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Prof. Muhammad Khurram Khan FIET (UK), FBCS (UK), FFTRA (Korea) Editor-in-Chief, Telecommunication Systems (Springer) Center of Excellence in Information Assurance King Saud University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Email: Web: 14February,2017CHOOSING RESEARCH TOPICS AND WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS 2 Outline q Researchq HowtoChooseaResearchTopicq WhyDoWePublish?q GoalsofaResearchPublica;onq TypesofResearchPapersq AnatomyofaResearchPaperq Peer-ReviewProcessq ChoosingRightPublica;onVenueq ReputedVenuesforResearchPublica;ons3 Research: What ? q Research v Diligent process of inquiry and investigation to seek or revise facts, principles, theories, applications, etc. q Purpose of Research v Create, review and synthesize knowledge v Provide solutions to a problem v Explore and analyze general issues v Construct a new procedure or system v Explain new phenomenon (facts) v Generate revenue by R&D 4 Choosing A Research Topic 5 Identification of Research Problems q Research Problem v A research problem is a question, which needs an answer or a researcher wants to solve v I d e n t i f i c a t i o n a n d formulation of a research problem is the most daunting task in the research process ResearchProblemSkillsKnowledgeCrea@vityMo@va@onSupervisorResourcesAFtudeChooseajobyoulove,andyouwillneverhavetoworkadayinyourlifeConfucius(551-479BC)6 Sources of Research Problems SourcesofResearchProblemExis@ngTheoriesConsulta@onExperienceCurrentandFutureTrendsExis@ngLiteratureSocialIssuesBrainstormingIdeasfromWorkshops/Seminars1. Newproblemandnewsolu;on(breakthrough) Case1comesrarely,perhapssomethingyoucouldonlywish,oncealife-;meexperience Shannonstheory2. Newproblemandoldsolu;on3. Oldproblemandnewsolu;on Cases2and3aretheonesthatyoushouldtargetfor DataShreddinginCloudcompu;ng4. Oldproblemandoldsolu;on Case4iswhereyoucanstart Plenty of out there under the category ofYetanotherpaperonResearch Cases 8 The Research Process Editors, reviewers, and the research community dont consider these reasons when assessing your work Why Do We Publish? Get funding? Ifitisnotpublished,itdoesnotexist(FritzSchaefer)10 Daily Life of a Researcher Reading Thinking Discussion Simulations Writing Presenting 11 Goals of a Research Publication l To conduct academic and professional training from the paper writing l To add contribution to the body of knowledge l To make recognition in your field l To compete with your colleagues l To keep yourself in-touch with the research community l To stress on quality rather than quantity in publications Elimination of garbage papers or low quality papers (re-inventing the wheel) Impact to the research field (citations, impact factor, commercialization, sustainability, etc.) 12 Types of Research Papers q Survey/Review Papers (45-60 double spaced pages) q Standard/Full-Length Papers (30-35 double spaced pages) q Le t te rs /Rap id Commun ica t i ons /Sho r t Communications (Up to 12 double spaced pages) 13 Survey Papers: Criteria for Publication Defini;on:Apaperthatreviewsstate-of-the-artinaresearchareacoveringlastfewyearsofworkinthatareaCriteria:v Shouldnotbeatext-bookdescrip;onv Rela;onshipbetweenstudies(chronologicalprogression)v Appropriateclusteringofinforma;onandpaperflowv Authorsowncontribu;ontotheareav Iden;fica;onoftrends,andfutureworkv A detailed discussion on approaches thatworked,why theyworked,andthosethatfailedandwhytheyfailedv Shouldservebothasa tutorial for thosenewto thefieldaswellasareferenceguideforresearchers14 15 16 Standard Papers: Criteria for Publication Defini;on:Apaperthatcanbeoneofthefollowingtypes:v Atotallyoriginaltechniquefromthescratchv Amodified&detailedvaria;onofanexis;ngtechniquev Integra;onofknownmethodswithtailor-makingforapar;cularapplica;onCriteria:v Howoriginalisthenoveltyintroduced-ifextensions,thenmajororminor?v Isthepapertechnicallycorrect?v Isthepapertothepoint?v Ancomprehensivecomparisonhasbeenperformed?v Isdatasetappropriateandrepresentsreal-worldscenario,etc.v Doesthepaperlinkwelltootherdevelopmentsinthelastfewyearsinthesamearea?17 18 Letters: Criteria for Publication Defini;on:A paper or correspondence that proves a very limited idea forrapid peer-review and publica;on in a journal (within 3 to 4monthse.g.IETElectronicsLe@ers)Criteria:v Shouldnotbeadetailedidea,butshouldbeveryconciseandbriefv Shouldbelimitedwithinfewpagesv Shouldnotsubmitworkmerelybecauseyouneedthepapertobepublishedquickly(e.g.inordertograduateorbeforeapplyingforanewjoborpromo;on)v ShouldnotcontainmanyreferencesElectronics Le@ers is a forum for the rapid publicaEon of the latest or preliminary results or ideas relaEng to the electronic orelectricalengineeringfields.TheadvancepresentedmustbesignificantenoughandofahighenoughlevelofinteresttothebroadengineeringcommunitytomeritimmediatedisseminaEon,otherwiseadifferentjournalismoreappropriate.(IETElectronicsLe@ers)19 Anatomy of a Research Paper q Title v The best representation of a paper: contributions and unique features (At most 15 words) Effective titles Identify the main issue of a paper Begin with the subject of a paper Accurate, unambiguous, specific, and complete Do not contain rarely-used abbreviations Attract readers 20 21 q Abstract v An abstract summarizes the essential ideas of the paper in about 150 to 250 words v It should entice the reader v It Indicates why your work is new & better v Its content includes: v Intent or objective of paper; Problem statement; (1-2 sentences) v Method of study (2-3 sentences) v Results or findings (2-3 sentences) v Conclusion (1-2 sentences) 22 Anatomy of a Research Paper 23 q Introduc;onv Mo;va;onsandproblemdescrip;onsv Academicimpactandimportancev Literaturereview:Showstate-of-the-art(classicpapers)CitereferenceseasilyavailabletogeneralpublicAvoidoffensiveremarksDonotcitetoomanywebreferencesv Summaryofthemajorcontribu;onsofthepaperv Organiza;onoftherestofthepaper24 Anatomy of a Research Paper q Problem Description or Theory v Definitions of all notations (e.g. variables, symbols) v Mathematical equations q Methodology v Main idea to solve the problem v Theorems and proofs v Descriptions of the approach or algorithm v Performance analysis (and/or Security Analysis) v Unique features of the method q Results of Experiment v Description of the experiments v Presentation of the results: tables, figures, etc. 26 Anatomy of a Research Paper q Conclusions v Summary of your findings (not a repeat of abstract) v Concluding remarks v Suggest future work (one line) q Acknowledgment v Acknowledge the supported fund/grant v Thank individuals, if they helped you! q References v List references in appropriate format (Use Endnote tool) v Have recent references if possible v Give complete information (vol, number, issue, year, etc.) v List appropriate numbers of references 27 Anatomy of a Research Paper 28 29 Anatomy of a Research Paper ExperimentalProcess Sec@onofPaperWhatdidIdoinanutshell? AbstractWhatistheproblem? Introduc;onHowdidIsolvetheproblem MaterialsandmethodsWhatdidIfindout? ResultsWhatdoesitmean? DiscussionWhohelpedmeout? AcknowledgmentWhoseworkdidIreferto? LiteraturecitedExtrainforma;on Appendices(Op;onal)v Have you told reader, at the outset, what they might gain by reading your paper? i.e. your contribution v Have you made the aim of your work clear? v Have you explained the signif icance of your contribution? v Have you set your work in the appropriate context by giving sufficient background to your work? v Have you addressed the question of practicality and usefulness? v Have you identified future developments that may result from your work? v Have you structured your papers in a clear and logical fashion? 30 Before Submitting Papers The Peer Review Process Submit a paperBasic requirements met?REJECTAssign reviewersCollect reviewers recommendationsMake a decisionRevise the paper[Reject][Revision required][Accept][Yes][No]Review and give recommendationSTARTACCEPTAuthor Editor ReviewerMichael Derntl Basics of Research Paper Writing and Publishing Choosing the Publication Venue v Iden;fy the sector of readership/community for which apaperismeantv Iden;fytheinterestofyouraudiencev Isyourpaperoflocalorinterna;onalinterest?v Inves;gateallcandidatejournalstofindout:Aimsandscope(Relatednesstoyourarea)Acceptedtypesofar;clesCurrenthottopicsGothroughtheabstractsofrecentpublica;onsISIImpactfactor/Ranking(Quar;le)Publica;on;mespan34 Reputed Venues for Research Publications q IEEE (US)-Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers & IET -Institution of Engineering & Technology (UK): The most prestigious and the biggest EE society ( q Springer-Verlag (Germany) (2900+ journals) ( q Elsevier Science (The Netherlands): (2500+ journals) ( q ACM (US) The Association for Computing Machinery q John Wiley & Sons (UK): (1500+ journals) q World Scientific (Singapore): (120+ journals) q IEICE (Japan) The Institute of Electronics, Information & Communication Engineers q OUP (UK), SPIE (USA), CRC Press (USA) q . What Leads to Acceptance??? qAttention to details qCheck and double check your work qConsider the reviewers comments qEnglish must be as good as possible qPresentation is important qTake your time with revision qAcknowledge those who have helped you qNew, original and previously unpublished qCritically evaluate your own manuscript qEthical rules must be obeyed Nigel John Cook Editor-in-Chief, Ore Geology Reviews 36 Acknowledgments Elsevier Science, Things You Dont Want to Know in Your Early Research Career,MovieClip Anthony Newman, How to Get Published, Publisher Life Sciences, MaastrichtUniversity,20October2011 C.Li,MyPerspecEveonDoingResearch,China,2005 B.LI,ResearchandPublicaEons:APersonalPerspecEve,HKUST,MSRA M.Derntl,BasicsofResearchPaperWriEngandPublishing?,Sept.2009 Some contents of this presenta;on are derived from different sources in the goodfaithforstudentsandresearchers37 Todays Research Environment 38 Thanks!!!