Cause and or effect paragraph (COL 140)

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    05-Jul-2015

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  • 1. COL 140

2. Simple sentences Compound sentences Complex sentences 3. Simple sentences The UAE is one of the fastest growing countries inthe world. Compound sentences The UAE is one of the fastest growing countries inthe world and it is proud of this growth. Complex sentences The UAE is one of the fastest growing countries inthe world because it has good leadership, . 4. Simple sentences The UAE is one of the fastest growing countries inthe world. Compound sentences The UAE is one of the fastest growing countries inthe world and it is proud of this growth. Complex sentences The UAE is one of the fastest growing countries inthe world because it has good leadership. 5. Cause Coordinators = for Subordinators = because, since, as Language of cause Reason, cause, rationale Effect Coordinators = so Transitions = as a result, therefore, thus,consequently Language of effect Result, consequence, event, outcome 6. Cause Coordinators = for Subordinators = because, since, as The UAE is growing fast because it has madegood economic decisions in the past. Since the UAE has made good economicdecisions in the past, it has grown fast. The UAE is growing fast. A reason for this isit has made good economic decisions in thepast. 7. Effect Coordinators = so Transitions = as a result, therefore, thus,consequently Language of effect Result, consequence, event, outcome 8. Effect Coordinators = so Transitions = as a result, therefore, thus,consequently The UAE is growing fast so it has much moretraffic than before. The UAE is growing fast. Consequently, ithas much more traffic than before. The UAE is growing fast. As a result, it hasmuch more traffic than before. 9. We have to be careful that there is a directrelationship of causality when one cause or anumber of causes happens before an effect. 10. Mohamed and Mona move into a house. Thenthe fridge in the house breaks down. Theowner of the house says that Mohamed andMona are the reason that the fridge brokedown because it had not happened until theymoved in. There is not a direct cause between Mohamedand Mona moving into the house and theeffect of the fridge breaking down. It mighthave been an old fridge, it might have been anelectrical issue in the house, etc. 11. Mohamed is a quiet child. In art class, Mohamed paints only in black. His teacher thinks he is depressed because hepaints only in black and is quiet. So she sendshim to a doctor for help. What does the doctor discover? Why does he paints only in black? What does the doctor recommend the teacher do? 12. Mohamed is a quiet child. In art class, Mohamed paints only in black. His teacher thinks he is depressed because hepaints only in black and is quiet. So she sendshim to a doctor for help. The doctor discovers the following. Mohamed paints only in black because it is thecolour closest to him. Consequently, the doctortells the teacher Mohamed is fine. 13. A topic sentence presents the main idea of a paragraph. That is, what theparagraph will discuss. It should be one complete sentence. A cause and/or effect topic sentence should include the item/items which havebeen caused or upon which there is an effect. (e.g. deforestation). It should mention the focus cause / effect E.g. The major causes of deforestation include. E.g. The major effects of deforestation include It can list the points of cause/effect to be discussed. E.g. The major causes of deforestation include demand for farming land,pressure for timber and the occurrence of fires. E.g. The major effects of deforestation include erosion, loss of plant species andthe loss of animal species. It can state how many causes or effects are going to be discussed. E.g. There are three major causes of deforestation. E.g. There are three major effects of deforestation. 14. A topic sentence presents the mainidea of a paragraph. What the paragraph will discuss. What the authors purpose is inwriting. 15. A cause and/or effect topic sentenceincludes the item(s) which have beencaused or which there is an effect. (e.g.deforestation). It should mention the focus cause or effect The major causes of deforestationinclude. The major effects of deforestationinclude 16. It can list the points of cause/effect to be discussed. The major causes of deforestation include demandfor farming land, pressure for timber and theoccurrence of fires. The major effects of deforestation include erosion,loss of plant species and the loss of animal species. It can state how many causes or effects are going to bediscussed. There are three major causes of deforestation. There are three major effects of deforestation. 17. if there is not time for research (i.e. a test). You can support the important details (i.e. the causesor effects) with examples or common knowledge if there is time for research. You can support (i.e. the causes or effects) throughresearch findings (opinions of experts, statistics,conclusions of studies, etc.) by using quotation,paraphrase or summary. 18. There are three major causes of deforestation. One reason is the everincreasing demand for land to farm on. Often there is a need to removeforests from the land in order to meet the local and international demandfor agricultural land. In Brazil, for example, a lot of land was cleared oftrees because farmers needed land to graze cattle on. Another cause ofdeforestation is the pressure for timber products. Trees themselves areconsidered valuable for building materials for houses and furniture;therefore, the need for wooden products often drives deforestation. Forinstance, in Indonesia there are many types of wood that are greatlyvalued in developed countries such as teak. A final reason fordeforestation is through fires. These can be natural or man made. Naturalfires typically occur in dry conditions through lightning strikes. Becauseof these natural fires, forests are burned. Man made fires can includearson or even hunting. All in all, the three major causes of deforestationinclude demand for farming land, pressure for timber products and theoccurrence of fires. 19. Identify the topic sentence in the paragraph. Identify the three important details. Identify two types of support (e.g. examples). Identify a subordinator of cause. Identify a transition of cause. 20. What are the causes of pollution?

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