OS X Keyboard Shortcuts

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  • 5/1/2014 OS X keyboard shortcuts

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    Languages EnglishOS X keyboard shortcutsA keyboard shortcut is a way to invoke a function in OS X by pressing a combination of keys on yourkeyboard. Learn about common OS X keyboard shortcuts.

    To use a keyboard shortcut you press a modifier key with a character key. For example, pressing the Commandkey (it has a symbol) and then the "c" key copies whatever is currently selected (text, graphics, and so forth) intothe Clipboard. This is also known as the CommandC keyboard shortcut.

    A modifier key is a part of many keyboard shortcuts. A modifier key alters the way other keystrokes ormouse/trackpad clicks are interpreted by OS X. Modifier keys include: Command, Shift, Option, Control, CapsLock, and the Fn key. You may need to use the Fn key in some of the key combinations listed below. For example,if the keyboard shortcut is ControlF2, press FnControlF2.

    Here are the modifier key symbols you may see in OS X menus:

    Command key Control key Option key Shift Key Caps LockFn Function Key

    Startup shortcuts

    Press the key or key combination until the expected function occurs/appears (for example, hold Option duringstartup until Startup Manager appears). Note: If a startup function doesn't work and you use a thirdpartykeyboard, try again with an Apple keyboard.

    Key or key combination What it does

    Option Display all bootable volumes (Startup Manager)

    Shift Start up in Safe Mode

    Left Shift Prevent automatic login

    CStart from bootable media (DVD, CD, USB thumbdrive, and so forth)

    T Start up in Target disk mode

    N Start from a NetBoot server

    XForce Mac OS X startup (if nonMac OS X startupvolumes are present)

    D Use Apple Hardware Test

    CommandR Use OS X Recovery (OS X Lion or later)

    CommandV Start up in Verbose Mode

    CommandS Start up in Single User Mode

    CommandOptionPR Reset NVRAM / parameter RAM

    Hold down the Media Eject () key or F12 key, or mouseor trackpad button

    Eject removable discs

    Sleep and shut down shortcuts

    Key or key combination What it does

    Power button OS X Mavericks Tap to power on. Once powered on, tap to wake or sleep.

    Hold down the power button for 1.5seconds OS X Mavericks

    Show restart / sleep / shutdown dialog

    Hold down the power button for 5

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    Hold down the power button for 5seconds

    Force the Mac to power off

    CommandControlpower button Force the Mac to restart

    ControlMedia Eject () Show restart / sleep / shutdown dialog

    CommandOptionMedia Eject () Put the computer to sleep

    CommandControlMedia Eject ()Quit all applications (after giving you a chance to save changes to opendocuments), then restart the computer

    CommandOptionControlMediaEject ()

    Quit all applications (after giving you a chance to save changes to opendocuments), then shut down the computer

    ShiftControlMedia Eject () Put all displays to sleep

    Finder keyboard shortcuts

    Key combination What it does

    CommandASelect all items in the front Finder window (or desktop if nowindow is open)

    CommandOptionA Deselect all items

    CommandShiftA Open the Applications folder

    CommandC Copy selected item/text to the Clipboard

    CommandShiftC Open the Computer window

    CommandD Duplicate selected item

    CommandShiftD Open desktop folder

    CommandE Eject

    CommandF Find any matching Spotlight attribute

    CommandShiftF Find Spotlight file name matches

    CommandOptionFNavigate to the search field in an alreadyopen Spotlightwindow

    CommandShiftG Go to Folder

    CommandShiftHOpen the Home folder of the currently loggedin useraccount

    CommandShiftControlT Add to Dock

    CommandI Get Info

    CommandOptionI Show Inspector

    CommandControlI Get Summary Info

    CommandShiftI Open iDisk

    CommandJ Show View Options

    CommandK Connect to Server

    CommandShiftK Open Network window

    CommandL Make alias of the selected item

    CommandM Minimize window

    CommandOptionM Minimize all windows

    CommandN New Finder window

    CommandShiftN New folder

    CommandOptionN New Smart Folder

    CommandO Open selected item

    CommandShiftQ Log Out

    CommandShiftOptionQ Log Out immediately

    CommandR Show original (of alias)

    CommandT Add to Sidebar

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    CommandShiftT Add to Favorites

    CommandOptionT Hide Toolbar / Show Toolbar in Finder windows

    CommandShiftU Open Utilities folder

    CommandV Paste

    CommandW Close window

    CommandOptionW Close all windows

    CommandX Cut

    CommandOptionY Slideshow (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)

    CommandZ Undo / Redo

    Command1 View as Icon

    Command2 View as List

    Command3 View as Columns

    Command4 View as Cover Flow (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)

    CommandComma (,) Open Finder preferences

    CommandAccent (`) (the Accent key above Tabkey on a US English keyboard layout)

    Cycle through open Finder windows

    CommandShiftQuestion Mark (?) Open Mac Help

    CommandLeft Bracket ([) Go to the previous folder

    CommandRight Bracket (]) Go to the next folder

    CommandUp Arrow Open the folder that contains the current folder

    CommandControlUp ArrowOpen the folder that contains the current folder in a newwindow

    CommandDown Arrow Open highlighted item

    CommandShiftUp Arrow Make the desktop active

    Right Arrow (in List view) Open the selected folder

    Left Arrow (in List view) Close the selected folder

    Optionclick the disclosure triangle (in List view) Open all folders within the selected folder

    OptiondoubleclickOpen a folder in a separate window, closing the currentwindow

    Commanddoubleclick Open a folder in a separate window

    Commandclick the window title See the folders that contain the current window

    CommandTab Switch applicationcycle forward

    CommandShiftTab Switch applicationcycle backward

    CommandDelete Move to Trash

    CommandShiftDelete Empty Trash

    CommandShiftOptionDelete Empty Trash without confirmation dialog

    Space bar (or CommandY) Quick Look (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)

    Command key while draggingMove dragged item to other volume/location (pointer iconchanges while key is heldsee this article)

    Option key while draggingCopy dragged item (pointer icon changes while key is heldsee this article)

    CommandOption key combination while draggingMake alias of dragged item (pointer icon changes while keyis heldsee this article)

    Application and other OS X shortcuts

    Note: Some applications may not support all of the following application key combinations.

    Key combination What it does

    CommandSpace barShow or hide the Spotlight search field (if multiple languages are installed, may

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    CommandSpace barrotate through enabled script systems)

    ControlA Move to beginning of line/paragraph

    ControlB Move one character backward

    ControlD Delete the character in front of the cursor

    ControlE Move to end of line/paragraph

    ControlF Move one character forward

    ControlH Delete the character behind the cursor

    ControlK Delete from the character in front of the cursor to the end of the line/paragraph

    ControlL Center the cursor/selection in the visible area

    ControlN Move down one line

    ControlO Insert a new line after the cursor

    ControlP Move up one line

    ControlT Transpose the character behind the cursor and the character in front of the cursor

    ControlV Move down one page

    OptionDeleteDelete the word that is left of the cursor, as well as any spaces or punctuationafter the word

    CommandOptionSpacebar

    Show the Spotlight search results window (if multiple languages are installed, mayrotate through keyboard layouts and input methods within a script)

    CommandTabMove forward to the next most recently used application in a list of openapplications

    CommandShiftTab Move backward through a list of open applications (sorted by recent use)

    ShiftTab Navigate through controls in a reverse direction

    ControlTabMove focus to the next grouping of controls in a dialog or the next table (whenTab moves to the next cell)

    ShiftControlTab Move focus to the previous grouping of controls

    Commandesc Open Front Row (if installed)

    OptionMedia Eject () Eject from secondary optical media drive (if one is installed)

    FnDelete Forward Delete (on a portable Mac's builtin keyboard)

    CommandF1 Toggles "Mirror Displays" for multimonitor configurations

    CommandF2 Toggle Target Display Mode

    CommandF3 Show Desktop

    CommandF5 Toggle VoiceOver On / Off

    OptionF1 or F2 Opens "Displays" System Preference

    OptionF3 or F4 Opens "Mission Control" System Preference

    OptionF10 or F11 or F12 Opens "Sound" System Preference

    ControlF3 App Expos

    ShiftControlF6 Move focus to the previous panel

    ControlF7 Temporarily override the current keyboard access mode in windows and dialogs

    ControlF8 Move to the status menus in the menu bar

    F9 Tile or untile all open windows

    F10 Tile or untile all open windows in the currently active application

    F11 Hide or show all open windows

    F12 Hide or display Dashboard

    CommandAccent (`) Activate the next open window in the frontmost application

    CommandShiftAccent (`) Activate the previous open window in the frontmost application

    CommandOptionAccent(`)

    Move focus to the window drawer

    CommandMinus () Decrease the size of the selected item

    Command{ Leftalign a selection

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    Command} Rightalign a selection

    Command| Centeralign a selection

    CommandColon (:) Display the Spelling window

    CommandSemicolon (;) Find misspelled words in the document

    CommandComma (,)Open the front application's preferences window (if it supports this keyboardshortcut)

    CommandOptionControlComma (,)

    Decrease screen contrast

    CommandOptionControlPeriod (.)

    Increase screen contrast

    CommandQuestion Mark(?)

    Open the application's help in Help Viewer

    CommandOption/ Turn font smoothing on or off

    CommandShift= Increase the size of the selected item

    CommandShift3 Capture the screen to a file

    CommandShiftControl3 Capture the screen to the Clipboard

    CommandShift4 Capture a selection to a file

    CommandShiftControl4 Capture a selection to the Clipboard

    CommandA Highlight every item in a document or window, or all characters in a text field

    CommandB Boldface the selected text or toggle boldfaced text on and off

    CommandC Copy the selected data to the Clipboard

    CommandShiftC Display the Colors window

    CommandOptionC Copy the style of the selected text

    CommandControlC Copy the formatting settings of the selected item and store on the Clipboard

    CommandOptionD Show or hide the Dock

    CommandControlD Display the definition of the selected word in the Dictionary application

    CommandD

    Selects the Desktop folder in Open and Save dialogsorSelects "Don't Save" in dialogs that contain a Don't Save button, in Mac OS Xv10.6.8 and earlier

    CommandDeleteSelects "Don't Save" in dialogs that contain a Don't Save button, in OS X Lion andMountain Lion

    CommandE Use the selection for a find

    CommandF Open a Find window

    CommandOptionF Move to the search field control

    CommandG Find the next occurrence of the selection

    CommandShiftG Find the previous occurrence of the selection

    CommandH Hide the windows of the currently running application

    CommandOptionH Hide the windows of all other running applications

    CommandI Italicize the selected text or toggle italic text on or off

    CommandOptionI Display an inspector window

    CommandJ Scroll to a selection

    CommandM Minimize the active window to the Dock

    CommandOptionM Minimize all windows of the active application to the Dock

    CommandN Create a new document in the frontmost application

    CommandO Display a dialog for choosing a document to open in the frontmost application

    CommandP Display the Print dialog

    CommandShiftP Display a dialog for specifying printing parameters (Page Setup)

    CommandQ Quit the frontmost application

    CommandS Save the active document

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    CommandShiftS Display the Save As dialog

    CommandT Display the Fonts window

    CommandOptionT Show or hide a toolbar

    CommandU Underline the selected text or turn underlining on or off

    CommandV Paste the Clipboard contents at the insertion point

    CommandOptionV Apply the style of one object to the selected object (Paste Style)

    CommandShiftOptionVApply the style of the surrounding text to the inserted object (Paste and MatchStyle)

    CommandControlV Apply formatting settings to the selected object (Paste Ruler Command)

    CommandW Close the frontmost window

    CommandShiftW Close a file and its associated windows

    CommandOptionW Close all windows in the application without quitting it

    CommandX Remove the selection and store in the Clipboard

    CommandZ Undo previous command (some applications allow for multiple Undos)

    CommandShiftZ Redo previous command (some applications allow for multiple Redos)

    ControlRight Arrow Move focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a table

    ControlLeft Arrow Move focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a table

    ControlDown Arrow Move focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a table

    ControlUp Arrow Move focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a table

    CommandRight Arrow Move the text insertion point to the end of the current line

    CommandLeft Arrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the current line

    CommandDown Arrow Move the text insertion point to the end of the document

    CommandUp Arrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the document

    OptionRight Arrow Move the text insertion point to the end of the next word

    OptionLeft Arrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the previous word

    CommandShiftRightArrow Select text between the insertion point and the end of the current line (*)

    CommandShiftLeft Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the beginning of the current line (*)

    ShiftRight Arrow Extend text selection one character to the right (*)

    ShiftLeft Arrow Extend text selection one character to the left (*)

    CommandShiftUp Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the beginning of the document (*)

    CommandShiftDownArrow

    Select text between the insertion point and the end of the document (*)

    ShiftUp ArrowExtend text selection to the line above, to the nearest character boundary at thesame horizontal location (*)

    ShiftDown ArrowExtend text selection to the line below, to the nearest character boundary at thesame horizontal location (*)

    ShiftOptionRight ArrowExtend text selection to the end of the current word, then to the end of thefollowing word if pressed again (*)

    ShiftOptionLeft ArrowExtend text selection to the beginning of the current word, then to the beginningof the following word if pressed again (*)

    ShiftOptionDown ArrowExtend text selection to the end of the current paragraph, then to the end of thefollowing paragraph if pressed again (*)

    ShiftOptionUp ArrowExtend text selection to the beginning of the current paragraph, then to thebeginning of the following paragraph if pressed again (*)

    ControlSpace bar Toggle between the current and previous input sources

    OptionControlSpace bar Toggle through all enabled input sources

    CommandOptionesc Force Quit

    CommandShiftOptionEsc(hold for three seconds)

    Force Quit the frontmost application (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)

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    (hold for three seconds)Force Quit the frontmost application (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)

    CommandLeft Bracket ([) Previous browser webpage

    CommandRight Bracket (]) Next browser webpage

    *Note: If no text is selected, the extension begins at the insertion point. If text is selected by dragging, then theextension begins at the selection boundary. Reversing the direction of the selection deselects the appropriateunit.

    Universal Access VoiceOver keyboard commands

    For information about VoiceOver key combination differences in Mac OS X v10.6, see this article.

    Key combination What it does

    CommandF5 or FnCommandF5 Turn VoiceOver on or off

    OptionControlF8 or FnOptionControlF8 Open VoiceOver Utility (if VoiceOver is on)

    OptionControlF7 or FnOptionControlF7 Display VoiceOver menu (if VoiceOver is on)

    OptionControlSemicolon (;) Enable/disable VoiceOver Control Optionlock

    CommandOption8 Turn Zoom on or off

    CommandOptionPlus (+) Zoom In

    CommandOptionMinus () Zoom Out

    CommandOptionControl8 Invert/revert the screen colors (OS X Lion or earlier)

    CommandOptionControlComma (,) Reduce contrast (OS X Lion or earlier)

    CommandOptionControlPeriod (.) Increase contrast (OS X Lion or earlier)

    Note: You may need to enable "Use all F1, F2, etc. keys as standard keys" in Keyboard preferences for theVoiceOver menu and utility to work.

    Full keyboard access

    Full keyboard access lets you use your keyboard to navigate and interact with items on the screen. Use theseshortcuts to select and adjust controls such as text fields and sliders.

    Key combination What it does

    Tab Move to the next control

    ShiftTab Move to the previous control

    ControlTab Move to the next control when a text field is selected

    Arrow keys

    Move to the adjacent item in a list, tab group, or menuorMove sliders and adjusters (vertical up and down arrows used to increase and decreasevalues)

    ControlArrowkeys

    Move to a control adjacent to the text field

    Space bar Select the highlighted menu item

    Return or Enter Click the default button or perform the default action

    EscClick the Cancel buttonorClose a menu without choosing an item

    You can navigate the menus in the menu bar without using a mouse or trackpad. To put the focus in the menubar, press ControlF2 (FnControlF2 on portable keyboards). Then use the key combinations listed below.

    Key combination What it does

    Left Arrow and Right Arrow Move from menu to menu

    Return Open a selected menu

    Up Arrow and Down Arrow Move to menu items in the selected menu

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    Are there keyboard shortcuts fornavigating a page in Safari?

    The top ones take you right to the top or bottomof the window, the lower ones ditto (or sideways)one line at a time. Mac OS X keyboard shortcuts :and more useful information on keyboardshortcuts here:

    Trying to learn keyboard shortcuts, can'tfind the on the keyboard

    For a more complete list of Keyboard symbols,please see: macOSXhints For more on keyboardshortcuts that you can use, see: Mac OS Xkeyboard shortcuts Ivan

    Move Mac OS X menu bar for the activeapplication into its window?

    Please don't suggest that I learn keyboardshortcuts . There are lots of menu commands thatdon't have shortcut equivalents.

    Fast way to make a contact from a Mac OSX email

    Click on the triangle to the right of the "From" lineat the top of the email. Click "Add to AddressBook". (The keyboard shortcut is shiftcmdY).

    Blurred Text in Safari

    Help here > Font problems and management inOS X | MacFixIt CNET Reviews ... From yourSafari menu bar click Safari > Emtpy Cache or thedefault keyboard shortcut Command + Option E

    How do i get Pages to use Text to Speechin Mavericks?

    OS X Mavericks: Hear your Mac speak text You canalso use VoiceOver, the spoken interface for OS X, to hear descriptions of every item on the screenand to control your Mac using the keyboard. ...Try as I might I can not get a keyboard shortcut to

    Type the menu items name Jump to a menu item in the selected menu

    Return Select a menu item

    Universal Access Mouse Keys

    When Mouse Keys is turned on in Universal Access preferences, you can use the keyboard or numeric keypad keysto move the mouse pointer. If your computer doesn't have a numeric keypad, use the Fn (function) key.

    Key combination What it does

    8 Move Up

    2 Move Down

    4 Move Left

    6 Move Right

    1 Move Diagonally Bottom Left

    3 Move Diagonally Bottom Right

    7 Move Diagonally Top Left

    9 Move Diagonally Top Right

    5 Press Mouse Button

    0 Hold Mouse Button

    . (Period on number pad) Release Hold Mouse Button

    See also: Shortcuts for Mouse Keys.

    Additional Information

    Advanced: This article refers to the default modifier key assignments. Modifier key assignments can be changedin the Keyboard preferences pane of System Preferences. For example, you can change the Command key to actas an Option key, and viceversa. You can also restore default modifier key settings.

    See also:

    Creating keyboard shortcuts for applicationsIf a keyboard shortcut doesnt workStartup Manager: How to select a startup volumeResolving VoiceOver key command conflictsAdditional features of the DockHow to Add a Spoken Command for Keyboard Shortcut

    Last Modified: Jan 13, 2014

    Related

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