TOEFL Speaking - ... TOEFL Speaking Test Preparation and Strategies Overview Preparing for any international English exam can be a stressful

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Sources:http://toefl.uobabylon.edu.iq/papers/ibt_2015_1842462.pdfhttp://www.testden.com/toefl/speaking.htmhttps://www.ets.org/toefl/ibt/about/content/TOEFLSpeakingTestPreparationandStrategiesOverviewPreparingforanyinternationalEnglishexamcanbeastressfulandtime-consumingexperience.Butifyouvegottenthisfar,congratulations!Ittakesalotofhardworktoarriveatthislevel.Nowiswhentherealworkbegins.TakinganinternationalexamrequiresdisciplineandnotonlyahighlevelofEnglish,butalsoastrongunderstandingoftesttakingstrategiesandadeepknowledgeofthestructureofthetest.ThisdocumentwilladdressthestructureofthespeakingsectionoftheTOEFLtestandgivesomestrategiestohelpyoubesttackletheexam.Sources:http://toefl.uobabylon.edu.iq/papers/ibt_2015_1842462.pdfhttp://www.testden.com/toefl/speaking.htmhttps://www.ets.org/toefl/ibt/about/content/TheTestofEnglishasaForeignLanguage(TOEFL)isaninternationalexamwrittenandassessedintheUnitedStatesofAmerica.Onthespeakingsectionoftheexam,testtakersaregivensixquestionstorespondtowithavarietyofresponseandpreparationtimes.Likelythemostimportantthingtoknowaboutthissectionofthetestisthatyouwillnotbespeakingwithtestadministratorbutratherrecordingyouranswersintoamicrophone.SomeoneintheUSAthenlistenstoyouranswersandgivesyouagrade.Thiscanoftenfeeladauntingtaskforstudentsbecauseitisuncomfortabletobespeakingtonoone,andadditionallyhaveotherpeoplearoundyouspeakingatthesametime.Itisdefinitelysomethingthatrequirespracticeinordertoadjusttotheuniquefeelingoftakingthissectionoftheexam,butshouldnotbesomethingthatinfluencesyourdecisionnottotaketheTOEFL.Thisexam,likemostinternationalexams,followsaverystrictpatternforeachtest.Thespeakingsectionofthistestisnodifferent.Thequestionsonthissectionofthetestcanbebrokenintogroupsofpairs.Belowyouwillfindanoverviewofthequestionsofthetestandsomestrategiesforeachquestiontype:Questions1&2Hereyouwillbeaskedabouttopicsthatareimportanttoyouandyourpersonalpreferences.Onceyouhearthequestion,youaregiven15secondstoprepareyourresponseand45secondstospeak.Question1 Question2Typically,apersonalquestionaboutaperson,place,objectoreventthatisofvaluetoyou.Ex:Talkaboutaplacethatisimportanttoyouandexplainwhyitisimportanttoyou.Usuallyapreferencequestion,askingyoutochooseonethingoranotherthingandjustify.Ex:Doyouprefertoworkingroupsorindividually?PleaseexplainwhySomestrategiesforthesequestionsontheexam:1.GetintheHabitofAnsweringWhyOnthesequestions,yourmostpowerfultoolisyourabilitytoexplainwhysomethingisimportanttoyouorwhyyoupreferonethingtoanother.Donotwastetimesimplylistingorrecitingandtrynottorepeatthequestion.Instead,spendasmuchtimeaspossiblejustifyingyouranswerwithsoundreasoning.Usingwordslikebecause,duetoandsincewillhelpyoutoillustrateyourpoint.2.DontFeelBeholdentotheTruthSources:http://toefl.uobabylon.edu.iq/papers/ibt_2015_1842462.pdfhttp://www.testden.com/toefl/speaking.htmhttps://www.ets.org/toefl/ibt/about/content/Thetestadministratorwillneverknowwhetherthereasonsyouaregivingareyouractualbeliefs,sothetruthisnotrequired.Oftentimeswemayfeelthatonepointorideaiseasiertojustifyorarguethananother,sofeelfreetofollowthepathofleastresistance.Onethingtokeepinmindisthatlyingorimprovisinginyoursecondlanguageisnotasimpletask,soexperimentwiththisoneoutbeforeyouputitintopractice.3.TellaStoryOneofthebestwaystojustifyyourthinkingonacertainideaistouseapersonalanecdote.Bydoingthis,youcanillustrateyourreasoninginahighlypersonalandtangiblewaythatcanshowthetestgraderadeeperunderstandingofthetopic.Questions3&4Thissectionwillrequireyoutofirstreadsomething,thenlistentosomething,andfinallyspeakabouttherelationshipbetweenthosetwothings.Youwillbegivenaround45secondstoread,andthelisteningwilllastapproximately90seconds.Youwillthenhave20secondstoprepareand60secondstorespond.Question3 Question4Reading:Somesortofannouncementornoticeinanacademicsettingsuchaslibraryhoursorbusroutechangesoncampus.Listening:Conversationbetweentwoormorepeople,withoneofthemexpressingtheiropinionaboutthenewchanges.Speakingtask:Discussthepersonsopinionrelativetotheannouncement.Reading:Somesortofacademictopicinfieldssuchassciencesorthehumanities.Between75-100words.Listening:Academiclectureaboutthesametopicasthereading,eithershowingpracticalapplicationoforoppositiontothereading.Speakingtask:Discusshowthelectureeitherillustratesorcontradictsthereadingtask.Somestrategiesforthesequestionsontheexam:1.TakeNotesItishighlyrecommendedthatyoufindawaytotakenoteseffectivelyduringthissectionbecauseyouwillhavelimitedtimewiththereadingpassagesandonlyoneattemptatthelistening.Makingatwo-columnchartcanbeveryeffective,puttingthecharacteristicsofthereadinginonecolumnandthelisteningintheother.Duringyour20secondsofpreparation,youcanthendrawconclusionsonyourcharteasilyandfeelconfidentinyourspeaking.2.AnswertheQuestionBeforeyoustartplanningyourspeaking,besuretoreadthepromptandframeyouranswerinthecorrectway.Ifthepromptasksaboutthespeakersopinion,thendonotspendalotoftimereviewingthefactsofthereadingandviceversa.PartofgettingastrongscoreinthissectionSources:http://toefl.uobabylon.edu.iq/papers/ibt_2015_1842462.pdfhttp://www.testden.com/toefl/speaking.htmhttps://www.ets.org/toefl/ibt/about/content/relatestoyourunderstandingofhowtoanswerthequestioncorrectly,soaddressingitfromtherightpointofviewisessentialtoyoursuccess.3.SticktoWhatYouKnowDuringthecourseofthereadingandlistening,rememberthatthemostimportanttaskistoshowyourunderstandingoftherelationshipbetweenthetwo.Itcanbetemptingtothrowindetailsabouteachinordertodemonstrateyourabilitiesbutdonotmakeguesses.Ifyouaresureabouttheinformationyouaregivingthenuseittoyouradvantage,buttryingtoshowyourunderstandingandbeingwrongcanbedetrimentaltoyourscore.Questions5&6Inthefinalpartofthespeakingexam,youwillhavealongerlisteningpassageandwillbeaskedtorespondinyourspeaking.Again,20secondsareprovidedforpreparationand60secondsforspeaking.Question5 Question6Youwilllistentoaconversationbetweentwopeople.Oneofthosepeoplewillhaveaproblemordilemma,andtwosolutionswillbepresented.Speakingtask:Presenttheproblem,thetwosolutionsandwhichsolutionyoupreferandwhy.Youwilllistentoanextendedacademiclectureof3-5minutesonasingletopic.TherewillonlybeonespeakerSpeakingtask:Summarizethemainpointsofthelecturespeakinginasmuchdetailaspossible.Somestrategiesforthesequestionsontheexam:1.PaceYourselfHavingenoughtimetocoveralloftherequirementsinthissectionisveryimportant.Forinstance,inquestionfive,themostimportantaspectisexplainingwhichsolutionyouwouldchooseandwhy.Inquestionsixyoumusttrytosummarizeasmuchaspossiblewithinthe60seconds.Youwillnotbepenalizedforleavingemptytime,butnotcompletingthetaskisharmfultoyourscore.2.KnowHowYouTakeNotesBecausethesesectionscanoftenpresentalotofinformation,itisimportanttoknowwhattypeofnote-takingstylesuitsyoubest.Somepeoplepreferalinearword-basedformwhileothersmightprefertodrawpicturesorcreateaflowchart.Thereisnogoldenkeyhereexcepttoknowwhichoneisthemosteffectivestrategyforyou.3.LookfortheMainIdeasandtheDetailsWithinSources:http://toefl.uobabylon.edu.iq/papers/ibt_2015_1842462.pdfhttp://www.testden.com/toefl/speaking.htmhttps://www.ets.org/toefl/ibt/about/content/Structuringyournotetakingandresponsewillbeofhighimportanceonthesequestions.Yourfirstgoalshouldbetoacquaintyourselfwiththemainpointsofthelistening,andthenseekthedetailsonceyouhaveastrongerunderstandingofthestructure.Thetestgraderwantstoknowthatyouunderstandtheconceptsandcandrawconclusionsbasedonwhatisbeingpresented,notthatyoucansimplyrecitefactsandfigures.Finally,herearesomegeneralstrategiesforthespeakingoftheexam:1.FocusonContentTheTOEFLisanexamthatassessesyourabilitytodrawconclusionsandcommunicateconceptsinEnglish.Thesethingsshouldbeyournumberonegoal.YesyoushouldstrivetospeakflawlessEnglish,butyourfocusmustbeonconveyingideas,notworryingaboutyouraccentorifyoushouldhaveusedpastcontinuousorpastsimple.Onceyoufeelverycomfortablewiththecontentofyourspeaking,moveontoyoureffectiveuseofthetechnicalitiesofthelanguage.2.PracticetheTestConditionsTheonlywaytogetcomfortablewiththeformatofthespeakingtestistopracticeitconsistently.Itiscertainlyanoddfeelingtoberecordingyourselfintoamicrophone,butthereisnotanotheroption.Also,whenyoupractice,usetherecordingasalearningtoolandlistentoyourself.Youwillbeamazedatwhatyoubothdowellandneedtoimproveon,andtherecordingdoesnotlie.Thiscanbeoneofthemosteffectivewaystoself-correctinyourpreparationfortheexam.3.ImplementKeyPhrasesComingtothetestwithafewidiomsinyourbackpocketcanbeveryhelpful.Phrasesandidiomsdemonstrateamasteryofthelanguagebecausenativespeakersusethemconstantly.However,becarefuldonotcomewithalistof20phrasesandusethemonlyifyoufeelverycomfortable.Havingamanageablelistoffiveismucheasiertoworkwith,andincorrectlyusingaphrasecanbedamagingtoyourscore,sobesurethatyouknownotonlythephrasebutthecontextofitsusageaswell.4.PlanningisParamountWhentakingnotesandplanning,itisveryimportantthatyoulimityourwritingtokeywordsorphrases.Ifyoutrytowriteascriptofwhatyouplantosay,youwillcertainlynotfinishandlikelybeforcedtoimprovisealargepartofyourspeaking.Itwillalsobeobviousthatyouarereadingsomething,whichwillverylikelyloweryourscore.Spendyourtimeplanningthestructureofyourspeakingandgivingyourselfsomekeywordsthatcanhelptokeepyoumovingthroughoutyourspeech.5.UnderstandingtheTimeSources:http://toefl.uobabylon.edu.iq/papers/ibt_2015_1842462.pdfhttp://www.testden.com/toefl/speaking.htmhttps://www.ets.org/toefl/ibt/about/content/ItisveryimportantontheTOEFLtoknowhowtomanagetheshorttimethatyouhavetospeak.Runningoutoftimeandnotcompletelyaddressingapromptwillloweryourscore,howeverfinishingearlyandleavingsomesilenceattheendisnotpenalized.6.FlowandCalmSpeakinginthistypeofstructurecanoftenbestressfulanddifficult,especiallyinahigh-pressuretestsituation.Concentrateonyourflowandconnectionofyourideastohelpkeepyoucalmandrememberthateveryoneneedsapausenowandthen,andthatafewhesitationswillnotkillyou,butpanickingaboutthoselapseswill.Ifyouhaveafewpausesandbegintopanic,rememberthatyouaremissingmoretimetospeakduringyourfreak-outsession.Takeadeepbreathandremaincalm,panicsessionsrarelyhelp.7.StudytheRubricTypicallyavailabletoyouonlineorinatestpreparationbookwillbetherubricsthattestgradersusetoevaluateyourspeaking.Studythisrubricindetailandknowwhatexactlytheywillbelookingforwhentheygradeyourpaperinordertobemoreinformedaboutyourwriting.Thesesamecriteriawillbeusedtogradeyou,sostudyingitcanonlybenefitinyourpracticefortheexamitself.8.PracticeMakesPermanentThenotionthepracticemakesperfectisaveryflawedone.Howyoupracticeishowyouwillperformonthetest.Ifyoupracticeinconsistentlyanddonthaveaplan,thiswillreflectinyourtestscore,butifyoulookatthedetailsandpracticeyourweaknesses,youwillcertainlybemoresuccessful.Comingupwithaplan,andseekingoutvaluableresourceswillundoubtedlyresultinamoreidealscoreandhopefullysaveyousometimeandmoneyinthelongrun.9.TakeaPreparationCourseIfthereisonethingthatistrueaboutmostinternationalexamsitisthattheyarenotcheap.Oftentimesmakinganinvestmentinapreparationcoursecanmeanthedifferencebetweentakingthetestonceorthreetimes,whichcanbeasounduseofyourmoneyinthelongrun.Becausethesetestsfollowaspecificformula,studyingforthetestandmasteringtesttakingskillswilloftenleadtoahigherscoreandmorepositiveoutcomeforthestudent.

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