OS X Keyboard Shortcuts

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OS X keyboard shortcutsA keyboard shortcut is a way to invoke a function in OS X by pressing a combination of keys on yourkeyboard. Learn about common OS X keyboard shortcuts.To use a keyboard shortcut you press a modifier key with a character key. For example, pressing the Commandkey (it has a symbol) and then the "c" key copies whatever is currently selected (text, graphics, and so forth) intothe Clipboard. This is also known as the Command-C keyboard shortcut.A modifier key is a part of many keyboard shortcuts. A modifier key alters the way other keystrokes ormouse/trackpad clicks are interpreted by OS X. Modifier keys include: Command, Shift, Option, Control, CapsLock, and the Fn key. You may need to use the Fn key in some of the key combinations listed below. For example,if the keyboard shortcut is Control-F2, press Fn-Control-F2.Here are the modifier key symbols you may see in OS X menus: Command key Control key Option key Shift Key Caps LockFn Function KeyStartup shortcutsPress the key or key combination until the expected function occurs/appears (for example, hold Option duringstartup until Startup Manager appears). Note: If a startup function doesn't work and you use a third-partykeyboard, try again with an Apple keyboard.Key or key combination What it doesOption Display all bootable volumes (Startup Manager)Shift Start up in Safe ModeLeft Shift Prevent automatic loginC Start from bootable media (DVD, CD, USB thumbdrive, and so forth)T Start up in Target disk modeN Start from a NetBoot serverX Force Mac OS X startup (if non-Mac OS X startupvolumes are present)D Use Apple Hardware TestCommand-R Use OS X Recovery (OS X Lion or later)Command-V Start up in Verbose ModeCommand-S Start up in Single User ModeCommand-Option-P-R Reset NVRAM / parameter RAMHold down the Media Eject () key or F12 key, or mouseor trackpad button Eject removable discsSleep and shut down shortcutsKey or key combination What it doesPower button OS X Mavericks Tap to power on. Once powered on, tap to wake or sleep. Hold down the power button for 1.5seconds OS X Mavericks Show restart / sleep / shutdown dialogHold down the power button for 5seconds Force the Mac to power offCommand-Control-power button Force the Mac to restartControl-Media Eject () Show restart / sleep / shutdown dialogCommand-Option-Media Eject () Put the computer to sleepCommand-Control-Media Eject () Quit all applications (after giving you a chance to save changes toopen documents), then restart the computerLanguages EnglishHelpful? Yes NoOS X keyboard shortcuts http://support.apple.com/kb/ht13431 of 8 13/03/14 21.31Command-Option-Control-Media Eject()Quit all applications (after giving you a chance to save changes toopen documents), then shut down the computerShift-Control-Media Eject () Put all displays to sleep Finder keyboard shortcutsKey combination What it doesCommand-A Select all items in the front Finder window (or desktop if nowindow is open)Command-Option-A Deselect all itemsCommand-Shift-A Open the Applications folderCommand-C Copy selected item/text to the ClipboardCommand-Shift-C Open the Computer windowCommand-D Duplicate selected itemCommand-Shift-D Open desktop folderCommand-E EjectCommand-F Find any matching Spotlight attributeCommand-Shift-F Find Spotlight file name matchesCommand-Option-F Navigate to the search field in an already-open SpotlightwindowCommand-Shift-G Go to FolderCommand-Shift-H Open the Home folder of the currently logged-in useraccountCommand-Shift-Control-T Add to DockCommand-I Get InfoCommand-Option-I Show InspectorCommand-Control-I Get Summary InfoCommand-Shift-I Open iDiskCommand-J Show View OptionsCommand-K Connect to ServerCommand-Shift-K Open Network windowCommand-L Make alias of the selected itemCommand-M Minimize windowCommand-Option-M Minimize all windowsCommand-N New Finder windowCommand-Shift-N New folderCommand-Option-N New Smart FolderCommand-O Open selected itemCommand-Shift-Q Log OutCommand-Shift-Option-Q Log Out immediatelyCommand-R Show original (of alias)Command-T Add to SidebarCommand-Shift-T Add to FavoritesCommand-Option-T Hide Toolbar / Show Toolbar in Finder windowsCommand-Shift-U Open Utilities folderCommand-V PasteCommand-W Close windowCommand-Option-W Close all windowsCommand-X CutCommand-Option-Y Slideshow (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)Command-Z Undo / RedoCommand-1 View as IconCommand-2 View as ListCommand-3 View as ColumnsOS X keyboard shortcuts http://support.apple.com/kb/ht13432 of 8 13/03/14 21.31Command-4 View as Cover Flow (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)Command-Comma (,) Open Finder preferencesCommand-Accent (`) (the Accent key above Tab keyon a US English keyboard layout) Cycle through open Finder windowsCommand-Shift-Question Mark (?) Open Mac HelpCommand-Left Bracket ([) Go to the previous folderCommand-Right Bracket (]) Go to the next folderCommand-Up Arrow Open the folder that contains the current folderCommand-Control-Up Arrow Open the folder that contains the current folder in a newwindowCommand-Down Arrow Open highlighted itemCommand-Shift-Up Arrow Make the desktop activeRight Arrow (in List view) Open the selected folderLeft Arrow (in List view) Close the selected folderOption-click the disclosure triangle (in List view) Open all folders within the selected folderOptiondouble-click Open a folder in a separate window, closing the currentwindowCommanddouble-click Open a folder in a separate windowCommand-click the window title See the folders that contain the current windowCommand-Tab Switch applicationcycle forwardCommand-Shift-Tab Switch applicationcycle backwardCommand-Delete Move to TrashCommand-Shift-Delete Empty TrashCommand-Shift-Option-Delete Empty Trash without confirmation dialogSpace bar (or Command-Y) Quick Look (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)Command key while dragging Move dragged item to other volume/location (pointer iconchanges while key is held--see this article)Option key while dragging Copy dragged item (pointer icon changes while key isheld--see this article)Command-Option key combination while dragging Make alias of dragged item (pointer icon changes while keyis held--see this article)Application and other OS X shortcutsNote: Some applications may not support all of the following application key combinations.Key combination What it doesCommand-Space bar Show or hide the Spotlight search field (if multiple languages are installed,may rotate through enabled script systems)Control-A Move to beginning of line/paragraphControl-B Move one character backwardControl-D Delete the character in front of the cursorControl-E Move to end of line/paragraphControl-F Move one character forwardControl-H Delete the character behind the cursorControl-K Delete from the character in front of the cursor to the end of theline/paragraphControl-L Center the cursor/selection in the visible areaControl-N Move down one lineControl-O Insert a new line after the cursorControl-P Move up one lineControl-T Transpose the character behind the cursor and the character in front of thecursorControl-V Move down one pageOption-Delete Delete the word that is left of the cursor, as well as any spaces orpunctuation after the wordOS X keyboard shortcuts http://support.apple.com/kb/ht13433 of 8 13/03/14 21.31Command-Option-Space bar Show the Spotlight search results window (if multiple languages are installed,may rotate through keyboard layouts and input methods within a script)Command-Tab Move forward to the next most recently used application in a list of openapplicationsCommand-Shift-Tab Move backward through a list of open applications (sorted by recent use)Shift-Tab Navigate through controls in a reverse directionControl-Tab Move focus to the next grouping of controls in a dialog or the next table(when Tab moves to the next cell)Shift-Control-Tab Move focus to the previous grouping of controlsCommand-esc Open Front Row (if installed)Option-Media Eject () Eject from secondary optical media drive (if one is installed)Fn-Delete Forward Delete (on a portable Mac's built-in keyboard)Command-F1 Toggles "Mirror Displays" for multi-monitor configurationsCommand-F2 Toggle Target Display ModeCommand-F3 Show DesktopCommand-F5 Toggle VoiceOver On / OffOption-F1 or F2 Opens "Displays" System PreferenceOption-F3 or F4 Opens "Mission Control" System PreferenceOption-F10 or F11 or F12 Opens "Sound" System PreferenceControl-F3 App ExposShift-Control-F6 Move focus to the previous panelControl-F7 Temporarily override the current keyboard access mode in windows anddialogsControl-F8 Move to the status menus in the menu barF9 Tile or untile all open windowsF10 Tile or untile all open windows in the currently active applicationF11 Hide or show all open windowsF12 Hide or display DashboardCommand-Accent (`) Activate the next open window in the frontmost applicationCommand-Shift-Accent (`) Activate the previous open window in the frontmost applicationCommand-Option-Accent (`) Move focus to the window drawerCommand-Minus () Decrease the size of the selected itemCommand-{ Left-align a selectionCommand-} Right-align a selectionCommand-| Center-align a selectionCommand-Colon (:) Display the Spelling windowCommand-Semicolon (;) Find misspelled words in the documentCommand-Comma (,) Open the front application's preferences window (if it supports this keyboardshortcut)Command-Option-Control-Comma (,) Decrease screen contrastCommand-Option-Control-Period(.) Increase screen contrastCommand-Question Mark (?) Open the application's help in Help ViewerCommand-Option-/ Turn font smoothing on or offCommand-Shift-= Increase the size of the selected itemCommand-Shift-3 Capture the screen to a fileCommand-Shift-Control-3 Capture the screen to the ClipboardCommand-Shift-4 Capture a selection to a fileCommand-Shift-Control-4 Capture a selection to the ClipboardCommand-A Highlight every item in a document or window, or all characters in a text fieldCommand-B Boldface the selected text or toggle boldfaced text on and offCommand-C Copy the selected data to the ClipboardCommand-Shift-C Display the Colors windowCommand-Option-C Copy the style of the selected textOS X keyboard shortcuts http://support.apple.com/kb/ht13434 of 8 13/03/14 21.31Command-Control-C Copy the formatting settings of the selected item and store on the ClipboardCommand-Option-D Show or hide the DockCommand-Control-D Display the definition of the selected word in the Dictionary applicationCommand-DSelects the Desktop folder in Open and Save dialogsorSelects "Don't Save" in dialogs that contain a Don't Save button, in Mac OS Xv10.6.8 and earlierCommand-Delete Selects "Don't Save" in dialogs that contain a Don't Save button, in OS X Lionand Mountain LionCommand-E Use the selection for a findCommand-F Open a Find windowCommand-Option-F Move to the search field controlCommand-G Find the next occurrence of the selectionCommand-Shift-G Find the previous occurrence of the selectionCommand-H Hide the windows of the currently running applicationCommand-Option-H Hide the windows of all other running applicationsCommand-I Italicize the selected text or toggle italic text on or offCommand-Option-I Display an inspector windowCommand-J Scroll to a selectionCommand-M Minimize the active window to the DockCommand-Option-M Minimize all windows of the active application to the DockCommand-N Create a new document in the frontmost applicationCommand-O Display a dialog for choosing a document to open in the frontmostapplicationCommand-P Display the Print dialogCommand-Shift-P Display a dialog for specifying printing parameters (Page Setup)Command-Q Quit the frontmost applicationCommand-S Save the active documentCommand-Shift-S Display the Save As dialogCommand-T Display the Fonts windowCommand-Option-T Show or hide a toolbarCommand-U Underline the selected text or turn underlining on or offCommand-V Paste the Clipboard contents at the insertion pointCommand-Option-V Apply the style of one object to the selected object (Paste Style)Command-Shift-Option-V Apply the style of the surrounding text to the inserted object (Paste andMatch Style)Command-Control-V Apply formatting settings to the selected object (Paste Ruler Command)Command-W Close the frontmost windowCommand-Shift-W Close a file and its associated windowsCommand-Option-W Close all windows in the application without quitting itCommand-X Remove the selection and store in the ClipboardCommand-Z Undo previous command (some applications allow for multiple Undos)Command-Shift-Z Redo previous command (some applications allow for multiple Redos)Control-Right Arrow Move focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a tableControl-Left Arrow Move focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a tableControl-Down Arrow Move focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a tableControl-Up Arrow Move focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a tableCommand-Right Arrow Move the text insertion point to the end of the current lineCommand-Left Arrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the current lineCommand-Down Arrow Move the text insertion point to the end of the documentCommand-Up Arrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the documentOption-Right Arrow Move the text insertion point to the end of the next wordOption-Left Arrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the previous wordCommand-Shift-Right Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the end of the current line (*)OS X keyboard shortcuts http://support.apple.com/kb/ht13435 of 8 13/03/14 21.31Command-Shift-Left Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the beginning of the current line(*)Shift-Right Arrow Extend text selection one character to the right (*)Shift-Left Arrow Extend text selection one character to the left (*)Command-Shift-Up Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the beginning of the document(*)Command-Shift-Down Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the end of the document (*)Shift-Up Arrow Extend text selection to the line above, to the nearest character boundary atthe same horizontal location (*)Shift-Down Arrow Extend text selection to the line below, to the nearest character boundary atthe same horizontal location (*)Shift-Option-Right Arrow Extend text selection to the end of the current word, then to the end of thefollowing word if pressed again (*)Shift-Option-Left Arrow Extend text selection to the beginning of the current word, then to thebeginning of the following word if pressed again (*)Shift-Option-Down Arrow Extend text selection to the end of the current paragraph, then to the end ofthe following paragraph if pressed again (*)Shift-Option-Up Arrow Extend text selection to the beginning of the current paragraph, then to thebeginning of the following paragraph if pressed again (*)Control-Space bar Toggle between the current and previous input sourcesOption-Control-Space bar Toggle through all enabled input sourcesCommand-Option-esc Force QuitCommand-Shift-Option-Esc (holdfor three seconds) Force Quit the front-most application (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)Command-Left Bracket ([) Previous browser webpageCommand-Right Bracket (]) Next browser webpage*Note: If no text is selected, the extension begins at the insertion point. If text is selected by dragging, then theextension begins at the selection boundary. Reversing the direction of the selection deselects the appropriate unit.Universal Access - VoiceOver keyboard commandsFor information about VoiceOver key combination differences in Mac OS X v10.6, see this article.Key combination What it doesCommand-F5 or Fn-Command-F5 Turn VoiceOver on or offOption-Control-F8 or Fn-Option-Control-F8 Open VoiceOver Utility (if VoiceOver is on)Option-Control-F7 or Fn-Option-Control-F7 Display VoiceOver menu (if VoiceOver is on)Option-Control-Semicolon (;) Enable/disable VoiceOver Control Option-lockCommand-Option-8 Turn Zoom on or offCommand-Option-Plus (+) Zoom InCommand-Option-Minus () Zoom OutCommand-Option-Control-8 Invert/revert the screen colors (OS X Lion or earlier)Command-Option-Control-Comma (,) Reduce contrast (OS X Lion or earlier)Command-Option-Control-Period (.) Increase contrast (OS X Lion or earlier)Note: You may need to enable "Use all F1, F2, etc. keys as standard keys" in Keyboard preferences for theVoiceOver menu and utility to work.Full keyboard accessFull keyboard access lets you use your keyboard to navigate and interact with items on the screen. Use theseshortcuts to select and adjust controls such as text fields and sliders.Key combination What it doesTab Move to the next controlShift-Tab Move to the previous controlControl-Tab Move to the next control when a text field is selectedArrow keysMove to the adjacent item in a list, tab group, or menuorOS X keyboard shortcuts http://support.apple.com/kb/ht13436 of 8 13/03/14 21.31Move sliders and adjusters (vertical up and down arrows used to increase and decreasevalues)Control-Arrowkeys Move to a control adjacent to the text fieldSpace bar Select the highlighted menu itemReturn or Enter Click the default button or perform the default actionEscClick the Cancel buttonorClose a menu without choosing an itemYou can navigate the menus in the menu bar without using a mouse or trackpad. To put the focus in the menubar, press Control-F2 (Fn-Control-F2 on portable keyboards). Then use the key combinations listed below.Key combination What it doesLeft Arrow and Right Arrow Move from menu to menuReturn Open a selected menuUp Arrow and Down Arrow Move to menu items in the selected menuType the menu items name Jump to a menu item in the selected menuReturn Select a menu itemUniversal Access - Mouse KeysWhen Mouse Keys is turned on in Universal Access preferences, you can use the keyboard or numeric keypad keysto move the mouse pointer. If your computer doesn't have a numeric keypad, use the Fn (function) key.Key combination What it does8 Move Up2 Move Down4 Move Left6 Move Right1 Move Diagonally Bottom Left3 Move Diagonally Bottom Right7 Move Diagonally Top Left9 Move Diagonally Top Right5 Press Mouse Button0 Hold Mouse Button. (Period on number pad) Release Hold Mouse ButtonSee also: Shortcuts for Mouse Keys.Additional InformationAdvanced: This article refers to the default modifier key assignments. Modifier key assignments can be changedin the Keyboard preferences pane of System Preferences. For example, you can change the Command key to act asan Option key, and vice-versa. You can also restore default modifier key settings.See also:Creating keyboard shortcuts for applicationsIf a keyboard shortcut doesnt workStartup Manager: How to select a startup volumeResolving VoiceOver key command conflictsAdditional features of the DockHow to Add a Spoken Command for Keyboard ShortcutLast Modified: Jan 13, 2014Additional Product Support InformationOS X keyboard shortcuts http://support.apple.com/kb/ht13437 of 8 13/03/14 21.31Start a Discussionin Apple Support CommunitiesSubmit my question to the communitySee all questions on this article See all questions I have askedOS X Mavericks OS X Mountain Lion Mac OS X 10.6OS X LionContact Apple SupportNeed more help? Save time by starting your support request online and we'llconnect you to an expert.Get startedOS X keyboard shortcuts http://support.apple.com/kb/ht13438 of 8 13/03/14 21.31

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