SABAH REDD+ PREPAREDNESS ROADMAP - REDD+ PREPAREDNESS ROADMAP Prepared by: Frederick Kugan Heidi Henry William WORKSHOP ON MALAYSIA’S REDD+ READINESS PROJECT: 31 July –01 Aug 2012 ... Outline of Presentation 1. Introduction 2.
SABAH REDD+ PREPAREDNESS ROADMAP Prepared by: Frederick KuganHeidi Henry William WORKSHOP ON MALAYSIAS REDD+ READINESS PROJECT: 31 July 01 Aug 2012Hyatt Regency, Kota KinabaluOutline of Presentation 1. Introduction 2. Sabahs Journey Towards REDD+ REDD+ Related Initiatives What have We Learnt Thus Far?3. The Journey Ahead Sabah REDD+ Preparedness Roadmap (2011-2015) 4. Pre-requisites for Smooth Journey Overcoming Speedbumps5. ConclusionREDD-plus using IPCC definitionsConservationREDDForest managementEnhancement of forest carbon stocksREADINESS REDDinessCOP 13 - Bali Action Plan Bali Action Plan broadened the scope to include the roleof conservation, sustainable management of forestsand enhancement of carbon stocks in developingcountries.Introduction COP 15 - Copenhagen Accord Reducing emissions from deforestation Reducing emissions from degradation Conservation of Carbon Stocks Sustainable management of forests; and Enhancement of forest carbon stocksIntroduction We recognize the crucial role ofreducing emissions fromdeforestation and forest degradationand the need to enhance removals ofgreenhouse gas emission by forestsand agree on the need to providepositive incentives to such actionsthrough the immediate establishmentof a mechanism including REDD+, toenable the mobilization of financialresources from developed countries. We decide that the CopenhagenGreen Climate Fund shall beestablished as an operating entity ofthe financial mechanism of theConvention to support projects,programme, policies and otheractivities in developing countriesrelated to mitigation includingREDD+, adaptation, capacitybuilding, technology developmentand transfer.REDD+ Related Initiatives Sabahs Journey Towards REDD+ConservationREDDForest managementEnhancement of forest carbon stocksREDD+ Related InitiativesPioneering Carbon Sequestration Projects INFAPRO INIKEAReduced Impact Logging (RIL) NEESThe TriggerSabah Foundationinitiated carbon relatedprojects:(1) INFAPRO(2) RIL (NEES)(3) INIKEA1992 Sabah Foundation+Face the Future Rehabilitate 25,000 ha of degraded forests Target (2008-2012): sequester 350,000 tonnes of carbon Verified under VCS in 2011 500,000 VCUs up for sales!! 1992 Sabah Foundation+New England Electric Services (NEES) Offset CO2 from coal power stations 25-45 tonnes of carbon/ha retained after 2 years of RIL Up to 90 tonnes of carbon/ha after 40 years 1998 Innoprise+Sow-A-Seed Foundation Restore 18,500 ha of degraded forests Potential INFAPRO clone! REDD+ Related InitiativesCarbon Stock Assessment Tangkulap FR Timimbang FR128 t/ha109 t/haIn the agenda Acknowledgement & incorporation of carbon into the Forest Sector Development ProgramThe 9th Malaysia Plan = Carbon assessments Carbon proposed to be included as Forest Produce under the Forest Enactment Deramakot FR171 t/haREDD+ Related InitiativesUlu Kalumpang FRAssessment of Carbon at Risks Ulu Segama-Malua FR MORE SERIOUS WORKS: Commissioned study on Defining Deforestation and Forest Degradation Green Edge Consult Assessment of carbon at risks, i.e. Ulu Segama-MaluaFR, Ulu Kalumpang FR 2.2 6.2 mil tonnes of carbon 0.4 1.1 mil tonnes of carbon What Have We Learnt Thus Far?(1) States Forest Reserves (3.6 mill ha) Carbon Stock 109 171 tonnes / ha High carbon stock 567 million tonnes of carbon However, no threat, no valueWinrocks Assessments on Pilot Projects Ulu Kalumpang (0.4-1.1 million tonnes of carbon at risk = 1.3-4 million tonnes of CO2) Ulu Segama-Malua (2.2 -6.2 million tonnes of carbon = 8.2 22.6 million tonnes of CO2) What Have We Learnt Thus Far?Carbon Enhancement Activities(2) SFM Forest Management Plan (FMP) Key Elements Of SFM HCVF Forest ZoningSilviculture Reduced Impact Logging (RIL)Forest Restoration Research shown that the application of SFMincreases the carbon storage in the tropical forestecosystems. Net effect of SFM on a landscape level isestimated at 54 ton/ha.Sources of Carbon sequestration Reduced Harvesting Intensities Reduced Harvest area Regrowth due to Silviculture and enrichment planting Below ground carbon densityEstimated carbon value: Production Forest under SFM @ 2.6 million ha= 140.4 million tonnes Current market runs low, USD 1.18 5.63 /ha,i.e. USD 65 304/ha Total potential value of carbon is between USD166 million - 790 million [in theory].What Have We Learnt Thus Far?Carbon Enhancement Activities(3) RIL The results showed that by implementing RIL, it was possible to retain an extra 25-45 tonnes of carbon/hatwo(2) years after logging, rising to 90 tonnes of carbon/ha after 40 years as a result of improved regeneration. Research shown that areas implemented with RIL has an additional 34 tonnes of carbon per hectare. An additional net of 1.87 million tonnes of carbon for the entire 55,083 ha of Deramakot. Since 2002, RIL has been implemented in over 200,000 hectares of degraded forests. - 50 100 150 200 2502002200320042005200620072008200920102012Area (Thousands ha)Total Area under RIL (ha)Year2011What Have We Learnt Thus Far?Carbon Enhancement Activities(3) Enrichment Planting INFAPRO: To rehabilitate 25,000 ha of severely degradedforest through enrichment planting and silviculture to offsetCO2 emissions from atmosphere During the first commitment period (Kyoto Protocol, 2008-2012), about 350,000 tonnes of carbon are targeted to besequestered from less than 10,000 hectares rehabilitated. About 35 tonnes/ ha of carbon sequestered. Up to 500,000 VCUs up for sales!What Have We Learnt Thus Far?(4) Sabah against the world? Not economicallyattractive! Because: Too small to compete in terms of size Forest governance well in placed Additionality is low No real transaction yet Carbon money if any, just complementaryThe Journey Ahead Sabah REDD+ Preparedness Roadmap Step 1: Write the Roadmap Step 2: Setting the Stage Step 3: Develop REDD+ Implementation Framework (Statewide) Step 4: Strengthening REDD+ Framework Step 5: REDD+ Full Implementation Pre-preparation ReadinessAdvanced ReadinessFull ImplementationSabah REDD+ Roadmap 2011-2012 2011-2014 2015 Strategy: Sub-national / nested approach The milestones: Sabah Carbon Map State REL, MRV REDD+ Policy Strategy Benefit-Sharing Mechanism established. REDD+ Performance-based Payment Awareness / Capacity Building / Stakeholders Consultations Sabah REDD+ Roadmap Organizational ArrangementOperational Task Force Technical Task Force Sabah Forestry Department (SFD) Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment (NRE) Natural Resources Office (NRO) Ministry of Tourism, Culture & Environment Lands & Surveys Department (L&S) Department of Agriculture (DOA) Sabah Parks Environment Protection Department (EPD) Drainage & Irrigation Department (DID) State Attorney General Fisheries Department Economic Planning Unit (EPU) Forest Research Centre - (SFD) Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS) Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) Sabah Wildlife Department (SWD) Sabah Biodiversity Council (SaBC) WWF-Malaysia PACOS HUTAN Borneo Conservation Trust (BCT) Malaysia Nature Society (MNS) East Malaysia Planters Association (EMPA) Funding $ources: Rough estimation to build Sabahs REDDiness = RM 8 million Secured Funding: 1. WWF-Malaysia = RM 300,000 2. EU Delegation to Malaysia = EU 4 million Other Partners / Potential Partners 1. Agency Remote Sensing Malaysia (ARSM)2. Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment (NRE)3. UNDP-GEF4. USAID (LEAF) MORE REDD+ Related InitiativesOther Carbon Related Initiatives EU REDD ProgrammeCommunity based project EU 4 million (2013-2016) 261,000 ha Financing sustainability in multi-purpose use forest landscapes UNDP-GEF Kalabakan Gunung-Rara Project Research on the impacts of plantations to forests SAFE ProjectNEW & UPCOMING PROJECTS:(1) SAFE Project (2010)(2) UNDP-GEF Kalabakan Gunung-RaraProject (2012) (3) EU REDD Programme (2013)PRE-REQUISITES FOR SMOOTH JOURNEY Overcoming speed bumps(1) Harmonization of State & National Policies on Forest, Carbon & Climate Change Maintain at least 50% of Countrys landmass under forest cover Reduce emissions by up to 40 per cent in 2020 compared to 2005 levels State vs National priorities Demands closer look at the policy and approaches at both State & National level National REDD+ Strategy is favourablePRE-REQUISITES FOR SMOOTH JOURNEY Overcoming speed bumps(2) Recognize REDD+ sub-national approachSource: Realising REDD+, National and Policy Option, CIFOR PRE-REQUISITES FOR SMOOTH JOURNEY Overcoming speed bumps(3) Aligning both State & National Inventories for the Purpose of Forest Carbon AccountingA Note of Cooperation was entered between the Department and ARSM to develop Sabah forest covermap during the launching of the recent International Conference on Sabah HoB Green Economy &Development: Engaging Business for EnvironmentPRE-REQUISITES FOR SMOOTH JOURNEY Overcoming speed bumps(4) Enhance Inter-Agency CoordinationPRE-REQUISITES FOR SMOOTH JOURNEY Overcoming speed bumps(5) Intensify Capacity Building Standard requirements of the VCS & CCBA Environment & Social Safeguards Monitoring, Reporting & Verification (MRV), i.e. Reference Emission Level (REL) Financial Architecture PRE-REQUISITES FOR SMOOTH JOURNEY Overcoming speed bumps(6) Foster Multi-Stakeholders Participation Series of stakeholders consultation conducted in developing the REDD+ Strategy for Sabah To ensure that all voices are heard, i.e. government agencies, NGOs, the private sectors, and local communities PRE-REQUISITES FOR SMOOTH JOURNEY Overcoming speed bumps(7) Funding and Leading the RoadmapStep 1: Write the Roadmap Step 2: Setting the Stage Step 3: Develop REDD+ Implementation Framework (Statewide) Step 4: Strengthening REDD+ Framework Step 5: REDD+ Full Implementation Rough estimation to build Sabahs REDDiness = RM 8 million Secured Funding: 1. WWF-Malaysia = RM 300,000 2. EU Delegation to Malaysia = EU 4 million Other Partners 1. Agency Remote Sensing Malaysia (ARSM)2. Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment (NRE) Potential Partners 1. UNDP-GEF2. USAID (LEAF) PRE-REQUISITES FOR SMOOTH JOURNEY Overcoming speed bumps(8) Be Innovative & Go for Quality Carbon Sustainable Forest Management & Conservation Project Area at Ulu Segama, Malua & Ulu Kalumpang Forest ReservesConservationREDDForest managementEnhancement of forest carbon stocksPRE-REQUISITES FOR SMOOTH JOURNEY Overcoming Speed Bumps(9) Fast Tracking Markets Development & Benefit Sharing Mechanism 500,000 VCUs up for sales Sensitizing and promoting local markets Create own market in the future? PRE-REQUISITES FOR SMOOTH JOURNEY Overcoming speed bumps(10) Political Support & Commitment CONCLUSION Sabah is on the right track to capitalize on thepotential REDD+ money, with 500,000 VCUsup for sales! Real transaction of carbon money is yet to takeplace. The Sabah REDD+ Roadmap is a guidance toadvance the REDD+ Implementation in theState, in line with the National Development. More pilots to be implemented. Success relies heavily on the measures toaddress all the pre-requisites. Sub-national approach is the most pragmaticway forward and should be supported to all. The bottom line is that the State wants to berewarded for keeping its forests and to prove tothe sceptics that money does grow on treesstanding!Thank You