Policy Against Bullying and Harassment Hillsborough County Public Schools. slide 0

Policy Against Bullying and Harassment Hillsborough County Public Schools.

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Policy Against Bullying and HarassmentHillsborough County Public SchoolsPoltica contra tiranizar y el acosoHillsborough County Public SchoolsWhat is Bullying?Bullying is when someone repeatedly and on purpose says or does mean or hurtful things to another person who has a hard time defending himself or herself (Olweus, 2007).Components:Involves an aggressive behaviorTypically involves a pattern of behavior repeated over timeImbalance of power or strengthOlweus Bullying Prevention Program, 2007Qu est tiranizando?El tiranizar es cuando alguien en varias ocasiones y en propsito dice o significa o las cosas que hace dao a otra persona que tenga una dificultad el defenderse (Olweus, 2007). Componentes: Implica un comportamiento agresivo Implica tpicamente un patrn del desequilibrio del comportamiento en un cierto plazo repetido de la energa o de la fuerza *BULLYING = PEER ABUSEOlweus Bullying Prevention Program, 2007EL TIRANIZAR = ABUSO DEL PARDirect BullyingHitting, kicking, shoving, spittingTaunting, name-calling, using degrading commentsThreatening or obscene gesturesOlweus Bullying Prevention Program, 2007El tiranizar directoGolpe, golpeando con el pie, el empujar, escupiendo Taunting, los insultos, usando la degradacin comentan el amenazar o los gestos obscenos Indirect BullyingGetting another person to bully someoneSpreading rumorsCausing another person to be socially isolatedCyber bullyingOlweus Bullying Prevention Program, 2007El tiranizar indirectoConseguir a otra persona tiranizar alguien Rumores de extensin Haciendo a otra persona ser el tiranizar social aislado del Cyber Why is it important to address bullying in schools?For students and their futuresFor a healthy school climateFor the larger communityFor the purposes of risk management for schoolsIts a wise investmentOlweus Bullying Prevention Program, 2007Por qu es importante tratar tiranizar en escuelas?Para los estudiantes y sus futuros Para un clima sano de la escuela Para la comunidad ms grande Para los propsitos de la gestin de riesgos para las escuelas es una inversin sabiaEffects of Being BulliedLower self-esteemDepression and anxietyAbsenteeism and lowered school achievementThoughts of suicideIllnessOlweus Bullying Prevention Program, 2007Efectos de ser tiranizadoBaje el amor propio Depresin y ansiedad Ausentismo y pensamientos bajados del logro de la escuela del suicidio EnfermedadConcerns about Children Who BullyChildren who bully are more likely to:get into frequent fightsbe injured in a fightsteal or vandalize propertydrink alcohol and smoke cigarettesbe truant or drop out of schoolreport poor academic achievementperceive a negative climate at schoolcarry a weaponOlweus Bullying Prevention Program, 2007Preocupaciones por los nios que tiranizanLos nios que tiranizan son ms probables:consiga en luchas frecuentes dese en una lucha robe o destroce la caracterstica beba el alcohol y los cigarrillos del humo sean truant o gota extraescolar divulgue el logro acadmico pobre perciba un clima negativo en la escuela llevan un arma *Health Consequences of Bullying(Fekkes et al., 2004)BulliedNot bulliedHeadache16%6%Sleep problems42%23%Abdominal pain17%9%Feeling tense20%9%Anxiety28%10%Feeling unhappy23%5%Depression scalemoderate indication49%16%strong indication16%2%Consecuencias de la salud de tiranizar (Fekkes y otros, 2004) Tiranizado No tiranizadoDolor de cabeza16%6%Problemas del sueo42%23%Dolor abdominal17%9%Sensacin tenso20%9%Ansiedad28%10%Sensacin infeliz23%5%Escala de la depresin indicacin moderada 49%16%indicacin fuerte16%2%Effects of Bullying on BystandersBystanders may feel:AfraidPowerless to change the situationGuilty for not actingA diminished empathy for victims over timeOlweus Bullying Prevention Program, 2007Efectos de tiranizar sobre personas presentesLas personas presentes pueden sentir: Asustado Impotente para cambiar la situacin Culpable para no actuar Una empata disminuida para las vctimas en un cierto plazo Effects of Bullying on School ClimateBullying creates a climate of fear and disrespect.Bullying interferes with student learning.Students may feel insecure and not like school as well.Students may perceive a lack of control or caring.Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, 2007En espaolEfectos de tiranizar sobre clima de la escuelaEl tiranizar crea un clima del miedo y de la falta de respeto. El tiranizar interfiere con el aprendizaje del estudiante. Los estudiantes pueden sentir inseguros y no tener gusto de la escuela tambin. Los estudiantes pueden percibir una carencia del control o de cuidar. *Bullying Prevention SchoolClassroomIndividualCommunityParentsOlweus Bullying Prevention Program, 2007Prevencin que tiraniza EscuelaSala de clase IndividualComunidad Padres School-Level ComponentsKnow your schools data.Train faculty and staff.Develop of a coordinated system of supervision .Adopt school-wide rules against bullying .Develop appropriate positive and negative consequences for students' behavior.Hold staff discussion groups related to anti-bullying efforts.Involve parents .Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, 2007Componentes del Escuela-NivelSepa los datos de su escuela. Entrene a la facultad y al personal. Convirtase de un sistema coordinado de supervisin. Adopte las reglas escuela-anchas contra tiranizar. Desarrolle las consecuencias positivas y negativas apropiadas para students' comportamiento. Lleve a cabo a los grupos de discusin del personal relacionados con esfuerzos anti-que tiranizan. Implique a los padres. Classroom-Level ComponentsReinforcement of school-wide rules against bullying.Holding regular classroom meetings with students to increase knowledge and empathy. Informational meetings with parents. Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, 2007Componentes del Sala de clase-NivelRefuerzo de reglas escuela-anchas contra tiranizar. Celebrar reuniones regulares de la sala de clase con los estudiantes para aumentar conocimiento y empata. Reuniones informativas con los padresIndividual-Level ComponentsInterventions with children who bully. Interventions with children who are bullied. Interventions with bystanders.Discussions with parents of involved students .Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, 2007Componentes del Individual-NivelIntervenciones con los nios que tiranizan. Intervenciones con los nios se tiranizan que. Intervenciones con las personas presentes. Discusiones con los padres de estudiantes implicados.On the Spot Intervention: When you see or hear bullying:Immediate stop the bullying.Refer to the bullying behavior and to the relevant school rules against bullying.Support the bullied child in a way that allows him or her to regain self-control, to save face, and to feel supported and safe from retaliation. http://www.stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov/kids/Sobre el terreno intervencin: Cuando usted ve u oye tiranizar:Parada inmediata el tiranizar. Refiera al comportamiento que tiraniza y a las reglas relevantes de la escuela contra tiranizar. Apoye al nio tiranizado de una manera que permita que l recupere autodominio, excepto cara, y a la sensacin apoyada y a la caja fuerte de la venganza. On the Spot Intervention: When you see or hear bullying:Include bystanders in the conversation and give them guidance about how they might appropriately intervene or get help next time. If appropriate, impose immediate consequences for students who bully others.Do not require the students to meet and work things out.http://www.stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov/kids/Sobre el terreno intervencin: Cuando usted ve u oye tiranizar:Incluya a las personas presentes en la conversacin y dles la direccin sobre cmo puede ser que apropiadamente intervengan o consigan a ayuda la vez prxima. Si es apropiado, imponga las consecuencias inmediatas para los estudiantes que tiranizan otros. No requiera a los estudiantes resolver y elaborar cosas. Jeffrey Johnston StandUp for All Students ActLegislative intent that school districts take every reasonable precaution to protect students and school employees from the irreparable physiological, physical, emotional, mental, and social harm of bullying and harassment.2008 Florida Statute -- 1006.147 Bullying and harassment prohibited.-- Jeffrey Johnston representa para arriba todo el acto de los estudiantesIntento legislativo que los distritos escolares toman cada precaucin razonable para proteger estudiantes y a empleados de la escuela contra el dao fisiolgico, fsico, emocional, mental, y social irremediable de tiranizar y del acoso. Estatuto 2008 de la Florida -- 1006.147 El tiranizar y el acoso prohibieron. -- Policy OverviewProhibits bullying and harassment of any student or employee.Provides definition.Provides description of expected behaviors (student/employee).Provides consequences (student/employee).Provides consequences for wrongful and intentional accusations.Procedures for reporting.Procedures for prompt investigation and referrals to appropriate jurisdiction.Descripcin de la polticaProhbe el tiranizar y acoso de cualquier estudiante o empleado. Proporciona la definicin. Proporciona la descripcin de los comportamientos previstos (estudiante/empleado). Proporciona las consecuencias (estudiante/empleado). Proporciona las consecuencias para las acusaciones ilcitas e intencionales. Procedimientos para la informacin. Procedimientos para que investigacin pronto y remisiones se apropien de la jurisdiccin. Policy OverviewProcedure for immediate notification to parents.Procedure for referring to counseling.Procedure for recording incidences.Procedure for providing instruction.Procedure for providing actions taken.Procedures for publicizing policy.Incorporation of violence prevention components.Descripcin de la polticaProcedimiento para la notificacin inmediata a los padres. Procedimiento para referir al asesoramiento. Procedimiento para registrar incidencias. Procedimiento para proporcionar la instruccin. Procedimiento para proporcionar medidas tomadas. Procedimientos para publicar la poltica. Incorporacin de los componentes de la prevencin de la violencia. Expected Behaviors from Students and EmployeesProper regard for the rights and welfare of othersDevelopment of a positive school climate that requires:Respect for self.Respect for others.Respect for district and community and property.Adults will demonstrate appropriate modeling behaviorBULLYING AND HARASSMENT WILL NOT BE TOLERATEDComportamientos previstos de estudiantes y de empleadosRespeto apropiado para las derechas y el bienestar de otros Desarrollo de un clima positivo de la escuela que requiere:Respecto por uno mismo. Respecto por otros. Respecto por districto y comunidad y caractersticaLos adultos demostrarn comportamiento de modelado apropiadoEL TIRANIZAR Y EL ACOSO NO SERN TOLERADOS Expected Behavior from Students and EmployeesBullying and/or harassment of any student or school employee is prohibited:During an education program or activity conducted at a HCPS institution.During HCPS school related/sponsored program or activity.On a school bus.Through the use of data or computer software that is accessed through a computer, computer system, or computer network of HCPS.Comportamiento previsto de estudiantes y de empleadosEl tiranizar y/o el acoso de cualquier estudiante o empleado de la escuela se prohbe: Durante un programa educativo o una actividad conducida en una institucin de HCPS. Durante HCPS la escuela se relacion/programa o actividad patrocinado. En un autobs escolar. Con el uso de datos o de los programas informticos que estn alcanzados a travs de una computadora, de un sistema informtico, o de una red de ordenadores de HCPS. Procedures for ReportingPrincipal/designee is responsible for receiving complaints.All district faculty and staff are required to report any allegations of bullying or harassment.Member of the school community who has credible information may file a report.Victims/bystanders are strongly encouraged to report incidents in writing (see Bullying Complaint/ Witness form).Coming soon: on-line reporting.Procedimientos para la informacinEl principal/el designee es responsables de recibir quejas. Requieren a toda la facultad y personal del districto divulgar cualquier alegacin de tiranizar o del acoso. El miembro de la comunidad de la escuela que tiene informacin creble puede archivar un informe. Animan a las vctimas/a las personas presentes fuertemente a divulgar incidentes en la escritura (vase la forma del testigo de la queja que tiraniza). El venir pronto: informacin en lnea. Publicizing the PolicyPrincipal shall establish and prominently publicize how reports are made and how reported will be acted on.Publicized to:StudentsStaffParentsVolunteersPublicacin de la polticaEl director establecer y publicar prominente cmo se hacen los informes y cmo est divulgado ser actuado encendido. ---Publicado a: Estudiantes Personal Padres Voluntarios What happened?I agree that all of the information on this form is accurate and true to the best of my knowledge. Signature (Optional) Date(Check which applies to you) Student Parent Employee Community Bullying Complaint/Witness FormDate GIVE THIS FORM TO THE ADMINISTRATOR AT YOUR SCHOOLThank you for your help. The highest level of confidentiality possible will be upheld regarding the submission of a complaint or a report of bullying and/or harassment, and the investigative procedures that follow. If you wish to be contacted, please include contact information.YOUR NAME (Optional)Phone NumberVICTIMACCUSEDSCHOOL/DEPARTMENT SITE ADMINISTRATOR/SCHOOL PRINCIPALINCIDENT DATEINCIDENT LOCATIONBullying Investigation FormThis report MUST be completed to document the investigation of an incident of alleged bullying and turned in to the school Administrator or the appropriate Area Director.Be sure to attach any supporting documentation/evidence/investigation (e.g., witness statements).Notify parents of the investigation outcome.This confidential form (and attachments) will be maintained by the site administrator.COMPLAINANT NAME (Last, First, Middle)SCHOOL/SITEVICTIM NAME (Last, First, Middle)SCHOOL/SITEACCUSED NAME (Last, First, Middle)SCHOOL/SITESITE and LOCATION WHERE INCIDENT OCCURREDSITE ADMINISTRATOR/SCHOOL PRINCIPALINCIDENT DATE / /Name of Person Investigating the Bullying Complaint (Please Print) SignatureTitleDate(s) ofInvestigationDisposition (Check One): Bullying Not Found Bullying Found Outside Scope of DistrictOutcome (describe):Bottom LineWe must work together to have a climate of tolerance and acceptance.We must lead by example. We can do this by:Building meaningful relationships with our students.Protecting victim(s).Helping offender(s).Supporting witness(es) to do the right thing.FondoDebemos trabajar juntos para tener un clima de la tolerancia y de la aceptacin. Debemos llevar por ejemplo. Podemos hacer esto cerca: Relaciones significativas constructivas con nuestros estudiantes. Vctimas de proteccin. Delincuentes de ayuda. Testigo favorable para hacer la cosa correcta. Bullying is characterized by 3 key components: Bullying is a form of intentional aggression Behavior is often repeatedthough adults often are not aware of patterns until a serious event occurs. (Dont wait for a pattern before responding.) Unlike other forms of aggression, there is an imbalance of power or strength between child who is bullying & child who is being bullied. Imbalance can be physical, but often is emotional or verbal & can be quite subtle.Result: child who is being bullied is likely to have a difficult time defending himself or herself physically, verbally, emotionally*Bullying is a form of victimization (or peer abuse) & shares some characteristics (repetitive, power imbalance) with other forms of victimization: domestic violence & child maltreatmentWe are mandatory abuse reporters.This is not solved with conflict or peer mediation.Reminder: Bullying isnt a form of conflict, which implies two parties who are on more equal footing; responding to bullying as if it were conflict can be damaging as it may send inappropriate messages to the children involved or re-victimize the child who was bullied. Well discuss this more a bit later when we address common mis-directions in bullying prevention and intervention.Tab 2: Doc 1 2009 The Olweus Bullying Prevention Group*BPCC TrainingMany reasons why its critical to address school bullying. Perhaps most important: for students & their futures.2. Healthy school climates can improve achievement (Buhs et al. 2006; Fleming et al., 2005)3. Community: benefits when students like school & have a variety of settings where they feel they belong.Risk management: The # of civil suits brought by students & parents against schools has appeared to have grown...Issue: school personnel failed to provide a safe learning environment. 5. Wise investment: Research-based bullying prevention programs could save the country between $1.7 million & $2.3 million by keeping an at-risk youth out of the justice system. *Bullying may seriously affect (1) psychosocial functioning, (2) academic work, and (3) the health of children who are targeted. Effects can be both short- and long-term.Being bullied is related to lower self-esteem, higher rates of depression, loneliness, and anxiety.Children who are bullied are more likely to report wanting to avoid school, and they have higher absenteeism rates.1Children who are bullied are more likely to report disliking school and receive lower grades.2Early peer exclusion (during kindergarten) leads to decreased classroom participation and, in turn, to lowered academic achievement in 5th grade.3Children who are bullied are more likely to report more suicidal ideation than non-bullied peers. Though relatively rare, suicide has been linked to persistent bullying. Children who are bullied are more likely to develop physical ailments such as stomach pains, sleeping problems, headaches, tension, bedwetting, fatigue, and poor appetite.1. Rigby, K., Bullying in Schools: And What To Do About It (Briston, PA: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 1996).2. Eisenberg, M. E., D. Neumark-Sztainer, and C. Perry, Peer Harassment, School Connectedness and School Success, Journal of School Health 73 (2003): 31116.3. Buhs, E. S., G. W. Ladd, and S. L. Herald, Peer Exclusion and Victimization: Processes That Mediate the Relation between Peer Group Rejection and Childrens Classroom Engagement and Achievement, Journal of Educational Psychology 98 (2006): 113.*There is also reason to be concerned about children who bully their peers. Researchers have found bullying behavior to be related to other antisocial, violent, or troubling behaviors. *Children who are frequently bullied report a variety health problemsExample: In recent study of Dutch school children (ages 9-12), found that bullied children (i.e., bullied a few times a month or more), were more likely than peers to experience a variety of physical ailments: 3x as likely as peers to have headaches,2x as likely to have problems sleeping, abdominal pain, & to be tense3x as likely to be anxious5x as likely to be unhappy & MUCH more depressedTab 2: Doc 1 2009 The Olweus Bullying Prevention Group*BPCC TrainingReturning to the question Why is it important to address bullying in school? weve already discussed: How bullying affects children who are bulliedConcerns for children who bully Why else should we be concerned? One other compelling reason is the effect that bullying may have on bystanders or witnesses to bullying, who make up a much larger proportion of students in a school.[NOTE: Reduced empathy can result in bystanders joining in or siding with the child who bullies, rather than intervening to help or support bullied students.]*Bullying may also affect the climate of the entire school (or a segment of a school) if it is prevalent.*Research shows bullying prevention needs to happen on multiple levels to be effective. + school-level component + classroom-level component + individual-level component (working w/ individual students & their parents), + community-level componentCLICK MOUSE so that parents flies in.Parents are very important for success are involved at all 4 levels.Each of these components will be discussed later in detail.Tab 2: Doc 1 2009 The Olweus Bullying Prevention Group*BPCC Training*