OS X: Keyboard Shortcuts

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OS X Keyboard Shortcuts


04/07/14 08:36OS X: Keyboard shortcutsPage 1 of 9http://support.apple.com/kb/ht1343?viewlocale=nl_nlTalen EnglishOS X: Keyboard shortcutsA keyboard shortcut is a way to invoke a function in OS X by pressing a combination of keys on yourkeyboard. Learn about common OS X keyboard shortcuts.Using keyboard shortcutsTo use a keyboard shortcut, press a modifier key at the same time as a character key. For example, pressing theCommand key (it has a symbol) and then the "c" key copies whatever is currently selected to the Clipboard. Thisis also known as the Command-C keyboard shortcut. You can see the keys that map to many shortcuts by lookingin an app's menus.A modifier key is a part of many keyboard shortcuts. A modifier key alters the way other keystrokes ormouse/trackpad clicks are interpreted by OS X. Modifier keys include: Command, Shift, Option, Control, CapsLock, and the fn key. These keys are represented by special symbols when you see them in menus and other partsof OS X: Command key Control key Option key Shift Key Caps Lockfn Function KeyWhen the fn key is used with the top row of keys on your keyboard, it makes them perform a different function.For example, if a keyboard shortcut is Control-F2, you press fn-Control-Brightness on your keyboard. If you lookclosely at the Brightness key at the top of your keyboard, there is an F2 symbol indicating that this key works as afunction key (F2 or function 2) when you hold fn on the keyboard.If you use a non-Apple keyboard that includes a Windows key, the Alt key is the same thing as pressing Option,and the Windows key is the same thing as Command. You can change how these keys are interpreted from theKeyboard pane of System Preferences. Startup shortcutsUse these key combinations to change how your computer starts up. Press and hold the key or combination ofkeys immediately after starting your Mac until the expected function occurs or appears. For example, press andhold the Option key during startup until the Startup Manager appears.Note: If you're using a keyboard manufactured by someone other than Apple, the Alt key is usually the same keyas the Option key. If this modifier doesn't appear to work, try using an Apple keyboard instead.Key or key combination What it doesOption or Alt Display all startup volumes (Startup Manager)Shift Start up in Safe ModeLeft Shift Prevent automatic loginC Start from bootable media (DVD, CD, USB thumbdrive)T Start up in Target disk modeN Start from a NetBoot serverForce OS X startup (when non-OS X startup04/07/14 08:36OS X: Keyboard shortcutsPage 2 of 9http://support.apple.com/kb/ht1343?viewlocale=nl_nlX volumes are available)D Use Apple Hardware TestCommand-R Use OS X Recovery (OS X Lion or later)Command-V Start up in Verbose ModeCommand-S Start up in Single User ModeCommand-Option-P-R Reset NVRAM / parameter RAMHold down the Media Eject () key or F12 key, or mouse ortrackpad button Eject removable discsSleep and shut down shortcuts Use these key combinations after your Mac has started up to sleep, shut down, or restart your computer.Key or key combination What it doesPower buttonTap to power on. Once powered on, tap the power button to wake or sleep inOS X Mavericks.Hold down the power buttonfor 1.5 seconds Show the restart / sleep / shutdown dialog in OS X MavericksHold down the power buttonfor 5 seconds Force the Mac to power offCommand-Control-powerbutton Force the Mac to restartControl-Media Eject () Show restart / sleep / shutdown dialogCommand-Option-Media Eject() Put the computer to sleepCommand-Control-MediaEject ()Quit all applications (after giving you a chance to save changes to opendocuments), then restart the computerCommand-Option-Control-Media Eject ()Quit all applications (after giving you a chance to save changes to opendocuments), then shut down the computerShift-Control-Media Eject () Put all displays to sleepTaking screenshotsUse these shortcuts to take a picture of what you see on your screen. You can also use Grab to take screenshots, an app located inthe Utilities folder.Key combination What it doesCommand-Shift-3 Capture the screen to a fileCommand-Shift-Control-3 Capture the screen to the ClipboardCommand-Shift-4 Capture a selection of the screen to a file, or press the spacebar to capture just awindowCommand-Shift-Control-4Capture a selection of the screen to the Clipboard, , or press the spacebar to capturejust a windowApplication and other OS X shortcutsThese keyboard shortcuts work in most apps.Key combination What it doesCommand-Space barShow or hide the Spotlight search field(if multiple languages are being used simultaneously, this shortcut may rotatethrough enabled script systems instead)Command-Option-SpacebarShow the Spotlight search results window (if multiple languages are installed, mayrotate through keyboard layouts and input methods within a script)Command-Tab Move forward to the next most recently used application in a list of openapplicationsCommand-Shift-Tab Move backward through a list of open applications (sorted by recent use)04/07/14 08:36OS X: Keyboard shortcutsPage 3 of 9http://support.apple.com/kb/ht1343?viewlocale=nl_nlShift-Tab Navigate through controls in a reverse directionControl-Tab Move focus to the next grouping of controls in a dialog or the next table (whenTab moves to the next cell)Shift-Control-Tab Move focus to the previous grouping of controlsOption-Media Eject () Eject from secondary optical media drive (if one is installed)Command-F1 Toggle "Mirror Displays" on multi-monitor configurationsCommand-F2 Toggle Target Display ModeCommand-F3 Show DesktopCommand-F5 Toggle VoiceOver On or OffOption-F1 or Option-F2 Opens "Displays" System PreferenceOption-F3 or Option-F4 Open Mission Control preferencesOption-F10 or -F11 or -F12 Open Sound preferencesShift-Control-F6 Move focus to the previous panelControl-F7 Temporarily override the current keyboard access mode in windows and dialogsControl-F8 Move to the status menus in the menu barCommand-Accent (`) Activate the next open window in the frontmost applicationCommand-Shift-Accent (`) Activate the previous open window in the frontmost applicationCommand-Option-Accent(`) Move focus to the window drawerCommand-Minus () Decrease the size of the selected itemCommand-{ Left-align a selectionCommand-} Right-align a selectionCommand-| Center-align a selectionCommand-Colon (:) Display the Spelling and Grammar windowCommand-Semicolon (;) Find misspelled words in the documentCommand-Comma (,) Open the front application's preferences windowCommand-Option-Control-Comma (,) Decrease screen contrastCommand-Option-Control-Period (.) Increase screen contrastCommand-Question Mark(?) Open the application's help in Help ViewerCommand-Option-/ Turn font smoothing on or offCommand-Shift-= Increase the size of the selected itemCommand-A Highlight every item in a document or window, or all characters in a text fieldCommand-B Boldface the selected text or toggle boldfaced text on and offCommand-C Copy the selected data to the ClipboardCommand-Shift-C Display the Colors windowCommand-Option-C Copy the formatting settings of the selected item and store on the ClipboardCommand-Option-V Paste (apply) the formatting settings from the Clipboard to the selected itemCommand-Option-D Show or hide the DockCommand-Control-D Display the definition of the selected wordCommand-D Selects the Desktop folder in Open and Save dialogs or selects Don't Save indialogs that contain a Don't Save buttonCommand-Delete Selects Don't Save in dialogs that contain a Delete or Don't Save buttonCommand-E Use the selection for a findCommand-F Open a Find windowCommand-Option-F Move to the search field control04/07/14 08:36OS X: Keyboard shortcutsPage 4 of 9http://support.apple.com/kb/ht1343?viewlocale=nl_nlCommand-G Find the next occurrence of the selectionCommand-Shift-G Find the previous occurrence of the selectionCommand-H Hide the windows of the currently running applicationCommand-Option-H Hide the windows of all other running applicationsCommand-I Italicize the selected text or toggle italic text on or offCommand-Option-I Display an inspector windowCommand-M Minimize the active window to the DockCommand-Option-M Minimize all windows of the active application to the DockCommand-N Create a new document in the frontmost applicationCommand-O Display a dialog for choosing a document to open in the frontmost applicationCommand-P Display the Print dialogCommand-Shift-P Display a dialog for specifying document parameters (Page Setup)Command-Q Quit the frontmost applicationCommand-S Save the active documentCommand-Shift-S Display the Save As dialog or duplicate the current documentCommand-T Display the Fonts windowCommand-Option-T Show or hide a toolbarCommand-U Underline the selected text or turn underlining on or offCommand-V Paste the Clipboard contents at the insertion pointCommand-Option-V Apply the style of one object to the selected object (Paste Style)Command-Shift-Option-V Apply the style of the surrounding text to the inserted object (Paste and MatchStyle)Command-Control-V Apply formatting settings to the selected object (Paste Ruler)Command-W Close the frontmost windowCommand-Shift-W Close a file and its associated windowsCommand-Option-W Close all windows in the application without quitting itCommand-X Remove the selection and store in the ClipboardCommand-Z Undo previous command (some applications allow for multiple Undos)Command-Shift-Z Redo previous command (some applications allow for multiple Redos)Control-Space bar Toggle between the current and previous input sourcesOption-Control-Space bar Toggle through all enabled input sourcesCommand-Option-esc choose an application to Force QuitCommand-Shift-Option-Esc(hold for three seconds) Force Quit the front-most applicationCommand-Left Bracket ([) Previous browser webpageCommand-Right Bracket (]) Next browser webpageText selection shortcutsUse these key combinations when editing text in a field or document.fn-Delete Forward Delete (on a portable Mac's built-in keyboard)fn-Up Arrow Scroll up one page (same as Page Up key)fn-Down Arrow Scroll down one page (same as Page Down key)fn-Left Arrow Scroll to the beginning of a document (same as Home key)fn-Right Arrow Scroll to the end of a document (same as End key)Command-RightArrow Move the text insertion point to the end of the current lineCommand-LeftArrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the current line04/07/14 08:36OS X: Keyboard shortcutsPage 5 of 9http://support.apple.com/kb/ht1343?viewlocale=nl_nlCommand-DownArrowMove the text insertion point to the end of the documentCommand-UpArrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the documentOption-Right Arrow Move the text insertion point to the end of the next wordOption-Left Arrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the previous wordOption-Delete Delete the word that is left of the cursor, as well as any spaces or punctuation after thewordCommand-Shift-Right Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the end of the current line (*)Command-Shift-Left Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the beginning of the current line (*)Command-Shift-UpArrow Select text between the insertion point and the beginning of the document (*)Command-Shift-Down Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the end of the document (*)Shift-Left Arrow Extend text selection one character to the left (*)Shift-Right Arrow Extend text selection one character to the right (*)Shift-Up Arrow Extend text selection to the line above, to the nearest character boundary at the samehorizontal location (*)Shift-Down Arrow Extend text selection to the line below, to the nearest character boundary at the samehorizontal location (*)Shift-Option-RightArrowExtend text selection to the end of the current word, then to the end of the following wordif pressed again (*)Shift-Option-LeftArrowExtend text selection to the beginning of the current word, then to the beginning of thefollowing word if pressed again (*)Shift-Option-DownArrowExtend text selection to the end of the current paragraph, then to the end of the followingparagraph if pressed again (*)Shift-Option-UpArrowExtend text selection to the beginning of the current paragraph, then to the beginning ofthe following paragraph if pressed again (*)Control-A Move to beginning of line or paragraphControl-B Move one character backwardControl-D Delete the character in front of the cursorControl-E Move to the beginning of a line or paragraphControl-F Move one character forwardControl-H Delete the character behind the cursorControl-K Delete from the character in front of the cursor to the end of the line or paragraphControl-L Center the cursor or selection in the visible areaControl-N Move down one lineControl-O Insert a new line after the cursorControl-P Move up one lineControl-T Transpose the character behind the cursor and the character in front of the cursorControl-V Move down *Note: If no text is selected, the extension begins at the insertion point. If text is selected by dragging, then the extension begins atthe selection boundary. Reversing the direction of the selection deselects the appropriate unit.AccessibilityThese keyboard shortcuts help you control your Mac with your keyboard or assistive devices.Accessibility and VoiceOver keyboard commandsKey combination What it does04/07/14 08:36OS X: Keyboard shortcutsPage 6 of 9http://support.apple.com/kb/ht1343?viewlocale=nl_nlCommand-Option-F5 Display Accessibility OptionsCommand-F5 or fn-Command-F5 Turn VoiceOver on or offOption-Control-F8 or fn-Option-Control-F8 Open VoiceOver Utility (if VoiceOver is on)Option-Control-F7 or fn-Option-Control-F7 Display VoiceOver menu (if VoiceOver is on)Option-Control-Semicolon (;) Enable or disable VoiceOverCommand-Option-8 Turn Zoom on or offCommand-Option-Plus (+) Zoom InCommand-Option-Minus () Zoom OutCommand-Option-Control-8 Invert/revert the screen colors (OS X Lion or earlier)Command-Option-Control-Comma (,) Reduce contrast (OS X Lion or earlier)Command-Option-Control-Period (.) Increase contrast (OS X Lion or earlier)Note: You may need to enable "Use all F1, F2, etc. keys as standard keys" in Keyboard preferences for theVoiceOver menu and utility to work.Full keyboard accessFull keyboard access lets you use your keyboard to navigate and interact with items on the screen. Use theseshortcuts to select and adjust controls such as text fields and sliders. This setting can be toggled by pressingControl-F7, or by selecting Full Keyboard Access from the Shortcuts pane of Keyboard preferences in SystemPreferences. Key combination What it doesTab Move to the next controlShift-Tab Move to the previous controlControl-Tab Move to the next control when a text field is selectedArrow keysMove to the adjacent item in a list, tab group, or menu orMove sliders and adjusters (vertical up and down arrows used to increase and decreasevalues)Control-Arrowkeys Move to a control adjacent to the text fieldSpace bar Select the highlighted menu itemReturn or Enter Click the default button or perform the default actionEsc Click the Cancel button orClose a menu without choosing an itemYou can navigate the menus in the menu bar without using a mouse or trackpad. To put the focus in the menubar, press Control-F2 (fn-Control-F2 on portable keyboards). Then use the key combinations listed below.Key combination What it doesLeft Arrow and Right Arrow Move from menu to menuReturn Open a selected menuUp Arrow and Down Arrow Move to menu items in the selected menuType the menu items name Jump to a menu item in the selected menuReturn Select a menu itemAccessibility - Mouse KeysWhen Mouse Keys is turned on in Accessibility preferences, you can use the keyboard or numeric keypad keys tomove the mouse pointer. Key combination What it does8 or numeric keypad 8 Move UpK or numeric keypad 2 Move DownU or numeric keypad 4 Move Left04/07/14 08:36OS X: Keyboard shortcutsPage 7 of 9http://support.apple.com/kb/ht1343?viewlocale=nl_nlO or numeric keypad 6 Move RightJ or numeric keypad 1 Move Diagonally Bottom LeftL or numeric keypad 3 Move Diagonally Bottom Right7 or numeric keypad 7 Move Diagonally Top Left9 or numeric keypad 9 Move Diagonally Top RightI or numeric keypad 5 Press Mouse ButtonM or numeric keypad 0 Hold Mouse Button. (period key) Release Hold Mouse ButtonFinder shortcutsKey combination What it doesCommand-A Select all items in the front Finder window (ordesktop if no window is open)Command-Option-A Deselect all itemsCommand-Shift-A Open the Applications folderCommand-C Copy selected item or text to the ClipboardCommand-Shift-C Open the Computer windowCommand-D Duplicate selected itemCommand-Shift-D Open desktop folderCommand-E EjectCommand-F Find any matching Spotlight attributeCommand-Shift-F Find Spotlight file name matchesCommand-Option-F Navigate to the search field in an already-openSpotlight windowCommand-Shift-G Go to FolderCommand-Shift-H Open the Home folder of the currently logged-inuser accountCommand-Control-T Add to Sidebar (OS X Mavericks)Command-I Get InfoCommand-Option-I Show InspectorCommand-Control-I Get Summary InfoCommand-Shift-I Open iDiskCommand-J Show View OptionsCommand-K Connect to ServerCommand-Shift-K Open Network windowCommand-L Make alias of the selected itemCommand-M Minimize windowCommand-Option-M Minimize all windowsCommand-N New Finder windowCommand-Shift-N New folderCommand-Option-N New Smart FolderCommand-O Open selected itemCommand-Shift-Q Log OutCommand-Shift-Option-Q Log Out immediatelyCommand-R Show original (of alias)Command-T Add Finder tab (OS X Mavericks)Command-Shift-T Show or hide Finder tab (OS X Mavericks)Command-Option-T Hide or Show Toolbar in Finder windowsCommand-Shift-U Open Utilities folder04/07/14 08:36OS X: Keyboard shortcutsPage 8 of 9http://support.apple.com/kb/ht1343?viewlocale=nl_nlCommand-V PasteCommand-W Close windowCommand-Option-W Close all windowsCommand-X CutCommand-Option-Y Slideshow (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)Command-Z UndoCommand-1 View as IconCommand-2 View as ListCommand-3 View as ColumnsCommand-4 View as Cover Flow (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)Command-Comma (,) Open Finder preferencesCommand-Accent (`) (the Accent key above Tab key on aUS English keyboard layout) Cycle through open Finder windowsCommand-Shift-Question Mark (?) Open Mac HelpCommand-Left Bracket ([) Go to the previous folderCommand-Right Bracket (]) Go to the next folderCommand-Up Arrow Open the folder that contains the current folderCommand-Control-Up Arrow Open the folder that contains the current folder in anew windowCommand-Down Arrow Open highlighted itemCommand-Shift-Up Arrow Make the desktop activeRight Arrow (in List view) Open the selected folderLeft Arrow (in List view) Close the selected folderOption-click the disclosure triangle (in List view) Open all folders within the selected folderOptiondouble-click Open a folder in a separate window, closing thecurrent windowCommanddouble-click Open a folder in a separate windowCommand-click the window title See the folders that contain the current windowCommand-Tab Switch applicationcycle forwardCommand-Shift-Tab Switch applicationcycle backwardCommand-Delete Move to TrashCommand-Shift-Delete Empty TrashCommand-Shift-Option-Delete Empty Trash without confirmation dialogSpace bar (or Command-Y) Quick Look (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)Command key while draggingMove the dragged item to another volume orlocation(the pointer changes while key is held)Option key while dragging Copy dragged item(the pointer changes while key is held)Command-Option key combination while dragging Make alias of dragged item(the pointer changes while key is held)Learn moreTo learn more about this feature of OS X, search the Help menu for "keyboard shortcuts". The following articlesalso provide information about keyboard shortcuts.Creating your own keyboard shortcuts for applicationsIf a keyboard shortcut doesnt workResolving VoiceOver key command conflictsHow to Add a Spoken Command for a Keyboard Shortcut04/07/14 08:36OS X: Keyboard shortcutsPage 9 of 9http://support.apple.com/kb/ht1343?viewlocale=nl_nlImportant: Information about products not manufactured by Apple is provided for information purposes only and does not constitute Apples recommendationor endorsement. Please contact the vendor for additional information.ARTICLETETEMPLATE.LAST_MODIFIED Jun 19, 2014ARTICLETEMPLATE.ADDI_PROD_INFOARTICLETEMPLATE.HELPFUL ARTICLETEMPLATE.HELPFUL.YESARTICLETEMPLATE.HELPFUL.NOOS X Mavericks OS X Mountain Lion Mac OS X 10.6OS X LionContact Apple SupportNeed more help? Save time by starting your support request online and we'llconnect you to an expert.Get started


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