Getting Students to Think about Their Thinking Using ExamSoft Features

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FileNewTemplateGetting Students to Think about Their Thinking using ExamSoft Features Ashley Castleberry, PharmD, MAEdUniversity of Arkansas for Medical SciencesCollege of PharmacySession Learning Outcomes:1) Define metacognition. 2) Explain the importance of metacognition in remediation. 3) Identify ExamSoft tools to measure student metacognition.4) Adapt metacognitive tools to help remediate students. MetacognitionKnowledge and cognition about cognitive phenomenaThinking about thinkingHigher order cognition that regulates thinking3 Self-Assessment SkillsFlavell, J. H. (1979). Metacognition and cognitive monitoring: A new area of cognitive-developmental inquiry. American Psychologist, 34, 906 - 911.Jacobs J, Paris S. Children's Metacognition About Reading: issues in Definition, Measurement, and Instruction. Educ Psychol. 1987;22(3):255-78.3Why is it so important?Guide learning strategiesImprove student performanceDevelopment of critical thinkingDevelopment life-long learningMany accreditation standards require schools to develop and assess this skill in students Self-directed learning can be defined as the consequence of allowing learners to make decisions about the information they want to experience . In a realistic learning situation, self-directed learning is difficult and within a formal education setting information selection is limited and governed by the instructor.Self-regulation refers to the processes that enable individuals to guide their goal-directed activities over time. It is designed to maximize the long-term best interests of an individual, resulting in learners controlling their impulses and looking out for their well-being.Working to improve metacognitive skills can help weak students (Schunk, 2008)Schunk DH. Learning theories: An educational perspective (5th edition). Columbus, OH: Merrill/Prentice-Hall, 2008.4How can we enhance Metacognition?Teaching MethodsLearning ObjectivesActivate Prior KnowledgeOutline Studying ProcessChunking MaterialIncreasing DifficultyAssessment MethodsChecklists / RubricsAssessment Questionnaires How can I use ExamSoft to encourage Metacognition in my Students? Exam ReviewsStrengths and Opportunities ReportStudent Notes and Feedback Box Rubrics Exam ReviewsAs group or individualDelayed or immediateDelays in feedback can enhance learningRationalesReflectionWhat were your assumptions about this item?What are some alternative ways to approach this question?What piece of knowledge were you missing?Great before the exam as well for practice questions!Delays in feedback can enhance learning: Mullet HG, Butler AC, Verdin B, von Borries R, Marsh EJ. Delaying feedback promotes transfer of knowledge despite student preferences to receive feedback immediately. J Appl Res Mem Cogn. 2014;3(3):222-9.7Pellissippi State Community CollegeExam reviewsWhat does this look like in ExamSoft?How can I use ExamSoft to encourage Metacognition in my Students? Exam ReviewsStrengths and Opportunities ReportStudent Notes and Feedback Box Rubrics Useful categoriesConsistent mapping across coursesRequire reflectionWhat went well? Why?What can improve? How?Strengths and Opportunities ReportUseful categories: Think- Pair-Share17Strengths & Opportunities ReportWhat does this look like in ExamSoft?How can I use ExamSoft to encourage Metacognition in my Students? Exam ReviewsStrengths and Opportunities ReportStudent Notes and Feedback Box Rubrics Student Notes & Feedback Box Allows monitoring of thinking during the examTool for reflection during exam reviewInstructor feedbackTool for marking possible incorrect items Student Notes & Feedback Box What does this look like in ExamSoft?Student ViewStudent ViewAdditional Feature: Export to ExcelHow can I use ExamSoft to encourage Metacognition in my Students? Exam ReviewsStrengths and Opportunities ReportStudent Notes and Feedback Box Rubrics RubricsCapture reflective exercisesDistribute rubric at assignment introductionTrain students how to use the rubricCarefully write descriptors for each levelUse and ReviseYourselfColleagueStudentsrubricsWhat does this look like in ExamSoft?Therapeutics RecitationTherapeutics RecitationHow can I use ExamSoft to encourage Metacognition in my Students? Exam ReviewsStrengths and Opportunities ReportStudent Notes and Feedback Box Rubrics Metacognition toolkitAdam Persky, PhDMelissa Medina, EdDAshley Castleberry, PharmD, MAEdQuestions?Ashley castleberryUniversity of Arkansas for Medical Sciences College of Pharmacyancastleberry@uams.edu