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Monday, Feb 6 th. Change Seats Review- T/F on the Renaissance Take notes to introduce the city-states of the Renaissance Explore the city-state of Florence HW: Color a map of the Italian city-states. 1300- 1650. The Renaissance. Ch. 15 Section 1 Mrs. Becknell. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Monday, Feb 6th

Monday, Feb 6th Change Seats

Review- T/F on the Renaissance

Take notes to introduce the city-states of the Renaissance

Explore the city-state of Florence

HW: Color a map of the Italian city-states

Chapter 14.4 The Power of Kings11300- 1650The RenaissanceCh. 15 Section 1Mrs. Becknell

What was the Renaissance?

A widespread change in culture that began in Italy in the 1300s and then spread to England, France, Germany, and the Netherlands by 1650. RENAISSANCE means REBIRTH

3City-statesThe Renaissance began in the city-states of Italy.A City-state is a city that has its own independent government and often controls much of the surrounding land. The most powerful city-states were not under the control of a king or noble or the Catholic Church, but were republics instead.

4Why did the Renaissance begin in ITALY? Italy is in a prime location for trade with other cultures so they came to appreciate the ideas of other peoples.

As trade increased, merchants of Italy made huge fortunes and became PATRONS, meaning that they sponsored the arts, or devoted money to them.

Italy was made up of independent city-states that competed for power, wealth, and glory- this encouraged people to try new ways of doing things and inspired creativity.

Italy was the home of Ancient Rome and the Center of the Church, which had preserved ancient writings and used its wealth to promote painting, learning, and writing.

What family rose to power in Florence because of the wealth they gained?

The MEDICI family made a huge fortune through trade and banking. They were masters of money-lending.

PATRONS

The Medici were generous patrons, or sponsors, of the arts and learning and helped Florence to become a center filled with beautiful buildings, paintings, and statues.

Cosimo de Medici

He was the head of a powerful family in Florence. He was a patron (supporter) of the arts who paid for many works to beautify his city-state.His son, Lorenzo the Magnificent became the most famous Medici, and the richest man in Florence!

8Exploring Florence!Visit each of the stations to find out more about the city-state of Florence.

Complete the questions that go along with each station

CLOSURE: With a partner, make an advertisement for the city-state of Florence. Include three reasons for why people should travel here along with three attractive, colorful pictures! Due Wednesday.

HW- The Italian City- States!Use the map to identify where each of the city states was located.Color the city-state controlled by the Medici family in REDColor the rest of the city-states so that no two bordering city-states are the same colorTuesday, Feb 7th Give out HW passes

Continue walking tour of Florence

CLOSURE: With a partner, make an advertisement for the city-state of Florence. Include a slogan/attractive catchphrase or jingle, three reasons for why people should travel here along with three attractive, colorful pictures! Due Thursday.

Chapter 14.4 The Power of Kings12Wednesday, Feb 8th Advertisement due FRIDAY. Remember to include:A persuasive slogan, catch-phrase, or jingleTHREE illustrations on the attractions found in FlorenceTHREE detailed captions (one for each illustration) about what can be seen/done in FlorenceMAKE IT NEAT, COLORFUL, & FREE OF ERRORS!

HW- Work on Advertisement- youll only have 25 min tomorrow- due Friday!

Chapter 14.4 The Power of Kings13Thursday, Feb 8th Work on advertisement (25 min)

Explain who Francesco Petrarch was and why he was important to the Renaissance

Examine the accomplishments of several important Renaissance artists

HW- FINISH ADVERTISEMENT FOR FLORENCE!

Chapter 14.4 The Power of Kings14 How did the focus of art change from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance?In the Middle Ages, the focus was on God and getting to Heaven. These ideas remained important, however, now the focus is more on HUMANISM over religion.

What is HUMANISM?

As the Renaissance spread, many scholars became interested in HUMANISM.It is the focus on the individual which was emphasized in the classics , or ancient times of Greece & Rome. In these times, people held the belief that individuals are talented and strong and that they can improve society!

16The First Great Humanist:Francesco PetrarchFrancesco Petrarch 1304-1374 was a scholar and is considered the first great humanist! He is known for poetry, especially the sonnet- a 14 versed Italian poemHis work inspired artists!

17Teenage Mutant Ninja ARTISTS?

LEONARDOMICHELANGELODONATELLORAPHAEL

LEONARDO da VINCI

Friday, Feb 10th Collect rubrics/view advertisements

Article of the Week! Nya, Steven, Peter, Eric, Selene

Finish describing/review major art works by the 4 major Ren. Artists

Chapter 14.4 The Power of Kings20Da Vinci & The Mona Lisa

Leonardo da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa. The Mona Lisa or La Gioconda (another name for it) is most famous piece of art in the world.It is now owned by the French and hangs in the Louvre. **What techniques did he use?Fun fact: (This painting may never have been finished. Why do you think this is?)

21Leonardo DaVinciThe Mona Lisa-a self-portrait?

Da Vinci also painted The Last Supper .Where is the VANISHING POINT?Mysteries surround this work too!

23Leonardo DaVinci

The Last Supper-is this a woman?Leonardo DaVinciThe Last Supper-John or Mary?

Bartholomew, James Minor and Andrew form a group of three. All are horrified, Andrew to the point of holding his hands up in a "let's calm down " gesture. Judas, Peter and John form the next group of three. Judas has his face in shadow and is clutching a small bag, presumably money. He is also reaching for bread at the same time as Jesus is. Peter, in the fashion of the time, is shown clutching a knife and, with his hand on John's shoulder, is asking a feminine-looking John "Who does he say it is?". John leans toward him to hear what he says creating a V shape between himself and Jesus which has been interpreted by some as an indication of a marriage between 'Mary' and Jesus. Thomas, James the Elder and Philip are next. 'Doubting' Thomas is pointing upward, maybe asking for one shred of evidence that this is so. His other hand is on the table between James and Philip as though seeking something solid. Matthew, Thaddeus and Simon comprise the last group.In addition to the Mona Lisa (& Last Supper,) for what did Leonardo da Vinci become famous?Leonardo was a scientist and an inventor too! He was well-known for his 4,000+ notebook pages that he filled with sketches and notes related to his observations of the world around him and his ideas for inventions.

(A page from his notebook)

26Leonardo DaVinci

Sketches of a Human SkeletonSketch of a flying machine** Why do historians think he wrote backwards?27Take a page from LeonardoLeonardo wrote most of his notes backwards. Try your own hand at mirror-writing!EXTRA CREDIT: Re-write your notes for 15.1 in his backwards style! Turn in by Friday!Why do many think he wrote his notes this way?Thursday, Feb 9th Review Leonardo da Vincis work

Examine the artwork of Michelangelo, Raphael, and Donatello

Imitate Michelangelo- Ceiling painting.

HW: Read p. 16 & complete p. 17 on Renaissance artists!

Chapter 14.4 The Power of Kings29Monday, 2/13/12B pd: Article of the Week

Finish viewing/explaining major art works by Renaissance artists

Introduce Activity:Examining the differences between Classical, Medieval, & Renaissance art

Group activity: Analyze different pieces of art; decide which time period they must be from and how you know!

Michelangelo

His most famous work, the statue of David is in Florence, Italy.He is one of the masters and painted the ceiling of the Sistine chapel( in Vatican city).

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Michelangelo Buonoratti

Michelangelos WorksThe ceiling of the Sistine Chapel took four years!

The Piet-Notice the DETAILS!!!36

More of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

How does this demonstrate the story of Genesis in the Bible?37Imitate MichelangeloThe Sistine Chapel retells Biblical stories in a vivid, interesting wayThink of a story that you want to show in pictures- it can be from a childrens book, movie, fairy tale, etc.While lying on your back, draw the story on the bottom side of your desk.What challenges do you think this posed for Michelangelo?

Donatello di Niccol di Betto Bardi Donatello (1386-1466) He lived in Florence in the early to mid 1400s.He was inspired by the Greeks and Romans

He also made statues of David, but usually worked in bronze.

40DonatelloMajor work: The Feast of Herod Also used bronze to sculpt this scene

Included many details, including background to create a sense of depth

Raphael Sanzio

Raphael

An artist who learned from Michelangelo and Leonardo & is famous for painting School of Athens, which illustrates the spirit of the Renaissance reflecting on ideas of the Ancient Greeks & Romans and making them modern! ****What perspective techniques does he use?????

RaphaelAlso painted The Miraculous Drought of the Fishes: Tells a biblical story; also includes a detailed background and a sense of depth

What was the main focus of Renaissance Visual Artists?Artists in all fields created stunning works of art which were NOT JUST BASED ON RELIGION ANYMORE! Now, their focus was NATURE & THE HUMAN FORM!

45ART: Know who produced each oneThe Last Supper , The Mona Lisa , The Sistine Chapel, The David, Moses, The David (in bronze), School of Athens, After viewing the famous works of art of the 4 artists, Reflect: Why do you think these artists are remembered so well?They are remembered because they brought about MAJOR CHANGES in European art! Read over the description of Renaissance vs. Medieval vs. Classical art and view an example of each

Disobolus, Ancient RomeClassical Period (500 BC- 500 AD)Sculpture, pottery, murals, mosaicsShow importance of people & gods

Doing real task of daily lifeCalm without emotionlooks idealized & perfectbody looks activebodies often nudelittle sense of background

Narthex Tympanum,Medeival period 1120 AdA tympanum is an arching space above an entrance (to a Church here) The most important figure is the largest It is religious (Christianity being the religion)The figures do not try to look like real bodiesFlat stone without much depth

School of Athens, by Raphael

Renaissance 1510 AD Active movement Expression is shown

Includes Ancient sculptures & philososphers (Plato & Aristotle) Uses perspective to create deep spaceHOMEWORK- p. 16/17MichelangeloSculptorArchitectInventorItalyFrescoStatueCast in BronzeScholarRenaissanceThe Church? S. An architect of many churches & painted the Sistine ChapelT. Any artist who carves statuesP. A person who designs buildingsE. A person who imagines new ideas or one who devises some new processR. The country where all four artists livedB. A painting done on a wet plaster wallA. A carved objectI. To use mold to form a statue in copper & tinL. A learned or educated person with profound knowledgeC. A time in history with a rebirth of new ideas

St. Peters Basilica GROUP ACTIVITY: Analyzing Art1) Begin by examining the piece of art shown on the projector2) Independently use the 3-column chart to decide which time period this piece was made during and write it down3) Share your answer with your group. 4) After listening to each group members ideas, finalize your answer and write down 2-3 reasons to explain why your group chose this time period

Bayeux TapestryMedieval

Venus BathingClassical

Madonna & ChildMedieval

Moses(by Michelangelo)Renaissance

Grave Stele of HegesoClassical

Stained GlassCrucifictionMedieval

Madonna & ChildRenaissance

Procession of Alexander the GreatClassical

Venus &AdonisRenaissanceMedieval Art vs. Renaissance ArtMajor points to remember:1) Both depicted (showed) religious subjects2) Renaissance Art often focused on nature and gave attention to detail2) Medieval Art exaggerated sizes to show the importance of religious subjects, whereas Renaissance art used REALISM3) Medieval Art was often flat and cartoon- like4) Renaissance Art made use of PERSPECTIVE5) Renaissance Art used vibrant, true to life colors