Paraphrases & Summaries (APA)

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    19-Aug-2015

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  1. 1. Paraphrases & Summaries Because you use your own words, paraphrases and summaries dont need quotation marks, and theres no need to format them as block quotes.
  2. 2. Paraphrases & Summaries You may or may not need to include the authors name in the text. The use of the authors name will depend on the information youre paraphrasing or summarizing, etc.
  3. 3. Paraphrases & Summaries Be sure to keep the publication date with the authors last name.
  4. 4. Paraphrases & Summaries Heres an example that includes the authors name. According to Davis (1978), when they learned of an ape's ability to use sign language, both linguists and animal behaviorists were taken by surprise.
  5. 5. Paraphrases & Summaries Heres an example that doesnt include the authors name. When they learned of an ape's ability to use sign language, both linguists and animal behaviorists were taken by surprise (Davis, 1978).
  6. 6. Paraphrases & Summaries When paraphrasing information from a work that is not originally from the source you have (also known as an indirect or secondary source), use the phrase as cited in with your in-text citation.
  7. 7. Paraphrases & Summaries Heres an example. In their e-mail correspondence, Smith and Jones expressed their surprise about an ape's ability to use sign language (as cited in Davis, 1978).

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