Mac OS X Lion Pocket Guide

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    25-Nov-2015

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Get the concise information you need to start using OS X Mountain Lion, the latest version of the Mac operating system. This handy guide goes right to the heart of the OS, with details on system preferences, built-in applications, utilities, and other features.Once youre familiar with the fundamentals, use this book as a resource for problem-solving on the fly. You get configuration tips, lots of step-by-step instructions, guides for troubleshooting, and other adviceall in an easy-to-read format.Learn whats new, including improved iCloud integration and other iPad-inspired featuresDiscover how working with multiple devices is easier and more streamlined with Mountain LionGet a guide to the Finder, Dock, user accounts, and other essentialsUse Mountain Lions system preferences to customize your MacTake advantage of OS X applications, such as FaceTime and Time MachineManage passwords and secure your dataWork more efficiently with a complete list of keyboard shortcuts

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TomixLibrary.nuTomixTomixMac OS X Lion3RFNHW*XLGH&KULV6HLEROGBeijing Cambridge Farnham Kln Sebastopol TokyoMac OS X Lion Pocket GuideE\&KULV6HLEROG&RS\ULJKW&KULV6HLEROG$OOULJKWVUHVHUYHG3ULQWHGLQ&DQDGD3XEOLVKHG E\ 25HLOO\ 0HGLD ,QF *UDYHQVWHLQ +LJKZD\ 1RUWK6HEDVWRSRO&$25HLOO\ERRNVPD\EHSXUFKDVHGIRUHGXFDWLRQDOEXVLQHVVRUVDOHVSURPRWLRQDOXVH2QOLQHHGLWLRQVDUHDOVRDYDLODEOHIRUPRVWWLWOHVKWWSP\VDIDULERRNVRQOLQHFRP)RUPRUHLQIRUPDWLRQFRQWDFWRXUFRUSRUDWHLQVWLWXWLRQDOVDOHVGHSDUWPHQWRUFRUSRUDWH#RUHLOO\FRPEditor: 'DZQ0DQQProduction Editor: 7HUHVD(OVH\Proofreader: 7HUHVD(OVH\Indexer: 1HZJHQ1RUWK$PHULFD,QFCover Designer: .DUHQ0RQWJRPHU\Interior Designer: 'DYLG)XWDWRIllustrator: 5REHUW5RPDQRPrinting History:$XJXVW 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Guide to Lion 35What You Need to Know About Mac OS X 35Using Lion 42Lion Basics 46Standard Window Controls 82Files and Folders 83Nonessential (but Useful) Mac OS X Features 87Chapter 4:Troubleshooting Mac OS X 99Common Problems 99Chapter 5:System Preferences 115Preference Pane Rundown 117Non-Apple Preference Panes 155Chapter 6:Built-in Applications and Utilities 157Applications Installed with Lion 157Utilities Included with Lion 177Chapter 7:Managing Passwords in Lion 189Password Management 190Chapter 8:Keyboard Commands and Special Characters 195Key Commands 195Typing Special Characters in Mac OS X 202Index 207iv | Table of 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Lion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Data&DUHIXOO\FKRRVLQJSDVVZRUGVLVDJUHDWVWDUWZKHQLWFRPHVWRVHFXULW\EXWLWVQRWDSHUIHFWVROXWLRQ,IVRPHRQHKDVSK\VLFDODFFHVVWR\RXU0DFWKHUHDUHWKLQJVVKHFDQGRWRJHWDW\RXUGDWD,IWKLVSURVSHFWVHHPVSDUWLFXODUO\ORDWKVRPHWR\RX\RXVKRXOGFRQVLGHUPDNLQJWKHH[WUDHIIRUWWRHQDEOH)LOH9DXOWD IHDWXUHRI/LRQ WKDWPDNHV\RXUGDWD LPSRVVLEOH WRDFFHVVXQOHVV \RXZDQW LW DFFHVVHG )RU LQIRUPDWLRQ RQ VHWWLQJ XS)LOH9DXOWVHH)LOH9DXOWWDERQSDJH)LJXUH7KH\PXVWQHYHUNQRZ194 | Chapter 7:Managing Passwords in LionCHAPTER 8Keyboard Commands andSpecial Characters:KHQ\RXUHXVLQJWKHNH\ERDUG\RXZDQWWRNHHS\RXUKDQGVRQWKHNH\V$WULSWRWKHPRXVHRUKXQWLQJIRUDVSHFLDOFKDUDFWHUFDQUHDOO\VORZ\RXGRZQ7KHJRRGQHZVLVWKDW/LRQKDVDORWRIERWKNH\FRPPDQGVDQGVSHFLDOFKDUDFWHUVEXLOWULJKWLQ7KHEDGQHZVLVWKDWXQOHVV\RXUHRQHRIWKRVHSHRSOHZKRPHPRUL]H WKHGLJLWVRISL WRD WKRXVDQGSODFHV IRU IXQ\RXZRQWUHPHPEHUWKHPDOO7KHPRVWLPSRUWDQWNH\FRPPDQGVDQGVSHFLDOFKDUDFWHUVYDU\IURPXVHUWRXVHU)RUH[DPSOHLI\RXUHZULWLQJDERXW([SRVpNQRZLQJKRZWRW\SHpUHDOO\KHOSVEXWNQRZLQJKRZWRW\SH LVQWRIPXFKXVH(YHU\RQHXVHVKLVRUKHU0DFDOLWWOHGLIIHUHQWO\VRWKLVFKDSWHUIHDWXUHVDZLGHVHOHFWLRQRINH\ERDUGFRPPDQGVDQGZD\V WR W\SHGLIIHUHQWFKDUDFWHUV0HPRUL]HWKHRQHVIRUWKHIXQFWLRQV\RXXVHPRVWDQG\RXOOVDYHDORWRIWLPHDQGHIIRUWKey Commands:KHQ\RXUKDQGVDUHRQWKHNH\ERDUGLWVPXFKTXLFNHUWRNHHSWKHPWKHUHWRSHUIRUPVRPHPXQGDQHWDVNWKDQLWLVWR195GLJWKURXJKWKHPHQXVDQGILQGWKHRSWLRQWKDWOHWV\RXW\SHDVSHFLDOFKDUDFWHURUFUHDWHDQHZIROGHU,QJHQHUDOWKHOHVVWLPH\RXVSHQGXVLQJWKHPRXVHRUWUDFNSDGWKHPRUHSURGXFWLYH\RXOOEHZKHQXVLQJWKHNH\ERDUG:KLOH\RXOOZDQWWROHDUQWKHNH\ERDUGFRPPDQGVIRUDOO\RXUIDYRULWHSURJUDPVVRPHFRPPDQGVDUHVRFRPPRQWKDWLWVZRUWKUHVHUYLQJDVSHFLDOVSRWIRUWKHPLQ\RXUEUDLQ66DYH7KLVVDYHV WKHGRFXPHQW\RXUHZRUNLQJRQ7KHPRUHRIWHQ\RXXVHWKLVFRPPDQGWKHKDSSLHU\RXOOEHDW OHDVWXQWLO/LRQV$XWR6DYHIHDWXUHLVXQLIRUPO\LPSOHPHQWHG1RWKLQJLVPRUHIUXVWUDWLQJWKDQKDYLQJDOO\RXUKDUGZRUNGLVDSSHDUZKHQWKHSRZHUIOLFNHUVRUDQDSSOLFDWLRQFUDVKHVNOTE,I\RXUHXVLQJDNH\ERDUGGHVLJQHGIRU:LQGRZVV\VWHPV\RXZRQWVHHWKHNH\,QVWHDGXVHWKH:LQGRZVNH\ZKLFK LVXVXDOO\ LQ WKHVDPHVSRW\RXGILQGWKHNH\6RPHNH\ERDUGVXVHDGLIIHUHQW V\PERO KRZHYHU IRU H[DPSOH WKH +DSS\+DFNLQJ.H\ERDUGXVHVWKHOR]HQJHV\PERO&&RS\7KLVFRPPDQGFRSLHVWKHFXUUHQWVHOHFWLRQIRUODWHUSDVWLQJ93DVWH2QFH\RXYHFRSLHGVRPHWKLQJ\RXOOZDQWWRSDVWHLW;&XW7KLVFRPPDQGGHOHWHVWKHFXUUHQWVHOHFWLRQEXWFRSLHVLWWR\RXU0DFVPHPRU\$IWHU\RXYHFXWVRPHWKLQJ\RXFDQSDVWHLWHOVHZKHUHXQWLO\RXFRS\RUFXWVRPHWKLQJHOVH196 | Chapter 8:Keyboard Commands and Special Characters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ey command Most common action Finder action-A Selects all Selects all items in currentdirectory-B Makes selected text bold (in word-processing programs).None-C Copies current selection Copies selected files andfolders-D Duplicates selected object (usually indrawing applications)Duplicates selected file orfolder-E Searches for highlighted text Ejects disk-F Finds text Opens a new Finderwindow with cursor insearch field-H Hides current application Hides Finder-I Italicizes selected text Opens Get Info window forselected item-J Jumps to currently selected text(useful if youve selected some text,then scrolled elsewhere in adocument)Shows View options198 | Chapter 8:Keyboard Commands and Special CharactersKey command Most common action Finder action-K Clears screen (Terminal) or insertshyperlink (text editors, word pro-cessors, and Mail)Opens Connect to Serverwindow-L Goes to line number (common in texteditors)Creates an alias-M Minimizes window Same-N Creates new document Opens new Finder window-O Displays Open File dialog box Opens selected item-P Prints None-Q Quits current application None-R Varies Shows original file when analias is selected-S Saves current file None-T Displays Font panel Adds selected item toFinder window sidebar-V Pastes copied item Pastes copied file(s) orfolder(s)-W Closes window Same-X Cuts None-Z Undoes most recent action Same-1 Varies Displays Finder items asicons-2 Varies Displays Finder items as list-3 Varies Displays Finder items ascolumns-4 Varies Displays Finder items inCover Flow View-Delete Varies Moves selected item toTrash-Tab Opens Application Switcher Same-[ Goes back (when using a webbrowser)Goes back one directoryKey Commands | 199Key command Most common action Finder action-] Goes forward (when using a webbrowser)Goes forward one directory-? Activates Help menu Same-Space Activates Spotlight search Same-` Cycles through application windows Cycles through FinderwindowsTab Moves focus to next item or (in texteditors) inserts a tabMoves focus to next itemShift--3 Takes a picture of your screen; savesimage file to desktopSameShift--4 Displays a cursor for taking a snap-shot of part of the screen (press Spaceto take a picture of a single window);saves image file to desktopSameShift-Control--3Works like -Shift-3, but copiespicture to clipboardSameShift-Control--4Works like -Shift-4, but copiespicture to clipboardSameShift--A Varies Opens Applications folderShift--C Varies Opens Computer folderShift--D Varies Opens Desktop folderShift--O Varies Opens Documents folderShift--G Varies Opens Go to the folderdialog boxShift--H Varies Opens Home folderShift--K Varies Opens Network folderShift--N Varies Creates a new folderShift--Q Displays logout dialog box, logs outautomatically after one minuteSameShift--S Opens Save As dialog box NoneShift--U Varies Opens Utilities folder200 | Chapter 8:Keyboard Commands and Special CharactersKey command Most common action Finder actionShift--Delete Varies Opens Empty Trash dialogboxShift-Option--DeleteVaries Empties TrashOption (whiledragging)Copies item to new location Copies file/folder to newlocation-Option (whiledragging)Varies Creates an alias to a file/folder at new locationOption--D Shows or hides the Dock SameOption--M Varies Minimizes all windowsOption--Esc Forces an application to quit SameOption--Eject Puts computer to sleep SameControl-Eject Displays the Restart/Sleep/ShutDown dialog boxSameControl--Eject Quits all applications and restartscomputerSameTyping Special Characters in Mac OS X,I \RXUH EDQJLQJ DZD\ RQ WKH NH\ERDUG DQG ILQG \RXUVHOIZDQWLQJ WR W\SH VSHFLDO FKDUDFWHUV OLNH WKHp LQ([SRVp IRUH[DPSOHWKHUHDUHFRQYROXWHGPHWKRGVRIJHWWLQJWKHFKDUDFWHU\RXZDQWSDVWLQJWKHPIURPWKH:HEVD\EXW\RXPLJKWEHZRQGHULQJLIWKHUHVDWUDFNSDGOHVVRUPRXVHIUHHZD\WRGRLW,Q/LRQWKHUHLV2QHRIWKHXQGHUUDWHGQHZIHDWXUHVRI/LRQLVDQHDV\ZD\WRJHW DW WKRVH SHVN\ GLDFULWLF V\PEROV 6LPSO\ W\SH WKH OHWWHU\RXUHLQWHUHVWHGLQDQGKROGWKHNH\GRZQDQGDZLQGRZZLOOSRSXSZLWKDOO\RXURSWLRQVDVLQ)LJXUH7DEOHVKRZVKRZWRHDVLO\W\SHGLDFULWLFV\PEROV7DEOH'LDFULWLFDFFHQWPDUNVKRUWFXWVSymbol Name Keystroke Acute Option-E, then type the letter^ Circumflex Option-I, then type the letter` Grave Option-`, then type the letter Tilde Option-N, then type the letter Umlaut Option-U, then type the letter7KDWWDNHVFDUHRIRQO\DIHZFKDUDFWHUV\RXPD\QRWEHDEOHWR ILQGRQ\RXUNH\ERDUG%XWZKDWDERXWRWKHUFKDUDFWHUVVXFK DV WKH HXUR V\PERO RU WKH$SSOH ORJR" No modifiers Shift Option Shift-Optionw W e E (above next voweltyped)r R t T y Y u U (above next voweltyped)i I ^ (above nextvowel typed)^o O p P [ { ] } \ | a A s S d D f F g G h H j J k K l L ; : z Z x X c C Typing 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Index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ndex 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211QRWFRPSDWLEOHZLWK$LU3RUWSDUWLWLRQLQJSXWWLQJWRVOHHSVSLQGRZQWURXEOHVKRRWLQJKHDGSKRQHVKHDULQJSUHIHUHQFHVKHDWPDSL&DO+HOSPHQXKLGHVKRZVHHVKRZ+LJKOLJKWVHWWLQJVKLVWRU\EURZVLQJ+RPHIROGHUKRPHSDJH+RW&RUQHUVKWWSVZHEVLWHVEORFNLQJ+XOXFRPIL&DO,&&,QWHUQDWLRQDO&RORU&RQVRUWLXPSURILOHVL&KDWL&ORXGLFRQVDSSOLFDWLRQERXQFLQJFUHDWLQJGHVNWRS)LQGHURSWLRQVPDJQLILFDWLRQRIL'LVNL/LIH,PDJH&DSWXUH,0$3,QWHUQHW0DLO$FFHVV3URWRFROL0RYLHLQIUDUHGUHFHLYHU,QSXWVRXUFHVLQVWDOOLQJDSSOLFDWLRQV/LRQOLVWRILQVWDOOHGXSGDWHVLQVWUXFWLRQDOYLGHRRIJHVWXUHVLQWHJULW\FKHFN,QWHODSSV,QWHOFKLSVLQWHUQDOEDWWHULHVLQWHUQDOPLFURSKRQH,QWHUQHWVHHDOVREURZVHU)LUHZDOOILUVWWLPHFRQQHFWLRQ/LRQLQVWDOOHUGRZQORDGWLPH/LRQUHLQVWDOORYHU3DUHQWDO&RQWUROVSRGFDVWLPSRUWUHVWULFWLQJDFFHVVWRVHDUFKLQJZLWK6SRWOLJKWVKDULQJL26,3DGGUHVVL3KRWRL3RG,3YL6LJKWFDPHUDL6\QFL7XQHVJ-DEEHUFKDWVHUYHU-DYDSUHIHUHQFHV-RXUQDOHGILOHV\VWHPMSJILOHV-XPSWRMXQNPDLOILOWHULQJK.HHSLQ'RFNRSWLRQNHUQHOSDQLFNH\FRPPDQGVVHHNH\ERDUGVKRUWFXWVNH\UHSHDWUDWHNH\ERDUGSUHIHUHQFHVNH\ERDUGVKRUWFXWV212 | Index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ndex 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Index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ndex 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| Index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able of ContentsPrefaceConventions Used in This BookMenu SymbolsAttribution and PermissionsSafari Books OnlineHow to Contact UsAcknowledgmentsChapter1.Whats New in Lion?Getting Your Hands on LionA Brand-New LookResize from Any EdgeFull-Screen ApplicationsMission ControlLaunchpadAll My FilesGesturesAirDropAuto Save and VersionsResumeMailWhat Lion Cant DoChapter2.Installing Lion and Migrating DataWhat You Need to Run LionPreparing for the InstallInstalling LionAfter the InstallMoving Data and Applications from Another ComputerNetworking Options When Migrating DataFine-Tuning Data MigrationChapter3.A Quick Guide to LionWhat You Need to Know About Mac OS XUser AccountsSetting up accountsThe Home FolderUsing LionStarting UpStartup key commandsLogging InLogging Out, Sleeping, and Shutting DownShut down and log out shortcutsLion BasicsThe Menu BarThe Apple menuThe Application menuStandard Application menusMenu extrasThe Accounts menuSpotlightUse the menu bar lessThe DesktopMastering the FinderThe Finder windowCustomizing the Finder toolbarThe sidebarFinder preferencesFinder viewsCommon Finder tasksThe DockDock ExposDock menusStack view optionsTrashDock preferencesThe Application SwitcherStandard Window ControlsFiles and FoldersRegular FoldersBurn FoldersSmart FoldersNonessential (but Useful) Mac OS X FeaturesThe DashboardPersonalizing widgetsAdding and removing widgetsGetting more widgetsMaking your own widgetsSearching with SpotlightChanging the order of Spotlights resultsControlling the results Spotlight displaysControlling what Spotlight indexesManaging File InfoSpotlight commentsGeneralMore InfoName & ExtensionOpen withPreviewSharing & PermissionsSpacesChapter4.Troubleshooting Mac OS XCommon ProblemsMisbehaving ApplicationsAn application stops respondingThe Finder stops respondingForce quitting greedy processesUSB device problemsBattery problemsDisplay problemsStartup ProblemsYour Mac beeps at you instead of startingYour hard drive is making noisesStartup troubleshootingReset your PRAMChapter5.System PreferencesPreference Pane RundownGeneralDesktop & Screen SaverDockMission ControlLanguage & TextSecurity & PrivacyGeneral tabFileVault tabFirewall tabPrivacySpotlightUniversal AccessSeeing tabHearing tabKeyboard tabMouse tab (Mouse & Trackpad tab on MacBooks)CDs and DVDsDisplaysEnergy SaverKeyboardKeyboard tabKeyboard Shortcuts tabMouseMagic Mouse optionsMighty Mouse optionsIf youre using a non-Apple mouseTrackpadMultitouch trackpadsPrint & ScanSoundSound Effects tabOutput tabInput tabMail, Contacts & CalendarsMobileMeNetworkBluetoothSharingUsers & GroupsParental ControlsApps tabWeb tabPeople tabTime Limits tabOther tabDate & TimeSoftware UpdateSpeechSpeech Recognition tabText to Speech tabTime MachineStartup DiskNon-Apple Preference PanesChapter6.Built-in Applications and UtilitiesApplications Installed with LionAddress BookApp StoreAutomatorCalculatorChessDashboardDictionaryDVD PlayerFaceTimeFont BookiCaliChatImage CaptureiTunesLaunchpadMailAdding new accountsAdd a signature to outgoing mailEnable junk mail filteringManage mailboxesQuickly delete junk mailSearch your mailMission ControlPhoto BoothPreviewQuickTime PlayerSafariChange the home pageChange the default browserControl which pages are shown in Top SitesFind a page you didnt bookmarkBlock pop-up adsChange where downloaded items are savedControl cookiesGet rid of Safaris historyAdd a URL to the desktopBrowse privatelyMake Safari remember passwords for website loginsUse a different default RSS readerCustomize Safaris toolbarStickiesSystem PreferencesTextEditTime MachineUtilities Included with LionActivity MonitorAirPort UtilityAppleScript EditorAudio MIDI SetupBluetooth File ExchangeBoot Camp AssistantColorSync UtilityConsoleDigitalColor MeterDisk UtilityGrabGrapherJava PreferencesKeychain AccessMigration AssistantNetwork UtilityPodcast CapturePodcast PublisherContent CreationPodcast ManagementPodcast PublishingRAID UtilitySystem InformationTerminalVoiceOver UtilityX11Chapter7.Managing Passwords in LionPassword ManagementRecovering a Forgotten PasswordMake a Great PasswordStoring Secure NotesAdd a Keychain Access Menu ExtraSecuring Your DataChapter8.Keyboard Commands and Special CharactersKey CommandsCustomizing Key CommandsTyping Special Characters in Mac OS XIndex

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