Multimedia learning objects for learning Java Peter Chalk & Richard Haynes London Metropolitan University Learning Objects for Computing LTSN-ICS Workshop.

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Multimedia learning objects for learning JavaPeter Chalk & Richard HaynesLondon Metropolitan UniversityLearning Objects for Computing LTSN-ICS Workshop Jan 26th 2004 London Metropolitan Universitywww.unl.ac.uk/ltri/learningobjectslearning.unl.ac.uk/java1/SummaryMotivationConcept developmentLearning Object design & implementationReusability in contextResearch & evaluationIssues for the futureMotivationProgramming module failure rateStudents not engaging or enjoyingEvaluation report recommended redesignInclude on-line support: VLE & LOsTeam-based approach: academics, researchers & developerPrototyping methodology: evaluation & feedbackConcept developmentSupport needs identified for:Introductory Java concepts (scaffolding)IDE & getting started (JCreator)Object World (now AWT) graphics libraryRequirements discussion team-based developing text, visualisation, animation, code and self-assessment quiz etcLearning Object (LO) design & implementationText as introduction and containerVisualisation, animation & multimediaControl & GUI/ HCIshow animationnext frameCode animatorSelf-assessment & feedbackText LO (also acts as container for animation)Concept LO (while loop) plus code animationFeedback LOs for self assessment fill-in & drag/dropReusability in contextRepository and archivemultiple modulemultiple approaches/ textsmultiple topics/ weeksUse in context - WebCT module instanceLO access list in WebCT for tracking page hitsRepository and archiveUse in context - WebCT module instanceList of Los in WebCT content module (for tracking page hits)Research & evaluationFollowing slides show research dataLO page hits, comparative usefulnesstime per page hit qualitystudent history of page hits shows learning paths or patterns (optimal/ failing)student evaluation perceived usefulnessChart12565.38461538469.6153846154035.576923076953.846153846210.5769230769029.523809523840.952380952428.57142857140.952380952445.714285714343.809523809510.4761904762035.238095238146.66666666678.57142857140.952380952425.242718446658.252427184512.62135922333.8834951456Very usefulUsefulNot very usefulUseless%Usefulness of module components: 03/04Sheet1Java 1 Evaluation - Student Questionnaire 2 (Mid Semester) results Sem A 03/04 - as at 7/11/03No. of Questionnaires completed105Sem A 02/03 Qs completed = 223Q 4 GenderSem A 03/04Sem A 02/03AnswerFrequency%Frequency%1 Male8076168762 Female25245324105100221100Q 5 TimetableSem A 03/04Sem A 02/03Frequency%1 HND Monday morning18172 BSc Tuesday afternoon26253 BSc Thursday morning33314 BSc Friday morning18175 MSc Thursday morning10106 MSc Thursday evening00105100HND18172612BSc777317277MSc10102411105100222100Q 6 Approach to learning JavaSem A 03/04Sem A 02/03The early programs all involve creating graphic shapes that you can see on the screen. What do you think of this approach to learning Java?Frequency%%Frequency%%1 Very good363477352 Good59569013460953 Poor10101154 Very poor0010105105100223100Q 7 Challenge of moduleSem A 03/04Sem A 02/03How challenging do you think the Java programming module is?Frequency%%Frequency%%1 Very challenging464490402 Challenging52509411853933 Easy551364 Very easy116217104100223100Q 8 Interest of moduleSem A 03/04Sem A 02/03How interesting do you find the Java module as a whole?Frequency%%Frequency%%1 Very interesting313091412 Interesting57548410949903 Not very interesting151422104 Very boring22161010105100223100Q 9 ProgressSem A 03/04Sem A 02/03How do you feel about your progress at this stage in the module?Frequency%%Frequency%%1 Very happy13132092 Happy64627414866753 Disappointed232248224 Very disappointed44267325104100223100Q 10 MotivationSem A 03/04Sem A 02/03How would you describe your motivation to learn programming in Java at this stage in the course?Frequency%%Frequency%%1 Very high171662282 High68658112456843 Low191833154 Very low11193116105100222100Q 11 Completed Questionnaire 1Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03Frequency%Frequency%1 Yes9087192872 No14132913104100221100Q 12 Use of lecturesSem A 03/04Sem A 02/03How useful are the lectures in helping you to learn Java?Frequency%%Frequency%%1 Very useful313079362 Useful43417010748843 Not very useful302930144 Useless11306316105100222100Q 13 Use of lab exercisesSem A 03/04Sem A 02/03How useful are the lab exercises in helping you to learn Java?Frequency%%Frequency%%1 Very useful484698452 Useful4644909342873 Not very useful111026124 Useless00103113105100220100Q 14 Use of text bookSem A 03/04Sem A 02/03How useful is the text book in helping you to learn Java?Frequency%%Frequency%%1 Very useful373536162 Useful4947828739563 Not very useful9959274 Useless1110115325 Don't use992813105100221100Q 15 Usefulness of Making decisions text LASem A 03/04Sem A 02/03Look at the following screenshot of a text based learning aid - Making decisions from Week 5. How useful did you find this particular learning aid?Based on Classes LAMaking decisions text LAFrequency%%Frequency%%1 Very useful232299452 Useful58557710447913 Not very useful11101364 Useless00102175 Didn't use it131242105100222100Q 16 Interest of Making decisions text LASem A 02/03How interesting did you find that learning aid?Based on Classes LAMaking decisions text LAFrequency%%Frequency%%1 Very interesting201945202 Interesting52506913963833 Not very interesting212031144 Very boring002031155 Didn't use it111142104100222100Q 17 Usefulness of If Statement animated LASem A 02/03Look at the following screenshot of an animated learning aid - If Statement from Week 5. How useful did you find this particular learning aid?If statement animated LAFrequency%%Frequency%%1 Very useful3130101462 Useful4846768940863 Not very useful8821104 Useless11921105 Didn't use it161515844104100221100Q 18 Interest of If Statement animated LASem A 02/03How interesting did you find that learning aid?If statement animated LAFrequency%%Frequency%%1 Very interesting242373332 Interesting55537610949823 Not very interesting8828134 Very boring00821145 Didn't use it171616944104100221100Q 19 General usefulness of text LAsSem A 02/03How useful generally are the text-based learning aids in helping you to learn Java?Text LAsFrequency%%Frequency%%1 Very useful262563292 Useful68659013863913 Not very useful10101784 Useless0010219104100220100Q 20 General usefulness of animated LAsSem A 02/03How useful generally are the animation-based learning aids in helping you to learn Java?Animated LAsFrequency%%Frequency%%1 Very useful373699452 Useful5654899744893 Not very useful11112094 Useless00113111104100219100Q 21 General usefulness of quizzesSem A 02/03How useful generally are the quizzes in the animation-based learning aids in helping you to learn Java?QuizzesFrequency%%Frequency%%1 Very useful262573332 Useful60588312456903 Not very useful13131884 Useless44175210103100220100Comparative usefulness text LAs - specific/generalSem A 03/04Very usefulUsefulNot very usefulUselessMaking decisions text LA2255100Text LAs2565100Comparative usefulness animated LAs - specific/generalSem A 03/04Very usefulUsefulNot very usefulUselessIf statement animated LA304681Animated LAs3654110Comparative usefulness - animated and text LAs generallySem A 03/04Very usefulUsefulNot very usefulUselessText LAs2565100Animated LAs3654110How interesting are specific learning aidsSem A 03/04Very interestingInterestingNot very interestingVery boringDidn't use it%%%%%Text LA (Making decisions)195020011Animated LA (If statement)23538016Very interestingInterestingNot very interestingVery boringDidn't use itNo.No.No.No.No.Text LA (Making decisions)205221011Animated LA (If statement)24558017How useful are specific learning aidsSem A 03/04Very usefulUsefulNot very usefulUselessDidn't use it%%%%%Text LA (Making decisions)225510012Animated LA (If statement)30468115Very usefulUsefulNot very usefulUselessDidn't use itNo.No.No.No.No.Text LA (Making decisions)235811013Animated LA (If statement)31488116Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03Usefulness of module componentsUsefulness of module componentsVery usefulUsefulNot very usefulUselessVery useful/usefulVery usefulUsefulNot very usefulUselessVery useful/usefulText learning aids256510010090Text learning aids29638110192Animated learning aids365411010089Animated learning aids4544919989Lectures304129110070Lectures364814310184Lab exercises464410010090Lab exercises454212110087Text book3547919182Text book1639271810055Quizzes255813410083Quizzes335682100&R&F &D&C&PSheet1Q 4 GenderFrequency%Q 7 Challenge of moduleFrequency%Q8 Interest of moduleFrequency%Q 9 ProgressQ 11 Completed Questionnaire 1Frequency%Q 10 MotivationFrequency%Q 12 Use of lecturesFrequency%Q 16 Interest of Making decisions text LAFrequency%Q 17 Usefulness of Classes animated LAQ 5 TimetableFrequency%Q15 Usefulness of Making decisions text LAFrequency%Q13 Use of lab exercisesFrequency%Q 18 Interest of Classes animated LAFrequency%Q19 General usefulness of text LAsFrequency%Q 20 General usefulness of animated LAsFrequency%Q 21 General usefulness of quizzesFrequency%Q 6 Approach to learning JavaFrequency%Q 14 Use of text bookMaking decisions text LAText LAs%Comparative usefulness text LAs - specific/generalIf statement animated LAAnimated LAs%Comparative usefulness animated LAs - specific/generalText LAsAnimated LAs%Comparative usefulness - animated and text LAs generallyText LA (Making decisions)Animated LA (If statement)%How interesting are specific learning aidsText LA (Making decisions)Animated LA (If statement)%How useful are specific learning aidsText LA (Making decisions)Animated LA (If statement)No. of studentsHow interesting are specific learning aids11Text LA (Making decisions)Animated LA (If statement)No. of studentsHow useful are specific learning aidsVery usefulUsefulNot very usefulUseless%Usefulness of module components: 03/04%%Approach to learning JavaSem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Gender: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Course: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Approach to learning Java: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Challenge of module: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Interest of module: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Progress: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Motivation: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Completed Q1: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Use of lectures: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Use of lab exercises: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Use of text book: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Usefulness of text LA: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Interest of text LA: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Usefulness of animated LA: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%General usefulness of text LAs: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%General usefulness of animated LAsSem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%General usefulness of quizzes: 03/04 and 02/03Sem A 03/04Sem A 02/03%Interest of animated LA: 03/04 and 02/03Very usefulUsefulNot very usefulUseless%Usefulness of module components: 02/03Text LA (Making decisions)Animated LA (If statement)%How useful are specific learning aidsIssues for the futureRepository:Sharing & blendingmeta data - IMS?who? LTSN?Ease of use: index, keywords, browseContext (code) LOs link to concept LOsIntelligent agent researchLinksLTRI: http://www.unl.ac.uk/ltri/learningobjectsLO list: http://learning.unl.ac.uk/java1/WebCT module: http://webct.unl.ac.uk/SCRIPT/IM110/scripts/serve_homeJICC: http://www.ics.ltsn.ac.uk/events/jicc8/

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