Reusable learning objects and repositories

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Reusable learning objects and repositories. Greg Benfield Oxford Centre for Staff and Learning Development gdbenfield@brookes.ac.uk. Betty Collis, Netherlands. People engage in activities with resources . Reusability. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Reusable learning objects and repositoriesGreg BenfieldOxford Centre for Staff and Learning Developmentgdbenfield@brookes.ac.ukOxford Centre for Staff and Learning DevelopmentBetty Collis, NetherlandsPeople engage in activities with resourcesOxford Centre for Staff and Learning DevelopmentReusabilitythe reusability of learning resources offers many advantages to all stakeholders in the learning process and is now considered an important factor in any learning process (Oliver 2005).Numerous national and international initiatives have been funded to investigate ways in which digital learning resources might be developed, shared and reused by teachers and learners around the world (so as to benefit from economies of scale). Behind these initiatives lies a vision of a future in which reusable resources could comprise a new currency of exchange within a learning economy (Littlejohn & Shum 2003).Littlejohn, A. and Shum, S. B. (2003) (eds) Reusing Online Resources (special issue) Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 2003, online at www-jime.opne.ac.uk/2003/1/Oliver, R. (2005). 'Quality assurance and e-learning: blue skies and pragmatism.' ALT-J 13(3). September 2005, 173-187 Oxford Centre for Staff and Learning Development Reusing Online ResourcesFrom Littlejohn, A. (2003) (ed) Reusing Online Resources. Kogan PageThis is some very small text which will be unreadable at the size it iwill be disoplayedThis is some very small text which will be unreadable at the size it iwill be disoplayedOxford Centre for Staff and Learning DevelopmentThe learning object approachOxford Centre for Staff and Learning DevelopmentOxford Centre for Staff and Learning DevelopmentWOMDAwww.hcu.ox.ac.uk/jtap/ Developed at the University of Oxford as a JISC-funded project, this site hosts a multimedia archive of digital resources related to Wilfred Owen's war poetry.http://ocw.mit.edu/index.htmlhttp://www.open.ac.uk/openlearn/home.phpOxford Centre for Staff and Learning DevelopmentRLOs: some examplesUniversity of Nottingham School of Nursing Educational Technology Group (SONET) http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/nursing/sonet/rlos/rlolist.html RLO CETL http://www.rlo-cetl.ac.uk/rlos.htm JORUM national RLO repository http://www.jorum.ac.uk/ Oxford Centre for Staff and Learning DevelopmentMore repositoriesHealth Education Assets Library http://www.healcentral.org/index.jsp This is a collection of multimedia resources for health colleges. It requires you to register to gain access. MERLOT http://www.merlot.org/Home.po MERLOT is a free and open resource designed primarily for faculty and students of higher education. Links to online learning materials are collected here along with annotations such as peer reviews and assignments. Campus Alberta Repository of Educational Objects http://www.careo.org/ CAREO is a project supported by Alberta Learning and CANARIE that has as its primary goal the creation of a searchable, Web-based collection of multidisciplinary teaching materialsSMETE Digital Libary http://www.smete.org/smete/ Another resource focusing on science, mathematics, engineering and technology. Oxford Centre for Staff and Learning DevelopmentRLOs: issuesLittlejohn and Shum (2003) suggest seven key issues in reuse and sharing of digital resources:How can digital resources be used to support learning?How can resources be reused within a range of educational models? Why is standardisation necessary? Is there an optimum size for reusable resources?Should resources retain contextual information?How are educational institutions likely to change?Is global sharing of resources a possibility?'Learning objects' (LOs) are an approach to both teaching and learning that has become viable through technological development . So what is a learning object? There are, of course, numerous definitions, but generally the concept is of a digital, self-contained 'chunk' of learning that can be reused in different contexts. The idea that elements can be reused in different contexts is not particularly new or complex. For example you might have written an activity which gets students to look at their own learning style. You have the activity in a digital format (Word for example). This could now be reused in a variety of contexts. So for example, it might appear as a primary activity in an undergraduate course about education, it might also be used as an additional resource in a business course, and might be adapted to be an online group icebreaker in another course. 'Learning objects' (LOs) are an approach to both teaching and learning that has become viable through technological development . So what is a learning object? There are, of course, numerous definitions, but generally the concept is of a digital, self-contained 'chunk' of learning that can be reused in different contexts. The idea that elements can be reused in different contexts is not particularly new or complex. For example you might have written an activity which gets students to look at their own learning style. You have the activity in a digital format (Word for example). This could now be reused in a variety of contexts. So for example, it might appear as a primary activity in an undergraduate course about education, it might also be used as an additional resource in a business course, and might be adapted to be an online group icebreaker in another course.

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