School libraries and information literacy

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SCHOOL LIBRARIESSchool libraries are a doorway for children and youth to learn about the world.They are sites for students to explore and develop their own interests, and to foster a love of reading, along with their inquiry and research skills. And as the digital world puts more and more information at students finger-tips, the library can open the door to learning beyond the walls of the school.

INFORMATION LITERACYInformation literacy is a set of skills which enable individuals for life-long learning. This allows for an easier integration of the individual in the so-called information society.Literacy is not simply knowing how to read and write a given text but rather the application of this knowledge for specific purposes in specific contexts.

An information literate individual should be able to: determine the extension of his information needs; access the required information with efficacy and efficiency; critically evaluate the information and its sources; correctly incorporate the information so as to accomplish a specific goal; understand the economical, legal and social issues related to information usage, and accessing and using information in an ethical and legal fashion.

The guidelines about information literacy The guidelines about information literacy assure that all students undergo a learning process which can transfer along programmatic contents, as well as into the real life. These guidelines specify the following: the student must build meaning from information; the student must create quality products; the student must study autonomously; the student must participate effectively as a member of a workgroup; the student must use information and information technologies in a responsible and ethical way.

Where does information literacy fit within the schools sector?School libraries provide the foundations for curricular education, and help to develop a more profound knowledge since they offer access to several relevant resources.Some schools actively pursue project and research-based learning. This approach creates opportunities for skills-based activities that enable pupils to learn and develop their Information Literacy skills.One of the roles of a school librarian is to promote and share good practice within the school and to manage and develop a balanced resource area.

Information Literacy modelsSpecific Information Literacy models have been developed to support the teaching of Information Literacy in schools, but there is no one dominant approach. The Big6 and Marland model are examples of well-known process models.

The Big6 The Big6 is a process model of how people of all ages solve an information problem. From practice and study, we found that successful information problem-solving encompasses six stages with two sub-stages under each:1. Task Definition1.1 Define the information problem1.2 Identify information needed2. Information Seeking Strategies2.1 Determine all possible sources2.2 Select the best sources3. Location and Access3.1 Locate sources (intellectually and physically)3.2 Find information within sources

4. Use of Information4.1 Engage (e.g., read, hear, view, touch)4.2 Extract relevant information5. Synthesis5.1 Organize from multiple sources5.2 Present the information6. Evaluation6.1 Judge the product (effectiveness)6.2 Judge the process (efficiency)

Marland model

QuestionsSkillsWhat do I need to know? Where can I go?

How do I get to the information?Which resources should I use?

How do I use the resources?Of what parts should I keep record?Do I have the information I need?

How will I present it? What have I accomplished?Formulate and analyze your needs.Identify and evaluate probable sources.Identify and find specific resources.Examine, select and reject specific resources.Question the resources.Record and organize the information.

Interpretation, analysis, synthesis, evaluation.Presentation, communication. Evaluation.

CONCLUSIONInformation Literacy is an educational imperative. Its ultimate goal is for the students to develop the capability of both critically evaluating the information they encounter and of continuing to use the skills that they have acquired to confidently handle the new challenges that will confront them throughout their lives.

Thank youRosa M Yez@rosa_yl