Social perception and dichotomous paradox of the community against gender based violence.
Ambreen Jamali, (Author). Md. Ataullah (co Author)Assistant Professor, student of Central university of Himachal pradeshDepartment Of Social Work, cuhp15msw15Central University of Himachal Pradesh. Email ID: email@example.com
Gender is a common term where as gender discrimination is meant only for women, because females are the only victims of gender discrimination.
Females are nearly 50 percent of the total population but their representation in public life is very low. Recognizing womens right and believing their ability are essential for womens empowerment and development.Key Words: gender discrimination, womens development, legislation for women, education, employment, economic independence, empowerment, decision making and self confidence.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:
To Study the different forms of violence against women. To analyze the societies perception of gender Discrimination. To suggest interventions in tackling the gender disparity.
Situation of violence against women in IndiaGender discrimination, including physical, sexual, emotional and economic violence, son preference, unequal resource distribution and unequal decision-making power (in both private and public spaces)Caste discrimination, especially (but not restricted to) women from specific castesCommunal violence against womenNeo-economic policies impacting womens lives in diverse ways (specific kinds of jobs for women, market impacting men leading to increasing violence against women)
Rape victim and accused relationship -2012
Source: Delhi Police (The Hindu news Staff Reporter NEW DELHI, January 19, 2013
Accused relationshipNo. of rape victimPercentage of rape victimNeighbours20729.32%Friends 20028.32%Relatives5908.35%Employers/co-workers1702.41%Other Known persons19727.90%Unknown/stranger2603.68%total70699.98%
Violence against WomenNFHS 3: 1 in 5 women (20%) face domestic violence from their husbands (global statistics between 20-50%)
The National Crimes Record Bureau (2007): total crime against women has increased by 12.5% from 2006
From 2006-2007, there was a 6.2% increase in rates of cases filed under dowry deaths (NCRB 2007)
ChallengesCultural mindset about womenSuperiority of men versus inferiority of women (both within private spaces like the family, and public spaces like the workplace) Public domestic violence (honour killings, community courts) Myth of male marginalisation used to support withdrawal of progressive legislation (like reservations)
If everyone is educated about the biological differences and value human being then the chances of indulging into bad habits or sexual violence can be avoided. Family has to play a proactive role to avoid any form of child abuse, by patience listening and allowing communicating with them.Problem of domestic violence is deep rooted to the socio cultural practices which lead to gender discrimination and gender inequality. Proactive role of government is required in frame policies and enforce it through the proper use of machinery.There should be a strong focus in womens human rights, equality, choice, autonomy and reproductive rights.