1. Student Harassment William Allan Kritsonis, PhD 2. What Is Harassments? Harassment is a form of repeated aggression that is directed by one or more people towards another person.Also, harassment is some of the most serious forms of peer harassment involve groups. People often do things in groups that they would not do alone. They may be fearful of losing the group's approval if they don't go along. 3. Forms of HarassmentPhysical Verbal Relational Cyber 4. What is Harassments ? Physical Harassmentwhere a student uses physical force to hurt another student by hitting, pushing, shoving, kicking, pinching or holding them down. 5. What is Harassments ? Verbal Harassment is when a student uses words to hurt another student. This includes threatening, taunting, intimidating, insulting, sarcasm, name-calling, teasing, slurs, graffiti, put-downs and ridicule 6. What is Harassment ?Relational Harassmentsoccurs when students disrupt another student’s peer relationships through leaving them out, gossiping, whispering and spreading rumors. 7. What is Harassments ? Cyber Harassment refers to the use of cell-phones, text messages, e-mails, instant messages, web blogs and postings to bully another student in any of the ways described above. 8. The Affects of Being Harassed Low self-esteem Poor grades Loneliness (the need to stay home} They become introvertedFaking sickness (because they don’t want to face the bullies) 9. Who do Bullies Target? They target Children that are SmallerYounger Weaker 10. Locations of harassment in schools Playground (recess)Classroom Hallways Lunchroom Off campus 11. Who’s More Susceptible to Being Harassment ? In a study of 15,686 students 6 th - 10 thfound that 13-23% of boys experience being bullied.Also, the same study concluded that 4-11% of girls experience the same torment. 12. Common Characteristics of HarassmentA good student who normally loves school suddenly hates school A student becomes fearful of coming to school A student becomes depressed and is unable to concentrateA formerly good student has a noticeable drop in performance, resulting in poor grades.A student who was formerly content considers suicide. 13. How to Educate Teachers and Fix The Problem Create an anti-Harassments program forElementary School Middle School Junior high School Interventions for Students Identified as bulliesVictims of harassments 14. Court Cases in Student Harassment Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education , the Supreme Court, in a 5 - 4 decision, held that such monetary damages may be recovered only where the district has "actual notice" of the harassment and is "deliberately indifferent" to the harassment. The Court also noted that the harassment must be so "severe, pervasive, and objectively offensive" that it deprived the student victim of access to educational opportunities or benefits provided by the school district. 15. Court Cases in Student Harassment Gebser v. Lago Vista Independent School District . In Gebser, which was decided in June 1998, the Court held that monetary damages can be recovered under Title IX where a school district employee sexually harasses a student, if a school district official who has the authority to take corrective measures has actual notice of and is deliberately indifferent to the employee's misconduct 16. Court Cases in Student Harassment Henkle v. Gregory, 150 F. Supp.2d 1067 (D. Nev. 2001)Constant harassment, discrimination, intimidation based on his sex and sexual orientation, name calling, assaults, punched in face, lassoed around the neck, threatened, transferred from school to school and told to keep silent about his sexual orientation, put into adult education program. 17. REFERENCES Burstyn, B. N., & Tallerico, M. (2004). Politics and Paradox! The Case of Urban Alternative school. Planning and Changing, 35 (1), 22-55. Dedman, B. (2000).Bullying, torment often led to revenge in cases studied. Chicago Sun-Times, October 15. Center for the Prevention of School Violence (1995) Last retrieved November 10, 2005, from http://www.ncdjjdp.org/cpsv/ 18. REFERENCES Snell, L., Volokh, A., School Violence Prevention: Strategies to Keep Schools Safe (2005) Retrieved November 2, 2005, fromhttp://www.rppi.org/ps234/ Svoboda, E. (2004)Everyone loves a bully .Psychology Today. (pp. 1-20). Espelage, D. (2001).Schoolroom torment . People (pp. 91-92).