Student Harassment and Bullying
2. What Is Harassments?
- 1. Student Harassment William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
- Harassment is a form of repeated aggression that is directed by one or more people towards another person.
3. Forms of Harassment 4. What is Harassments ?
- Also, harassment is some of the most serious forms of peer harassment involve groups. People often do things in groups that they would not do alone. They may be fearful of losing the group's approval if they don't go along.
5. What is Harassments ?
- where a student uses physical force to hurt another student by hitting, pushing, shoving, kicking, pinching or holding them down.
6. What is Harassment ?
- is when a student uses words to hurt another student. This includes threatening, taunting, intimidating, insulting, sarcasm, name-calling, teasing, slurs, graffiti, put-downs and ridicule
7. What is Harassments ?
- occurs when students disrupt another student’s peer relationships through leaving them out, gossiping, whispering and spreading rumors.
8. The Affects of Being Harassed
- refers to the use of cell-phones, text messages, e-mails, instant messages, web blogs and postings to bully another student in any of the ways described above.
- Loneliness (the need to stay home}
9. Who do Bullies Target?
- Faking sickness (because they don’t want to face the bullies)
10. Locations of harassment in schools 11. Who’s More Susceptible to Being Harassment ?
- They target Children that are
- In a study of 15,686 students 6 th - 10 thfound that 13-23% of boys experience being bullied.
12. Common Characteristics of Harassment
- Also, the same study concluded that 4-11% of girls experience the same torment.
- A good student who normally loves school suddenly hates school
- A student becomes fearful of coming to school
- A student becomes depressed and is unable to concentrate
- A formerly good student has a noticeable drop in performance, resulting in poor grades.
13. How to Educate Teachers and Fix The Problem
- A student who was formerly content considers suicide.
- Create an anti-Harassments program for
14. Court Cases in Student Harassment
- Students Identified as bullies
15. Court Cases in Student Harassment
- Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education , the Supreme Court, in a 5 - 4 decision, held that such monetary damages may be recovered only where the district has "actual notice" of the harassment and is "deliberately indifferent" to the harassment. The Court also noted that the harassment must be so "severe, pervasive, and objectively offensive" that it deprived the student victim of access to educational opportunities or benefits provided by the school district.
16. Court Cases in Student Harassment
- Gebser v. Lago Vista Independent School District . In Gebser, which was decided in June 1998, the Court held that monetary damages can be recovered under Title IX where a school district employee sexually harasses a student, if a school district official who has the authority to take corrective measures has actual notice of and is deliberately indifferent to the employee's misconduct
- Henkle v. Gregory, 150 F. Supp.2d 1067 (D. Nev. 2001)Constant harassment, discrimination, intimidation based on his sex and sexual orientation, name calling, assaults, punched in face, lassoed around the neck, threatened, transferred from school to school and told to keep silent about his sexual orientation, put into adult education program.
- Burstyn, B. N., & Tallerico, M. (2004). Politics and Paradox! The Case of Urban Alternative school. Planning and Changing, 35 (1), 22-55.
- Dedman, B. (2000).Bullying, torment often led to revenge in cases studied. Chicago Sun-Times, October 15.
- Center for the Prevention of School Violence (1995) Last retrieved November 10, 2005, from http://www.ncdjjdp.org/cpsv/
- Snell, L., Volokh, A., School Violence Prevention: Strategies to Keep Schools Safe (2005) Retrieved November 2, 2005, fromhttp://www.rppi.org/ps234/
- Svoboda, E. (2004)Everyone loves a bully .Psychology Today. (pp. 1-20).
- Espelage, D. (2001).Schoolroom torment . People (pp. 91-92).
Dr. William Allan Kritsonis earned his BA in 1969 from Central Washington University, Ellensburg, Washington. In 1971, he earned his M.Ed. from Seattle Pacific University.…