R. Haynes (ed.) Environmental science methods

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  • 386 "o'OI,IA GF.,.0BOTAI~ICA ~T PHY2"0%'AXONOM_."C.,~k 1% 2984

    Bookrev icw

    P~. I-I_av_'cEs ~ed.)

    JArN-VII%ONb"rEiN TAL " SCXEN CE ME 2 ' t tODS

    Chapmaz* and Hai l , London stud New York 1982, 404 pp., lag iClgs., ~'I T~b.; Price s 9.g5 (Pb)o

    The so-cal led envfl 'onmenta.l science is a eonglomerat, lon ef ms~ny indiv idual sciences grid ;t. kas a _,Matively young h 's tory , l:t has de~loF~.d in+eerie,ely, supported by a greeX techn ic~ progress, dur ing tb,~ la~ fifteer~ y~ars i~ raiaticw main ly to %he qmek!y progress ing dezedcra~- io~ of the ~nv i r0nmcnt and to the i~_c.veasing ~ceds re',: *row nat~_~al resonrcos~ ~nvJronbnoz%al science uti l ises met..hods of p_h>sies.~ chemistry , biology, gce-gr~phy and others, a~d. it somet imes seems diff icult to bui ld a consistent methodo logy ~ well as ~ theoret ical b~ekgrc=nd. I t is fur ther compUeabed by' the fact that phys ic ists prefer phys ics , chr chem:stry~ bloh,,gists hioXogy, This si~-aatisn~ ~s also a~pe~eat in ~he textbook reviewed h~rc. The; e.cnphasis l ies oa ph%ssica[ geography meth~d~ wi th b~olcgie~l ones ~]most absent .

    Th(." t~;xt ~s divided int.c c lown (daapters, egel~ desiiD.g wit, h ind lv idm~ SToups of closely ~J.s..ted me %%% can ste~rt to rend the t+~xtbook w.~tho'at any previous knowledge, beem.~se re~liy basic prh]c~'ples a~'e expla ined !br a[i p~rt icuiar sets of problegJs.

    The first she.pier is devot, ed to basle problems of nmasuzemcnt (systems ef uniLs, aeeus~cy of measm'emenG sarnp|ing}o Three ve,.u tropes%ant chapters follow: ~[~otheme~tles~ 8,4,gt.isties~ and Computing. Tbmse three chapters form r_eariy one half of the book, It is very usei~i %ha~ the most impor tant methods of math :met ie r and stat is t 'ca e~ expla ined Emm %.he e lementary principles; ~.5us, the reader locking m~thcme~tic~l knowledge can easi ly read these .~.grts. The eh~p%ers can a[su serve very well as a introduction to the use of mgthen:~tical ~.etho/s

    some ether fields. ~'he next chapter "Labor~tery hee:~,~.iques" gives oniy a slzorL survey of some me%hods, particuls,r possibilities of the~ ,use in exvi(onment~'~l science could h~ve ~ s~at.ed -ort~=,t part of contemporary env i ronmenta l selene.% ','s net ment io- ned expl ic i t ly. I/~at ~hese remarks do not r~'(tuee the vs lue of the textbcok, I t may be reeo~m~e~=_- ded to all reader~ interested in field invest igat ions,