Sacraments of Initiation: Confirmation

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  • 1.celebrating growth in the spirit

2. "And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him:the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, theSpirit of counsel and of fortitude, the Spirit ofknowledge and of godliness. And He shall befilled with the Spirit of the fear of the Lord. Isaiah 11:2-3 3. CONFIRMATION the Sacrament of Christian maturity Chrismation One of the three sacraments of initiation A celebration of the full outpouring of theHoly Spirit on a baptized person Completes and strengthens the grace givenby the spirit in Baptism 4. CONFIRMATION Imparts a permanent character or seal in theperson, marking him or her as belongingtotally to Christ and as united to the church A sign of growing in the spirit of Jesus Received only once during the age ofdiscretion1 Joseph Stoutzenberger; Celebrating Sacraments (St. Marys Press, Christian Brothers Publications, 2000) p. 156 5. CONFIRMATIONBiblical Foundation Recipient and Minister Rites Form and Matter Effects Call to Mission 6. Biblical foundation of theSacrament of Confirmation 7. Baptism and Confirmation in theNew testamentThe New Testament reports manymanifestations of the Holy Spirit after theFather, in the power of the Spirit, raised Jesusfrom the dead. Johns Gospel describes anoutpouring of the Spirit when Jesus breathedon the Apostles and said, Receive the HolySpirit (Jn 20:22) and the Acts of the Apostlesgives another account of the Holy Spirit atPentecost, fifty days after the Resurrection. 8. Biblical FoundationThe most important scripture for theunderstanding of the sacrament ofconfirmation is the narrative about Jesusown baptism and anointing by the Spirit, aswell as the Churchs anointing with theSpirit at Pentecost (Acts 2). 9. Jesus own Baptism and AnointingMark 1:9-10 9 In those days Jesus came fromNazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John inthe Jordan. 10 And when he came up out of thewater, immediately he saw the heavens opened andthe Spirit descending upon him like a dove; 11 and avoice came from heaven, "Thou art my beloved Son;with thee I am well pleased.The passage shows the relationship between baptismand confirmation. Baptism is fundamental, butConfirmation is necessary for the completion ofbaptismal grace. 10. Churchs Anointing Acts 2:1-4 1When the day of Pentecost came, theywere all together in one place. 2 Suddenly asound like the blowing of a violent wind camefrom heaven and filled the whole housewhere they were sitting.3 They saw whatseemed to be tongues of fire that separatedand came to rest on each of them. 4 All ofthem were filled with the Holy Spirit andbegan to speak in other tongues as the Spiritenabled them. 11. Churchs AnointingThe early fathers, the Apostles whereauthorized by the Holy Spirit to performthe sacraments of baptism andconfirmation after the death of Jesus fromthe day they were anointed duringPentecost. 12. Baptism and Confirmation asseparate ritesActs 8:14-17Now when the apostles at Jerusalem heard thatSamaria had received the word of God, they sentto them Peter and John, who came down andprayed for them that they might receive the HolySpirit; for it has not yet fallen on any of them, butthey had only been baptized in the name of theLord Jesus. Then they laid their hands on themand they received the Holy Sprit. 13. Baptism and Confirmation as separate ritesConfirmation is clearly seen as a separaterite from Baptism in the incident of theDeacon Philip with his Samaritan converts.Philip baptized them, but the specialreception of the Holy Spirit awaited theadministration of Confirmation by theApostles. 14. Baptism and Confirmation foretold in the Old testament The Old Testament foretold that Gods Spirit wouldrest upon the Messiah to affirm the validity of hismission. Jesus, the Messiah, fulfilled this prophecywhen he was conceived by the Spirit and born ofthe Virgin Mary. Jesus mission began when theHoly Spirit descended on him at his baptism byJohn the Baptist. From that time he continued hismission in communion with the Spirit. The prophetJoel had prophesied that God would pour out aportion of his Spirit upon all flesh; before Jesusdied he promised that the Spirit would be given tothe Apostles and to the entire Church. 15. Baptism and Confirmationforetold in the Old testamentThe prophet Ezekiel foresaw the outpouring of the HolySpirit that occurs in the Sacraments of Baptism andConfirmation:Ezekiel 36:25-27I will sprinkle clean water upon you, and you shall beclean from all your uncleanliness, and for all your idolsI will cleanse you. A new heart I will give you, and anew spirit I will put within you; and I will take out ofyour flesh the heart of stone and give you a heart offlesh. And I will put my spirit within you, and cause youto walk in my statutes and be careful to observe myordinances. 16. RECIPIENTS AND MINISTER OFCONFIRMATION 17. MINISTER:"The original minister of Confirmation is the BISHOP." Each bishop is asuccessor to the apostles, upon whom the Holy Spirit descended at Pentecostthe first Confirmation. The Acts of the Apostles mentions the apostlesimparting the Holy Spirit to believers by the laying on of hands (see, for example,Acts 8:15-17 and 19:6).A PRIEST can also validly confer this sacrament if he has the faculty to do so,either from the general law or by way of a special grant from the competentauthority 18. FOLLOWING LAW, THE FACULTY TO ADMINISTER CONFIRMATION: within the confines of their jurisdiction, those who in law areequivalent to a diocesan Bishop; in respect of the person to be confirmed, the priest who byvirtue of his office or by mandate of the diocesan Bishopbaptises an adult or admits a baptised adult into fullcommunion with the catholic Church; in respect of those in danger of death, the parish priest orindeed any priest. 19. RECIPIENT: Every baptised person who is not confirmed, and only such aperson, is capable of receiving confirmation. Apart from the danger of death, to receive confirmation lawfully aperson who has the use of reason must be suitablyinstructed, properly disposed and able to renew the baptismalpromises.2GerardAustin; The Rite of Confirmation: Anointing with the Spirit (Order of the St. Benedict, Collegeville, Minnesota; 2004) p. 47 20. Confirmation RitesThe confirmation liturgy marks one stage ofinitiation and celebrates the candidatesgradual and continuing growth into theEucharistic community. Confirmation ismost appropriately celebrated in thecontext of the Eucharist. 21. The following moments of the liturgy areto be carefully prepared: 1. The procession of ministers, candidates, and elements of the celebration:Cross bearer and servers with candles or Easter Candle(optional).Water for sprinkling rite.CandidatesChrismLectionary or Book of GospelsBishop accompanied by pastor II. The sprinkling rite which replaces thepenitential rite. 22. III. Liturgy of the Word.IV. The Rite of Confirmation with 6major actions: Presentation of the candidates After the gospel reading the candidates are "each called by name." They are to stand at their place to emphasize the importance of the moment Renewal of Baptismal promises Each candidate is asked questions about what they believe. They promise to reject evil. It is a bit like joining a club, except that the promises affect the whole of a persons life. 23. Baptismal Promise 24. Laying on of hands The imposition of hands evokes blessing, compassion, and unity. The bishops extends his hands towards the candidates, invoking the Holy Spirit to come (Veni Sancti Spiritus) Anointing with chrism The anointing with chrism is the gesture which speaks of service and discipleship. It is the mark of the kingdom. The bishop says Be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit General Intercession3Christopher Webber; A Users Guide to the Book of Common Prayer: Baptismand Confirmation (Morehouse Publishing, 2006) p.24 4 TimothyFitzgerald; Confirmation: A Parish Celebration Revised Edition (Archdiocese of Chicago: Liturgical Training Publications, 1999) p.14 25. MATTERCHRISM- A Greek word literally meaning an anointing- Also called as myrrh - aromatic natural blend of essential oil and resin- Mixture of olive oil and balm blessed by the Bishop.This matter most appropriately signifies the effects ofthe Sacrament.OIL- expresses the plenitude of divine grace which ispoured out 26. BALSAM - signifies the sweet odour of virtue and preservationfrom the corruption of sin.-therefore, constitutes the matter of confirmation; andthis mixture of different elements at once expressesthe manifold graces of the Holy Ghost and theexcellence of this Sacrament. 27. FORM-The form of this Sacrament is the words pronounced bythe Bishop: "I sign thee with the sign of the cross, and confirmthee with the chrism of salvation, in the name of theFather, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost- He/she is confirmed in strength by receiving newvirtue, and becomes a perfect soldier of Christ.- The form of the Sacrament should embrace whateveris necessary to explain its nature and substance. 28. With regard to the nature and substance of Confirmation there are three things that demand particular attention:1. the divine power -a primary cause that operates in the Sacrament -"in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost,"2. the spiritual strength -which it imparts to the faithful unto salvation -"I confirm thee with the chrism of salvation;"3. the sign impressed on him -who is to engage in the warfare of Christ. -" I sign thee with the sign of the cross," 29. The matter and form of this Sacrament are administered by the Bishop as theordinary minister in conformity with theteaching of Scripture and tradition. 5Confirmation; http://catholicharboroffaithandmorals.com/ 30. Roots us more deeply in the divine filiation [aschildren of God] which makes us cry, "Abba!Father!";Unites us more firmly to Christ;Increases the gifts of the Holy Spirits in us;Strengthen us with the grace to fight againstinternal battles against temptation and sin 31. Renders our bond with the Church moreperfect;Gives us a special strength of the Holy Spiritto spread and defend the faith by word andaction as true witnesses of Christ, to confessthe name of Christ boldly, and never to beashamed of the Cross.6KathleenHughes; A Mystatogy of Sacrament: Saying Amen (Archdiocese of Chicago: Liturgy Training Publications, 1999) p.85 32. CALL TO MISSION For all those who are able to understand andfulfill the commandments of God and of theChurch. Catholics who have been confirmed are morestrictly obliged to spread the faith by word anddeed (Lumen gentium, para. 11)7Scannell,T. (1908). Confirmation. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved September 9, 2012 from New Advent:http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04215b.htm8DAmbrosio, M. http://www.crossroadsinitiative.com/ library_article/68/Sacrament_of_Confirmation__Sacrament_of_Champions___Part_II.html

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