Mobile Learning: SMS in educational contexts

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    24-Jun-2015

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Paper presented at WCC2010, Brisbane, Australia

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  • 1. Mobile Learning: Using SMS in Educational Contexts University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com Adelina Moura & Ana Amlia Carvalho

2. Main Study

  • W e carried out a study looking at how the mobile phone may be used in different learning settings as a learning tool within and outside a secondary school classroom, both in Portuguese and French languages.

University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com 3.

  • A nalysis of the students' mobile phone appropriation as learning tools;
  • A ssessment of how the mobile phone mediates learning;
  • S tudying the mobile technology implications in learning: creating learning strategies and monitoring within and outside the classroom.

Goals University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com Mobile phone appropriation and pedagogical mediation by students in educational contexts 4. Methodology

  • Aqualitative researchmethodology withmultiple cases , involving a range of data collection techniques (questionnaires, interviews, focus group, observations, and diaries) was carried out.

University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com 5. Tools Students Activities Mobile Learning Learning Mediation Teaching FRAMEWORK Constructivism, Activity Theory and ARCS Model -University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com 6. Mobile Devices

  • We examine the use ofstudents mobile phonein the following contexts:
  • i) as arepositoryof learning contents;
  • ii) as aproduction toolfor writing and reading and exploring multimedia features (audio, video and image);
  • iii) as anSMS-based learningscenarios.

University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com 7. SMS- based learning scenariosinfrastructure University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com 8. - Thoughts - Curricular Contents - Word of the Day (Dictionary)- Quizzes - Who Wants to Bea Millionaire" - Read Daily - (fables) - Riddles - ProverbsScenario 1 Scenario 2 Scenario 3 Requesting Activities Collaborative Activities - Writing a collaborative micro story at a distance - Writing a collaborative micro story face-to-face Three scenarios of activities by SMS University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com Learning unities to read and store 9. Participants profile University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com 240 844 00 27100 Male 360 1056 18100 00 Female Group D (Fr) (n=05) f% Group C (Fr) (n=18) f% Group B (Pt) (n=18) f% Group A (Pt) (n=27) f% Groups Sex 10. Results Presentation and Analysis Yes No Yes No Yes No Educational value of learning activities by SMS University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com 510000 1794 16 1689 211 1867 933 The set of all activitiesencouraged learning 510000

  • 94
  • 16

18100 00 2178 622 Receiving word definitions helped to enrich vocabulary 510000 1478 422 1056 844 114 1 1659 Receiving stories and fablesmotivated reading Group D (n=05) f% Group C (n=18) f% Group B (n=18) f% Group A (n=27) f% Items Answers 11. Results Presentation and Analysis Positive Indifferent Negative Students reactions to the scenario 1 learning units Positive Indifferent Negative Positive Indifferent Negative University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com 5100 00 00 1478 422 00 1689 211 00 1452 1244 14 Thoughts 5100 00 00 1478 422 00 1372 528 00 1037 1556 27 Curricular contents5100 00 00 1478 422 00 1267 633 00 1456 1144 00 Word of the Day (dictionary) Group D (n=05) f% Group C (n=18) f% Group B (n=18) f% Group A (n=27) f% Items Answers 12. Results Presentation and Analysis Scenario 3 Activities University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com Students who carried out the collaborative activities by SMS to create a micro story through SMS, face-to-face and at a distance said they liked it because it was a different way of working in pairs.It helped them interact and solve problems . 13. Results Presentation and Analysis Reaction to all activities sent by SMS University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com 00 16 16 27 No 5100 1794 1794 2593Yes Group D (n=05) f% Group C (n=18) f% Group B (n=18) f% Group A (n=27) f% Did you like the activities by SMS? 14. Results Presentation and Analysis Data from Individual Interviews University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com All students interviewed stated that they enjoyed this type of learning. In individual interviews, students said they had improved their learning: The SMS helped me learn the foreign language ... and I assimilated better the information that was sent" I liked the SMS ... so much content ... it helped me a lot" "The SMS sent by the teacher ... in leisure time I copied it into my notebook and I learned better" 15. Scenario1 Liked the activity "Word of the day All Scenarios E njoyed all activities sent by SMS Scenario 1 Receiving word definitions helped to enrich vocabulary .All Scenarios The set of all activities encouraged learning Scenario 2 Daily reading through stories and fables motivated reading 90% 60% 82% 66% 94% Data SynthesisUniversity of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com 16. Findings

  • i)S tudents had positive perceptions about the experiment and SMS use for learning improvement and the use of their own mobile phone as a learning tool;
  • ii)A ll groups showed interest in receiving educational content via SMS;
  • iii)S tudents' engagement in learning Portuguese and French languages was enhanced;
  • iv)W e noted an increase in students' motivation in both individual and collaborative learning.

University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com 17. Thank you for your presence !

  • Comments?
  • Adelina Moura

University of Minho, Braga, Portugal adelina8@gmail.com

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