Social perception and dichotomous paradox of the community against gender based violence.
Ambreen Jamali, (Author). Md. Ataullah (co â Author)
Assistant Professor, student of Central university of Himachal pradesh
Department Of Social Work, cuhp15msw15
Central University of Himachal Pradesh.
Email ID: firstname.lastname@example.org
âGender is a common term where as gender discrimination is meant only for women, because females are the only victims of gender discrimination.
Females are nearly 50 percent of the total population but their representation in public life is very low. Recognizing womenâs right and believing their ability are essential for womenâs empowerment and development.
Key Words: gender discrimination, womenâs development, legislation for women, education, employment, economic independence, empowerment, decision making and self confidence.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:
To Study the different forms of violence against women.
To analyze the societies perception of gender Discrimination.
To suggest interventions in tackling the gender disparity.
Situation of violence against women in India
Gender discrimination, including physical, sexual, emotional and economic violence, son preference, unequal resource distribution and unequal decision-making power (in both private and public spaces)
Caste discrimination, especially (but not restricted to) women from specific castes
Communal violence against women
Neo-economic policies impacting womenâs lives in diverse ways (specific kinds of jobs for women, market impacting men leading to increasing violence against women)
Rape victim and accused relationship -2012
Source: Delhi Police (The Hindu news Staff Reporter NEW DELHI, January 19, 2013
Accused relationship No. of rape victim Percentage of rape victim
Neighbours 207 29.32%
Friends 200 28.32%
Relatives 59 08.35%
Employers/co-workers 17 02.41%
Other Known persons 197 27.90%
Unknown/stranger 26 03.68%
total 706 99.98%
Violence against Women
NFHS 3: 1 in 5 women (20%) face domestic violence from their husbands (global statistics between 20-50%)
The National Crimes Record Bureau (2007): total crime against women has increased by 12.5% from 2006
From 2006-2007, there was a 6.2% increase in rates of cases filed under dowry âdeathsâ (NCRB 2007)
Cultural mindset about women
âSuperiorityâ of men versus âinferiorityâ of women (both within private spaces like the family, and public spaces like the workplace)
âPublicâ domestic violence (âhonourâ killings, community courts)
Myth of male marginalisation used to support withdrawal of progressive legislation (like reservations)
If everyone is educated about the biological differences and value human being then the chances of indulging into bad habits or sexual violence can be avoided.
Family has to play a proactive role to avoid any form of child abuse, by patience listening and allowing communicating with them.
Problem of domestic violence is deep â rooted to the socio â cultural practices which lead to gender â discrimination and gender â inequality.
Proactive role of government is required in frame policies and enforce it through the proper use of machinery.
There should be a strong focus in womenâs human rights, equality, choice, autonomy and reproductive rights.