Toward a definition of “pathological process”

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Toward a definition of pathological process. Richard H. Scheuermann, Ph.D. Professor of Pathology Director of Biomedical Informatics U.T. Southwestern Medical Center. Foundational Definitions in OGMS. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Toward a definition of pathological processToward a definition of pathological processRichard H. Scheuermann, Ph.D.Professor of PathologyDirector of Biomedical InformaticsU.T. Southwestern Medical CenterFoundational Definitions in OGMSDisorder =def. A causally relatively isolated combination of physical components that is (a) clinically abnormal and (b) maximal, in the sense that it is not a part of some larger such combination.Disease =def. A disposition (i) to undergo pathological processes that (ii) exists in an organism because of one or more disorders in that organism.Pathological Process =def. A bodily process that is a manifestation of a disorder.HomeostasisWe use homeostasis to designate a disposition of the whole organism (or of some causally relatively isolated part of the organism, such as a single cell) to regulate its bodily processes in such a way as(1) to maintain bodily qualities within a certain range or profile, and(2) to respond successfully to departures from this range caused by internal influences or environmental influences such as poisoning. When bodily processes yield qualities outside the range of homeostasis, then the organism initiates processes designed to return the qualities to a value within this range. In some cases, homeostasis can be lost and then re-gained at a level that is clinically abnormal, for example in the case of adaptation to major injury. In other cases the organism will pass a point where it falls irreversibly outside the realm of homeostasis.timestatehomeostaticrangehomeostaticset pointphysiologicalstateNormal Physiological HomeostasisNormal Physiological HomeostasistimestateinfantchildadultelderlyDependenciesAgeGenderGenetic backgroundDietEnvironmentMicrobiomeChronic Diseasetimestateetiological eventAcute Diseasetimestateetiological eventdisease resolutionProgressive Diseasetimestateetiological eventNormal Adaptationtimestateenvironment changeDefinitionstimestatehomeostaticrangehomeostaticset pointphysiologicalstateHomeostatic set point the ideal state of a bodily system in a given context.Normal homeostatic range the set of states of a bodily system considered to be clinically normal.Physiological process a bodily process that changes the state of a bodily system such that it approaches (moves closer to) the homeostatic set point.Pathological process a bodily process that changes the state of a bodily system away from the normal homeostatic range.