before and after school and in the neighborhood."They're still trying to retaliate," said sophomore Toni Gardner, 15. She did not elaborate.For Chicago, a sharp rise in violent student deaths during the past three school years -- most from shootings off school property -- have been a tragedy and an embarrassment.Before 2006, an average of 10-15 students were fatally shot each year. That climbed to 24 fatal shootings in the 2006-07 school year, 23 deaths and 211 shootings in the 2007-08 school year and 34 deaths and 290 shootings last school year.At a Monday vigil at the school, some community members said the solution lies with parents."It is our problem. We have to take control of our children," said Dawn Allen, who attended the vigil where a group of residents tried to force their way into the school before being turned back by police.This month, the city announced a $30 million project that targets 1,200 high school pupils identified as most at risk to become victims of gun violence, giving them full-time mentors and part-time jobs to keep them off the streets. Some money also will pay for more security guards and to provide safe passage for students forced to travel through areas with active street gangs.Albert's family attended a news conference Monday with school district leaders and police, but did not speak. They wore T-shirts with a picture of him in a cap and gown, with the words, "Gone too soon, too young."But Annette Holt, mother of Blair Holt, a Chicago Public Schools student who was shot on a city bus two years ago, said Albert represented "another promising future, just snuffed out because of violence.""Someone said he (Derrion) was in the wrong place at the wrong time," she said. "No, he wasn't. He was in the right place. He was coming from school."

14Idioms an expression whose meaning cannot be decided from the statement's literal definition.CARTOON: Visual Idiom: A lame duck

Review IdiomsCreate IdiomsLook for use of other idioms in cartoons15Visual IdiomBetween the linesIn politics, the term lame duckrefers to an elected official whose termof office has not yet expired but who hasfailed to get re-elected and thereforecannot garner much political support forinitiatives.This 1915 cartoon shows "lame duck"members of Congress departing CapitolHill after losing their bid for reelection.The lame ducks shown are defeatedDemocrats heading to the White Househoping to secure political appointmentsfrom then-President Woodrow Wilson.The Lame Duck Amendment, 20th tothe U.S. Constitution, calls for Congressand each new President to take office inJanuary instead of March (as before),thereby eliminating the lame-duck sessionof Congress. But for the period betweenthe November election and the Januaryinauguration and new Congress,

Using your newspaper, find an example of campaigns, voting issues1. After more than 20debates, months ofcampaigning and millions ofdollars in advertising, votersalready appear weary of therace for president. Find newsarticles, columns or blogsabout voter fatigue andapathy. Why is voter turnoutdown in many primaries? Isthere a lack of importantissues? Is there unhappinesswith the candidates?17Idioms are actually METAPHORS When the writer uses two unlike things being compared to each othertwo nouns.Example: Life is a dream.She leads a dogs life!DINOSAUR as a METAPHOR (Cartoons for the Classroom)18

Use of gears to demonstrate a metaphor.19 You can not change or substitute words and still have an intact idiom.

She kicked the bucket. Is NOT She kicked the pail.UNSUBSTITUTABLE--- IDIOMSIdioms are UN-MODIFIABLE You cant add words or take words out and have the same end result.

She kicked the bucket. IS NOT She kicked the BIG bucket.

She kicked the bucket. IS NOTShe is the bucket.

IDIOMS POWER POINTALLUSIONAn indirect reference to some piece of knowledge not actually mentioned. Allusions usually come from a body of information that the author presumes the reader will know. For example, an author who writes, She was another Helen, is alluding to the proverbial beauty of Helen of Troy.



Between the linesIn Greek Mythology the gods had condemnedSisyphus to ceaselessly rolling a rock to the topof a mountain, whence the stone would fall back ofits own weight...24

25SYMBOLS Definition: Something that represents another thing by association, resemblance, or convention

Purpose: Communicate complicated ideas

Message: Readers have to have background knowledge in order to understand the person, place, or thing (symbol) reflected

Example:EGYPT= Genies and pyramids GEOGRAPHIC INSPIRATION

Read The Problem with Iran, pages 8-9 UPFRONT February 20th 26 SymbolismA symbol is an object, action, or idea that represents something other than itself. Anthropomorphic--Originally in reference to regarding God ascribing human form or attributes to a being or thing not human, especially to a deity.

SYMBOLSTalking points1. If you try to read the drawing literally, its hard tograsp the point being made by Petar Pismestrovic ofAustria. A dove being squished between two missiles? Youneed to infer the meaning from the symbols the cartoonistused. What do missiles represent? Which countries are theflags representing? Explain the dove as symbol. And whatsthat twig it has in its beak? Does it mean anything?2. What other flags could you change to in the drawing inorder to illustrate a conflict between other countries.Make a list of countries and their adversaries and showtheir respective flags.3. The cartoon doesnt carry a caption. Do you think itneeds one? What could a caption say that would

Between the linesTensions have escalated between the Koreannations following the North's shelling of aSouth-held island on Tuesday. North Koreawarned Friday that joint military exercisesthis weekend between the U.S. and SouthKorean military could push the peninsula to the"brink of war."-- NPR, Nov. 26,2010http://goo.gl/lxnbo

Peace is a tough concept to draw. You can take aphotograph of war -- showing death and destruction-- and folks would recognize it as such. Butpeace is just too fuzzy a concept to be defined invisual terms that way. Thats where symbols comein handy. The image of a dove with an olive branchis instantly recognizable as a representation ofpeace.But why a dove? Why not a sparrow or aduck? The most common explanation is that thesymbol stems from the biblical story of Noah.The dove returning to the Ark, with an olivebranch in its beak, was a sign that the floodwaters were receding because the bird had foundland. Pablo Picassos painting of a dove was featuredin a 1949 poster for the World PeaceCongress and was wildly popular.Plenty of other birds often show up incartoons as symbols. An eagle obviously representsthe United States. What do the followingbirds stand for: Vulture, turkey, robin, parakeet(in a cage), a goose, a hawk. Can you name others?


29Example: Yankee Doodle=rustic rural character evolved into a fellow dressed in stars and stripes;Uncle Sam= Sam Wilson was a meat supplier during the War of 1812. Yankee Doodles image + a goatee was a basic likeness of Abraham Lincoln. Thus, Uncle Sam was born.Donkey= Democratic PartyElephant=Republican Party

THOMAS NAST WAS A EDITORIAL CARTOONISTS WHO USED SYMBOLS TO REPRESENT AND COMMUNICATE IDEAS EFFECTIVELY. He was an editorialist during the 1900s. In 1860 he was credited with the image of Santa Clause, the donkey and the elephant (political symbols).

What do Elephants represent? Strong, leaders, dignified, and intelligent OR slow and dim witted? What do Donkeys represent? Stubborn, humble, hard workers but not producers OR stupid, lazy, and hard to train?30Stereotypestype of symbol used by cartoonists Easily conveyed using symbols or creating a symbol to represent a ideas, nations, groups of people or individual. The use of stereotypes allows the cartoonist to bypass lengthy writing passages.Example: the light bulb above a characters head a large nose or prominent jaw line represents a racial or ethnical characteristicLinsanity

Leonard Pitts: Message in Linsanity Published: 27 February 2012 08:12 AM An open letter to African-American young people: So, have you caught Linsanity yet?Meaning, of course, Jeremy Lin, the New York Knicks point guard who has, in just a couple weeks, done what big-name stars Carmelo Anthony and Amare Stoudemire could not: make the Knicks matter. Indeed, by carving up defenses like Thanksgiving turkey, scoring with ridiculous ease and handing out assists in bunches, hes made them one of the hottest teams in basketball.Suddenly, he is world-famous. Suddenly, people who, until recently, thought driving the lane was something you do on the freeway are following his feats with fascination. Part of the interest is due to the fact that he went from no-name to superstar almost literally overnight. Part of it is because he is conspicuously humble in a league where the players are more often conspicuously conspicuous. But the greater part lets be honest here seems to stem from the simple fact that he is a Chinese-American.Or, as black boxer Floyd Mayweather groused on Twitter, Lin is a great player, but black players do what hes doing all the time. In other words, if he were black, hed be just another Tom, Dick or Kobe. But of course, the point is precisely that he isnt black and therefore, he isnt what we expect.It is always jolting when someone breaks out of the context to which you have subconsciously confined them like when you run into your teacher, at the mall with her kids. Similarly, when it comes to Asian guys, we expect that they will excel in engineering or chemistry. We emphatically do not expect them to break the defenders ankles and take the rock to the rack with malice.There is a word for expecting things from people based on the racial, religious, gender or cultural box you have put them into. The word is stereotyping, a form of mental laziness in which people believe they can know who and what you are simply by seeing you.You should know all about that. After all, the stereotypes about you are manifold. You are supposedly given to innate criminality, promiscuity, rhythm, athleticism and, more to the point of this column, stupidity, i.e., the inability to conquer chemistry, master math or otherwise do well in school.As troubling as it is to know other people believe such things about you, it is infinitely more troubling to know you too often believe such things about yourself. It is difficult to escape that impression when one hears you using the Ku Klux Klans favorite racial epithet. Or defining yourselves as thugs. Or suggesting that speaking English is acting white. Indeed, one is reminded of the axiom that if you repeat a lie long enough, people will accept it as truth even the people being lied about.It takes a prodigious strength of mind and sense of self to resist that. How many times do you suppose Jeremy Lin had people tell him there was no way a Chinese guy could compete in a game dominated by African-Americans? Yet there he is, ballin at the highest level.So, the most admirable thing about him is neither his scoring nor his assists, but, rather, the fact that he refused to allow other people to define him. He knew he was capable of things theyd never expect or believe. And guess what?So are you.LEONARD PITTS writes for the Miami Herald. His column is distributed by Tribune Media Services Inc. His e-mail address is lpitts@herald.com .

31XENOPHOBIAThe term is used to describe the fear or dislike of foreigners. Fear of people different from ones self. Racist and ethnic stereotyping in cartoons was common in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882; The Japanese Internment Camps after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Recently, the states considering immigration laws. The Congressional proposals to criminalize illegal and undocumented immigrants. The legislation to make English our native language. (May 18, 2006) The U.S.- Mexico border dispute. The building of a wall.


1. As weeks of a popular uprising culminated in HosniMubarak being forced from power in Egypt, political cartoonistsaround the world provided a unique perspective onthe historic occasion. KAL points out that the genie can'tbe put back in the bottle. Discuss the point of his cartoon.2. Deng Coy Miels powerful but simple cartoon raises animportant question -- what question?3. Genies and pyramids are just two of the symbols cartoonistsused to describe Egypt. Can you think of more?33

34CARICATURE Drawing using a famous figure but extending features almost distorting them out of perspective, but still recognizable. Cartoonists use it as one of their tools. The cartoonist is concerned with readers recognizing the political figure more than fairness to the real likeness

First Amendment to the Constitution45 wordsestablished five basic liberties more than 200 years ago. One of those tenets says that people have the right to criticize the government and to share their opinions with outher. It is the Freedom of SpeechWhat is Satire?What is tenet?35

The anti-Tammany campaign waged by the New York Times and Harpers Weekly damaged the Democratic machine, leaving a chastened William Magear Tweed in charge of a collapsing organization, symbolized by the ruined pillars and porticoes of his fortress. Boss Tweed, the beleaguered gladiator, pretends bravado, insisting that the spoilsin this case the treasury of New York Citystill goes to the victor, no matter how battered. Nasts cartoon is both a crow of victory and a warning that the battle is not finally won.Tweed lost his political power and was imprisoned after being convicted of corruption. He escaped and due to the comic was recognized while traveling in Europe. He was returned to New York City where he was placed back into prison.

36Editorial Cartoons Journalists add information, persuade others, and push positions. They are only as good as the understanding level of their readers. Or perhaps, an editorialist uses the inadequate knowledge of its readers to invade and control readers. Editorial cartoons study current events and express social and political ideals using visual representation (metaphors).North Koreas new ruler Kim Jong Un

READ upfront article The Worlds Newest Dictator pages 6-9 (TEST over the article) UPFRONT January 30 CartoonSTUDENTS select another current news eventWho would you use to illustrate your players?What information do you need to know in order to understand the cartoon?How is the cartoonist conveying information?Do you recognize the Hollywood icons?What is another current event you could use Hollywood icons to convey?38 What is the current federal minimum wage?

Review Upfront article Should Minimum Wage be Raised pages 12-13, February 20, 2012Review comicANOTHER upfront comicOctober 24, 2011 (Lyin Eyes)

What was he talking about?3. Write about how thetroubled economy hasaffected you and your plans.

Franklin D. Roosevelts famous We have nothing to fear but fear itself was uttered during one of his inaugural speeches.WHAT WAS HE TALKING ABOUT?Write about how thetroubled economy hasaffected you and your plans.

39We have nothing to fear but fear itself. PARODYto imitate (a composition, author, etc.) for purposes of ridicule or satire. SATIREA literary work in which human vice or folly is attacked through irony, derision, or wit. It often emphasizes the weakness more than the weak person, and usually implies moral judgment and corrective purposePUNA pun occurs when the author uses a word or words that have more than one meaning.IRONYSomething humorous based on contradiction: Words or situations suggesting the opposite of their literal meaning. SARCASMRemarks that mean the opposite of what they seem to say and are intended to mock or deride.

Our social studies teacher says that her glove means the world to her.Having lots of good cookbooks only makes sense. They contain such stirring events.Sir Lancelot once had a very bad dream about his horse. It was a knight mare.The patients of the doctor depended upon how many patients were in front of them.I used to be twins. My mother has a picture of me when I was two.I work as a bake because I knead dough.The newly weds decided to go to the islands where newlyweds have free dinner.


Mother Goose Land (AP) - Paramedics rushed to the garden wall down in the Dell today to discover a horrific sight.

Humpty Dumpty sat on the wall, as he has done countless times in the past. The well-known comedian and, well . . . egg guy, was sitting as per his daily routine.

That was when the unthinkable happened.

It seems Humpty Dumpty had a great fall.

Paramedics from the King Ambulance Service (the first in the region to employ horses) were rushed to the scene only to discover a sight that made the most experienced veteran turn pale.

"There were little pieces of shell everywhere, along with his clothes," said Paramedic Lieutenant Wee Willie Winkle, now recovering nicely from his sleep disorder. "The worst part was that Humpty was still alive! Good god HE WAS STILL ALIVE! His yolk and albumen were splattered all over the place! GOD IT WAS AWFUL!"

Despite their best efforts, all the King's horses and all the King's men couldn't put Humpty together again.

The giant egg-man-thing is survived by his wife, Bernice, 37, and two children, Omelet and Benedict.

A memorial service will be held at Denny's tomorrow morning, just in time for Grand Slams and Moons Over My Hammy! Slide 36PARODY to imitate (a composition, author, etc.) for purposes of ridicule or satire.

A Parody of broken promises discuss with the glassuse overhead42AnalogyIs defined as a comparison between two unlike things that share some characteristics. By comparing a complex issue or situation with a more familiar one, cartoonists can help their readers see it in a different light.How are Humpty Dumpty and a motorcycle rider not wearing a helmet alike? Should all bicycle riders be required to wear helmets? Should all skiers and snowboarders be required to wear a helmet.43 Write a short definition for each of the following.

Persuasion_________________________________________________________________ Propaganda __________________________________________________________________________

Alan Forkum explains his cartoon (above): Anti-warprotesters often use the death of innocent victims inforeign countries to condemn American military intervention.Yet if the prevention of innocent deaths isone of the protesters' main concerns, why isn't anysignificance given to the deaths of innocentAmericans? The objective of a political cartoon isto influence someones thoughts oractions. As persuasive art, political cartoonsare really editorials -- propagandameant to provoke a response. War is anissue that evokes strong opinions fromboth sides. You cant be wishy-washy inyour stand if your goal is to sway publicopinion about a topic you care about.45Taking a stand:Persuasion requires thatyou have an opinion andwant others to share it.46Visual Allegory Allegory is defined as a story or visual imagewith a second distinct meaning partially hidden behind its literal or visible meaning.

The cartoon ridicules the federal bail-out plan tosave the financial institutions. In 2008, it was bail out the car industry.

The literal story is dissected below. Can you explain the second meaning.2. The literal story seems pretty clear. After a little wups theres a cry forhelp along with a threat. Whos the driver? Hows he acting before he goes overthe cliff? Whats the implied threat in the 4th panel? Think its real?3. What happens to the reluctant catcher? Who walks away unscathed? Whosleft to clean up the mess? How do you feel about the bail-out now?48


View more >