Summaries, Quotes and Paraphrases

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Summaries, Quotes and Paraphrases. Summary . Restating in your own words to make it shorter Summarizes the main points of the article or several paragraphs of information Cite the source, the authors last name in parentheses. . . (Johnson). How to Summarize an Article. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Quotes and Paraphrases

Summaries, Quotes and ParaphrasesSummary Restating in your own words to make it shorterSummarizes the main points of the article or several paragraphs of informationCite the source, the authors last name in parentheses. . . (Johnson).

How to Summarize an ArticleBriefly look the article over to get a general idea of its contentThe title and author?Skim the first and last few paragraphsPay attention to keywords that are in bold or italicsGraphs, pictures, diagramsHow to Summarize an ArticleRead the article straight throughCheck or underline main pointsLook for important detailsLook for definitions, lists or examples that indicate key ideasReread the areas you have identified as the most important. See if you missed anything important.How to Summarize an ArticleTake notes on the material. Circle or write down key ideas and important quotes.Write a brief summary.Include the main ideas of the articleDont be overly detailed. Limit your quotes. Only quote to illustrate points you cant put in your own words

Direct QuotesA direct quote must be written EXACTLY as it appears in the original work.A direct quote must be written EXACTLY as it appears in the original work (Schulze).

-quotations where the quote begins and ends-parenthetical reference: authors family name***if your article does not have an another, use the first main word of the title in quotations:The Problem with Alcohol ----- (Problem).

***Exceptions for direct quotes:If you dont need all of the words you can alter the quote and remove a few words, if. . . .it doesnt change the meaning of the quote!Use brackets and ellipses [] to alter the quote

Example of QuoteWe cannot guarantee that bad things will happen, but we can argue that good things are not happening. It is the contention of this report that increasing numbers of young people are left to their own devices at a critical time in their development.We cannot guarantee that bad things will happen, but we can argue that good things are not happening [] [I]ncreasing numbers of young people are left to their own devices at a critical time in their development (Smith).Use the brackets [] to show that you changed somethingGive it a whirl!Take out one article you intend to use for your research essay

write a brief summary of your article (About 5 sentences is fine!)

Have your article and homework on finding credible sources out for me to check

Paraphrase: Your own version of a quote, presented in a new form. a paraphrase is a summary focuses concisely on a single idea or quote, instead of the whole essay.Why Paraphrase?You can incorporate the authors ideas into your essay by using your own wordsit helps you control the temptation to quote too mucha legitimate way (when accompanied by accurate documentation) to borrow from a source.

ORIGINAL: Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final research paper (Adams).GOOD: In research papers, students often quote excessively, failing to keep quoted material down to a desirable level (Adams).BAD: Students often use too many direct quotations when they take notes, resulting in too many of them in the last research paper.

How to write a paraphraseConvey the quotation's central idea. Paraphrase in your own words. Avoid the original phrases and sentence structure The words of the paraphrase are yours, but the idea is not. Cite the author to avoid plagiarism.Condense the quote. Make sure your paraphrase is shorter and easier to understand than the original quote

What is a Bad Paraphrase?

A bad paraphrase is when you:

-simply substitute certain words with their synonyms -copy the sentence structure of the original quotation.

ORIGINAL: Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final research paper (Adams).GOOD: In research papers, students often quote excessively, failing to keep quoted material down to a desirable level (Adams).BAD: Students often use too many direct quotations when they take notes, resulting in too many of them in the last research paper.

When to quote and when to paraphrase?Paraphrase as often as you can!-Put authors ideas in your own words to write your own research essay

When to quote:When the vocabulary is very technical or particular and the idea can only be expressed by the experienced authorYour turn1. Find 3 quotes that you think express important ideas in your article2. Write down one paraphrase for each quote: -put each quote in your own words to convey the same ideaStudy up!1. Read sample essay: Successful Families: Fighting for Their Kids.

2. Review notes on summaries, quotes, and paraphrases. There will be a plagiarism quiz next week worth 5% of your final gradeFor more information on summary and paraphrasing, visit these sites:http://facpub.stjohns.edu/~roigm/plagiarism/Examples%20of%20paraphrasing.html

http://papyr.com/hypertextbooks/comp2/samppara.htm

A Caution about PlagiarismMake sure you give credit where credit is due! If you fail to document information that is not your own, you will be stealing.

Examples of Plagiarism:-Not properly citing a source-Quoting too much-Doing a really bad paraphrase-Copying all or part of a friends paper-Copying all or part of a magazine or internet article-Copying all or part of a free essay from the internet.

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