Lecture 2 ICT in teaching and learning

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  • 1.Dr Megan Poore ICT in teaching and learning Megan.Poore@canberra.edu.auBldg, Floor & Room: 5, B66

2. Overview What abouttechnology? What were doingonline: ICT &contemporarysociety ICT and education 3. A word to the wise ... This lecture is presented in three parts Take notes as we go because youll beasked to discuss an element of each partwith a buddy during proceedings Write down things that interest, provoke,intice, challenge, confuse Feel free to interrupt with focusedquestions at any stage 4. PART I WHAT ABOUT TECHNOLOGY? 5. What is technology? At its most basic, it is a set of tools ortechniques that serve our requirements Shaw, Debra Benita. 2008. Technoculture. The key concepts.Oxford: Berg. p. 1 6. What is technology? Conceptually speaking, it cannot beseparated from its social context Technology is inherently social and societyis inherently technological In other words, technology is not just atool, it is also a process 7. Technology and society Social conditions are structured by, andstructure, technological developments Patterns of work and social life inuence,and are inuenced by, technology e.g., travel needs -> combustion engine ->cars -> trafc -> motorways, trafc lights,parking spaces Shaw, Debra Benita. 2008. Technoculture. The key concepts.Oxford: Berg. pp. 2-3 8. Technology and society 9. Technology and society Internal combustion engine andtelecommunications are central to our workand other activities Shaw, Debra Benita. 2008. Technoculture. The key concepts.Oxford: Berg. p. 1 10. Technology and society But there are degrees of socio-technicalimpact ... Shaw, Debra Benita. 2008. Technoculture. The key concepts.Oxford: Berg. p. 1 11. Ah, the Segway If enough people see the machine, you wont have to convince them to architect cities around it. It will just happen. ... or not. Steve Jobs, quoted in Wired, UK edition, 11.09 12. | [t]he uses to which [appliances] are put are civilization, and without the things the uses would be impossible John Dewey, Democracy and Education, III, 4 13. Technology is usage 1.Hardware or artefacts 2.Socio-technical systems of manufacture 3.Knowledge, techniques, know-how, methods 4.Socio-technical systems of use Source: Lpez, Mnica, Diego Valdez, Veronica Olea, Andrea Mosqueda, Mnica Gutierrez. What is technology? Slideshow presentation. Available at http://www.slideshare.net/ diegovaldez/what-is-technology-2937682. Accessed 1 February 2010. 14. Usage1. Hardware or artefacts Objects used or made by humans Source: Lpez, Mnica, Diego Valdez, Veronica Olea, Andrea Mosqueda, Mnica Gutierrez. What is technology? Slideshow presentation. Available at http://www.slideshare.net/ diegovaldez/what-is-technology-2937682. Accessed 1 February 2010. 15. Usage 2. Systems of manufacture Equipment, people, law, economics, politics Source: Lpez, Mnica, Diego Valdez, Veronica Olea, Andrea Mosqueda, Mnica Gutierrez. What is technology? Slideshow presentation. Available at http://www.slideshare.net/ diegovaldez/what-is-technology-2937682. Accessed 1 February 2010. 16. Usage 3. Knowledge, techniques Skills,information,processes andprocedures Source: Lpez, Mnica, Diego Valdez, Veronica Olea, Andrea Mosqueda, Mnica Gutierrez. What is technology? Slideshow presentation. Available at http://www.slideshare.net/ diegovaldez/what-is-technology-2937682. Accessed 1 February 2010. 17. Usage 4. Systems of use What we dowith things;hardware +people +purpose Technologyis not neutral Source: Lpez, Mnica, Diego Valdez, Veronica Olea, Andrea Mosqueda, Mnica Gutierrez. What is technology? Slideshow presentation. Available at http://www.slideshare.net/ diegovaldez/what-is-technology-2937682. Accessed 1 February 2010. 18. Technological revolutions We are undergoing a digital revolution. But this is not the rst technologicalrevolution that humanity has faced. There have been technological revolutionsin the past. 19. Agricultural revolution sedentarism boundedness cultivation domestication 20. Industrial revolution manufacturing processes of mass production machinery economic rationalism markets, labour, commodities 21. Digital revolution internet computing communications data information 22. Digital revolution Revolutions typically lead to a shift inconsciousness, that is, shifts inHow we understand the worldHow we understand ourselvesHow we understand others In other words, how we think and what wethink about is changing 23. ANY QUESTIONS SO FAR? BECAUSE SHORTLY WERE GOING TO DO SOME REFLECTING ... 24. Expand your consciousness! Buddy up. Think about the current shiftswe are seeing in technology. How this isimpacting uponHow you understand the worldHow you understand yourselfHow you understand others You might want to think quietly about thesetopics before discussing with your buddy. 25. Anyone want to share or comment? 26. PART II WHAT WERE DOING DIGITALLY 27. Online participation 28. Types of online participationCreatorsCriticsCollectorsJoinersSpectatorsInactives Noble, Steven. 2008. Australian adult technographics revealed. Report. Forrester Research. p. 6 29. Noble, Steven. 2008. Australian adult technographics revealed. Report. Forrester Research. p. 8 30. Noble, Steven. 2008. Australian adult technographics revealed. Report. Forrester Research. p. 3 31. Contemporary issues Digital Natives Digital divide Age Gender Education Income 32. ACMA. 2009. Use of electronic media and communications: Early childhood to teenage years. Report. p. 1. Available at http://www.acma.gov.au/WEB/STANDARD/pc=PC_311819. Accessed 1 February 2010. 33. ACMA. 2009.Click and connect: Young Australians use of online social media 02: Quantitative research report Report. p. 24. Available at http://www.acma.gov.au/WEB/ STANDARD/1001/pc=PC_311797. Accessed 1 February 2010. 34. ACMA. 2009.Click and connect: Young Australians use of online social media 02: Quantitative research report Report. p. 27. Available at http://www.acma.gov.au/WEB/ STANDARD/1001/pc=PC_311797. Accessed 1 February 2010. 35. ACMA. 2009.Click and connect: Young Australians use of online social media 02: Quantitative research report Report. p. 28. Available at http://www.acma.gov.au/WEB/ STANDARD/1001/pc=PC_311797. Accessed 1 February 2010. 36. Implications 37. Implications Young people are connected. That means they have certain expectations It also means they have certain needs 38. Implications They expect access to technology and theweb. And despite being teched up, youngpeople often have under-developed medialiteracy skills. You will need to be digitally literate yourself. 39. | I learned to drive in order to read Los Angeles in the original. Reyner Banham, Architecture of Four Ecologies 40. ANY QUESTIONS? 41. Reection Think about your own online habits. Areyou a creator? critic? collector? joiner?spectator? inactive? Does it depend? What impact have digital technolgies hadon you personally? What might it mean to read digital in theoriginal? What have you done in thisdirection so far? Discuss with your buddy 42. Anyone want to share or comment? 43. PART III EDUCATIONAL CONTEXTS 44. Rationales for ICT in educationType A: Encouraging the acquisition of ICT skills as an end in themselvesType B: Using ICTs to enhance students abilities within the existing curriculum Downes, Toni, et al. 2001. Making better connections. Available at http://www.dest.gov.au/ sectors/school_education/publications_resources/proles/making_better_connections.htm. Accessed 1 Febraury 2010. 45. Rationales for ICT in educationType C: Using ICTs to enhance students abilities as an integral component of broader curriculum reforms that are changing not only how learning occurs but what is learnedType D: Using ICTs as an integral component of the reforms that alter the organisational structure of schooling itself Downes, Toni, et al. 2001. Making better connections. Available at http://www.dest.gov.au/ sectors/school_education/publications_resources/proles/making_better_connections.htm. Accessed 1 Febraury 2010. 46. The context of ICT and educationTechnology is central to 21st century cultureAs teachers, we have a moral obligation to respond to the socio-technological contextWe must prepare young people to participate usefully and ethically in a new media world Underwood, Jean. 2009. The impact of digital technology. A review of the evidence of the impact of digital technologies on formal education. Available at http://publications.becta.org.uk/ display.cfm?resID=41343. Accessed 1 February 2010. 47. Two main impacts on learningChanges in behaviour (learner, teacher, shool)Changes in academic performance Underwood, Jean. 2009. The impact of digital technology. A review of the evidence of the impact of digital technologies on formal education. Available at http://publications.becta.org.uk/ display.cfm?resID=41343. Accessed 1 February 2010. 48. Changes in behaviourReadiness for learning Overcoming behavioural issues, neuro-developmental difcultiesIntegration of learners into the learning process Assisting students with disabilities;personalised learning programs Underwood, Jean. 2009. The impact of digital technology. A review of the evidence of the impact of digital technologies on formal education. Available at http://publications.becta.org.uk/ display.cfm?resID=41343. Accessed 1 February 2010. 49. Changes in academic performanceImproved performanceClasses with online learning (either completely online or blended) on average have stronger learning outcomes than face- to-face aloneUnderwood, Jean. 2009. The impact of digital technology. A review of the evidence of the impact of digital technologies on formal education. Available at http://publications.becta.org.uk/ display.cfm?resID=41343. Accessed 1 February 2010. 50. Benets and challenges of ICT in education 51. Benets of ICT in educationClasses with online learning (either completely online or blended) on average have stronger learning outcomes than face- to-face alone Underwood, Jean. 2009. The impact of digital technology. A review of the evidence of the impact of digital technologies on formal education. Available at http://publications.becta.org.uk/ display.cfm?resID=41343. Accessed 1 February 2010. 52. Benets of ICT in educationIncreased learner effectivenessIncreased learner efciencyGreater learner engagement or satisfactionMore positive student attitude to learningUnderwood, Jean. 2009. The impact of digital technology. A review of the evidence of the impact of digital technologies on formal education. Available at http://publications.becta.org.uk/ display.cfm?resID=41343. Accessed 1 February 2010. p. 5. 53. Challengese-AccessUser e-MaturityThe right resourceeSafetyAcademic dishonestyUnderwood, Jean. 2009. The impact of digital technology. A review of the evidence of the impact of digital technologies on formal education. Available at http://publications.becta.org.uk/ display.cfm?resID=41343. Accessed 1 February 2010. 54. e-AccessAccess at home or school impacts on the educational experienceHome access is proving an important part of the learning processDisenfranchisement is a serious issue Underwood, Jean. 2009. The impact of digital technology. A review of the evidence of the impact of digital technologies on formal education. Available at http://publications.becta.org.uk/ display.cfm?resID=41343. Accessed 1 February 2010. 55. User e-MaturityLevel of skill, condence, knowledgeSkills gaps exist despite positive attitudesHome access also impacts user eMaturity Underwood, Jean. 2009. The impact of digital technology. A review of the evidence of the impact of digital technologies on formal education. Available at http://publications.becta.org.uk/ display.cfm?resID=41343. Accessed 1 February 2010. 56. The right resourceMatching the technology with the learning experience is criticalTechnology must match pedagogyIt is risky to move teachers too far outside their comfort zones (slower uptake and higher rejection rates)Underwood, Jean. 2009. The impact of digital technology. A review of the evidence of the impact of digital technologies on formal education. Available at http://publications.becta.org.uk/ display.cfm?resID=41343. Accessed 1 February 2010. 57. e-SafetyLevel of learner knowledge and understanding is variableKnowledge is shaped by gender, home access, e-maturity, individual attitudesStudents see both teachers and parents as important sources of e-safety adviceUnderwood, Jean. 2009. The impact of digital technology. A review of the evidence of the impact of digital technologies on formal education. Available at http://publications.becta.org.uk/ display.cfm?resID=41343. Accessed 1 February 2010. 58. Academic dishonestyChanges to the dynamics of dishonest academic practiceSchools need to evolve to take advantage of tools for dealing with plagiarism and cheatingUnderwood, Jean. 2009. The impact of digital technology. A review of the evidence of the impact of digital technologies on formal education. Available at http://publications.becta.org.uk/ display.cfm?resID=41343. Accessed 1 February 2010. p. 5. 59. Teacher roles and responsibilities 60. Teacher roles and responsibilities To help young people safely and ethicallynavigate the digital environment To prepare young people for meaningfulparticipation in the digital knowledgeeconomy To provide more individualised learningexperiences for students 61. Wrapping up ... Technology is a given fact of being human Its not just computers: its systems,processes, data, and purposes, too. This is an important time because were inthe midst of a technological revolution 62. Wrapping up ... ICT has a part to play in education butthere are some critical challenges that weneed to meet Teachers have a responsibility to helpprepare young people for the world oftomorrow If youre feeling a bit freaked by that, thendont ... well help you get there 63. Image references Segway. http://hastyruminations.les.wordpress.com/2009/04/segway11.jpg. Accessed 1 February 2010 2001 ape. http://scrapetv.com/News/News%20Pages/usa/images-2/2001-a-space-odyssey- ape.jpg. Accessed 1 February 2010 Global solutions. http://www.masternewmedia.org/images/ technology_stockxpertcom_id1218361_size1.jpg. Accessed 1 February 2010 Information button. http://www.cs.nuim.ie/~amyfg/images/information.jpg. Accessed 1 February 2010 Iraq war. http://www.slideshare.net/diegovaldez/what-is-technology-2937682. Accessed 1 February 2010 Agriculture. http://www.egyptianagriculture.com/images/egyptian_farming.gif. Accessed 1 February 2010 Industry. http://www.trueroots.us/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/industrial-revolution- women.jpg. Accessed 1 February 2010 Teacher roles. http://www.iamthemightyjungulator.com/les/image/le/230/ nesta_jungulator_5.jpg. Accessed 1 February 2010 All other images are royalty- and copyright-free. yay!